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DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO)

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Presentation on theme: "DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO)"— Presentation transcript:

1 DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO)
Bradford C. Tousley, Director Slide 6 - Removed "History" from each timeline title Slide 7 - Removed asterisk from risk map citation - Made risk map citation smaller font size Slide 13 - Added "Potential" to the title Removed slide 15 (Hydra) all together Slide 16 - Changed "Integrated Hypersonics (IH)" to "Hypersonic Technologies (HT)" Slide 18 - Changed "Artist's Concept" from Calibri to Tahoma January 29, 2014 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

2 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Mission The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) was established in 1958 to prevent strategic surprise from negatively affecting U.S. national security and create strategic surprise for U.S. adversaries by maintaining the technological superiority of the U.S. military. To fulfill its mission, the Agency relies on diverse performers to apply multi-disciplinary approaches to both advance knowledge through basic research and create innovative technologies that address current practical problems through applied research.  As the DoD’s primary innovation engine, DARPA undertakes projects that are finite in duration but that create lasting revolutionary change. DISTAR Case 20999 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

3 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
4/2/2017 DARPA 1957 1958 First orbiting satellite. The satellite was not a threat, but the level of technology indicated that the Soviet Union possessed superior capability for intercontinental reconnaissance and bombing. 34th President of the United States Coined the term “military-industrial complex” and warned against its unwarranted influence. Created DARPA in response to Sputnik. DISTAR Case 20999 Sputnik Dwight D. Eisenhower Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

4 DARPA technical offices
TTO Tactical Technology Office Ground, Maritime, Air, & Space systems Agile Development Cooperative Autonomy Unmanned Systems Power and Propulsion Physical sciences Neuroscience Materials Mathematics Biology Cyber Data analytics at massive scale ISR exploitation Electronics & Photonics Imaging PNT Computing Engineering Biotech Biological Microsystems Directed Energy Battle Management, Command & Control Communications and Networks Intelligence, Surveillance, and Recon Electronic Warfare Positioning, Navigation, & Timing (PNT) DSO I2O MTO STO Defense Sciences Office Microsystems Technology Office Information Innovation Office Strategic Technology Office Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

5 Tactical Technology Office (TTO)
Vision TTO will rapidly develop new prototype military capabilities that create an asymmetric technological advantage and provide U.S. forces with decisive superiority and the ability to overwhelm our opponents. Objective To provide or prevent strategic and tactical surprise with very high-payoff, high-risk development of revolutionary new platforms, weapons, critical technologies and systems, approaches addressing affordability, as well as rapid agile development. Tactical Technologies (8) Aero-& Hydrodynamic Systems (13) DISTAR Case 20999 TTO Focus Areas Ground, Air, Space, and Maritime Systems Agile Development Cooperative Autonomy Unmanned Systems Power and Propulsion Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

6 TTO past and current programs
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 6

7 Areas of potential threats
The environment Areas of potential threats Multipolar - Diverse threats - Low to high intensity spectrum - Counter-insurgency Peer/Non-peer threats - Pacific and other - Denied environments - Countermeasures Cost challenge - Rapid and expansive red force modernization - Long U.S. development cycles of complex systems - Smaller U.S. defense industrial base Increasing lifecycle cost Global market and tech proliferation - Medium technology swarms - Rapid countermeasure development - Cost of labor Source: DARPA; based on collation of publicly available metrics, including (1) Foreign Policy Failed States Index, (2) Aon Political Risk Map, (3) Control Risks Political Risk Map, and (4) Bradburys Security Risk Map. “the only thing constant is change;” a multi-polar world brings diverse threats -- we need affordable “unfair fight” solutions across the board In recent conflicts, we’ve been blessed with superior technology and the time to deploy significant force structure; we won’t always have that luxury The US has the highest $/hour labor in the world -- force multipliers are needed to enable higher investments and larger quantity force structures Our “silver bullet” systems are taking longer to field and adversaries are exploiting technologies and/or inexpensive CONOPS to field countermeasures more quickly Budgets pressures demand systems to be life cycle cost effective; we must interface early with transition partners to validate CONOPS and balance transition funding Quick, long range capabilities that include denied area access are required to address the “away games” Source: DefenceWeb.co.za Source: NavyTimes.com Source: AirForce-Technology.com Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

8 What we look for in programs
Big wins; decisive superiority Drive cost-effectiveness (system and countermeasures) Decisive and flexible systems (unbalance) Rapid developmental program execution (agile) Demonstrating prototypes (new capabilities) Unmanned leverage (maximize effectiveness) Develop Service buy-in (transition) Cross-domain capabilities – cover the “seams” across Service stovepipes Artist’s concept DARPA Robotics Challenge ALASA Phoenix Artist’s concepts TTO is the “X-Office” demonstrating technologies/capabilities at the systems level Focus on demoralizing surprise and “unfair fight” superiority from the soldier to strategic systems Cost is important. We need more attention to our cost/quantity line; force the adversary to make extreme investments in countermeasures Know the decisive payoff and business case for success and be able to explain it in clear text to our partners and customers We are in a “time to market” race (personal clocks and technology); years for others are weeks to us -- we need to push policy and paradigm changes Balance decisive payoff with the need for technical miracles VTOL X-Plane Artist’s concepts Artist’s concept ACTUV Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

