Presentation on theme: "Grounds rules to abide by:"— Presentation transcript:
1Grounds rules to abide by: SEXUALITY EDUCATIONGrounds rules to abide by:1. Listen to others2. No put downs3. Show respect for others4. One person speaks at a time5. Try to understand people’s point of view6. No gossip7. Class confidentiality8. Teacher and student has the right to “pass” on a question if they feel uncomfortable with the content
2GROUND RULES CONTINUED…. 9. No personal experiences, student or teacher10. NO SLANG TERMS11. Controversial topics not allowed in the classroomRESPECT yourself and your classmates!!!
3KNOWLEDGE IS POWER! THINGS YOU WILL LEARN…. Aspects of abstinence RelationshipsCommunicationSTI’s/HIV/AIDSKNOWLEDGE IS POWER!
4Questions to ponder….As we move through this unit think about the following questions. What would your answers be?What are my personal beliefs and values?Am I able to stand up to my beliefs and values no matter the situation?Am I responsible enough to face the consequences of my actions?Do I respect myself and others?Who am I?
5FACT……..A baby is 9 TIMES more likely to grow up in poverty if his/her mother is: A TEENAGER, UNMARRIED, AND DOES NOT GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL
6Abstinence – The conscious decision to avoid harmful decisions, including sexual activity before marriage and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.Standard HS 5h
7Life Skills To Support Abstinence Being involved in activities that promote self-worthEstablishing goalsDeveloping loving family relationshipsBeing assertive and using decision-making skillsEstablishing relationships with trusted adultsSelecting friends who also choose abstinenceAvoiding tempting situationsAbstaining from alcohol and drugsSelecting appropriate entertainmentStandard 5h
8Reasons to Wait Advantages of Abstinence Freedom from pregnancyFreedom from STI’sFreedom from financial obligations/stabilityFreedom from guilt, depression, disappointment, rejection, forced decision makingFreedom TO BE in control of your futureFreedom TO accomplish life goalsFreedom TO establish greater trust in marriageFreedom TO enjoy being a teenager!!!Standard 5h
9Sexuality vs Sexual Activity Sex is who you are NOT what you do! You are being sexual right now, I can’t prevent you from being sexual! There is a HUGE difference between sexuality and sexual activity! Sexuality includes physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual aspects.Page 32 Handout
10for Good Health Risk factors = Consequences Total Health INCLUDES Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social, Spiritual andFinancial Aspects.Standard HS 1h, 1iPage 48 Handout
11Define the 5 Pillars of Health as it Applies to Relationships PhysicalHugsPlay gamesHold handsTickleIntellectualShare hopes and dreamsShare school plansSet goalsDo homework together
12Continued……… Emotional Social Listen carefully Share feelings Laugh togetherCry togetherUnderstand each otherSocialAttend activities togetherPlan partiesBe friendsHave fun
13Continued……… Spiritual Youth groups Go to church Help others Give to charityPray together
14Do Actions Have Consequences? Activity:Do Actions Have Consequences?You Decide
15Maybe you didn’t think of…… BabiesSTD’sEmotional TraumaAddictionHurtObsessionJealousyEconomic HardshipLowering gradesDropping out of schoolDepressionHindered long term goalsActivity Recap/DiscussionStandard HS 1i
16A result that a person aims for and GOALSA result that a person aims for andworks hard to achieveWhat are your personal goals?Short term – LIST 5Long term – LIST 2How do you achieve your goals?What are some road blocks?Standard HS 6a-d
20Refusal Skills and Decision Making Refusal skills – Refusing to do somethingthat others may pressure you to doagainst your will1. Give a reason for your refusal2. Show your concern for others3. Provide alternatives4. Use body language to reinforce what you say5. Take a definite actionStandard HS 5, 7Health book –Decision making – health chapter 1
21HONEST or PHONY Give a true reason for your refusal HONEST or PHONY Give a true reason for your refusal! This will show the more honest emotions!
23COMPASSION AND CARE Show concern for others in your decision COMPASSION AND CARE Show concern for others in your decision! “I wouldn’t want something bad to happen to you….”
24SPORTS OR MOVIES Provide other options instead of the popular choice.
25MAKE IT OBVIOUS Use clear body language to get your point across!!
26ASSERTIVE or PASSIVE Taking a definite action ASSERTIVE or PASSIVE Taking a definite action! Let others know your decision!
