Presentation on theme: "Dr. Özlem Döğerlioğlu Işıksungur Spring"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dr. Özlem Döğerlioğlu Işıksungur 2012-2013 Spring HEAD OFFICE-BRANCHDr. Özlem Döğerlioğlu IşıksungurSpring
2 Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011 CONCEPTA merchant has a commercial enterprise. BUTA merchant may have more than one commercial enterprisesTo have more clientTo give better service or .....The relationship between/among these commercial enterprisesIndependent from each other ORDependent (Head Office – Branch)Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011
3 QUESTION Question 1: Question 2: Merchant A has three enterprises operating in three different subject: Clothing, automotive and food.What is the relationship among these enterprises?Question 2:Garanti Bank A.Ş opened a new office in Alsancak/İzmir
4 HEAD OFFICE IN TURKISH LAW Every commercial enterprise must have a head office (principal place of business)TCC Article no definitionIt is generally accepted that head office is the place from where all commercial, administrative and legal affairs of commercial enterprise are organised and conducted.The location of this place is important with regard to registration in the register of commerce, in determining the competent court
5 HEAD OFFICE IN TURKISH LAW Commercial enterprises operated by a real person---- head office can be different from the residence(domicile) of real personCommercial enterprises operated by a legal person---- head office is the place mentioned in the articles of association/charter
6 Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011 QUESTIONThe legal and commercial affairs of X Export-Import Ltd. Compnay are organised and conducted in Istanbul BUT the plant (manufacturing) takes place in Izmit. Under these conditions where is the head office?Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011
7 Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011 BRANCHA unit of a commercial enterpriseIt functions under the authority and directions of the head officeNo definition in the TCCDefinition in the Law of Turkish Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges & Chambers and Commodity Exchange Numbered 5174 (TÜRKİYE ODALAR VE BORSALAR BİRLİĞİ İLE ODALAR VE BORSALAR KANUNU)Article 9/2“Bir merkeze bağlı olduğu halde ister merkezin bulunduğu odanın isterse başka odanın çalışma alanı içinde olan, müstakil sermayesi ve müstakil muhasebesi bulunan ve/veya muhasebesi merkezde tutulduğu ve müstakil sermayesi bulunmadığı halde kendi başına sınai faaliyet ve ticari muamele yapan yerler ve satış mağazaları şube sayılır”.Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011
8 Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011 BRANCHTo qualify as a Branch :The unitshould be dependent to Head OfficeHead office and branch --- belongs to same real person or legal personBranch cannot adopt a business policy independent from the head officeLoss and profit belongs to head officeshould be independent from head office in its dealings with the third partiesC. should have its own place, management and accountingKaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011
9 Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011 BRANCHIMPORTANT!Although it is not a branch, usage of “branch” term as if it is a branchSeperated capital allocated to the branchCollection of cheques and draft by the branchThe above mentioned points are not of importance to be a “branch”Kaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011
10 QUESTION Manufactoring store of Textile company (no sales) Reservation office of a Hotel in other cityBRANCH? OR NOT? WHY?
11 LEGAL CONSEQUENCES OF BEING BRANCH A. Registration to Register of CommerceTCC Article 40.3If Head office in Turkey--- registration to the regiter of commerce where the branch takes placeWithin 15 day (Article 30.1) from the date of openingB. Registration to Chambers- registration to the chambers where the branch takes placeC. Trade-nameTCC Article 48.1Branches should use their Head Office trade names by mentioning that they are branchLegal person----Ziraat Bank Konak BranchReal person---- Neslihan Yargıcı Cevahir AVM BranchD. RepresentationKaynak: Sami Karahan, Ticari İşletme Hukuku 2011
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