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The TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM Istanbul Provincial Directorate for National Education.

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Presentation on theme: "The TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM Istanbul Provincial Directorate for National Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 The TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM Istanbul Provincial Directorate for National Education

2 MINISTRY of NATIONAL EDUCATION

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4 Organization of the Ministry PROVINCIAL DIRECTORATE DISTRICT DIRECTORATE CENTRAL ORGANISATION (MINISTRY) EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS ABROAD ORGANISATION RELATED INSTITUTIONS

5 Central Organisation Operational Units, which all related departments, sub- organisations operate under these units. Ministry Office Board of Education Master Units Subsidiary Units Consultancy and Inspection Units

6 Provincial Organisations 81 Provinces (cities) 850 Districts (towns) Duty fields of Provincial Directorates for National Education *Management *Staff *Education and Training *Budget-Investment *Reasearch-Planning-Statistics *Inspection-Guidance-Investigation

7 GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM FORMAL EDUCATION NON-FORMAL EDUCATION

8 TURKISH NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM CHART

9 FORMAL EDUCATION

10 PRESCHOOLPRIMARY HIGHER EDUCATION SECONDARY FORMAL EDUCATION SPECIAL EDUCATION

11 Preschool Education Children between 36-72 month who have not reached the age of compulsory primary education. Children between 36-72 month who have not reached the age of compulsory primary education. Not compulsory (optional) Not compulsory (optional) Pilot work in several provinces to enable pre-school education obligatory. Pilot work in several provinces to enable pre-school education obligatory. Preschool education institutions established as; Preschool education institutions established as; * Independent infant schools (preschools) * Nursery classes within primary schools * Practice classes affiliated to other institutions (vocational schools for girls)

12 Primary Education Children between the ages of 6-14 Children between the ages of 6-14 Compulsory (8 year) for all children, boys and girls Compulsory (8 year) for all children, boys and girls 5 years elementary + 3 lower secondary level 5 years elementary + 3 lower secondary level Given free of charge in public schools Given free of charge in public schools Students completing 8 years of education receive Primary Education Diploma and are eligible for secondary education. Students completing 8 years of education receive Primary Education Diploma and are eligible for secondary education.

13 SECONDARY EDUCATION GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION VOCATIONAL and TECHNICAL SECONDARY EDUCATION

14 Secondary Education Secondary education is provided in Formal Secondary education is provided in * general (academic career) * vocational and technical (vocational training) education institutions 4 years (14-18 ages) 4 years (14-18 ages)

15 General Secondary Education General Secondary Schools Anatolian Secondary Schools Anatolian Teacher Training Secondary Schools Anatolian Fine Arts Secondary Schools Science Schools Schools of Social Sciences Sports Schools

16 Vocational & Technical Secondary Education Technical High School for Boys Technical High School for Girls Vocational High Schools of Trade and Tourism High Schools for Religious Education Vocational High Schools for Industry Vocational High Schools for Health

17 Private Education As per Law no.625, Private education institutions include all types and levels of private schools, private classes and private courses. These institutions are under the inspection of Turkish Ministry of Education. Nr of Schools State/Private Ratio School TypeİstanbulTurkey Preschool (Independent / Nursery Class) 574/12321,40%5,50% Primary 2364,20%2,30% General Secondary 25613,30%4,80% Vocational and Technical Secondary 140,30%0,09%

18 Special Education It covers the education of mentally, physically, socially and emotionally handicapped children and adolescents between 0-18 ages, who cannot benefit from regular education. There are institutions for super talented children and adolescents; Science and Arts Centers.

19 Higher Education Higher education may follow upon successful completion of secondary education. Higher education may follow upon successful completion of secondary education. Higher education institutions include universities, faculties, institutes, high schools, vocational high schools and conservatories. Higher education institutions include universities, faculties, institutes, high schools, vocational high schools and conservatories. Higher education institutions offer at least 2-year education in order to meet the requirements of our country in terms of qualified human resources at various levels. Higher education institutions offer at least 2-year education in order to meet the requirements of our country in terms of qualified human resources at various levels. Admission to higher education takes place through Central University Entrance Exam. Admission to higher education takes place through Central University Entrance Exam.

20 NON FORMAL EDUCATION

21 Involves all educational and training activities organized for the individuals that have never participated in formal education system or left school in one of the levels of this system.

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23 ISTANBUL Provincial Directorate for National Education

24 Organisation Provincial Directorate * 1 Director * 45 Vice Directorate * 50 Officers * 695 personel * 306 primary school inspector District Directorate (39 districts) * 39 Directors * 109 Department Heads * 3,185 personel

25 Statistics 2009-2010SchoolsTeachersStudents Formal Education3.13693.0002.456.882 Non-formal Education 2.22120.1941.159.129 Total5.357113.1943.616.011

26 Preschool Education NUMBER OF TEACHERS School Type PermanentContractual(4/B)Paid (4/C)TotalCondition Based on Norm Female MaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleNormCurrentNeed/Extra Nursery Class1.7784985413 2.632 62 35542656898 Preschool256341514 407 38 540362178 Total2.034831.00517 3.039 100 409430181076 NUMBER OF SCHOOLS – STUDENTS – SCHOOLING RATIO School Type Nr of Schools Number of StudentsSchooling Ratio (%) GirlsBoysTotalGirlsBoysTotal Independent Preschool694.1144.4788.592 18,0118,8418,44 Nursery class1.96832.88036.62769.507 Total 36.99441.10578.099

27 Preschool Education

28 Primary Education NUMBER OF SCHOOLS – STUDENTS – SCHOOLING RATIO School TypeNr of Schools Number of StudentsSchooling Ratio (%) GirlsBoysTotalGirlsBoysTotal Primary School 1.360795.692852.8291.648.640 99,42100,0399,73 Total 1.360795.692852.8291.648.521 NUMBER OF TEACHERS School Type PermanentContractual(4/B)Paid (4/C)TotalCondition Based on Norm Female MaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleNormCurrentNeed/Extra Primary School25.84620.3092.6221.140 28.468 21.44962.94247.79715.145 Total25.84620.3092.6221.140 28.468 21.44962.94247.79715.145

29 General Secondary Education NUMBER OF SCHOOLS – STUDENTS – SCHOOLING RATIO School TypeNr of Schools Number of StudentsSchooling Ratio (%) GirlsBoysTotalGirlsBoysTotal Anatolian Fine Arts High School 1 14071211 70,1670,2070,18 Anatolian High School 88 22.01924.38246.401 Anatolian Teacher High School 5 1.2261.1902.416 Science High School 3 151321472 High School 233 125.900126.483252.383 High School of Social Sciences 1 131236367 Sports High School 1 41117158 High School of Music and Acting 2 351853 Total 334149.643152.818302.461

30 General Secondary Schools NUMBER OF TEACHERS School Type PermanentContractual (4/B)Paid (4/C)TotalCondition Based on Norm FemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleNormCurrent Need/ Extra Anatolian Fine Arts High School 3319 45470 Anatolian High School 1.8661.631 3.2973.094203 Anatolian Teacher High School 79113 19117417 Science High School 1328 38335 High School 3.6253.653187115 9.5606.4593.101 High School of Social Sciences 1726 42375 Sports High School 11 1587 Total 5.6335.481187115 13.1889.8523.336

31 Vocational Secondary Education NUMBER OF SCHOOLS – STUDENTS School TypeNr of Schools Number of Students GirlsBoysTotal High School for Religious Education2620.74610.32631.072 Technical High School for Boys7218.58783.040101.627 Technical High School for Girls5746.3498.81355.162 Vocational High School for Health72.1274442.571 Vocational High School for Trade and Tourism7642.04348.81890.861 Total238129.852151.441281.293

32 Vocational Secondary Education NUMBER OF TEACHERS School Type Permanent Contractual (4/B) Paid (4/C)Total Condition Based on Norm Fem ale Mal e Fem ale Male Fem ale Mal e Fem ale Mal e Nor m Curre nt Need/ Extra High School for Religious Education 66677591 1.7381.284454 Technical High School for Boys 1.44 4 3.02 0 6342 5.9903.8482.142 Technical High School for Girls 1.59 0 7193234 3.0672.0591.008 Vocational High School for Health 18243 23818652 Vocational High School for Trade and Tourism 1.39 0 1.38 0 7547 3.8872.1961.691 Total 5.27 2 5.93 7 179124 14.92 0 9.5735.347

33 Private Schools NUMBER OF SCHOOLS – STUDENTS – SCHOOLING RATIO ISTANBUL – TURKEY İstanbulTurkeyState/Private Ratio School TypeNr of Schools Number of Students İstanbulTurkey GirlsBoysTotalGirlsBoysTotal Preschool (Independent / Pre-primary class) 574/123 10.06611.22621.29224.23327.24351.47621,40%5,50% Primary236 34.35038.69173.041115.834136.133251.9674,20%2,30% General Secondary256 20.61825.78546.40351.95364.666116.61913,30%4,80% Vocational and Technical Secondary 14 3437431.0866569471.6030,30%0,09% Total 65.37776.445141.822192.676228.989421.665

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37 Special Education NUMBER OF SCHOOLS – STUDENTS – TEACHERS School TypeNr of Schools Number of StudentsNumber of Teachers Condition Based on Norm (%) GirlsBoysTotalFemaleMaleTotalNormCurrent Need/ Extra Mentally Disabled (Primary School) 81131772907664140297111186 Mentally Disabled (İş Okulu-Meslek Lisesi) 2271667938161531831964 Blind (Primary School) 2122161283382462875235 Hospitalized (Primary School) 50446391091 Hearing Impaired (Primary School) 74526021.054847215619111873 Hearing Impaired (Vocational High School) 2161187348101323411625 Autistic (Education Center – Primary Level) 991345436894113040983326 Mentally Diabled (Training Practice School – Primary Level) 164738211.29412283205511129382 Mentally Disabled (On the Job Training Centers) 1180335515731021318 Students with adaptation problems 1039 29111587 Genius or Over Skilled/IQ 2371251622171330570 TOTAL 552.2343.5895.8234673408071.7225481.174

38 Professional Development In service training courses and seminars: * Orientation In-service training courses: Newly recruited teachers and staff * Central: planned and organized by the Ministry * Local: planned and organized by the provincial and subprovincial directorates Academic studies: Staff is encouraged to attend the higher education programs, and supported by laws and legislations.

39 In-Service Trainings 2008Edu.& Adm. StaffSupport stafftotal Course19.4620 Seminar55.4740 Total74.9360 2009Edu.& Adm. StaffSupport stafftotal Course10.22942210.651 Seminar67.0670 Total77.29642277.218 2007Edu.& Adm. StaffSupport stafftotal Course25.68910225.791 Seminar68.9520 Total94.64110294.743

40 Career Levels... Expert teacher : at least 8 years of teaching experience Masters degree or passing the national exam for career steps Head teacher : at least 10 years of teaching experience PhD degree or passing the national exam for career steps

41 Teachers in Career Levels Career LevelNumber of Teachers (2009-2010) Head Teacher48 Expert Teacher7.655 Teacher69.469 Newly Recruited Teacher1.158

42 THANKS


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