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UNIT-1 RESEARCHING YOURSELF FOR ENG-406 COURSES WEEK 2-3.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT-1 RESEARCHING YOURSELF FOR ENG-406 COURSES WEEK 2-3."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT-1 RESEARCHING YOURSELF FOR ENG-406 COURSES WEEK 2-3

2 CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

3 Definition: Someone who is directly below a manager in rank, and who is officially in charge when the manager is not there. Synonyms: Representative, substitute, replacement EXAMPLE: Kvaal, deputy under secretary of education, said two trends were causing default rates to rise. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

4 Word Formation: Distinctive-ly (adv), distinctive- ness (n) Definition: Having a special quality, character, or appearance that is different and easy to recognize. Synonyms: extraordinary, special, original Antonyms: common, normal, similar Ex: Lady Gaga has a rock band with a distinctive sound CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

5 Synonyms: Desert, waterless Antonyms: humid, wet Collocations: arid land EX: Much of Namibia is arid country. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

6 DEFINITION: An official whose job is to check that something is satisfactory and that rules are being obeyed. SYNONYMS: examiner, controller, overseer Ex: UEFA inspector has arrived Turkey to meet Turkish officials and draw information on match- fixing investigation. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

7 Word Formation: Consultation(n), consultative (adj) Definition: Someone who has a lot of experience and whose job is to give advice and training in a particular area. Synonyms: advisor, expert EX: As a business consultant, you will help businesses and other organizations identify problems. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

8 Word formation: Contribut-or(n), contribut- ory(adj) Definition: Something that you give or do in order to help something be successful. Synonyms: Benefit, help, support EX: Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his contribution to Quantum Theory. 2) Now, read the short biographies and match them with the pictures in your books.... CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

9 ANSWERS FOR Q1 AND Q2 1) Kemal Kurdaş- Academia 2) Margaret Chan-Medicine/humanities 3) Türkan Saylan-Medicine and Humanities 4) Feza Gürsey-Science/mathematics/ Physics 5) Cahit Arf- Mathematics/Science 6) Dilma Rousseff-Politics CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

10 Education, job satisfaction, contentment, sense of achievement, right career selection, hardwork,perseverence(determination), leadership skills, enjoying their jobs, setting goals, discipline, strong personality, strong values... 4) Do you possess/have any of the traits/factors mentioned above? CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

11 WARM-UP 1) Who or what do you think guides your career choices? Your family, cultural trends or the latest global fad? 2) Are you happy with your choices? Why? Why not? CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

12 Fulfillment(n): The feeling of being happy and satisfied with your life because you are doing interesting things. Synonyms: achievement, success,victory Word Formation: fulfilled(adj), fulfilling(adj),fulfil an aim/a goal(v) Example: Are you looking for greater fulfillment and satisfaction in your work? CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

13 Definition: Of a good enough standard or quality. Word Formation: Decently(adv) Synonyms: Standard,proper,ethical Antonyms: inappropriate,indecent Example. The chairman did the decent thing and resigned. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

14 Definition:1) to start doing or feeling something, or being in a particular situation 2) to begin to be involved in doing something Synonyms:Begin, join,start Antonyms: Stop,Forget Example:How did you first get into script writing? CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

15 Definition:You do something even though you are not sure it is right or will succeed. Go for something, take ones chances. Example:A wealthy businessman took a leap of faith and invested in the business. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

16 Definition: Someone who is diligent works hard and is careful and thorough. Word formation: Diligently(adv),diligence(n) Synonyms:Active,attentive,tireless Antonyms:Inactive,lazy Example:ENG-406 classes are full of diligent students. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

17 Definition:Careful to do everything that is your job or duty to do. Word Formation: Conscientiously(adv) Synonyms: Punctual,reliable,diligent Antonyms: Careless,uncareful Example: A conscientious teacher may feel inclined to take work home. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

18 Definition: Continuing to do something, although this is difficult, or otherpeople warn you not to do it. Word Formation: Persistently(adv) Synonyms:Determined,fixed Antonyms: Lazy,yielding Example:If she hadnt been so persistent, she might not have gotten the job. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

19 Definition:Someone who is versatile has many different skills 2)flexible,adjustable Word Formation:Versatility(adv) Synonyms: Diverse, skilled,skillful Antonyms: Limited Example: A very versatile performer did amazing show. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

20 Definition: Very careful about small details and always making sure that everything is done correctly. Word Formation: Meticulously(adv) Synonyms: Detailed, perfectionist Antonyms: Careless, undetailed Example: He has always been so meticulous about his appearence. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

21 Definition: Not likely to upset or embarass other people. Word Formation: Tactfully(adv) Synonyms:Thoughtful,careful, sensitive,wise Antonyms:Tactless, unthoughtful Example: There was no tactful way of phrasing what he wanted to say. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