27DECISION MAKING The DECIDE Process Define the ProblemLook carefully at the decision you are facing and state the issue clearly.Explore the AlternativesMake a list of all the possible alternatives for solving your problem.
28Consider the Consequences Identify your Values Decide and Act Think through what might happen if you were to chose each alternative.Identify your ValuesSometimes your values influence your decisions when you are not aware of them.Decide and ActDecide what is best for you and the others involved.Evaluate the ResultsHow did your decision work out? how has it affected your life?
29How can poor decision making have immediate consequences and long term consequences? How can effective decision making aid you in staying on track with your dreams and goals?
30Communication is key for every situation you will encounter in life. Page 7, 8Health Book Chapter 6, page 121Standard HS 4
32List/Discuss Communication Skills “Communication Skills” Worksheet
33relates to relationships How is your generationhurt by the influenceof social media as itrelates to relationshipsand communication?
34Pros and Cons? How can these sites hurt communication skills? Standard HS 2How can these sites hurt communication skills?Can they cause more problems than good?Do these hurt personal relationships?Do these make relationships too public?
35**** A joke can very quickly turn SEXTINGDistributionOf Pornography**** A joke can very quickly turninto something serious! ****How can this change your reputation?What are the school consequences?What are the LEGAL consequences?
36essential part of building healthy relationships Communication is anessential part of buildingand maintaininghealthy relationshipswith friends,family and partners.
37Types of Relationships DatingFriendshipFamilyBlended, Extended Family UnitsPeerWhy are these important and what are the boundaries in each type?Standard HS 2
39Dating FishbowlWhat are the characteristics of your perfect partner? Physical, emotional, etc?What are the stereotypes of you gender?How do you expect to be treated on a date?What do you think you should wear on a date?When do you think you should be allowed to date?
40are varying opinions and As you can see, thereare varying opinions andviews amongst menand women. How aremen and women reallydifferent?
41VERSUS WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MAN AND WOMAN? Worksheet**ORPage 37-41
42Secrets of Successful Dating Ask the person out in advanceComment on the person’s inner qualitiesPlan dates prior to timeArrive on time and show respect to your date’s parentBe appreciative, be polite, be considerateMaintain YOUR prioritiesDress in an appropriate mannerDo not talk about past relationshipsGuard yourself against unrealistic expectationsHave fun and relax!
43Dating: Purposes and Responsibilities Get to know ourselves and othersDevelop healthy social relationships and communication skillsLearn responsibility and respectChoose a marriage partner more wiselyResponsibilitiesBeing on timeDeciding on the costDeciding on the activityBeing home on timeShowing responsibility to parentsShowing and demanding mutual respect
44Putting Yourself in the Right Situation Where are you?Who are you with?What are you doing?What are the temptations?Have clear boundaries been set?Do you understand/respect each other?Are you comfortable?
45Steps of Intimacy Activity Make a personal list from #1 to #10.Universal Steps of Intimacy:French KissEye to BodyVoice to VoiceTouching Below WaistHeavy PettingHand to WaistEye to EyeHand to ShoulderFace to Face and/or Goodnight KissHand to HeadNeckingHand to HandHand to BodyPettingDiscuss each Step of Intimacy and the potential physical consequences (communicable diseases, STIs, HIV/AIDS) and emotional consequences (rejection, guilt, shame, loss of self-esteem, etc.) of each step.Standard HS 4, 5
46The further you arewilling to go withpartner #1, thefurther you will gowith partner #2.
47Writing Assignment 3 paragraphs What is your perfect date from beginning to end?Write in he/she language, not personal names. Will be read out loud!Did a male or female write this? How can you differentiate?
