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Grounds rules to abide by:

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1 Grounds rules to abide by:
SEXUALITY EDUCATION Grounds rules to abide by: 1. Listen to others 2. No put downs 3. Show respect for others 4. One person speaks at a time 5. Try to understand people’s point of view 6. No gossip 7. Class confidentiality 8. Teacher and student has the right to “pass” on a question if they feel uncomfortable with the content

9. No personal experiences, student or teacher 10. NO SLANG TERMS 11. Controversial topics not allowed in the classroom RESPECT yourself and your classmates!!!

Relationships Communication STI’s/HIV/AIDS KNOWLEDGE IS POWER!

4 Questions to ponder…. As we move through this unit think about the following questions. What would your answers be? What are my personal beliefs and values? Am I able to stand up to my beliefs and values no matter the situation? Am I responsible enough to face the consequences of my actions? Do I respect myself and others? Who am I?

5 FACT…….. A baby is 9 TIMES more likely to grow up in poverty if his/her mother is: A TEENAGER, UNMARRIED, AND DOES NOT GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL

6 Abstinence – The conscious decision to avoid harmful decisions, including sexual activity before marriage and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Standard HS 5h

7 Life Skills To Support Abstinence
Being involved in activities that promote self-worth Establishing goals Developing loving family relationships Being assertive and using decision-making skills Establishing relationships with trusted adults Selecting friends who also choose abstinence Avoiding tempting situations Abstaining from alcohol and drugs Selecting appropriate entertainment Standard 5h

8 Reasons to Wait Advantages of Abstinence
Freedom from pregnancy Freedom from STI’s Freedom from financial obligations/stability Freedom from guilt, depression, disappointment, rejection, forced decision making Freedom TO BE in control of your future Freedom TO accomplish life goals Freedom TO establish greater trust in marriage Freedom TO enjoy being a teenager!!! Standard 5h

9 Sexuality vs Sexual Activity
Sex is who you are NOT what you do! You are being sexual right now, I can’t prevent you from being sexual! There is a HUGE difference between sexuality and sexual activity! Sexuality includes physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual aspects. Page 32 Handout

10 for Good Health Risk factors = Consequences
Total Health INCLUDES Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social, Spiritual and Financial Aspects. Standard HS 1h, 1i Page 48 Handout

11 Define the 5 Pillars of Health as it Applies to Relationships
Physical Hugs Play games Hold hands Tickle Intellectual Share hopes and dreams Share school plans Set goals Do homework together

12 Continued……… Emotional Social Listen carefully Share feelings
Laugh together Cry together Understand each other Social Attend activities together Plan parties Be friends Have fun

13 Continued……… Spiritual Youth groups Go to church Help others
Give to charity Pray together

14 Do Actions Have Consequences?
Activity: Do Actions Have Consequences? You Decide

15 Maybe you didn’t think of……
Babies STD’s Emotional Trauma Addiction Hurt Obsession Jealousy Economic Hardship Lowering grades Dropping out of school Depression Hindered long term goals Activity Recap/ Discussion Standard HS 1i

16 A result that a person aims for and
GOALS A result that a person aims for and works hard to achieve What are your personal goals? Short term – LIST 5 Long term – LIST 2 How do you achieve your goals? What are some road blocks? Standard HS 6a-d


18 YARDSTICK ACTIVITY Keep your eyes on the top of the yardstick, which represents your goals in life. What happens if you look to the bottom and lose focus of your goals?


20 Refusal Skills and Decision Making
Refusal skills – Refusing to do something that others may pressure you to do against your will 1. Give a reason for your refusal 2. Show your concern for others 3. Provide alternatives 4. Use body language to reinforce what you say 5. Take a definite action Standard HS 5, 7 Health book – Decision making – health chapter 1

21 HONEST or PHONY Give a true reason for your refusal
HONEST or PHONY Give a true reason for your refusal! This will show the more honest emotions!


23 COMPASSION AND CARE Show concern for others in your decision
COMPASSION AND CARE Show concern for others in your decision! “I wouldn’t want something bad to happen to you….”

24 SPORTS OR MOVIES Provide other options instead of the popular choice.

25 MAKE IT OBVIOUS Use clear body language to get your point across!!

26 ASSERTIVE or PASSIVE Taking a definite action
ASSERTIVE or PASSIVE Taking a definite action! Let others know your decision!

Define the Problem Look carefully at the decision you are facing and state the issue clearly. Explore the Alternatives Make a list of all the possible alternatives for solving your problem.

