Areas of Concern 47% of std V children cannot read std II text 64% of Std V children cant perform division. 30 % of the Std V children cannot subtract Primary Education 17% of std VIII children cant read Std II text. 34% of Std VIII children cant do division. Secondary Education 75% of the fresh engineering graduates recruited by domestic IT companies are unemployable. Higher Education
The Global Competitiveness Report 2011, World Economic Forum Indias Overall Rank – 51/139 Best Rank : Market Size - 4 Worst Rank: Health and primary education – 104 Other ranks: –Higher education and training - 85 –Labor market efficiency – 92
WEF: Talent Mobility Report Challenges in India: 1.Co-existence of High Unemployment and Talent shortage 2.Increasing the quality of the Indian labour force 3.Extremely polarized perceptions of professions 4.Low level of employability 5.Unequal participation in workforce and wealth
Demographic Dividend ???
CSR in India: Times Foundation Survey 90% of the companies have CSR initiatives 56 % of the companies cover people living nearby The major thrust areas are –Education (82 per cent), –Health (77 per cent), –Environment (66 per cent), –Livelihood Promotion (57 per cent)
IT sector TCS: Partnership with Engineering colleges Indo-US collaboration for engineering education:Train the Trainer model to improve the quality of senior faculty members Infosys: SPARK, a programme that aims at providing hands-on experience in IT to high school and engineering students
SPARK-Rural Reach Program (RRP) initiates Grade 5-7 students of rural government schools within a radius of km of their Development Centers into IT. RRP is associated with Infosys' PC donation scheme that donates PCs to schools. SPARK Catch Them Young (CTY) provides IT exposure to students of urban high schools through a two-week summer vacation program at the Infosys DCs. SPARK GURU brings together teachers from government and government-aided schools of rural areas. They are trained to use computers to teach students and inculcate habits of safety, security and hygiene.
Banking Sector ICICI Foundation: ICICI Elementary Education –Improving Teacher Performance –Curriculum and textbook development –Capacity building of government institutions –Building partnerships and resource centers Standard Chartered Bank: GOAL –Empower young women for personal and economic development –Through training in Sports and Life skills
Other Examples Pratham Future Innoversity National Innovation Foundation Honey Bee Network, Gian, Srishti Rural Relations
Main Findings Millennium Development Goals: Education Targets achieved SSA and RTE: Targets achieved All international comparisons: India in the Lowest Achievement Group
Main Findings Mismatch between demand and supply of human resources Shortage of skilled workers across industries. Quality of Education from KG to PG is a major concern. Various CSR initiatives towards Education, Skill development and Employability
Conclusions Government initiatives and the CSR activities of the private sector are not enough to bridge the gaps in Educational Attainment and Employability. More needs to be done: more coordinated and concerted effort is required. Inclusive Growth needs a more inclusive effort, i.e. participation of all sectors and every individual
1. Corporate- Colleges Partnership Funds for specific projects that enhance learning Training students in specific skills to enhance employability Designing and revising the syllabus in order to make it more practical and contemporary Placement assistance Mentoring
2. College-Schools Partnership All college students should be required to put in certain number of hours towards betterment of primary education. Colleges can adopt schools and work with them. Students should be encouraged to take up live projects and summer placement in these schools.
3. Public-Private-People Partnership Active role to be played by the beneficiaries in decision making and operational aspects of a CSR project Involvement of community Awareness about the issue Active participation by all citizens Real Empowerment with Dignity
4. Network of Industry Experts, Academicians and Government 5. Informal Sector, MSMEs to be brought in mainstream 6. Innovative Indigenous Solutions 7. Consolidation of Efforts: Making the process more inclusive