Presentation on theme: "DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO)"— Presentation transcript:
1DARPA Tactical Technology Office (TTO) Bradford C. Tousley, DirectorSlide 6- Removed "History" from each timeline titleSlide 7- Removed asterisk from risk map citation- Made risk map citation smaller font sizeSlide 13- Added "Potential" to the titleRemoved slide 15 (Hydra) all togetherSlide 16- Changed "Integrated Hypersonics (IH)" to "Hypersonic Technologies (HT)"Slide 18- Changed "Artist's Concept" from Calibri to TahomaJanuary 29, 2014Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
2Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. MissionThe Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) was established in 1958 to prevent strategic surprise from negatively affecting U.S. national security and create strategic surprise for U.S. adversaries by maintaining the technological superiority of the U.S. military.To fulfill its mission, the Agency relies on diverse performers to apply multi-disciplinary approaches to both advance knowledge through basic research and create innovative technologies that address current practical problems through applied research. As the DoD’s primary innovation engine, DARPA undertakes projects that are finite in duration but that create lasting revolutionary change.DISTAR Case 20999Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
3Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 4/2/2017DARPA19571958First orbiting satellite. The satellite was not a threat, but the level of technology indicated that the Soviet Union possessed superior capability for intercontinental reconnaissance and bombing.34th President of the United StatesCoined the term “military-industrial complex” and warned against its unwarranted influence. Created DARPA in response to Sputnik.DISTAR Case 20999SputnikDwight D. EisenhowerApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
4DARPA technical offices TTOTactical Technology OfficeGround, Maritime, Air, & Space systemsAgile DevelopmentCooperative AutonomyUnmanned SystemsPower and PropulsionPhysical sciencesNeuroscienceMaterialsMathematicsBiologyCyberData analytics at massive scaleISR exploitationElectronics & PhotonicsImagingPNTComputingEngineering BiotechBiological MicrosystemsDirected EnergyBattle Management, Command & ControlCommunications and NetworksIntelligence, Surveillance, and ReconElectronic WarfarePositioning, Navigation, & Timing (PNT)DSOI2OMTOSTODefense Sciences OfficeMicrosystems Technology OfficeInformation Innovation OfficeStrategic Technology OfficeApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
5Tactical Technology Office (TTO) VisionTTO will rapidly develop new prototype military capabilities that create an asymmetric technological advantage and provide U.S. forces with decisive superiority and the ability to overwhelm our opponents.ObjectiveTo provide or prevent strategic and tactical surprise with very high-payoff, high-risk development of revolutionary new platforms, weapons, critical technologies and systems, approaches addressing affordability, as well as rapid agile development.Tactical Technologies (8)Aero-& Hydrodynamic Systems (13)DISTAR Case 20999TTO Focus AreasGround, Air, Space, and Maritime SystemsAgile DevelopmentCooperative AutonomyUnmanned SystemsPower and PropulsionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
6TTO past and current programs Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.6
7Areas of potential threats The environmentAreas of potential threatsMultipolar- Diverse threats- Low to high intensity spectrum- Counter-insurgencyPeer/Non-peer threats- Pacific and other- Denied environments- CountermeasuresCost challenge- Rapid and expansive red forcemodernization- Long U.S. development cycles of complex systems- Smaller U.S. defense industrial baseIncreasing lifecycle costGlobal market and techproliferation- Medium technology swarms- Rapid countermeasure development- Cost of laborSource: DARPA; based on collation of publicly available metrics, including (1) Foreign Policy Failed States Index, (2) Aon Political Risk Map, (3) Control Risks Political Risk Map, and (4) Bradburys Security Risk Map.“the only thing constant is change;” a multi-polar world brings diverse threats -- we need affordable “unfair fight” solutions across the boardIn recent conflicts, we’ve been blessed with superior technology and the time to deploy significant force structure; we won’t always have that luxuryThe US has the highest $/hour labor in the world -- force multipliers are needed to enable higher investments and larger quantity force structuresOur “silver bullet” systems are taking longer to field and adversaries are exploiting technologies and/or inexpensive CONOPS to field countermeasures more quicklyBudgets pressures demand systems to be life cycle cost effective; we must interface early with transition partners to validate CONOPS and balance transition fundingQuick, long range capabilities that include denied area access are required to address the “away games”Source: DefenceWeb.co.zaSource: NavyTimes.comSource: AirForce-Technology.comApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
8What we look for in programs Big wins; decisive superiorityDrive cost-effectiveness (system and countermeasures)Decisive and flexible systems (unbalance)Rapid developmental program execution (agile)Demonstrating prototypes (new capabilities)Unmanned leverage (maximize effectiveness)Develop Service buy-in (transition)Cross-domain capabilities – cover the “seams” across Service stovepipesArtist’s conceptDARPA Robotics ChallengeALASAPhoenixArtist’s conceptsTTO is the “X-Office” demonstrating technologies/capabilities at the systems levelFocus on demoralizing surprise and “unfair fight” superiority from the soldier to strategic systemsCost is important. We need more attention to our cost/quantity line; force the adversary to make extreme investments in countermeasuresKnow the decisive payoff and business case for success and be able to explain it in clear text to our partners and customersWe are in a “time to market” race (personal clocks and technology); years for others are weeks to us -- we need to push policy and paradigm changesBalance decisive payoff with the need for technical miraclesVTOL X-PlaneArtist’s conceptsArtist’s conceptACTUVApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
9Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Systems focus areasGround SystemsMaritime SystemsAirSystemsSpaceSystemsControl the sea, influence events on landAmplify unit / soldier effectivenessControl the air anytime / anywhereNormalize and simplify spaceArtist conceptArtist conceptArtist conceptArtist concept1/8/14: EV changed Phoenix picture to remove repurposing and add in satlets. Picture of satlets was cleared for NASM Space Policy talk – DISTAR CaseRobotics ChallengeACTUVVTOL X-PlanePhoenixCross-cutting ThemesAgile development approach, autonomy, unmanned systems, power and propulsionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
10Partnerships with industry and universities Focus on business case and capabilitiesFocus on enabling technologies through the BAA and contracting processTTO BAA link: https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=5ac6c5b92db270c8f96fc e3ce&tab=core&_cview=1Demand the A-team from performers; if we don’t get it, we don’t startDevelop good relationships with partnersDevelop platforms and aim for demonstrationPartners with resources can really help us make a differenceApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
12Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Current TTO programsGround Systems Legged Squad Support System (LS3) DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance (EXACTO) Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) Maritime Systems ASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node (TERN) HydraAir Systems Hypersonic Technologies Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-Plane Space Systems Space Surveillance Telescope (SST) OrbitOutlook Galileo Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA) PhoenixApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
13Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
14Ground Systems current programs Legged Squad Support System (LS3)DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC)Artist’s conceptDevelop a highly mobile, semi-autonomous quadruped ground vehicle to lighten the Soldiers’ loadDevelop human-compatible robot system for response to natural and man-made disastersBEM Edits: Made the first s in “soldiers” lowercaseApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
15Ground Systems current programs (cont.) Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance (EXACTO)Persistent Close Air Support(PCAS)Demonstrate closed-loop guided flight of a .50-caliber bullet/weapon system and survivability of bullet componentsEnhance dismounted ground agent effectiveness with equipment enabling precise coordination and command of airborne weaponsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
16Maritime Systems current programs ASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV)Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node (TERN)Demonstrate unmanned vehicle’s capability to track and monitor a diesel submarine to offload tasks from manned platformsDevelop Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance Unmanned Vehicle (MALE UAV) performance operable from smaller shipsArtist’s conceptHydra1/8/14: EV added Hydra with verbiage and picture directly from DARPA website.BEM Edits: Suggest adding an action verb before the description for TERN (like the others). For example, “Develop medium altitude…”Leverage mature and emerging component technologies to cost-effectively develop a new undersea launch platform with modular payloads, including air vehicle and undersea vehicle payloadsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
17Air Systems current programs Hypersonic TechnologiesVertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-PlaneISRArtist’s ConceptsDevelop and demonstrate technologies that enable long-range, high-performance maneuvering hypersonic flight; explore vehicle concepts for tactical-range hypersonic cruise missiles and hypersonic boost glide vehiclesTransformational vertical flight capabilitiesapplicable to light-mediumclass aircraftApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
18Space Systems current programs Space Surveillance Telescope (SST)OrbitOutlookGovernment groundbased sensorsCommercial RFtrackingUniversity optical trackingJoint SpaceOperations CenterData gatheringand analysisInternationalpartner dataGovernment spaceSpace objectCommercialoptical trackingArtist ConceptDevelop an advanced ground-based optical system for rapid, wide-area, uncued detection and tracking of faint objects in deep spaceDemonstrate a cost-effective way to increase the amount and quality of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) information critical to warfighters: purchase data rather than build and operate sensorsGalileoBEM Edits: Do we need to spell out GEO?OrbitOutlook – insert Artist’s concept on image; write out SSA ancronymSST – fix sentence fragmentGalileo – answer how; move description to right of imageDevelop technology to image a GEO satellite from the ground by utilizing fixed mobile telescopes, each with adaptive optics and a guide star, to create multiple baselines that can be used to reconstruct the image through an inverse Fourier transformArtist’s ConceptApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
19Space Systems current programs (cont.) Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1)Airborne Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA)Artist’s conceptsArtist’s conceptsEnable routine-access space/hypersonic vehicles by integrating, testing, and maturing technologies and lean operationsDeploy small satellites to orbit from an airborne platform, allowing performance improvement, reducing range costs, and flying more frequently, which drives cost per pound downPhoenixArtist’s concepts1/8/14: EV added XS-1 from cleared material used for XS-1 Industry day.OrbitOutlook – insert Artist’s concept on image; write out SSA ancronymSST – fix sentence fragmentGalileo – answer how; move description to right of imageISRArtist conceptArtist conceptTele-presence control of on-orbit Robotic Servicer/Tender at GEO.Modular satellites that can be aggregated for scalability, reconfigured, and easily replaced.Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.