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SEXUALITY EDUCATION Grounds rules to abide by: 1. Listen to others 2. No put downs 3. Show respect for others 4. One person speaks at a time 5. Try to.

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Presentation on theme: "SEXUALITY EDUCATION Grounds rules to abide by: 1. Listen to others 2. No put downs 3. Show respect for others 4. One person speaks at a time 5. Try to."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEXUALITY EDUCATION Grounds rules to abide by: 1. Listen to others 2. No put downs 3. Show respect for others 4. One person speaks at a time 5. Try to understand peoples point of view 6. No gossip 7. Class confidentiality 8. Teacher and student has the right to pass on a question if they feel uncomfortable with the content

2 GROUND RULES CONTINUED…. 9. No personal experiences, student or teacher 10. NO SLANG TERMS 11. Controversial topics not allowed in the classroom RESPECT yourself and your classmates!!!

3 THINGS YOU WILL LEARN…. Aspects of abstinence Aspects of abstinence Relationships Relationships Communication Communication STIs/HIV/AIDS STIs/HIV/AIDS

4 Questions to ponder…. As we move through this unit think about the following questions. What would your answers be? What are my personal beliefs and values? What are my personal beliefs and values? Am I able to stand up to my beliefs and values no matter the situation? Am I able to stand up to my beliefs and values no matter the situation? Am I responsible enough to face the consequences of my actions? Am I responsible enough to face the consequences of my actions? Do I respect myself and others? Do I respect myself and others? Who am I? Who am I?

5 FACT…….. A baby is 9 TIMES more likely to grow up in poverty if his/her mother is: A TEENAGER, UNMARRIED, AND DOES NOT GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL

6 Abstinence – The conscious decision to avoid harmful decisions, including sexual activity before marriage and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.

7 Life Skills To Support Abstinence Being involved in activities that promote self-worth Being involved in activities that promote self-worth Establishing goals Establishing goals Developing loving family relationships Developing loving family relationships Being assertive and using decision-making skills Being assertive and using decision-making skills Establishing relationships with trusted adults Establishing relationships with trusted adults Selecting friends who also choose abstinence Selecting friends who also choose abstinence Avoiding tempting situations Avoiding tempting situations Abstaining from alcohol and drugs Abstaining from alcohol and drugs Selecting appropriate entertainment Selecting appropriate entertainment

8 Reasons to Wait Advantages of Abstinence Freedom from pregnancy Freedom from pregnancy Freedom from STIs Freedom from STIs Freedom from financial obligations/stability Freedom from financial obligations/stability Freedom from guilt, depression, disappointment, rejection, forced decision making Freedom from guilt, depression, disappointment, rejection, forced decision making Freedom TO BE in control of your future Freedom TO BE in control of your future Freedom TO accomplish life goals Freedom TO accomplish life goals Freedom TO establish greater trust in marriage Freedom TO establish greater trust in marriage Freedom TO enjoy being a teenager!!! Freedom TO enjoy being a teenager!!!

9 Sexuality vs Sexual Activity Sex is who you are NOT what you do! You are being sexual right now, I cant prevent you from being sexual! There is a HUGE difference between sexuality and sexual activity! Sexuality includes physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual aspects.

10 for Good Health for Good Health Risk factors =Consequences Total Health INCLUDES Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social, Spiritual and Financial Aspects.

11 Define the 5 Pillars of Health as it Applies to Relationships Physical Physical Hugs Hugs Play games Play games Hold hands Hold hands Tickle Tickle Intellectual Intellectual Share hopes and dreams Share school plans Set goals Do homework together

12 Continued……… Emotional Emotional Listen carefully Listen carefully Share feelings Share feelings Laugh together Laugh together Cry together Cry together Understand each other Understand each other Social Social Attend activities together Plan parties Be friends Have fun

13 Continued……… Spiritual Spiritual Youth groups Youth groups Go to church Go to church Help others Help others Give to charity Give to charity Pray together Pray together

14 Activity: Do Actions Have Consequences? You Decide

15 Maybe you didnt think of…… Babies Babies STDs STDs Emotional Trauma Emotional Trauma Addiction Addiction Hurt Hurt Obsession Obsession Jealousy Jealousy Economic Hardship Economic Hardship Lowering grades Lowering grades Dropping out of school Dropping out of school Depression Depression Hindered long term goals Hindered long term goals Activity Recap/ Discussion

16 A result that a person aims for and works hard to achieve What are your personal goals? What are your personal goals? Short term – LIST 5 Short term – LIST 5 Long term – LIST 2 Long term – LIST 2 How do you achieve your goals? How do you achieve your goals? What are some road blocks? What are some road blocks?

