Presentation on theme: "Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives"— Presentation transcript:
1Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives City of Atlanta Mayor’s Office of Sustainability Power to Change: Plug-in Electric Vehicle UpdateMadam Chair, councilmembers, ladies & gentlementhank you for providing us with the opportunity to speak to you today about the Office of Sustainability, its goals, and initiativesPresented to:Speaker David Ralston,Speaker of the Georgia House of RepresentativesJune 21, 2011
2Types of Electric Vehicles Electric Vehicles on the RoadDescriptionHybrid Electric VehiclesHybrid electric vehicles use a small electric battery to supplement the standard internal combustion engine, providing increased fuel efficiency.Plug-In Hybrid Electric VehiclePlug-in hybrids can run on electric power only up to about 40 mph, at which time the internal combustion engine takes over. It is possible to use only the electric system to commute around a city and not engage the internal combustion engine.Extended Range Electric VehicleExtended range electric vehicles have a small battery that powers the drive train. The battery typically has a range of about 40 miles. After the battery is exhausted a gas engine powers a generator, which in turn charges the battery.Battery Electric VehiclesBattery electric vehicles are all electric, have no internal combustion engine and are totally dependent on plugging into the electric power grid. They accommodate a ranges of plus miles per charge.Toyota PriusFord Fusion HybridToyota Prius Plug-in HybridChevy Volt*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:Nissan LEAFFord Focus ElectricWheego LiFe
3Cost of Vehicle, Distance per Charge, Time to Charge? CarCost (MSRP)Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid$27,000GM Volt$40,280Ford Focus Electric$34,250Nissan Leaf$32,780TypeRangesToyota Prius Plug-in20 miles on battery; 300+ with gas motorGM Volt40 miles on battery; 300+ with battery and gasoline generatorNissan Leaf, Ford Focus ElectricApprox. 100 miles*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:Charger TypeTimeLevel 1 (120 Volts)8-12 hoursLevel 2 (240 Volts)4-6 hoursDirect Current Fast Charge (480 Volts)80% charge in about 30 minutes
4PEVs Meet the Needs of Most Commuters 85% of people commute 50 miles or less roundtrip per day to workCharging at work can double the range of electric vehicles.Utilities in Georgia have developed super off peak rates to incentivize plug-in electric vehicle owners to utilize energy wells available in the evening.*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:Source: US Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Omnibus Household Survey (2003)
5Why “Electric” Transportation In 2008 the State of Georgia motor gasoline expenditures exceeded$14 Billion; No crude oil is produced in GeorgiaA $1 increase would result an extra $4 billion wealth export fromGeorgia residentsPlug-in Electric Vehicle(PEV)Petroleum Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)Energy resourceProduced in GeorgiaForeign ImportEnergy costs per 100 miles traveledNational Average$3.40( at $0.10 per kWh)$13.33($4.00/gal at 30mpg)Georgia Power PEV Super Off Peak Rate$2.01( at $0.059 per kWh)Fuel Rate StabilityHistorically SteadyExtremely Volatile*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:
6Driving Mass Adoption of EVs and their Role in Economic Development Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) present an opportunity for Georgia to lead in an industry that promises to reinvigorate the State by introducing a new sector for jobs and economic growthEffects of Mass AdoptionDriving the mass adoption of PEVs on Georgia’s roads would:Slow the importation of foreign oil;Lower costs of living and retain billions in the local economy;Better utilize energy produced in Georgia to power transportation;Reduce criteria pollutants helping Atlanta maintain its designation as an attainment area.Investment and JobsOver the last 3 years the Metro Atlanta Chamber has validated project opportunities to Georgia:20 total projects directly related to EV Production, supply chain and advanced batteries;$3.9 billion total proposed investment;and 13,070 total proposed new jobs. Powertrain integration/vehicle assemblyALTeAM GeneralAzure DynamicsEaton CorporationFord Wayne AssemblyGeneral Motors (Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly) Electric motors/power electronics/subsystemsMagna ElectronicsTrans-Matic Cell/pack manufacturingA123 Systems, Inc. (Livonia)Cobasys/SB LiMotiveDow KokamFord Motor Company (Rawsonville)fortu PowerCellGeneral Motors (Brownstown Battery Assembly)Johnson Control–SaftLG Chem MichiganLG Chem PowerSakti3Xtreme Power Battery materials/componentsA123 Systems, Inc. (Romulus)Asahi KaseiToda AmericaTSC Michigan Charging stations/infrastructurePEP Stations Engineering/R&D/testingBright AutomotiveChrysler Battery/Vehicle EngineeringDetroit Testing LabFEVFord Motor Company (Dearborn)General Motors Technical CenterHitachi Automotive Systems AmericasMagna E-CarRicardo, Inc.TUV SUD Automation/manufacturing/test equipmentA&D TechnologiesABB Flexible AutomationAVL PowertrainComau, Inc.Fives Cinetic AutomationKUKA Systems Corporation, N. America RecyclingBattery Solutions