28 Consider the Consequences Identify your Values Decide and Act
Think through what might happen if you were to chose each alternative. Identify your Values Sometimes your values influence your decisions when you are not aware of them. Decide and Act Decide what is best for you and the others involved. Evaluate the Results How did your decision work out? how has it affected your life?

29 How can poor decision making have immediate consequences and long term consequences?
How can effective decision making aid you in staying on track with your dreams and goals?

30 Communication is key for every situation you will encounter in life.
Page 7, 8 Health Book Chapter 6, page 121 Standard HS 4

31 Activity: Life with the Wright Family

32 List/Discuss Communication Skills “Communication Skills” Worksheet

33 relates to relationships
How is your generation hurt by the influence of social media as it relates to relationships and communication?

34 Pros and Cons? How can these sites hurt communication skills?
Standard HS 2 How can these sites hurt communication skills? Can they cause more problems than good? Do these hurt personal relationships? Do these make relationships too public?

35 **** A joke can very quickly turn
SEXTING Distribution Of Pornography **** A joke can very quickly turn into something serious! **** How can this change your reputation? What are the school consequences? What are the LEGAL consequences?

36 essential part of building healthy relationships
Communication is an essential part of building and maintaining healthy relationships with friends, family and partners.

37 Types of Relationships
Dating Friendship Family Blended, Extended Family Units Peer Why are these important and what are the boundaries in each type? Standard HS 2


39 Dating Fishbowl What are the characteristics of your perfect partner? Physical, emotional, etc? What are the stereotypes of you gender? How do you expect to be treated on a date? What do you think you should wear on a date? When do you think you should be allowed to date?

40 are varying opinions and
As you can see, there are varying opinions and views amongst men and women. How are men and women really different?

Worksheet** OR Page 37-41

42 Secrets of Successful Dating
Ask the person out in advance Comment on the person’s inner qualities Plan dates prior to time Arrive on time and show respect to your date’s parent Be appreciative, be polite, be considerate Maintain YOUR priorities Dress in an appropriate manner Do not talk about past relationships Guard yourself against unrealistic expectations Have fun and relax!

43 Dating: Purposes and Responsibilities
Get to know ourselves and others Develop healthy social relationships and communication skills Learn responsibility and respect Choose a marriage partner more wisely Responsibilities Being on time Deciding on the cost Deciding on the activity Being home on time Showing responsibility to parents Showing and demanding mutual respect

44 Putting Yourself in the Right Situation
Where are you? Who are you with? What are you doing? What are the temptations? Have clear boundaries been set? Do you understand/respect each other? Are you comfortable?

45 Steps of Intimacy Activity
Make a personal list from #1 to #10. Universal Steps of Intimacy: French Kiss Eye to Body Voice to Voice Touching Below Waist Heavy Petting Hand to Waist Eye to Eye Hand to Shoulder Face to Face and/or Goodnight Kiss Hand to Head Necking Hand to Hand Hand to Body Petting Discuss each Step of Intimacy and the potential physical consequences (communicable diseases, STIs, HIV/AIDS) and emotional consequences (rejection, guilt, shame, loss of self-esteem, etc.) of each step. Standard HS 4, 5

46 The further you are willing to go with partner #1, the further you will go with partner #2.

47 Writing Assignment 3 paragraphs
What is your perfect date from beginning to end? Write in he/she language, not personal names. Will be read out loud! Did a male or female write this? How can you differentiate?

48 Sexual Harassment Consists of any physical or verbal action or gestures of a sexual nature directed at another person or persons which result in the recipients feeling threatened, violated, powerless, abused, or intimidated Standard HS 8

49 Examples of Sexual Harassment
Unwanted/uninvited touching Verbal insults about the body Comments, gestures or actions of a sexual nature Invitation for any form of sexual behavior Sexual suggestions Sexual threats or intimidation Telling crude/vulgar/inappropriate jokes References to a prior event of a sexual nature Demand for a sexual relationship

50 Flirting vs. Sexual Harassment Do not cross the line!
Wanted and welcome Legal Both parties enjoy it Mutual/both involved Non-offensive Non-intimidating Sexual Harassment Unwanted and unwelcome Illegal One party has power over the other Coercive/ one sided Offensive Intimidating

51 THREE TYPES OF RAPE Date Rape – When rape occurs between 2 people who are dating, many cases are never reported Acquaintance Rape – Rape by someone who is known casually by the victim or someone thought to be a friend Stranger Rape – Rape by someone who is unknown by the victim, typically the most violent Standard HS 4 Video “The Ultimate Betrayal” Acquaintance Rape 29 minutes


53 Guidelines to Follow to Avoid Being Raped
Do not tell that you will be home alone. Do not give out personal information. Use safety precautions around the house by locking doors and windows and installing a peep hole. Never open the door for a stranger! Be observant in parking lots and be ready to get in the car when you get to it. Learn self defense techniques to gain confidence. Carry a device, such as a whistle, on your key ring that will make loud sounds in case of danger. Do not accept or give rides to strangers. Do not leave a party, mall, or other place with a stranger.