17 ROAD BLOCKS TO ACHIEVING GOALS

18 YARDSTICK ACTIVITY Keep your eyes on the top of the yardstick, which represents your goals in life. What happens if you look to the bottom and lose focus of your goals?

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20 Refusal Skills and Decision Making Refusal skills – Refusing to do something that others may pressure you to do against your will 1. Give a reason for your refusal 2. Show your concern for others 3. Provide alternatives 4. Use body language to reinforce what you say 5. Take a definite action

21 HONEST or PHONY Give a true reason for your refusal! This will show the more honest emotions!

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23 COMPASSION AND CARE Show concern for others in your decision! I wouldnt want something bad to happen to you….

24 SPORTS OR MOVIES Provide other options instead of the popular choice.

25 MAKE IT OBVIOUS Use clear body language to get your point across!!

26 ASSERTIVE or PASSIVE Taking a definite action! Let others know your decision!

27 D efine the Problem Look carefully at the decision you are facing and state the issue clearly. E xplore the Alternatives Make a list of all the possible alternatives for solving your problem.

28 C onsider the Consequences Think through what might happen if you were to chose each alternative. I dentify your Values Sometimes your values influence your decisions when you are not aware of them. D ecide and Act Decide what is best for you and the others involved. E valuate the Results How did your decision work out? how has it affected your life?

29 How can poor decision making have immediate consequences and long term consequences? How can effective decision making aid you in staying on track with your dreams and goals?

30 Communication is key for every situation you will encounter in life.

31 Activity: Life with the Wright Family

32 List/Discuss Communication Skills Communication Skills Worksheet

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34 Pros and Cons? How can these sites hurt communication skills? Can they cause more problems than good? Do these hurt personal relationships? Do these make relationships too public?

35 **** A joke can very quickly turn into something serious! **** How can this change your reputation? What are the school consequences? What are the LEGAL consequences?

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37 Types of Relationships Dating Dating Friendship Friendship Family Family Blended, Extended Family Units Blended, Extended Family Units Peer Peer Why are these important and what are the boundaries in each type?

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39 Dating Fishbowl Dating Fishbowl What are the characteristics of your perfect partner? Physical, emotional, etc? What are the characteristics of your perfect partner? Physical, emotional, etc? What are the stereotypes of you gender? What are the stereotypes of you gender? How do you expect to be treated on a date? How do you expect to be treated on a date? What do you think you should wear on a date? What do you think you should wear on a date? When do you think you should be allowed to date? When do you think you should be allowed to date?

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41 VERSUS VERSUS WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MAN AND WOMAN? **Differences Between Man and Woman Worksheet**OR

42 Secrets of Successful Dating Ask the person out in advance Ask the person out in advance Comment on the persons inner qualities Comment on the persons inner qualities Plan dates prior to time Plan dates prior to time Arrive on time and show respect to your dates parent Arrive on time and show respect to your dates parent Be appreciative, be polite, be considerate Be appreciative, be polite, be considerate Maintain YOUR priorities Maintain YOUR priorities Dress in an appropriate manner Dress in an appropriate manner Do not talk about past relationships Do not talk about past relationships Guard yourself against unrealistic expectations Guard yourself against unrealistic expectations Have fun and relax! Have fun and relax!

43 Dating: Purposes and Responsibilities Dating: Purposes and Responsibilities Purposes Get to know ourselves and others Get to know ourselves and others Develop healthy social relationships and communication skills Develop healthy social relationships and communication skills Learn responsibility and respect Learn responsibility and respect Choose a marriage partner more wisely Choose a marriage partner more wiselyResponsibilities Being on time Being on time Deciding on the cost Deciding on the cost Deciding on the activity Deciding on the activity Being home on time Being home on time Showing responsibility to parents Showing responsibility to parents Showing and demanding mutual respect Showing and demanding mutual respect

44 Putting Yourself in the Right Situation Where are you? Where are you? Who are you with? Who are you with? What are you doing? What are you doing? What are the temptations? What are the temptations? Have clear boundaries been set? Have clear boundaries been set? Do you understand/respect each other? Do you understand/respect each other? Are you comfortable? Are you comfortable?