48Sexual HarassmentConsists of any physical or verbal action or gestures of a sexual nature directed at another person or persons which result in the recipients feeling threatened, violated, powerless, abused, or intimidatedStandard HS 8
49Examples of Sexual Harassment Unwanted/uninvited touchingVerbal insults about the bodyComments, gestures or actions of a sexual natureInvitation for any form of sexual behaviorSexual suggestionsSexual threats or intimidationTelling crude/vulgar/inappropriate jokesReferences to a prior event of a sexual natureDemand for a sexual relationship
50Flirting vs. Sexual Harassment Do not cross the line! Wanted and welcomeLegalBoth parties enjoy itMutual/both involvedNon-offensiveNon-intimidatingSexual HarassmentUnwanted and unwelcomeIllegalOne party has power over the otherCoercive/ one sidedOffensiveIntimidating
51THREE TYPES OF RAPEDate Rape – When rape occurs between 2 people who are dating, many cases are never reportedAcquaintance Rape – Rape by someone who is known casually by the victim or someone thought to be a friendStranger Rape – Rape by someone who is unknown by the victim, typically the most violentStandard HS 4Video “The Ultimate Betrayal” Acquaintance Rape 29 minutes
53Guidelines to Follow to Avoid Being Raped Do not tell that you will be home alone.Do not give out personal information.Use safety precautions around the house by locking doors and windows and installing a peep hole.Never open the door for a stranger!Be observant in parking lots and be ready to get in the car when you get to it.Learn self defense techniques to gain confidence.Carry a device, such as a whistle, on your key ring that will make loud sounds in case of danger.Do not accept or give rides to strangers.Do not leave a party, mall, or other place with a stranger.
54Guidelines to Follow to Avoid Acquaintance Rape Set clear limits for sexual behavior.Communicate these limits .Avoid sending mixed messages in which you say “no” while continuing to encourage sexual advances.Be assertive, tell them to stop unwanted advances.If they continue, make them stop and do not give in!Avoid using alcohol and other drugs that interfere with judgment and ability to respond.Avoid being alone with someone with whom you feel uncomfortable.
55Protect Yourself Against Date Rape Set limits in the relationshipListen to each otherKnow when your partner isuncomfortable in the situationTrust your feelingsStand by your personal beliefs and valuesBe assertive towards your partner
57What do you do if you are a victim of rape? Tell someone about it!If you are that someone, be supportive, encouraging and reassuring to the victim. You may be able to offer help and shelter. Make sure that the victim gets proper care.Sources of HELP!Rape Crisis Center, local Hospital,School Counselor, School Nurse,Teacher, PoliceStandard HS 3
58Why Rapes Are Not Reported…. Some cases are not reported because the victim may feel that they are to blame.Often, victims feel as if they will not be believed.Victims feel as though their case will not be taken as seriously as others.Victims go through a period of embarrassment and denial.Remember: Every caseneeds to be reported!
59Reporting a rape…. Report immediately to the hospital. Do not shower or change clothes, this will get rid of any needed evidence from the victim.Report immediately since sperm may disappear in the vagina in 8 to 10 hours.At the hospital they will treat injuries, check for std’s and provide you will a police officer, preferably of the same sex.You choose to either report or press charges, considering the amount of evidence you may have on the assailant. A police officer will assist you in this process.
60AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections Standard HS 1, 5
61Tape Activity Transmission of STI’s Standard HS 5
66SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED I INFECTIONS (STI) EPIDEMIC – unusually high occurrence of a disease in a certain area during a particular time period.INFERTILITY – the reduced ability to have children.SEXUAL ABSTINENCE – not having sexual intercourse until ready to commit to a long-term relationship such as marriage.Sexual fidelity – when a couple in a caring relationship, such as marriage, agree to only have sexual intercourse with each other.
68TYPES OF STIs Syphilis primary, secondary, latent, and late stages Congenital SyphilisChancroidCandidiasisHepatitisPubic LiceScabies
69CHLAMYDIAMost common bacterial STD in the U.S. Researchers estimate that this STD infects about 4 million people a year. HALF OF THOSE ARE WOMEN AGE 15 TO 19.
70CHLAMYDIA in FEMALESYou can get chlamydia in the cervix (opening to the womb) or rectum. The majority of chlamydial infections in women do not cause any symptoms. But if you do have symptoms, you might notice:An unusual discharge from your vagina.Burning when you urinate.If the infection spreads, you may experience lower abdominal pain, nausea, or fever. If left untreated, it can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease, and chlamydia can be passed to your baby in child birth. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics.
71CHLAMYDIA in MALESYou can get chlamydia in the urethra (inside the penis). As in women, most men do not experience symptoms, but if you do, you might notice:A discharge from the penis.Burning sensation with urination.Burning or itching around the opening of the penis.If left untreated, it may result in an infection in the tube that carries sperm from the testes. This infection can cause pain and fever and in rare cases, may result in sterility. It can be treated and cured with antibiotics.
72PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) A serious infection of a woman’s reproductive organs that can result in infertility. PID can result from an untreated case of chlamydia. PID can lead to infertility and a potential fatal tubal (ectopic) pregnancy. Untreated chlamydia can lead to nongonococcal urethritis. This is an inflammation of the lining of the urethra.