54 Guidelines to Follow to Avoid Acquaintance Rape
Set clear limits for sexual behavior. Communicate these limits . Avoid sending mixed messages in which you say “no” while continuing to encourage sexual advances. Be assertive, tell them to stop unwanted advances. If they continue, make them stop and do not give in! Avoid using alcohol and other drugs that interfere with judgment and ability to respond. Avoid being alone with someone with whom you feel uncomfortable.

55 Protect Yourself Against Date Rape
Set limits in the relationship Listen to each other Know when your partner is uncomfortable in the situation Trust your feelings Stand by your personal beliefs and values Be assertive towards your partner


57 What do you do if you are a victim of rape?
Tell someone about it! If you are that someone, be supportive, encouraging and reassuring to the victim. You may be able to offer help and shelter. Make sure that the victim gets proper care. Sources of HELP! Rape Crisis Center, local Hospital, School Counselor, School Nurse, Teacher, Police Standard HS 3

58 Why Rapes Are Not Reported….
Some cases are not reported because the victim may feel that they are to blame. Often, victims feel as if they will not be believed. Victims feel as though their case will not be taken as seriously as others. Victims go through a period of embarrassment and denial. Remember: Every case needs to be reported!

59 Reporting a rape…. Report immediately to the hospital.
Do not shower or change clothes, this will get rid of any needed evidence from the victim. Report immediately since sperm may disappear in the vagina in 8 to 10 hours. At the hospital they will treat injuries, check for std’s and provide you will a police officer, preferably of the same sex. You choose to either report or press charges, considering the amount of evidence you may have on the assailant. A police officer will assist you in this process.

60 AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections
Standard HS 1, 5

61 Tape Activity Transmission of STI’s
Standard HS 5


63 What gender is more susceptible to contracting STI’S? What does anatomy have to do with that fact?

64 Female Anatomy

65 Male Anatomy

EPIDEMIC – unusually high occurrence of a disease in a certain area during a particular time period. INFERTILITY – the reduced ability to have children. SEXUAL ABSTINENCE – not having sexual intercourse until ready to commit to a long-term relationship such as marriage. Sexual fidelity – when a couple in a caring relationship, such as marriage, agree to only have sexual intercourse with each other.

67 TYPES OF STIs Chlamydia Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Trichomoniasis Vaginitis Gonorrhea Genital Warts Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Herpes Chlamydia Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Trichomoniasis Vaginitis Gonorrhea Genital Warts Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Herpes

68 TYPES OF STIs Syphilis primary, secondary, latent, and late stages
Congenital Syphilis Chancroid Candidiasis Hepatitis Pubic Lice Scabies

69 CHLAMYDIA Most common bacterial STD in the U.S. Researchers estimate that this STD infects about 4 million people a year. HALF OF THOSE ARE WOMEN AGE 15 TO 19.

70 CHLAMYDIA in FEMALES You can get chlamydia in the cervix (opening to the womb) or rectum. The majority of chlamydial infections in women do not cause any symptoms. But if you do have symptoms, you might notice: An unusual discharge from your vagina. Burning when you urinate. If the infection spreads, you may experience lower abdominal pain, nausea, or fever. If left untreated, it can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease, and chlamydia can be passed to your baby in child birth. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics.

71 CHLAMYDIA in MALES You can get chlamydia in the urethra (inside the penis). As in women, most men do not experience symptoms, but if you do, you might notice: A discharge from the penis. Burning sensation with urination. Burning or itching around the opening of the penis. If left untreated, it may result in an infection in the tube that carries sperm from the testes. This infection can cause pain and fever and in rare cases, may result in sterility. It can be treated and cured with antibiotics.

A serious infection of a woman’s reproductive organs that can result in infertility. PID can result from an untreated case of chlamydia. PID can lead to infertility and a potential fatal tubal (ectopic) pregnancy. Untreated chlamydia can lead to nongonococcal urethritis. This is an inflammation of the lining of the urethra.

73 Trichomoniasis- A sexually transmitted protozoan infection of the urinary tract or vagina.
Symptoms – In males, clear discharge from the penis or painful urination. In females, itching or burning in the vagina , and a greenish-yellow discharge, and painful urination

74 GONORRHEA A bacterial STD that infects the urinary tract of males and females, and the reproductive organs of females.

75 Symptoms of Gonorrhea In males - thick, puss-like discharge from the penis. Painful and burning urination. In females – similar symptoms to males, but many times are asymptomatic. If untreated, can lead to PID. Can be transmitted to infant during childbirth.

76 GENITAL WARTS Symptoms:
The most common viral STD in the U.S., aka human papilloma virus (HPV). Symptoms: A month or so after infection, warts may appear around the area of the genitals. Warts can be removed, but the virus remains for life! This is also linked to cervical cancer in women.

77 GENITAL HERPES Incurable, viral STD which produces painful blisters around the genital area. Symptoms: General run-down, flu-like feeling, followed by periodic outbreak of blisters in the genital area. Doctors can prescribe medicine for treatment, but there is no cure. Infected person should keep the area clean and dry during an outbreak of blisters to keep from spreading the disease.

78 Serious bacterial STD that progresses through several stages.
SYPHILIS Serious bacterial STD that progresses through several stages. Primary Stage – 1 to 12 weeks of infection, a painless sore called a chancre appears at the site of infection. In a few weeks, the sore disappears. Secondary Stage – occurs 2 to 8 weeks after the primary stage. Features are characterized with sores in the mouth and flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph glands, non-itchy rash mainly on the hands and feet. Latent Stage – could be years later. By now, the bacteria has attacked internal body organs, and damage is permanent, which can lead to death.

79 SYPHILIS – Stages Continued
Late (or tertiary) Stage – left untreated in an adult, syphilis has damaged the brain, heart, and many other vital organs. Syphilis CAN be cured with antibiotics IF TREATED IN THE EARLY STAGES.

80 Bacterial STD with symptoms similar to primary syphilis.
CHANCROID Bacterial STD with symptoms similar to primary syphilis. Symptoms: Painful sores around the genitals, deeper than the chancres associated with syphilis. These sores are VERY infectious, and provide openings thru which other pathogens can enter the body. Can be treated with antibiotics.

81 Vaginal infection caused by
CANDIDIASIS Vaginal infection caused by the fungus candida. It is not caused by sexual contact, but can be passed on to a partner during sexual intercourse. Symptoms in women are white, cheesy discharge and itching. There are no symptoms in men. Also known as “vaginal yeast infection”. Bacteria that normally grows in the vagina prevent the fungi from growing. Sometimes, when antibiotics are taken, the fungi are able to multiply resulting in candidiasis.

82 Hepatitis B and C are STDs that attack the liver (viral disease).
Can also be spread by blood-to-blood contact from IV drug use or body piercing and tatooing. Symptoms could take months to develop. Symptoms are fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellowing of skin). With progression of the disease, the chance of developing cirrhosis is possible. There is a required vaccine for Hepatitis B.

83 PUBIC LICE & SCABIES Pubic Lice: Tiny insects that infest pubic hair.
Infestation of mites. Both conditions cause itching and at times a rash. Can also be spread from bedding and clothing. Can be treated with shampoos or ointments.

84 Activity: No Risk, Low Risk, High Risk

85 HIV AND AIDS HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HIV attacks T cells which produce antibodies. AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; an often fatal disease of the immune system Symptoms include fever, swollen lymph glands, and fatigue. Diagnosis can only be made through testing for the disease.

86 HOW DOES IT WORK? The HIV virus infects the body and begins to kill white blood cells or T cells in the newly infected person. A healthy person is going to have around 1,000 T cells. When the total T cell count gets down to around 200, they are then classified no longer as HIV infected, but with AIDS.

Diseases that attack a person with a weakened immune system. Tuberculosis Pneumonia Cervical cancer Kaposi sarcoma Severe weight loss or fungal infections. As diseases progress, the virus may attack the brain and nervous system. Death is usually caused by an opportunistic disease.

88 TRANSMISSION OF HIV The four main methods of HIV transmission:
Sexual intercourse which would include semen or vaginal secretions. Shared needles or syringes from an infected person Contact with blood or blood parts with an infected person. Infected mother to child during birth or breast feeding.

89 Activity: Liquid Drop How at risk are you?


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