45 Steps of Intimacy Activity Make a personal list from #1 to #10. Universal Steps of Intimacy: French Kiss French Kiss Eye to Body Eye to Body Voice to Voice Voice to Voice Touching Below Waist Touching Below Waist Heavy Petting Heavy Petting Hand to Waist Hand to Waist Eye to Eye Eye to Eye Hand to Shoulder Hand to Shoulder Face to Face and/or Goodnight Kiss Face to Face and/or Goodnight Kiss Hand to Head Hand to Head Necking Necking Hand to Hand Hand to Hand Hand to Body Hand to Body Petting Petting Discuss each Step of Intimacy and the potential physical consequences (communicable diseases, STIs, HIV/AIDS) and emotional consequences (rejection, guilt, shame, loss of self-esteem, etc.) of each step.

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47 Writing Assignment 3 paragraphs 3 paragraphs What is your perfect date from beginning to end? What is your perfect date from beginning to end? Write in he/she language, not personal names. Will be read out loud! Write in he/she language, not personal names. Will be read out loud! Did a male or female write this? How can you differentiate? Did a male or female write this? How can you differentiate?

48 Sexual Harassment Consists of any physical or verbal action or gestures of a sexual nature directed at another person or persons which result in the recipients feeling threatened, violated, powerless, abused, or intimidated

49 Examples of Sexual Harassment Unwanted/uninvited touching Unwanted/uninvited touching Verbal insults about the body Verbal insults about the body Comments, gestures or actions of a sexual nature Comments, gestures or actions of a sexual nature Invitation for any form of sexual behavior Invitation for any form of sexual behavior Sexual suggestions Sexual suggestions Sexual threats or intimidation Sexual threats or intimidation Telling crude/vulgar/inappropriate jokes Telling crude/vulgar/inappropriate jokes References to a prior event of a sexual nature References to a prior event of a sexual nature Demand for a sexual relationship Demand for a sexual relationship

50 Flirting vs. Sexual Harassment Do not cross the line! Flirting Wanted and welcome Wanted and welcome Legal Legal Both parties enjoy it Both parties enjoy it Mutual/both involved Mutual/both involved Non-offensive Non-offensive Non-intimidating Non-intimidating Sexual Harassment Unwanted and unwelcome Unwanted and unwelcome Illegal Illegal One party has power over the other One party has power over the other Coercive/ one sided Coercive/ one sided Offensive Offensive Intimidating Intimidating

51 THREE TYPES OF RAPE Date Rape – When rape occurs between 2 people who are dating, many cases are never reported Date Rape – When rape occurs between 2 people who are dating, many cases are never reported Acquaintance Rape – Rape by someone who is known casually by the victim or someone thought to be a friend Acquaintance Rape – Rape by someone who is known casually by the victim or someone thought to be a friend Stranger Rape – Rape by someone who is unknown by the victim, typically the most violent Stranger Rape – Rape by someone who is unknown by the victim, typically the most violent

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53 Guidelines to Follow to Avoid Being Raped Do not tell that you will be home alone. Do not tell that you will be home alone. Do not give out personal information. Do not give out personal information. Use safety precautions around the house by locking doors and windows and installing a peep hole. Use safety precautions around the house by locking doors and windows and installing a peep hole. Never open the door for a stranger! Never open the door for a stranger! Be observant in parking lots and be ready to get in the car when you get to it. Be observant in parking lots and be ready to get in the car when you get to it. Learn self defense techniques to gain confidence. Learn self defense techniques to gain confidence. Carry a device, such as a whistle, on your key ring that will make loud sounds in case of danger. Carry a device, such as a whistle, on your key ring that will make loud sounds in case of danger. Do not accept or give rides to strangers. Do not accept or give rides to strangers. Do not leave a party, mall, or other place with a stranger. Do not leave a party, mall, or other place with a stranger.

54 Guidelines to Follow to Avoid Acquaintance Rape Set clear limits for sexual behavior. Set clear limits for sexual behavior. Communicate these limits. Communicate these limits. Avoid sending mixed messages in which you say no while continuing to encourage sexual advances. Avoid sending mixed messages in which you say no while continuing to encourage sexual advances. Be assertive, tell them to stop unwanted advances. Be assertive, tell them to stop unwanted advances. If they continue, make them stop and do not give in! If they continue, make them stop and do not give in! Avoid using alcohol and other drugs that interfere with judgment and ability to respond. Avoid using alcohol and other drugs that interfere with judgment and ability to respond. Avoid being alone with someone with whom you feel uncomfortable. Avoid being alone with someone with whom you feel uncomfortable.