73Trichomoniasis- A sexually transmitted protozoan infection of the urinary tract or vagina. Symptoms – In males, clear discharge from the penis or painful urination. In females, itching or burning in the vagina , and a greenish-yellow discharge, and painful urination
74GONORRHEAA bacterial STD that infects the urinary tract of males and females, and the reproductive organs of females.
75Symptoms of GonorrheaIn males - thick, puss-like discharge from the penis.Painful and burning urination.In females – similar symptoms to males, but many times are asymptomatic. If untreated, can lead to PID.Can be transmitted to infant during childbirth.
76GENITAL WARTS Symptoms: The most common viral STD in the U.S., aka human papilloma virus (HPV).Symptoms:A month or so after infection, warts may appear around the area of the genitals. Warts can be removed, but the virus remains for life!This is also linked to cervical cancer in women.
77GENITAL HERPESIncurable, viral STD which produces painful blisters around the genital area.Symptoms:General run-down, flu-like feeling, followed by periodic outbreak of blisters in the genital area.Doctors can prescribe medicine for treatment, but there is no cure.Infected person should keep the area clean and dry during an outbreak of blisters to keep from spreading the disease.
78Serious bacterial STD that progresses through several stages. SYPHILISSerious bacterial STD that progressesthrough several stages.Primary Stage – 1 to 12 weeks of infection, a painless sore called a chancre appears at the site of infection. In a few weeks, the sore disappears.Secondary Stage – occurs 2 to 8 weeks after the primary stage. Features are characterized with sores in the mouth and flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph glands, non-itchy rash mainly on the hands and feet.Latent Stage – could be years later. By now, the bacteria has attacked internal body organs, and damage is permanent, which can lead to death.
79SYPHILIS – Stages Continued Late (or tertiary) Stage – left untreated in an adult, syphilis has damaged the brain, heart, and many other vital organs.Syphilis CAN be cured with antibiotics IF TREATED IN THE EARLY STAGES.
80Bacterial STD with symptoms similar to primary syphilis. CHANCROIDBacterial STD with symptomssimilar to primary syphilis.Symptoms:Painful sores around the genitals, deeper than the chancres associated with syphilis.These sores are VERY infectious, and provide openings thru which other pathogens can enter the body.Can be treated with antibiotics.
81Vaginal infection caused by CANDIDIASISVaginal infection caused bythe fungus candida.It is not caused by sexual contact, but can be passed on to a partner during sexual intercourse.Symptoms in women are white, cheesy discharge and itching.There are no symptoms in men.Also known as “vaginal yeast infection”. Bacteria that normally grows in the vagina prevent the fungi from growing. Sometimes, when antibiotics are taken, the fungi are able to multiply resulting in candidiasis.
82Hepatitis B and C are STDs that attack the liver (viral disease). Can also be spread by blood-to-blood contact from IV drug use or body piercing and tatooing.Symptoms could take months to develop.Symptoms are fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellowing of skin).With progression of the disease, the chance of developing cirrhosis is possible.There is a required vaccine for Hepatitis B.
83PUBIC LICE & SCABIES Pubic Lice: Tiny insects that infest pubic hair. Infestation of mites.Both conditions cause itching and at times a rash.Can also be spread from bedding and clothing.Can be treated with shampoos or ointments.
85HIV AND AIDS HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV attacks T cells which produce antibodies.AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; an often fatal disease of the immune systemSymptoms include fever, swollen lymph glands, and fatigue. Diagnosis can only be made through testing for the disease.
86HOW DOES IT WORK?The HIV virus infects the body and begins to kill white blood cells or T cells in the newly infected person.A healthy person is going to have around 1,000 T cells. When the total T cell count gets down to around 200, they are then classified no longer as HIV infected, but with AIDS.
87OPPORTUNISTIC DISEASES Diseases that attack a person with a weakened immune system.TuberculosisPneumoniaCervical cancerKaposi sarcomaSevere weight loss or fungal infections. As diseases progress, the virus may attack the brain and nervous system.Death is usually caused by an opportunistic disease.
88TRANSMISSION OF HIV The four main methods of HIV transmission: Sexual intercourse which would include semen or vaginal secretions.Shared needles or syringes from an infected personContact with blood or blood parts with an infected person.Infected mother to child during birth or breast feeding.