Earl D. Roberts Student # A00128860 Earl.Roberts@waldenu.edu May 18, 2010 PhD in Education Specialization: Educational Technology For: Dr. Patricia Deubel Educ 8840-1 Evolution of Educational Technology
Decades to be covered: 50s -70s These decades cover the first twenty- eight years of my life and how music fits into it. Technological advances: the computer going from a wall-sized unit down to a personal unit.
Sep 1951 my father is killed in Korea, I am born February 1952; August 1952 my mother remarries, my half-brother is born May 1953, my half-sister is born July 1958. Music: Rock-a-Billy; Doo-Wop; Country & Western, and Rock-N-Roll Society & Culture: The first Baby Boomer became a teenager Education: Max Wertheimer and Thorndike were losing influence over education while Skinner was gaining educational influence; School equality was settled with Brown vs. Board of Education Work: Farmers were switching over from horse and mule power to tractors; screwworms are eliminated Technology: The Computer Age is sprouting. Tofflers Waves: First wave is long gone, Second Wave is near extinction; the third wave is just sprouting.
Tofflers Waves: Third Wave is developing Work: Farmers use mechanical cotton-pickers Education: Elementary and Secondary Education Act; Vygotskys influence begins influencing education; Herbert Kohl promotes Open Education; Bilingual Education Act takes affect; Project Head Start starts; Equality of Educational Opportunity Study and Jerome Bruner influences education; REA authorizes rural educational TV Society & Culture: Shirley Chisholm begins her short years of service; The Civil Rights Act is passed Music: Soul, Rhythm & Blues begins; the British Invasion; the Psychedelic Bands come into fashion
Received a deferment to stay out of Vietnam; graduated high school (1970), took a bus to Kentucky and found out I was accepted into college; graduate Lamar University (1974) BS Elementary Education – specialization Special Education; I get married (1974)moved three times; first daughter is born (1977). First teaching job (1974 – 1975) severely handicapped children; second teaching position (1976 – 1978) rural high school slow learners, third teaching position (1978 -1979) slow learners elementary school. My income less than $500/mo. Joined the military for the benefits. Music: Punk Rock- a rebellion against Super Groups of the 70s Education: Marian Edelman starts Childrens Defense Fund; Pennsylvania supports retarded children getting a free education; nationally, The Education of All Handicapped Children Act; Indian Education Act for indigenous American Indians; Title IX; National Association of Bilingual Education Work: No-tillage becomes popular: Plant Variety Protection Act; Paul Berg is molecular scientist working with DNA strands Technology: ARPANET begins packet-switching network that initiates the beginning of the Internet
The main transactions occurring during these three decades were the shifting of workers from farms to the cities and the advances leading to the beginning of the Internet and the down-sizing of the computer itself from a wall-to-wall model to the establishment of personal computers.
(Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), ARPANET Oct 22 196910:30 PM2010Technology USA1969 - ARPANET the first "packet- switching" network develops to the internet, created by DOD http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Apple Computer19772010TechnologyCalifornia 1977 - Apple Computerhttp://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Bilingual Education Act19682002Education USA1968 - The Bilingual Education Act http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html
British Invasion19631970MusicNew YorkBritish Invade American music in the 60'shttp://www.essor tment.com/all/americanmusicw_rhaj.htm Brown v. Board. of Education of TopekaMay 17 19542010 EducationWashington, D. C.1954 - Supreme Court Brown v. Board. of Education of Topeka, "separate facilities are unequal" http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Burrhus Frederic (B.F.) Skinner's19531970EducationUSA 1953 - behaviorism (operant conditioning), http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsa ss/educationhistorytimeline.html
Civil Rights Act19642010Society & CultureUSA1964 - The Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Cotton harvested mechanically19681970WorkUSA96% of cotton harvested mechanicallyhttp://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/farm_tech.htm Country & Western19502100MusicTennesseeModern Countryhttp://www.essortment.com/all/americanmusicw_rhaj.htm Doo-Wop19502010MusicUSAChurch harmonys mixed with the Blues- Plattershttp://www.john- meekings.co.uk/ timeline.html
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)Apr 09 19652002 EducationUSA1965 - The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Herbert R. Kohl19691970EducationUSA1969 - Herbert R. Kohl promotes open education http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Indian Education Act19722010EducationUSA1972 - The Indian Education Act " American Indian and Alaska Native students" http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Jerome Bruner19662010EducationUSA1966 - Jerome Bruner popularize cognitive learning as an alternative to behaviorism. http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html
Lev Vygotsky's19622010EducationUSA1962 - Lev Vygotsky views of education are introduced to the English-speaking world. http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Marian Wright Edelman19732010EducationUSA1973 - Marian Wright Edelman Children's Defense Fund http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html no tillage popularized19701980WorkUSANo-tillage popularizedhttp://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/farm_tech.htm Paul Berg19721972WorkUSAMolecular biologist Paul Berg make possible transfer of genes from DNA strands http://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/crops_livestock.htm
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC)19712010 EducationPennsylvania1971 - Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) v. Pennsylvania, students with mental retardation entitled to free public education.http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Project Head StartJun 19652010EducationUSA1965 - Project Head Start,http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Psychedelic19652010MusicUSAPsychedelic rock influenced by psychedelic drugs- Vanilla Fudge, Iron Butterflyhttp://www.last.f m/tag/psychedelic%20rock PUNK19702010MusicGreat BritainHatred of super groups of the 70's leads to Punk Rockershttp://www.john- meekings.co.uk/timeline.html (PVPA)19702010WorkUSAPlant Variety Protection Act http://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/crops_livestock.htm
REA authorizes rural Educational TV19622010EducationUSA REA authorized education TV in rural areas http://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/life_farm.htm screw worms19551959WorkUSASterile flies used for screwworm controlhttp://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/crops_livestock.htm Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm19682004Society & CultureUSA1968 - Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm. The first African American woman elected to Congress and sought presidential nomination. http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Soul/Rhythm & Blues19602010MusicUSAWest coast Blues, Jazz and Gospelhttp://www.john- meekings.co.uk/timeline.html
The Education of All Handicapped Children Act19752010Education USA1975 - The Education of All Handicapped Children Act requires free, suited to individual needs, in the least restrictive setting for all "handicapped" children. http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html The Equality of Educational Opportunity Study19662010Education USA1966 - The Equality of Educational Opportunity Study http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html The National Association of Bilingual Education19752010Education USA1975 - The National Association of Bilingual Education http://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html Title IX19722010EducationUSA1972 - Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sexhttp://www.cloud net.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html tractors outnumber animal power19542010WorkUSA tractors exceeds horses and muleshttp://www.agcla ssroom.org/gan/timeline/farm_tech.htm