55 Protect Yourself Against Date Rape Set limits in the relationship Set limits in the relationship Listen to each other Listen to each other Know when your partner is Know when your partner is uncomfortable in the situation Trust your feelings Trust your feelings Stand by your personal beliefs and values Stand by your personal beliefs and values Be assertive towards your partner Be assertive towards your partner

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57 What do you do if you are a victim of rape? Tell someone about it! If you are that someone, be supportive, encouraging and reassuring to the victim. You may be able to offer help and shelter. Make sure that the victim gets proper care. If you are that someone, be supportive, encouraging and reassuring to the victim. You may be able to offer help and shelter. Make sure that the victim gets proper care. Sources of HELP! Sources of HELP! Rape Crisis Center, local Hospital, Rape Crisis Center, local Hospital, School Counselor, School Nurse, Teacher, Police

58 Why Rapes Are Not Reported…. Some cases are not reported because the victim may feel that they are to blame. Some cases are not reported because the victim may feel that they are to blame. Often, victims feel as if they will not be believed. Often, victims feel as if they will not be believed. Victims feel as though their case will not be taken as seriously as others. Victims feel as though their case will not be taken as seriously as others. Victims go through a period of embarrassment and denial. Victims go through a period of embarrassment and denial. Remember: Every case needs to be reported!

59 Reporting a rape…. Reporting a rape…. Report immediately to the hospital. Report immediately to the hospital. Do not shower or change clothes, this will get rid of any needed evidence from the victim. Do not shower or change clothes, this will get rid of any needed evidence from the victim. Report immediately since sperm may disappear in the vagina in 8 to 10 hours. Report immediately since sperm may disappear in the vagina in 8 to 10 hours. At the hospital they will treat injuries, check for stds and provide you will a police officer, preferably of the same sex. At the hospital they will treat injuries, check for stds and provide you will a police officer, preferably of the same sex. You choose to either report or press charges, considering the amount of evidence you may have on the assailant. A police officer will assist you in this process. You choose to either report or press charges, considering the amount of evidence you may have on the assailant. A police officer will assist you in this process.

60 AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections

61 Tape Activity Transmission of STIs

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64 Female Anatomy

65 Male Anatomy

66 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED I INFECTIONS (STI) EPIDEMIC – unusually high occurrence of a disease in a certain area during a particular time period. EPIDEMIC – unusually high occurrence of a disease in a certain area during a particular time period. INFERTILITY – the reduced ability to have children. INFERTILITY – the reduced ability to have children. SEXUAL ABSTINENCE – not having sexual intercourse until ready to commit to a long- term relationship such as marriage. SEXUAL ABSTINENCE – not having sexual intercourse until ready to commit to a long- term relationship such as marriage. Sexual fidelity – when a couple in a caring relationship, such as marriage, agree to only have sexual intercourse with each other. Sexual fidelity – when a couple in a caring relationship, such as marriage, agree to only have sexual intercourse with each other.

67 TYPES OF STIs Chlamydia Chlamydia Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis Vaginitis Vaginitis Gonorrhea Gonorrhea Genital Warts Genital Warts Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Herpes Genital Herpes Chlamydia Chlamydia Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis Vaginitis Vaginitis Gonorrhea Gonorrhea Genital Warts Genital Warts Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Herpes Genital Herpes

68 TYPES OF STIs Syphilis Syphilis primary, secondary, latent, and late stages primary, secondary, latent, and late stages Congenital Syphilis Congenital Syphilis Chancroid Chancroid Candidiasis Candidiasis Hepatitis Hepatitis Pubic Lice Pubic Lice Scabies Scabies

69 CHLAMYDIA Most common bacterial STD in the U.S. Researchers estimate that this STD infects about 4 million people a year. HALF OF THOSE ARE WOMEN AGE 15 TO 19. HALF OF THOSE ARE WOMEN AGE 15 TO 19.

