4THE DANGERS OF GETTING FROM THE CAR TO THE OFFICE…… Bad weather conditions.Potholes & cracks.Uneven surfaces, sidewalks & drop offs. (heels, sandals)Unmarked speed bumps, elevation bumpersSlip resistant strips treatment
6OFFICE SAFETY……. Leading Types of Disabling Accidents It is estimated that office workers sustain 76,000 fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains, and contusions each year. The leading types of disabling accidents that occur within the office are:Falls ….35%Strains and over-exertion…..23%Struck by or striking objects …..18%Caught in or between objects. …….10%In addition, office workers are also injured as a result of foreign substances in the eye, spilled hot liquids, burns from fire, and electric shock. In recent years, illness has increased among the office worker population. This may be attributed, in part, to the increased presence of environmental toxins within the office and to stress-producing factors associated with the automated office. Resulting illnesses may include respiratory problems, skin diseases, and stress-related conditions.
7TRIPPING HAZARDS…CLUTTERDEBRIS IN AISLESWALKWAYSWORK AREAS
8HOUSEKEEPING CONTROLS Cord covers for electrical wires.Keep machines away from cornersClean up spills ASAPUse signage for hazardsRegularly inspect or replace (carpet)
9OSHA MUSTS….. DEVELOP & IMPLEMENT ACTON PLANS FOR: FIRE WORKPLACE VIOLENCECHEMICAL RELEASESNOT LIMITED TO JUST THESE 3 BUT OSHA DEMANDS THESE 3.
10FIRE HAZARDSSome common types of combustible materials found in industry are:WoodClothPlasticsFuelsPaintsSolventsCleaning fluidsHydraulic fluids
11Ignition Sources:All forms and types of energy can be considered a potential ignition source. Some frequent types of ignition sources found in industry are:Open flamesElectrical wiring / devicesSmokingHeat sources / Hot surfacesWelding and cuttingFrictionSparks and ArcsStatic sparksChemical reactionsGas Compression
12Building Hazards:Fire can spread rapidly through a building. Fires can travel horizontally and vertically.
13Listed below are examples of how fire can travel throughout a building: Horizontal TravelDoorwaysHallwaysCeiling spacesFloor spacesUtility openingsConveyor shaftsVertical Travel StairwaysElevator shaftsMaterial shaftsUtility openingsConveyor shafts
14Personnel Hazards:The primary fire hazards to personnel are escape routes to safety. The following considerations must be examined in determining the best methods of escape:Travel distance to an exitIllumination of exiting pathsNumber and arrangement of exitsIdentification of exitsExit pathwaysExit doorsExit capacitiesStairwells
15WORKPLACE VIOLENCEViolence is a potential hazard in all workplaces, and an everyday hazard in some occupations.The source of violence can be strangers, clients, significant others of coworkers, or co-workers themselves. Threats or other precursors to violence must be reported and addressed. Physical security of the office should be evaluated, with reasonable precautions taken, such as lighted parking areas, secured entrances, and other measures as appropriate.Preplanning for violence prevention and training should take place.
16MATERIALS STORAGE HAZARDS…1910N pg259 FALLING ON WORKERS, FIRES, ROOM VISIBILTY, STORE HEAVY ITEMS IN THE MIDDLE OF SHELVESDEFECTIVE CHAIRS, DESKS, FILE CABINETS, MISUSE OF FURNITURECONDITION OF..SHARP EDGES
18NOISE…………In an office, workers can be subjected to many noise sources, such as:Video display terminalsHigh-speed printersTelephonesHuman voices.RadiosEquipment/machinery
19Place noisy machines in an enclosed space Noise can produce tension and stress, as well as damage to hearing. Some of the numerous measures available to control unwanted noise include:Place noisy machines in an enclosed spaceUse carpeting, draperies, and acoustical ceiling tiles to muffle noiseAdjust telephone volume to its lowest levelRearrange traffic routes within the office to reduce traffic within and between work areas.
20ELECTRICAL HAZARDSElectrical accidents in an office usually occur as a result of faulty or defective equipment, unsafe installation, or misuse of equipment.Equipment must be properly grounded to prevent shock injuriesA sufficient number of outlets will prevent circuit overloadingAvoid the use of poorly maintained or non-approved equipmentCords should not be dragged over nails, hooks, or other sharp objectsReceptacles should be installed and electric equipment maintained so that no live parts are exposedMachines should be disconnected before cleaning or adjusting.
21OFFICE TOOLS/EQUIPMENT Paper cutters - Keep blade closed when not in use. A guard should be provided and fingers should be kept clearStaplers - Always use a staple remover. Never test a jammed stapler with your thumbPencils, pens, scissors, etc. - Store sharp objects in a drawer or with the point down. Never hand someone a sharp object point first.
22ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS AIR POLLUTION..NATURAL (MOLD, SPORES) SYNTHETIC (CLEANERS,AMONIA)VENTILLATION..DELIVERS GOOD AIR QUALITY, PROVIDES COMFORTABLE HUMIDTY & TEMP.ILLUMINATION…LIGHTING PROBLEMS, GLARE, EYESTRAIN, FATIGUE, DOUBLE VISION, POOR LIGHTING…ALL CAN CAUSE ACCIDENTSNOISE SOURCES…PHONE, CELLS, VOICES, ETC.***CAN CAUSE STRESS, TENSION, DAMAGED HEARING, ETC.
23THE COST $$$$$PAIN & SUFFERING, LOST WAGES, DISABILTY, REDUCED QUALITY OF LIFE, DEPRESSIONLOSS OF PRODUCTIVITY & BUSINESS, INCREASED INSURANCE PREMIUM, TRAINING COSTS, REPLACEMENT OF WORKERS & THE SUBSEQUENT TRAINING OF REPLACEMENTS.
24SLIP, TRIPS & FALLS MAKE UP THE MOST OF GENERAL INDUSTRY ACCIDENTS. 15% OF ALL ACCIDENTAL DEATHS…2ND TO MOTOR VEHICLESMOST AFFECTED: KNEE, WRIST, ANKLE, FOOT, BACK, SHOULDER, HIP & HEAD
25STAIRWAY SAFETY2.5 MILLION FALLS ON STAIRS RESULT IN 2 MILLION INJURYS.HAZARDS: VARYING RISE, SHALLOW TREAD DEPTH, TALL/SHORTAPPLY SLIP RESISTANT COATING, STRIPS, HIGHLIGHT-MARK THE EDGES, CONFUSING BOTTOM STEP W/FLOOR IS COMMON, DON’T RUSH UP STAIRS, USE HANDRAILS**** MOST HOTEL POLICIES STATE ALL EMPLOYEES HAVE TO USE THE HANDRAILS WHEN USING STAIRS.
26SUMMARY………DESIGN SAFETY INTO OFFICE LAYOUTS, USE OFFICE EQUIPMENT & TOOLS PROPERLY.