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Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives

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1 Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives
City of Atlanta Mayor’s Office of Sustainability Power to Change: Plug-in Electric Vehicle Update Madam Chair, councilmembers, ladies & gentlemen thank you for providing us with the opportunity to speak to you today about the Office of Sustainability, its goals, and initiatives Presented to: Speaker David Ralston, Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives June 21, 2011

2 Types of Electric Vehicles
Electric Vehicles on the Road Description Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid electric vehicles use a small electric battery to supplement the standard internal combustion engine, providing increased fuel efficiency. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Plug-in hybrids can run on electric power only up to about 40 mph, at which time the internal combustion engine takes over. It is possible to use only the electric system to commute around a city and not engage the internal combustion engine. Extended Range Electric Vehicle Extended range electric vehicles have a small battery that powers the drive train. The battery typically has a range of about 40 miles. After the battery is exhausted a gas engine powers a generator, which in turn charges the battery. Battery Electric Vehicles Battery electric vehicles are all electric, have no internal combustion engine and are totally dependent on plugging into the electric power grid. They accommodate a ranges of plus miles per charge. Toyota Prius Ford Fusion Hybrid Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Chevy Volt *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: Nissan LEAF Ford Focus Electric Wheego LiFe

3 Cost of Vehicle, Distance per Charge, Time to Charge?
Car Cost (MSRP) Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid $27,000 GM Volt $40,280 Ford Focus Electric $34,250 Nissan Leaf $32,780 Type Ranges Toyota Prius Plug-in 20 miles on battery; 300+ with gas motor GM Volt 40 miles on battery; 300+ with battery and gasoline generator Nissan Leaf, Ford Focus Electric Approx. 100 miles *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: Charger Type Time Level 1 (120 Volts) 8-12 hours Level 2 (240 Volts) 4-6 hours Direct Current Fast Charge (480 Volts) 80% charge in about 30 minutes

4 PEVs Meet the Needs of Most Commuters
85% of people commute 50 miles or less roundtrip per day to work Charging at work can double the range of electric vehicles. Utilities in Georgia have developed super off peak rates to incentivize plug-in electric vehicle owners to utilize energy wells available in the evening. *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: Source: US Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Omnibus Household Survey (2003)

5 Why “Electric” Transportation
In 2008 the State of Georgia motor gasoline expenditures exceeded $14 Billion; No crude oil is produced in Georgia A $1 increase would result an extra $4 billion wealth export from Georgia residents Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Petroleum Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Energy resource Produced in Georgia Foreign Import Energy costs per 100 miles traveled National Average $3.40 ( at $0.10 per kWh) $13.33 ($4.00/gal at 30mpg) Georgia Power PEV Super Off Peak Rate $2.01 ( at $0.059 per kWh) Fuel Rate Stability Historically Steady Extremely Volatile *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference:

6 Driving Mass Adoption of EVs and their Role in Economic Development
Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) present an opportunity for Georgia to lead in an industry that promises to reinvigorate the State by introducing a new sector for jobs and economic growth Effects of Mass Adoption Driving the mass adoption of PEVs on Georgia’s roads would: Slow the importation of foreign oil; Lower costs of living and retain billions in the local economy; Better utilize energy produced in Georgia to power transportation; Reduce criteria pollutants helping Atlanta maintain its designation as an attainment area. Investment and Jobs Over the last 3 years the Metro Atlanta Chamber has validated project opportunities to Georgia: 20 total projects directly related to EV Production, supply chain and advanced batteries; $3.9 billion total proposed investment; and 13,070 total proposed new jobs.  Powertrain integration/vehicle assembly ALTe AM General Azure Dynamics Eaton Corporation Ford Wayne Assembly General Motors (Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly)  Electric motors/power electronics/subsystems Magna Electronics Trans-Matic  Cell/pack manufacturing A123 Systems, Inc. (Livonia) Cobasys/SB LiMotive Dow Kokam Ford Motor Company (Rawsonville) fortu PowerCell General Motors (Brownstown Battery Assembly) Johnson Control–Saft LG Chem Michigan LG Chem Power Sakti3 Xtreme Power  Battery materials/components A123 Systems, Inc. (Romulus) Asahi Kasei Toda America TSC Michigan  Charging stations/infrastructure PEP Stations  Engineering/R&D/testing Bright Automotive Chrysler Battery/Vehicle Engineering Detroit Testing Lab FEV Ford Motor Company (Dearborn) General Motors Technical Center Hitachi Automotive Systems Americas Magna E-Car Ricardo, Inc. TUV SUD  Automation/manufacturing/test equipment A&D Technologies ABB Flexible Automation AVL Powertrain Comau, Inc. Fives Cinetic Automation KUKA Systems Corporation, N. America  Recycling Battery Solutions