22 Definition: To believe or say that a situation or event is caused by something. Word Formation: attributive(adj), attributively(adv) Synonyms:Attack,complain Example: The fall in the number of deaths from heart disease is generally attributed to improvements in diets. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

23 Definition: (formal) the pay you give someone for something they have done for you. Word Formation: Remunerate(v) Synonyms:Payment, commission,wage,pay,reward Example:When your present employer is the only company to offer you a top job, it has a big say in your remuneration. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

24 Definition: Providing practical experience Example: Hands on experience with windows 4.0,windows 2000, or windows server Example: I gained hands-on experience in managing staff. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

25 Definition: An additional service or advantage given with a job besides wages. Synonyms: Extra, bonus,plus Example: She was offered a competitive salary with fringe benefits such as health insurance and a company car. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

26 Definition: Finding new people to work in a company, join an organization, do a job etc. Word Formation: Recruiter(n), recruit(v) Synonyms: Employ Antonyms: Unemployment Example: The new regulations will have a big effect on recruitment and retirement policy of the company. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

27 Now your turn!!!!!! Look at your study packs on pages 4-5 and answer the comprehension quest ı ons

28 VOCABULARY Endeavor (n.): Definition: An attempt to do something new or difficult. Synonyms: Effort, try, aim Antonyms: Laziness EX: They made every endeavor to find the two boys EX: Despite our best endeavors, we couldnt start the engine. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

29 Definition: Having advantages because of your wealth, social position etc. Synonyms: Advantegous Antonyms: Disadvantegous, poor, underprivileged EX: Students from a privileged background have an advantage at university. EX: Onle the privileged few can afford private education. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

30 Word Formation: Affilia-tion(n),affiliated(adj) Definition: If a person or organization affiliates with another one, it forms a close connection with it. Synonyms: Join,associate Antonyms: Disjoin EX: The society is not affiliated with any political party. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

31 Definition: To accept a new idea,opinion,religion etc. Synonyms:Recognize,Permit Antonyms: Disapprove, Disagree Example: We hope these regions will embrace democratic reforms. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

32 Definition:Having the ability to think of new activities or ideas and make them work. Word Formation: Enterprisingly(adv) Synonyms: Hardworking, progressive Antonyms: Inactive,passive Example: Some enterprising students are designing software. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

33 Now, listen to the following interview with Muhtar Kent, who is a Turkish businessman and Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Coca-Cola Company. Mr. Kent holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics from Hull University, England, and a Master of Science degree in Administrative Sciences from CASS business school at City University in London. Listen to the interview twice and answer the following questions. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

34 1) Muhtar Kent entered the Coca-Cola Company responding to a classified advertisement in the newspaper. 1) List two of the Turkish-American organizations that he is affiliated with. a) The American-Turkish Council,the American-Turkish Society,The Turkish-American Friendship Society, the Center for Strategic and ınternational Studies Turkish program 3) How is Turkey important to the Coca-Cola Company? It is one of Coca- Colas most important growth markets. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

35 4) Write one similarity between the Turkish and American business environment. They have both been through their share of business and financial crises or they have used their innovative and enterprising spirits to come out of these crises better prepared for the future. 5) What advice does he give to college students? Respect cash; go out and find small business experience first; learn what it takes to be an entrepreneur. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

36 When you apply for a job, you may be asked to complete a job application form even if you have already submitted a CV and cover letter. That way, the employer has a record of your personal and employment history, verified and signed by the applicant. It is important for your job applications to be complete, correct and accurate. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

37 Here is the information, tips and suggestions for completeing application forms that will make a good impression.

38 Read the whole form and the instructions carefully. Photocopy the form several times to draft out your answers. Make sure that you have all the information you need to hand in.

39 Personal details Examination results Employment Medical questions Referees-usually two referees are required. One is likely to be one of your professors; the other might be a person you did relevant work experience with, or who knows you well personally. Personal declaration and signature- DONT FORGET TO SIGN THE FORM

40 TRICKY QUESTIONS Some application forms may include analytical questions to get more information about you before the job interview. Employers use them to find out: CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

41 Whether you have the personal qualities and skills required Whether you understand yourself and are able to self- respect How you cope in a variety of situations Whether you are able to demonstrate that you and the job or organisation are a good match CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

42 remember 1. There are usually no right or wrong answers. 2. Give specific examples and evidence-DO NOT GENERALISE 3. Answer the question that has been asked, not the question you would like it to be. 4. Vary your use of examples, and draw from different areas of your life. 5. Draw on your most recent experiences and achievements wherever possible. 6. Keep within the word limit. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

43 SAMPLE TRICKY QUESTIONS( SSAG-P:70-71) Describe any aspect of your course of particular interest to you and/or of relevance to your application. YOUR ANSWER CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

