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Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO), Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperati ves, THAILAND Panel 1 :

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Presentation on theme: "Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO), Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperati ves, THAILAND Panel 1 :"— Presentation transcript:

1 Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO), Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperati ves, THAILAND Panel 1 : smallholder rubber plantations dynamics and policies to support them Agricultural Land Reform Office

2 Various changes (s-e-p) in 1973 Various changes (s-e-p) in 1973 Farmers grievances (land rights, land tenants: high rental rate-prod cost-low prod, unfair-treated, taken advantage) Farmers grievances (land rights, land tenants: high rental rate-prod cost-low prod, unfair-treated, taken advantage) High demand for agricultural sector solution The promulgation of ALRAct in 1975 Establishment of ALRO Background Agricultural Land Reform Office

3 Improvement of rights and land holdings + dwelling places Land distribution States contribution on ag. occupation development, resources, production inputs and market channel Land Reform Agricultural Land Reform Office

4 Mission To allocate land and dwelling areas to farmers To revitalize the environment and natural resources utilization in the land reform area To develop infrastructure and support learning process. To provide financial support for farmers occupation development. Agricultural Land Reform Office

5 Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand 3 Phases

6 Deteriorated forest reserves, classified land Feasibility study (socio-econ, land potential, climate, rainfall, farmer institutions, social conditions, etc.) Topography Cadastral survey Royal Decree Public Land Private Land Preparation Primary data and secondary data are collected Amount of rented area, tenancy rate, tenants, productivity,

7 Ownership belongs to the State. Not allow to sell, transfer Redistribute to landless, small-scale farmer, previous occupants ALRAct Purchase/expropriate on voluntary basis Redistribute to tenants / landless by lease or hire-purchase ALRAct - Public Land Private Land Distribution

8 Public Land Private Land Development Scheme of livelihood development Supporting services: infra., Ag. extension Occupation dev.(on-farm / off-farm to generate income agencies involvement Individual / group/institution / network Model of development Expanding International cooperation network

9 Country Profiles Total country area: mln. Ha Agricultural area: mln. ha Land reform area: 4.86 mln. ha 1.85 mln. farm families 69 Provinces 827 Districts 3,254 Sub-districts Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO)

10 Progress of Land Allocation in Public Land RegionDistrict Sub-district FarmersArea (ha) North ,2911,057,190 ha Northeast 2841, ,526,412 ha Central ,344700,893 ha South ,564505,585 ha Total6513,040 1,851,198 (1.8 mln.)4,790,080 ha Data as of 31 Dec 2008 Agricultural Land Reform Office

11 Progress of Land Allocation in Private Land Progress of Land Allocation in Private Land DistrictSub-districtFarmersArea (ha) ,550 74,360 ha 31 Dec 2008 Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO)

12 Map of Land Reform Area in Thailand

13 Strategies for Development Land Reform Farmer Reform Management Reform Rights Utilization Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Learning process Occupation development Group and Network Community enterprise Contract farming

14 Related Activities to Three Land Reform Implementation Sufficiency Economy Settlement Sufficiency Economy Settlement Food and energy crops promotion Food and energy crops promotion

15 Activities and Capacity Building for Farmers Learning center Future farmer Incubation in land reform area project Local intellectual Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO)

16 Activities and Capacity Building for Farmer Tri-partite co-operation Community enterprise in land reform area Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO)

17 Conclusion Factors -internal/ -external Grassroot Success Globalization Policy / effective law Application Participatory Approaches Implementation

18 Rubber Plantation Area in LRAs Regionprovince District Sub-districtArea (ha) North ha Northeast ,055 ha Central ,568 ha South ,082 ha Total ,737 ha Data as of 2004 Agricultural Land Reform Office

19 Map of Rubber Plantation area in LRAs Map of Rubber Plantation area in LRAs

20 yahoo.com Thank you


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