7 State of Georgia PEV Readiness Efforts
The State of Georgia has been identified as a leader in the U.S. for PEV readiness *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: The State of Georgia has been identified as one of the leaders in the country for PEV friendly policies and regulatory environment. The State of Georgia’s PEV readiness initiatives include: A $5,000 tax credit for the purchase of a new Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) A $2,500 tax credit for the purchase and installation of EVSE units (commercial applications only) Access to HOV lanes for Zero Emission Vehicles Source: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants, PEV Readiness Study, “Electric Vehicles in America: The question is no longer ‘whether’ they will come, but ‘how fast’ and ‘where first’”, Fall 2010

8 City of Atlanta Electric Vehicle Readiness Efforts
Stage 1 Created a PEV readiness task force consisting of local business leaders, local and state government agencies, and academic institutions to identify and remove barriers to PEV adoption. Stage 2 Updated existing electrical permitting processes to install PEV supply equipment in single family residences, multifamily residences, and commercial areas. Stage 3 Oriented Representative Don Parson’s Committee on Energy, Utilities and Telecommunications on the benefits of electric transportation at the Capitol June 13th 2011. Stage 4 Recruited General Electric’s Electric Vehicle Experience Tour to Atlanta June 14th 2011; over 230 people were in attendance including members of the Georgia State Assembly. Stage 5 Marketing the benefits of PEVs to major Atlanta employers so that they will dedicate space for electric vehicle parking and invest in charging equipment for their employees. Stage 6 Conducting a Case Competition to develop strategies that accelerate PEV adoption in the Atlanta region. *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: Here are the attendees from Monday: Don Parsons - Chairman of Energy, Utilities and Telecommunications Harry Geisinger Ernest Smith Sandra Scott Mike Dudgeon Doug Holt Billy Horne Tom Taylor Rick Jasperse Mark Hamilton Katie Dempsey Paul Battles Coach Williams Amos Amerson - Chairman of Science and Technology Pedro Marin Kip Smith Ben Harbin Gloria Frazier Tyrone Brooks Michele Henson Tuesday: Chairman Don Parsons Chairman Amos Amerson Senator Don Balfour, Chairman of the Senate Rules Committee was also in attendance on Tuesday - and has expressed interest in the project. 

9 Clean Cites Atlanta Electric Vehicle Readiness Efforts
Mission: To advance the energy, economic, and environmental security of the U.S. by supporting local decisions to adopt practices that contribute to the reduction of petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. June 14th 2011: Clean Cities Atlanta submitted a grant proposal for community readiness and planning for plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure $500,000 grant request that will prepare the region for the anticipated $250 million round of DOE funding in FY 12 Includes Alabama, South Carolina, and Middle Georgia Clean Cities Coalitions Charging corridors on I-20, I-75, I-85, I-16, I-65 and I-59 connection Atlanta, Birmingham, Chattanooga, Nashville, Mobile and Savannah Senate Bill 948; Promoting Electric Vehicles Act of 2011: provides $2 billion in grants over five years for electric vehicle deployment communities. If legislation is approved pilot cities could receive up to $250 million starting in 2012.

10 Requests for Action for the Georgia House of Representatives
Principal Requests for Action Initiate planning for electric vehicles charging corridors throughout the State of Georgia as part of Representative Parson’s efforts to establish a State Energy Plan Figure out a way for extended range electric vehicles, such as the GM Volt, to qualify for Georgia’s ZEV tax credit Additional State Level PEV Policy and Incentives For Consideration • Standardize permitting processes across the State • Free parking in state-owned lots/garages for PEVs • Grants for local governments to purchase PEVs for fleets • Purchasing preferences/commitments for PEVs in state fleets • Free charging at state-owned charging stations • Reduce/waive vehicle registration fees • Moratorium on vehicle miles traveled tax • Reduce/waive Ad Valorem tax for PEVs • Introduce manufacturing incentive *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: Revenue / Disincentive: • Create a revenue-neutral program to incentivize electric vehicles while providing a disincentive to petroleum • Introduce a long-term petroleum fuel consumption transition plan

11 Appendix: What would the Effect of Electric Vehicles be to the Budget?
Revenue Impact of 50,000 PEVs 2009 Budget 2010 (estimated) 2011 (estimated) Total Revenue $17,832,365,614 $17,417,279,403 $18,156,435,820 Motor Fuels Fund (MFF) $884,091,188 $879,279,044 % of Total Budget 4.9 5.0 4.8 Cost of 50,000 PEVs $5,375,000 % of Total MFF lost 0.6 PEVs as Percent of Resisted Vehicles Georgia (May 2011) Atlanta MPO (2009) Number of registered Vehicles 5.4 million 2.8 million 50,000 PEVs as percentage of total 0.9 1.7 100,000 PEVs as percentage of total 1.8 3.5 *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference: If 50,000 ICE autos per year with PEVs, it would still require 100+ years to replace the existing ICE fleet!

12 Contact Information Contact us: City of Atlanta Office of Sustainability 55 Trinity Ave. SW Suite 2400 Atlanta, Georgia 30303 Bill Hosken, Interim Director of Sustainability (404) (o) Jules Toraya, Alternative Transportation Program Manager (404) (o) Stu Lipkin, Alternative Transportation Program Associate (404) (o) *Motor gasoline expenditures Reference: *No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning time frame due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loading Reference:


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