70 CHLAMYDIA in FEMALES You can get chlamydia in the cervix (opening to the womb) or rectum. The majority of chlamydial infections in women do not cause any symptoms. But if you do have symptoms, you might notice: An unusual discharge from your vagina. An unusual discharge from your vagina. Burning when you urinate. Burning when you urinate. If the infection spreads, you may experience lower abdominal pain, nausea, or fever. If left untreated, it can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease, and chlamydia can be passed to your baby in child birth. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics.

71 CHLAMYDIA in MALES You can get chlamydia in the urethra (inside the penis). As in women, most men do not experience symptoms, but if you do, you might notice: A discharge from the penis. A discharge from the penis. Burning sensation with urination. Burning sensation with urination. Burning or itching around the opening of the penis. Burning or itching around the opening of the penis. If left untreated, it may result in an infection in the tube that carries sperm from the testes. This infection can cause pain and fever and in rare cases, may result in sterility. It can be treated and cured with antibiotics.

72 PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) A serious infection of a womans reproductive organs that can result in infertility. PID can result from an untreated case of chlamydia. PID can lead to infertility and a potential fatal tubal (ectopic) pregnancy. PID can result from an untreated case of chlamydia. PID can lead to infertility and a potential fatal tubal (ectopic) pregnancy. Untreated chlamydia can lead to nongonococcal urethritis. This is an inflammation of the lining of the urethra. Untreated chlamydia can lead to nongonococcal urethritis. This is an inflammation of the lining of the urethra.

73 Symptoms – In males, clear discharge from the penis or painful urination. In females, itching or burning in the vagina, and a greenish-yellow discharge, and painful urination Trichomoniasis- A sexually transmitted protozoan infection of the urinary tract or vagina.

74 GONORRHEA A bacterial STD that infects the urinary tract of males and females, and the reproductive organs of females. A bacterial STD that infects the urinary tract of males and females, and the reproductive organs of females.

75 Symptoms of Gonorrhea In males - thick, puss-like discharge from the penis. In males - thick, puss-like discharge from the penis. Painful and burning urination. Painful and burning urination. In females – similar symptoms to males, but many times are asymptomatic. If untreated, can lead to PID. In females – similar symptoms to males, but many times are asymptomatic. If untreated, can lead to PID. Can be transmitted to infant during childbirth. Can be transmitted to infant during childbirth.

76 GENITAL WARTS The most common viral STD in the U.S., aka human papilloma virus (HPV). Symptoms: Symptoms: A month or so after infection, warts may appear around the area of the genitals. Warts can be removed, but the virus remains for life! A month or so after infection, warts may appear around the area of the genitals. Warts can be removed, but the virus remains for life! This is also linked to cervical cancer in women. This is also linked to cervical cancer in women.

77 GENITAL HERPES Incurable, viral STD which produces painful blisters around the genital area. Symptoms: Symptoms: General run-down, flu-like feeling, followed by periodic outbreak of blisters in the genital area. General run-down, flu-like feeling, followed by periodic outbreak of blisters in the genital area. Doctors can prescribe medicine for treatment, but there is no cure. Doctors can prescribe medicine for treatment, but there is no cure. Infected person should keep the area clean and dry during an outbreak of blisters to keep from spreading the disease. Infected person should keep the area clean and dry during an outbreak of blisters to keep from spreading the disease.

78 SYPHILIS Serious bacterial STD that progresses through several stages. Primary Stage – 1 to 12 weeks of infection, a painless sore called a chancre appears at the site of infection. In a few weeks, the sore disappears. Primary Stage – 1 to 12 weeks of infection, a painless sore called a chancre appears at the site of infection. In a few weeks, the sore disappears. Secondary Stage – occurs 2 to 8 weeks after the primary stage. Features are characterized with sores in the mouth and flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph glands, non-itchy rash mainly on the hands and feet. Secondary Stage – occurs 2 to 8 weeks after the primary stage. Features are characterized with sores in the mouth and flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph glands, non-itchy rash mainly on the hands and feet. Latent Stage – could be years later. By now, the bacteria has attacked internal body organs, and damage is permanent, which can lead to death. Latent Stage – could be years later. By now, the bacteria has attacked internal body organs, and damage is permanent, which can lead to death.