44 TIPS: Reread the job description and person specification, if avaliable. Identify parts of your course that have provided you with relevant skills. Employers will typically be looking for evidence that you can meet deadlines, work in team situations and rise to new challenges. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

45 SAMPLE ANSWER I have found most aspects of X course interesting and rewarding.The highlight has been my final-year project, which involved interviewing academics and members of the general public to find out their views on the role of science in todays society.I derived great satisfaction from successfully and effectively completing the project within the timescale set and enjoyed the challenge of presenting my findings to my department. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

46 TRICKY QUESTIONS-2 Identify the qualities you possess which make you suitable for a career in. YOUR ANSWER IS CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

47 TIPS: You must reassure the selector that you have given your choice of career careful thought and made a match between you and the post that you are applying for. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

48 SAMPLE ANSWER: I decided on a career in teaching because I am a gregarious and well-organised person who thrives on working with and motivating other people. My flexibility and ability to think on my feet were invaluable during my time as a classroom assistant and will enable me to rise to the challenge of teaching. I love chemistry and am excited at the prospect of encouraging others to learn about it. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

49 Now, your turn Answer these tricky questions (SSAG-page71) 1. What is your greatest achievement?Explain the steps you took to achieve it. YOUR ANSWER Identify a key event or experience that you consider to have been instrumental in shaping who you are. YOUR ANSWER CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

50 COMPLETING THE FORM Be accurate, and plan how to use the space avaliable Use bullet points to summarize key points Keep sentences short;use action words Check it carefully, and ask someone else to look it over Keep a copy, and re-read it if you are asked for interview CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

51 NOW..... YOUR TURN Now look at the application form that your teacher distributed to youcomplete it and submit it to your teacher CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

52 VOCABULARY Chase (v.): Definition: To quickly follow someone or something in order to catch them. Synonyms: follow, come after or behind Ex: The police chased the suspect along Severn street. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

53 DEFINITION: The act of following someone or something quickly to catch them Synonyms: Pursuit, Shadowing Thrill (n.): Definition: A sudden strong feeling of excitement and pleasure, or the thing that makes you feel this. EX: Winning first place must have been quite thrill. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

54 1) Have/Achieve/Find peace of mind 2) Gain/Improve health and energy 3) Establish/Forge loving relationships 4) Achieve/Gain/Reach/Have financial freedom 5) Set/Have worthy goals 6) Achieve personal fulfillment CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

55 1) Read the article and fill in the table in Task 2 individually and complete the written self- evaluation part. 2) Now, share your findings with us CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

56 To reach success, it is vital to know yourself.In fact there are several areas that you should investigate: your abilities and skills, values, and personality. This process is called Career Self-Assessment. It will form the basis for your career choice after graduation, academic or professional. Start with what you already know about yourself. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

57 Skills and abilities are tasks that you naturally do well- talents and strengths that you bring to the table as a student. These include natural capabilities you have always had in addition to specific knowledge and skills you have acquired through experience and training. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

58 1) Now, underline the skills that you possess in the list in TASK-4. 2) Take notes using the underlined skills in the chart about yourself. 3) Write a small paragraph about your skills and abilities. IMPOTANT!!!!!!!!!! You will need your dictionaries for unknown words.There can be plenty of them CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

59 Knowing your values will help you develop a clearer sense of what is most important to you in life. A value is a belief and a priority that is meaningful to you and that influences both your actions and reactions. Values serve as your guiding force, especially when making decisions and pursuing options that lead to happiness. By clarifying and applying your values, you can achieve enhanced self-awareness and ultimately be guided towards a more satisfying career. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

60 Now, tick the values that you would need in TASK-5; put a cross next to the values that you would reject in both your career and life planning. DO NOT FORGET TO WRITE A SMALL PARAGRAPH ABOUT YOUR VALUES. IMPOTANT!!!!!!!!!! You will need your dictionaries for unknown words.There can be plenty of them CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

61 Most people find work more satisfying when it fits within their own personality. There are scientific career tests which are used to provide an indication of which jobs match your personality type and which careers you have an aptitude for. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

62 Now, circle the adjectives that you think describe your personality in TASK-6. DO NOT FORGET TO WRITE A SMALL PARAGRAPH ABOUT YOUR PERSONALITY BY USING SUITABLE ADJECTIVES IN THE LIST. IMPOTANT!!!!!!!!!! You will need your dictionaries for unknown words.There can be plenty of them CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

63 Presentations are an indispensible part of business life. Throughout the book you will be making presentations to sharpen your skills. YOUR TURN Prepare a 2-minute presentation about yourself where you talk about your: Skills Values Personality Traits As a result of them talk about your future career. THANK YOU CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT


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