7State of Georgia PEV Readiness Efforts The State of Georgia has been identified as a leader in the U.S. for PEV readiness*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:The State of Georgia has been identified as one of the leaders in the country for PEV friendly policies and regulatory environment.The State of Georgia’s PEV readiness initiatives include:A $5,000 tax credit for the purchase of a new Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV)A $2,500 tax credit for the purchase and installation of EVSE units (commercial applications only)Access to HOV lanes for Zero Emission VehiclesSource: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants, PEV Readiness Study, “Electric Vehicles in America: The question is no longer ‘whether’ they will come, but ‘how fast’ and ‘where first’”, Fall 2010
8City of Atlanta Electric Vehicle Readiness Efforts Stage 1Created a PEV readiness task force consisting of local business leaders, local and state government agencies, and academic institutions to identify and remove barriers to PEV adoption.Stage 2Updated existing electrical permitting processes to install PEV supply equipment in single family residences, multifamily residences, and commercial areas.Stage 3Oriented Representative Don Parson’s Committee on Energy, Utilities and Telecommunications on the benefits of electric transportation at the Capitol June 13th 2011.Stage 4Recruited General Electric’s Electric Vehicle Experience Tour to Atlanta June 14th 2011; over 230 people were in attendance including members of the Georgia State Assembly.Stage 5Marketing the benefits of PEVs to major Atlanta employers so that they will dedicate space for electric vehicle parking and invest in charging equipment for their employees.Stage 6Conducting a Case Competition to develop strategies that accelerate PEV adoption in the Atlanta region.*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:Here are the attendees from Monday:Don Parsons - Chairman of Energy, Utilities and TelecommunicationsHarry GeisingerErnest SmithSandra ScottMike DudgeonDoug HoltBilly HorneTom TaylorRick JasperseMark HamiltonKatie DempseyPaul BattlesCoach WilliamsAmos Amerson - Chairman of Science and TechnologyPedro MarinKip SmithBen HarbinGloria FrazierTyrone BrooksMichele HensonTuesday:Chairman Don ParsonsChairman Amos AmersonSenator Don Balfour, Chairman of the Senate Rules Committee was also in attendance on Tuesday - and has expressed interest in the project.
9Clean Cites Atlanta Electric Vehicle Readiness Efforts Mission: To advance the energy, economic, and environmental security of the U.S. by supporting local decisions to adopt practices that contribute to the reduction of petroleum consumption in the transportation sector.June 14th 2011: Clean Cities Atlanta submitted a grant proposal for community readiness and planning for plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure$500,000 grant request that will prepare the region for the anticipated $250 million round of DOE funding in FY 12Includes Alabama, South Carolina, and Middle Georgia Clean Cities CoalitionsCharging corridors on I-20, I-75, I-85, I-16, I-65 and I-59 connection Atlanta, Birmingham, Chattanooga, Nashville, Mobile and SavannahSenate Bill 948; Promoting Electric Vehicles Act of 2011: provides $2 billion in grants over five years for electric vehicle deployment communities. If legislation is approved pilot cities could receive up to $250 million starting in 2012.
10Requests for Action for the Georgia House of Representatives Principal Requests for ActionInitiate planning for electric vehicles charging corridors throughout the State of Georgia as part of Representative Parson’s efforts to establish a State Energy PlanFigure out a way for extended range electric vehicles, such as the GM Volt, to qualify for Georgia’s ZEV tax creditAdditional State Level PEV Policy and Incentives For Consideration• Standardize permitting processes across the State• Free parking in state-owned lots/garages for PEVs• Grants for local governments to purchase PEVs for fleets• Purchasing preferences/commitments for PEVs in state fleets• Free charging at state-owned charging stations• Reduce/waive vehicle registration fees• Moratorium on vehicle miles traveled tax• Reduce/waive Ad Valorem tax for PEVs• Introduce manufacturing incentive*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:Revenue / Disincentive:• Create a revenue-neutral program to incentivize electric vehicles while providing a disincentive to petroleum• Introduce a long-term petroleum fuel consumption transition plan
11Appendix: What would the Effect of Electric Vehicles be to the Budget? Revenue Impact of 50,000 PEVs2009 Budget2010 (estimated)2011 (estimated)Total Revenue$17,832,365,614$17,417,279,403$18,156,435,820Motor Fuels Fund (MFF)$884,091,188$879,279,044% of Total Budget4.95.04.8Cost of 50,000 PEVs$5,375,000% of Total MFF lost0.6PEVs as Percent of Resisted VehiclesGeorgia (May 2011)Atlanta MPO (2009)Number of registered Vehicles5.4 million2.8 million50,000 PEVs as percentage of total0.91.7100,000 PEVs as percentage of total1.83.5*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference:If 50,000 ICE autos per year with PEVs, it would still require 100+ years to replace the existing ICE fleet!
12Contact InformationContact us:City of AtlantaOffice of Sustainability55 Trinity Ave. SW Suite 2400 Atlanta, Georgia 30303Bill Hosken, Interim Director of Sustainability(404) (o)Jules Toraya, Alternative Transportation Program Manager(404) (o)Stu Lipkin, Alternative Transportation Program Associate(404) (o)*Motor gasoline expendituresReference:*No impacts expected in the near term (2-5 year) planning timeframe due to 30% of nameplate base transformer loadingReference: