Presentation on theme: "New Education Reforms Mohan Lal Grero, Deputy Minister of Education"— Presentation transcript:
1New Education Reforms Mohan Lal Grero, Deputy Minister of Education (1)New Education ReformsMohan Lal Grero,Deputy Minister of EducationMinistry of EducationMonitoring Member of ParliamentMinistry of Youth Affairs and Skills DevelopmentGovernment of Sri Lanka
3EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS (3)EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTSInitiated Free Education for primary & secondary educations in 1943.Achieved very good education indices in Asia by 1960’s.Achieved universal access to primary education with 99.6% completing primary education.On track to achieve MDGs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 with notable health & education indicators.Proportion of Pupils Starting Grade 1 who reach Grade 5( by Sex )199020022006/7Overall68.195.699.6Male64.194.799.3Female72.696.599.8Source: Annual School Census & Special Survey on MDG goals 2006/7, Dept. Of Census and Statistics
4(4)CHALLENGESMain challenges of the education system are lack of equity, quality and relevance to job marketChanging population profile from child to adolescent & youthIncrease in labour force from 6.3 million in 2000 to 7.3 million in 2010Annually about 150,000 adolescents and youth join the labour force with low skills or no skills at allUnemployment rate is 4.2% but youth unemployment is higher (19%)CountryRank out of 131 countriesRank in quality of primary educationRank in quality of overall educationSri Lanka4244India8037ThailandMalaysia2318Source : World Development Indicators
5Percentage of students by stream (5)CHALLENGESPercentage of students by streamPercentage of A/L students by streamGraduate Output by Major Field ( )
6Employment by selected industrial groups (6)CHALLENGESAnnual School LeaversEmployment by selected industrial groupsAgriculture sector recorded the highest employment. That was 2.2 million during the year The lowest, about 0.1 million employments was recorded in the Miscellaneous Labour Work category in 2012.Source: Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Department of Census & Statistics
7Pattern in Achievement – English Grade 8 – 2012 (7)CHALLENGESPattern in Achievement – English Grade 8 – 2012Dispersion of marksSource : National Education Research and Evaluation Centre (NEREC)Faculty of Education, University of Colombo.
8STRATEGIES – New Reforms (8)STRATEGIES – New Reforms1000 Schools are remodeled with new Technological Laboratories and Science, Mathematics, Commerce and Arts Subject Streams for A/L. These schools are evenly distributed through out the country.New Technology Subject Streams were introduced to A/L Students with compulsory vocational training.Technical Laboratory Unit(1000 Units)Introduction of Mandatory career guidance in schools.Strengthening English Teaching and Trilingualism (Sinhala, Tamil and English) and Introducing assessments for listening and speaking skills.Strengthening organizational linkages among the relevant Ministries (Education, Higher Education, Youth affairs, Skills Development, Labour, Productivity).
9STRATEGIES – To improve equity (9)STRATEGIES – To improve equityPrimary Feeder SchoolsSecondary SchoolEach D.S. Division gets 03 (restructured) secondary schools with laboratories and all subjects streams safeguarding equity in education.
10Launching school based vocational counseling & training centers (10)STRATEGIES– School to Decent work Vocational training to be mainstreamed in schools for skill developmentLaunching school based vocational counseling & training centersTargeted on students who complete G.C.E. O/L & A/L, but fail to gain university admissions.This program and the project come under the supervision of the Sri Lanka Vocational Training AuthorityThe first school based vocational training center has been opened at the Ananda College, Colombo.
11STRATEGIES– School to Decent work (11)STRATEGIES– School to Decent workDecent work available for adolescent and youth through skill enhancement - Strengthen regulated & certified vocational trainingLinking secondary education, VET and higher education institutes and the world of work to promote seamless career paths via lateral entry.Degrees at Universities to be labour demand oriented- The curriculum content of academic programmes will be redesigned to match the requirements of employers with new Technology Faculties.Public-private partnership in education and training - Non-state universities and degree awarding institutions will be encouraged, with regulatory controls on quality and accreditation requirements.Skills of Migrant labour improved - Vocational training to cater to ‘skilled’ migrant labour force as opposed to the ‘unskilled’ in the past towards decent work.NVQ school learner acquire competencies by direct entry to industry - A network of one-stop career centres is planned throughout the country to provide information on training, career guidance and employment related services.
12STRATEGIES– School to Decent work (12)STRATEGIES– School to Decent workMarket-driven vocational training available at School LevelLife Long Career Development(SLQF)
13STRATEGIES – School to Decent work (13)STRATEGIES – School to Decent work25 New University Colleges are being constructed to offer NVQ (National Vocational Qualification) Levels 5,6 and 7 for school leavers with vocational training.NVQ Level 7 is B.Tec. Degree.University for Vocational Technology(UNIVOTEC) is already available.
14STRATEGIES – Transformation (14)STRATEGIES – TransformationNew technology stream for A/L studentsNVQ (Level 2 & 3)) for ICT Students during O/L & A/L.NVQ for School based Vocational TraineesIncluded in A/L technology stream
15Sri Lanka Qualifications Framework (SLQF) (15)Sri Lanka Qualifications Framework (SLQF)Different levels of SLQF with some examples together with comparable levels of NVQFSLQL = Sri Lanka Qualifications Framework Level NVQL= National Vocational Qualification LevelSource: University Grant Commission – Sri Lanka
16STRATEGIES – Improvement of English Competency (16)STRATEGIES – Improvement of English CompetencyIncreasing the number of English Teachers in the system as necessary.Continuous training of English Teachers.Establishing a strong Provincial based English Master Teacher Units to facilitate on the job training of English Teachers.In O/L examination; providing 20% marks for English Listening and Speaking Skills from 2015 to improve Speaking skills of students.Developing 1000 language laboratories in 1000 secondary schools with relevant software to facilitate in this teaching.Developing 1000 distance learning laboratories in 1000 secondary schools to facilitate distance learning in English.“English as a life skill” programme launched by Presidential Task Force with collaboration of Ministry of Education.
17Maintain focus on right to quality education linked to job market (17)Moving Forward…….Maintain focus on right to quality education linked to job marketEnsure an adequate resource pool for skills development in schools and technical colleges for initial steps towards school to decent workAdvocate for mindset change from traditional to market-oriented new skills requirementContinue assessment and required adjustments in training to meet national and international market demanded for skilled labourImplementation of the newly formulated Human Resources and Employment Policy through allocation of financial and other resources, with more efficient and effective coordination across implementing agencies