Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Discuss how the new government was organized during Washingtons presidency. Explain why the new nation faced.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Discuss how the new government was organized during Washingtons presidency. Explain why the new nation faced."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Discuss how the new government was organized during Washingtons presidency. Explain why the new nation faced an economic crisis. Identify the three parts of Hamiltons financial plan. Describe how Washington responded to the Whiskey Rebellion. Objectives

2 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Terms and People inauguration– a ceremony in which the President takes the oath of office precedent– an example to be followed by others in the future bond – a certificate issued by a government for an amount of money that the government promises to pay back with interest speculator– a person who invests in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit

3 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Terms and People (continued) unconstitutional – contrary to what is permitted by the Constitution tariff – a tax on imported goods

4 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office How did President Washington set the course for the new nation? President Washington set precedents for the nation by choosing top advisors to form his Cabinet and by establishing the court system.

5 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office In April of 1789, George Washington began his term as the first President of the United States. His inauguration was held on April 30, 1789.

6 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Washington had several reasons to feel anxious as he started his term as President. The country was divided on many issues. His actions would set a precedent. The new nation depended on him.

7 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office The first job of the President and the Congress was to put a working government in place. Congress passed laws to set up the three departments of the executive branch. TreasuryWarState

8 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Washington appointed four well-known men as his top advisors. This group later became known as the Cabinet. Alexander HamiltonSecretary of the Treasury Thomas JeffersonSecretary of State Henry KnoxSecretary of War Edmund RandolphAttorney General

9 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Washington also established a judiciary, or court system. Supreme Court Circuit Courts District Courts

10 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Washington also faced the challenge of Americas significant debt. The American colonies needed money for the war. The new government owed money to its investors. Americans and foreigners bought bonds to help the war effort.

11 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office The nations economic crisis was complicated by the issue of speculators. Speculators had bought bonds from the original buyers for less than they were worth. If the government paid its debt, speculators would make a profit. Many Americans thought this was unfair.

12 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office The new government was not collecting enough money to repay its debt. It needed new sources of income.

13 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton developed a plan to solve the financial crisis. The government would: Pay all federal and state debts Create a national bank Impose a high tax on imported goods

14 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Many Southerners opposed Hamiltons plan for the government to repay state debts. Southerners thought each state should repay its own debts. Hamilton believed his plan would encourage future investors. Southerners supported Hamilton after Congress agreed to build the new capital city in the South.

15 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office In 1791, Congress created the National Bank. Americans disagreed over whether the Constitution gave government this power. Supporters pointed out that the Constitution gave Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper for fulfilling its duties. Opponents believed a national bank was unconstitutional, because it was not specifically addressed in the Constitution.

16 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Congress did not pass Hamiltons tariff plan. In 1791, it imposed a tax on all U.S. whiskey. This led to a farmers revolt known as the Whiskey Rebellion. Washington sent troops to end the revolt.

17 Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


Download ppt "Chapter 8 Section 1 Washington Takes Office Discuss how the new government was organized during Washingtons presidency. Explain why the new nation faced."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google