9 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Systems focus areas Ground Systems Maritime Systems Air Systems Space Systems Control the sea, influence events on land Amplify unit / soldier effectiveness Control the air anytime / anywhere Normalize and simplify space Artist concept Artist concept Artist concept Artist concept 1/8/14: EV changed Phoenix picture to remove repurposing and add in satlets. Picture of satlets was cleared for NASM Space Policy talk – DISTAR Case Robotics Challenge ACTUV VTOL X-Plane Phoenix Cross-cutting Themes Agile development approach, autonomy, unmanned systems, power and propulsion Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

10 Partnerships with industry and universities
Focus on business case and capabilities Focus on enabling technologies through the BAA and contracting process TTO BAA link: https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=5ac6c5b92db270c8f96fc e3ce&tab=core&_cview=1 Demand the A-team from performers; if we don’t get it, we don’t start Develop good relationships with partners Develop platforms and aim for demonstration Partners with resources can really help us make a difference Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

11 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
A vision for the future Infrastructure beyond LEO and GEO Space traffic control Seamless exchange of information from all domains Civilian accessible space Civil, commercial, and national security space operations working safely in a collaborative, well understood environment. Global Hawk used under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license: This is a translation of "Changdi Airport" © 2007 by J Petersen, All images are artist’s concept Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

12 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Current TTO programs Ground Systems Legged Squad Support System (LS3) DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance (EXACTO) Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) Maritime Systems ASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node (TERN) Hydra Air Systems Hypersonic Technologies Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-Plane Space Systems Space Surveillance Telescope (SST) OrbitOutlook Galileo Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA) Phoenix Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

13 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

14 Ground Systems current programs
Legged Squad Support System (LS3) DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Artist’s concept Develop a highly mobile, semi-autonomous quadruped ground vehicle to lighten the Soldiers’ load Develop human-compatible robot system for response to natural and man-made disasters BEM Edits: Made the first s in “soldiers” lowercase Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

15 Ground Systems current programs (cont.)
Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance (EXACTO) Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) Demonstrate closed-loop guided flight of a .50-caliber bullet/weapon system and survivability of bullet components Enhance dismounted ground agent effectiveness with equipment enabling precise coordination and command of airborne weapons Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

16 Maritime Systems current programs
ASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node (TERN) Demonstrate unmanned vehicle’s capability to track and monitor a diesel submarine to offload tasks from manned platforms Develop Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance Unmanned Vehicle (MALE UAV) performance operable from smaller ships Artist’s concept Hydra 1/8/14: EV added Hydra with verbiage and picture directly from DARPA website. BEM Edits: Suggest adding an action verb before the description for TERN (like the others). For example, “Develop medium altitude…” Leverage mature and emerging component technologies to cost-effectively develop a new undersea launch platform with modular payloads, including air vehicle and undersea vehicle payloads Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

17 Air Systems current programs
Hypersonic Technologies Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-Plane ISR Artist’s Concepts Develop and demonstrate technologies that enable long-range, high-performance maneuvering hypersonic flight; explore vehicle concepts for tactical-range hypersonic cruise missiles and hypersonic boost glide vehicles Transformational vertical flight capabilities applicable to light-medium class aircraft Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

18 Space Systems current programs
Space Surveillance Telescope (SST) OrbitOutlook Government ground based sensors Commercial RF tracking University optical tracking Joint Space Operations Center Data gathering and analysis International partner data Government space Space object Commercial optical tracking Artist Concept Develop an advanced ground-based optical system for rapid, wide-area, uncued detection and tracking of faint objects in deep space Demonstrate a cost-effective way to increase the amount and quality of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) information critical to warfighters: purchase data rather than build and operate sensors Galileo BEM Edits: Do we need to spell out GEO? OrbitOutlook – insert Artist’s concept on image; write out SSA ancronym SST – fix sentence fragment Galileo – answer how; move description to right of image Develop technology to image a GEO satellite from the ground by utilizing fixed mobile telescopes, each with adaptive optics and a guide star, to create multiple baselines that can be used to reconstruct the image through an inverse Fourier transform Artist’s Concept Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

19 Space Systems current programs (cont.)
Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA) Artist’s concepts Artist’s concepts Enable routine-access space/hypersonic vehicles by integrating, testing, and maturing technologies and lean operations Deploy small satellites to orbit from an airborne platform, allowing performance improvement, reducing range costs, and flying more frequently, which drives cost per pound down Phoenix Artist’s concepts 1/8/14: EV added XS-1 from cleared material used for XS-1 Industry day. OrbitOutlook – insert Artist’s concept on image; write out SSA ancronym SST – fix sentence fragment Galileo – answer how; move description to right of image ISR Artist concept Artist concept Tele-presence control of on-orbit Robotic Servicer/Tender at GEO. Modular satellites that can be aggregated for scalability, reconfigured, and easily replaced. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


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