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DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO) Bradford C. Tousley, Director Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 1 January 29, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO) Bradford C. Tousley, Director Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 1 January 29, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO) Bradford C. Tousley, Director Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 1 January 29, 2014

2 The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) was established in 1958 to prevent strategic surprise from negatively affecting U.S. national security and create strategic surprise for U.S. adversaries by maintaining the technological superiority of the U.S. military. To fulfill its mission, the Agency relies on diverse performers to apply multi-disciplinary approaches to both advance knowledge through basic research and create innovative technologies that address current practical problems through applied research. As the DoDs primary innovation engine, DARPA undertakes projects that are finite in duration but that create lasting revolutionary change. Mission Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 2

3 1957 Sputnik 34 th President of the United States Coined the term military-industrial complex and warned against its unwarranted influence. Created DARPA in response to Sputnik. First orbiting satellite. The satellite was not a threat, but the level of technology indicated that the Soviet Union possessed superior capability for intercontinental reconnaissance and bombing. Dwight D. Eisenhower 1958 DARPA Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 3

4 DARPA technical offices Physical sciences Neuroscience Materials Mathematics Biology Cyber Data analytics at massive scale ISR exploitation Electronics & Photonics Imaging PNT Computing Engineering Biotech Biological Microsystems Directed Energy Battle Management, Command & Control Communications and Networks Intelligence, Surveillance, and Recon Electronic Warfare Positioning, Navigation, & Timing (PNT ) Ground, Maritime, Air, & Space systems Agile Development Cooperative Autonomy Unmanned Systems Power and Propulsion DSO MTO I2O STO Defense Sciences Office Microsystems Technology Office Information Innovation Office Strategic Technology Office Tactical Technology Office TTO 4 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

5 Tactical Technology Office (TTO) Aero-& Hydrodynamic Systems (13) Tactical Technologies (8) Vision TTO will rapidly develop new prototype military capabilities that create an asymmetric technological advantage and provide U.S. forces with decisive superiority and the ability to overwhelm our opponents. Objective To provide or prevent strategic and tactical surprise with very high-payoff, high-risk development of revolutionary new platforms, weapons, critical technologies and systems, approaches addressing affordability, as well as rapid agile development. Ground, Air, Space, and Maritime Systems Agile Development Cooperative Autonomy Unmanned Systems Power and Propulsion TTO Focus Areas 5 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

6 TTO past and current programs Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 6

7 The environment Multipolar - Diverse threats - Low to high intensity spectrum - Counter-insurgency Peer/Non-peer threats - Pacific and other - Denied environments - Countermeasures Cost challenge - Rapid and expansive red force modernization - Long U.S. development cycles of complex systems - Smaller U.S. defense industrial base -Increasing lifecycle cost Global market and tech proliferation - Medium technology swarms - Rapid countermeasure development - Cost of labor Areas of potential threats Source: DARPA; based on collation of publicly available metrics, including (1) Foreign Policy Failed States Index, (2) Aon Political Risk Map, (3) Control Risks Political Risk Map, and (4) Bradburys Security Risk Map. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Source: DefenceWeb.co.za Source: NavyTimes.com Source: AirForce-Technology.com 7

8 What we look for in programs DARPA Robotics Challenge Phoenix VTOL X-Plane ACTUV ALASA Big wins; decisive superiority Drive cost-effectiveness (system and countermeasures) Decisive and flexible systems (unbalance) Rapid developmental program execution (agile) Demonstrating prototypes (new capabilities) Unmanned leverage (maximize effectiveness) Develop Service buy-in (transition) Cross-domain capabilities – cover the seams across Service stovepipes Artists concept Artists concepts Artists concept Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 8

9 Ground Systems Maritime Systems Air Systems Space Systems Systems focus areas Robotics Challenge Amplify unit / soldier effectiveness ACTUVVTOL X-Plane Control the air anytime / anywhere Control the sea, influence events on land Phoenix Normalize and simplify space Cross-cutting Themes Agile development approach, autonomy, unmanned systems, power and propulsion Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 9 Artist concept

10 Partnerships with industry and universities Focus on business case and capabilities Focus on enabling technologies through the BAA and contracting process TTO BAA link: https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=5ac6c5b92db270c8f96fc e3ce&tab=core&_cview=1 https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=5ac6c5b92db270c8f96fc e3ce&tab=core&_cview=1 Demand the A-team from performers; if we dont get it, we dont start Develop good relationships with partners Develop platforms and aim for demonstration Partners with resources can really help us make a difference 10 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

11 A vision for the future Infrastructure beyond LEO and GEO Civilian accessible space Global Hawk Seamless exchange of information from all domains This is a translation of "Changdi Airport" © 2007 by J Petersen, used under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license: Space traffic control All images are artists concept Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 11

12 Ground Systems Legged Squad Support System (LS3) DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance (EXACTO) Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) Maritime Systems ASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node (TERN) Hydra Air Systems Hypersonic Technologies Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-Plane Space Systems Space Surveillance Telescope (SST) OrbitOutlook Galileo Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA) Phoenix Current TTO programs Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 12

13 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 13

14 Ground Systems current programs Legged Squad Support System (LS3) Develop a highly mobile, semi-autonomous quadruped ground vehicle to lighten the Soldiers load DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Develop human-compatible robot system for response to natural and man-made disasters 14 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Artists concept

15 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 15 Ground Systems current programs (cont.) Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance (EXACTO) Demonstrate closed-loop guided flight of a.50-caliber bullet/weapon system and survivability of bullet components Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) Enhance dismounted ground agent effectiveness with equipment enabling precise coordination and command of airborne weapons

16 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 16 Maritime Systems current programs Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node (TERN) Develop Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance Unmanned Vehicle (MALE UAV) performance operable from smaller ships Artists concept Leverage mature and emerging component technologies to cost- effectively develop a new undersea launch platform with modular payloads, including air vehicle and undersea vehicle payloads Hydra ASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) Demonstrate unmanned vehicles capability to track and monitor a diesel submarine to offload tasks from manned platforms

17 17 Air Systems current programs Develop and demonstrate technologies that enable long-range, high-performance maneuvering hypersonic flight; explore vehicle concepts for tactical-range hypersonic cruise missiles and hypersonic boost glide vehicles ISR Hypersonic Technologies Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-Plane Artists Concepts Transformational vertical flight capabilities applicable to light-medium class aircraft

18 18 Space Systems current programs Demonstrate a cost-effective way to increase the amount and quality of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) information critical to warfighters: purchase data rather than build and operate sensors OrbitOutlook Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Develop technology to image a GEO satellite from the ground by utilizing fixed mobile telescopes, each with adaptive optics and a guide star, to create multiple baselines that can be used to reconstruct the image through an inverse Fourier transform Artists Concept Galileo Develop an advanced ground-based optical system for rapid, wide-area, uncued detection and tracking of faint objects in deep space Space Surveillance Telescope (SST) Government ground based sensors Commercial RF tracking University optical tracking Joint Space Operations Center Data gathering and analysis International partner data Government space based sensors Space object Commercial optical tracking Artist Concept

19 19 Space Systems current programs (cont.) ISR Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA) Deploy small satellites to orbit from an airborne platform, allowing performance improvement, reducing range costs, and flying more frequently, which drives cost per pound down Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) Enable routine-access space/hypersonic vehicles by integrating, testing, and maturing technologies and lean operations Artists concepts Phoenix Tele-presence control of on- orbit Robotic Servicer/Tender at GEO. Modular satellites that can be aggregated for scalability, reconfigured, and easily replaced. Artists concepts Artist concept


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