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AAFP Office Champions Leading Tobacco Cessation in FQHCs Family Health Centers of Georgia, Inc. Theresa Jacobs, M.D., FAAFP Niambi Lavender, Medical Assistant.

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Presentation on theme: "AAFP Office Champions Leading Tobacco Cessation in FQHCs Family Health Centers of Georgia, Inc. Theresa Jacobs, M.D., FAAFP Niambi Lavender, Medical Assistant."— Presentation transcript:

1 AAFP Office Champions Leading Tobacco Cessation in FQHCs Family Health Centers of Georgia, Inc. Theresa Jacobs, M.D., FAAFP Niambi Lavender, Medical Assistant 5/19/14

2 Disclosure The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) Office Champions Tobacco Cessation Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) Project was funded by Pfizer Inc, in collaboration with the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center (SCLC) 2

3 3 AAFP Office Champions Tobacco Cessation Project AAFP recruited FQHCs to participate in the Office Champions Tobacco Cessation Project. An FQHC is a non-profit private or public entity that serves medically underserved populations and/or areas

4 4 What is Office Champions? A team-focused quality improvement model that incorporates practical, proven strategies: Develop an implementation plan Provide training and improve staff collaboration Initiate systems changes Increase patient engagement Evaluate results (chart reviews and surveys)

5 AAFP Tobacco Cessation Resources 5 health/tobacco-cessation/ask-act.html

6 Burden of Tobacco Use 6 The annual burden of smoking-attributable mortality in the U.S. is currently estimated to be 480,000. Millions more are living with smoking-related diseases

7 National Uniform Data System & Office Champions Outcomes 7

8 Who We Are Family Health Centers of Georgia, Inc. (FHCGA) began providing comprehensive preventive healthcare in 1976.There are eight locations in Fulton and Cobb counties. Healthcare services include medical, behavioral health, and dental care 8

9 Behavioral Health Services FHCGA has a licensed clinical social worker on staff that counsels patients, as needed. All patients 13 and older are screened for depression and referred to behavioral health for in-house counseling 9

10 Behavioral Health & Tobacco Cessation More that 1 in 3 adults (36%) with a mental illness smoke cigarettes, compared with about 1 in 5 adults (21%) with no mental illness The most common behavioral health issues linked to nicotine dependence at FHCGA is stress, depression, and anxiety 10

11 Clinical Environment More than 40% of FQHC patients use tobacco, double the national prevalence rate Health disparities that impact the FHCGA community are: race, low socioeconomic status, lack of insurance, low education levels, and unemployment 11

12 Office Champion & Physician Champion Role Office Champion Provide health education to patients Help develop cessation plans based on health risks Monitored patient progress Physician Champion Identify cessation modality Refer patient to behavioral health counseling Provide patients with treatment options 12

13 Team Approach In order for Office Champions to be successful, the practice team must collaborate to meet the common goal of achieving a tobacco-free culture Effective communication Staff buy-in Office & Physician Champions sharing a leadership role 13

14 Systems Changes The AAFP Office Champions FQHC project was instrumental in improving clinical practice patterns at FHCGA. The goal was to incorporate cessation into routine workflow and reduce smoking prevalence by 10-20% 14

15 1) Implementation Plan: Referrals Patients were referred to behavioral health counselors, case managers, social workers, health educators, and quitlines as needed. In addition, the head pharmacist is a tobacco cessation treatment specialist 15

16 2) Implementation Plan: Staff Communication/Education Several health education classes were made available to patients. Workshops offered included the Office Champion as a speaker and offered a table to display with AAFPs Ask and Act patient education materials and resources to promote tobacco cessation 16

17 3) Implementation Plan: Marketing AAFPs Ask and Act resources including patient education materials, flyers, posters, lapel pins, newsletters, etc. helped to encourage a culture of tobacco cessation 17

18 Tobacco Cessation 2013 rates at FHCGA 1,133 patients were enrolled in the tobacco cessation program, 30% of the patients enrolled have reduced cigarettes intake to less than 5 per day, 20% of patients no longer smoke 18

19 Challenges The barriers that were identified while implementing the changes: Finding affordable medication for the patients on an individual basis Working on prior authorization from the insurance companies to use approved medications Patients that have relapse due to life changes 19

20 Successes! FHCGA has initiated a comprehensive tobacco cessation program because tobacco use screening and intervention is extremely effective in both cost and health outcomes 20

21 Patient Centered Medical Home FHCGA, whose framework is based on the Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH), has incorporated tobacco cessation into the workflow The changes made are sustainable, and now are part of the system to support a tobacco-free culture 21

22 Achieving Goals By participating in AAFPs Office Champions project, FHCGA achieved its goal to incorporate cessation into routine workflow and reduced smokers by 10-20%. For more information on Ask and Act and final report results visit: champions-final-report-2013.pdf 22

23 23

24 Thank You! Questions ? Theresa Jacobs, M.D., FAAFP Niambi Lavender, Medical Assistant Christy Alexander, MPH American Academy of Family Physicians Project Specialist x


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