79 SYPHILIS – Stages Continued Late (or tertiary) Stage – left untreated in an adult, syphilis has damaged the brain, heart, and many other vital organs. Late (or tertiary) Stage – left untreated in an adult, syphilis has damaged the brain, heart, and many other vital organs. Syphilis CAN be cured with antibiotics IF TREATED IN THE EARLY STAGES. Syphilis CAN be cured with antibiotics IF TREATED IN THE EARLY STAGES.

80 CHANCROID Bacterial STD with symptoms similar to primary syphilis. Symptoms: Painful sores around the genitals, deeper than the chancres associated with syphilis. Painful sores around the genitals, deeper than the chancres associated with syphilis. These sores are VERY infectious, and provide openings thru which other pathogens can enter the body. These sores are VERY infectious, and provide openings thru which other pathogens can enter the body. Can be treated with antibiotics. Can be treated with antibiotics.

81 CANDIDIASIS Vaginal infection caused by the fungus candida. It is not caused by sexual contact, but can be passed on to a partner during sexual intercourse. It is not caused by sexual contact, but can be passed on to a partner during sexual intercourse. Symptoms in women are white, cheesy discharge and itching. Symptoms in women are white, cheesy discharge and itching. There are no symptoms in men. There are no symptoms in men. Also known as vaginal yeast infection. Bacteria that normally grows in the vagina prevent the fungi from growing. Sometimes, when antibiotics are taken, the fungi are able to multiply resulting in candidiasis. Also known as vaginal yeast infection. Bacteria that normally grows in the vagina prevent the fungi from growing. Sometimes, when antibiotics are taken, the fungi are able to multiply resulting in candidiasis.

82 HEPATITIS Hepatitis B and C are STDs that attack the liver (viral disease). Can also be spread by blood-to-blood contact from IV drug use or body piercing and tatooing. Can also be spread by blood-to-blood contact from IV drug use or body piercing and tatooing. Symptoms could take months to develop. Symptoms could take months to develop. Symptoms are fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellowing of skin). Symptoms are fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellowing of skin). With progression of the disease, the chance of developing cirrhosis is possible. With progression of the disease, the chance of developing cirrhosis is possible. There is a required vaccine for Hepatitis B. There is a required vaccine for Hepatitis B.

83 PUBIC LICE & SCABIES Pubic Lice: Tiny insects that infest pubic hair. Scabies: Infestation of mites. Both conditions cause itching and at times a rash. Can also be spread from bedding and clothing. Can be treated with shampoos or ointments.

84 Activity: No Risk, Low Risk, High Risk

85 HIV AND AIDS HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV attacks T cells which produce antibodies. HIV attacks T cells which produce antibodies. AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; an often fatal disease of the immune system Symptoms include fever, swollen lymph glands, and fatigue. Diagnosis can only be made through testing for the disease. Symptoms include fever, swollen lymph glands, and fatigue. Diagnosis can only be made through testing for the disease.

86 HOW DOES IT WORK? The HIV virus infects the body and begins to kill white blood cells or T cells in the newly infected person. The HIV virus infects the body and begins to kill white blood cells or T cells in the newly infected person. A healthy person is going to have around 1,000 T cells. When the total T cell count gets down to around 200, they are then classified no longer as HIV infected, but with AIDS. A healthy person is going to have around 1,000 T cells. When the total T cell count gets down to around 200, they are then classified no longer as HIV infected, but with AIDS.

87 OPPORTUNISTIC DISEASES Diseases that attack a person with a weakened immune system. Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Pneumonia Pneumonia Cervical cancer Cervical cancer Kaposi sarcoma Kaposi sarcoma Severe weight loss or fungal infections. As diseases progress, the virus may attack the brain and nervous system. Severe weight loss or fungal infections. As diseases progress, the virus may attack the brain and nervous system. Death is usually caused by an opportunistic disease. Death is usually caused by an opportunistic disease.

88 TRANSMISSION OF HIV The four main methods of HIV transmission: Sexual intercourse which would include semen or vaginal secretions. Sexual intercourse which would include semen or vaginal secretions. Shared needles or syringes from an infected person Shared needles or syringes from an infected person Contact with blood or blood parts with an infected person. Contact with blood or blood parts with an infected person. Infected mother to child during birth or breast feeding. Infected mother to child during birth or breast feeding.

89 Activity: Liquid Drop How at risk are you?

90 CURE FOR AIDS…. THERE IS NO KNOWN CURE FOR AIDS. THE ONLY SURE WAY TO PROTECT YOURSELF IS ABSTINENCE!


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