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Spanish Higher Education System Prof. Dr. Javier M. Valle Autonomous University of Madrid, SPAIN
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Structure of the presentation Historical notes The Higher Education in Spain: the current situation Some data.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle 1.- Historical notes General Act on Education –1970 –Franco´s dictatorship is still the political system –Higher education = University education University reform Act –1983 –Democracy since 1975 – 1978 –Socialist Party since 1982 –First educational law of Socialist Party –The departments as nuclear element of universities –HE == more than just universities.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Organic Law on universities 2001 Law from Popular Party New way of access to civil servant status for teachers in the university New categories of teachers More autonomy.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Coming soon.. New law on universities From Socialist Party It is still been debated.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle 2.- The current situation 75 Universities –52 Publics –16 Independent non-confessional –7 Confessionals (Catholics).
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Universities have autonomy but depends on the Autonomous Community –The only exception is UNED (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia –National University for Distance Education) which depends on the central Ministry There is a general institution to coordinate them –Consejo de Coordinación Universitaria (Council for Universities Coordination) There is an institution to evaluate them –Agencia Nacional de Evaluación de la Calidad y Acreditación (National Agency for Quality Evaluation and Accreditation).
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Type of institutions and grades PUBLIC (52 institutions) (All are non-confesional) INDEPENDENT Non-confesional (16) Catolics (7) - OFICIAL - PRIVATES
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Types of grades Just of first cycle (short cycle): Diplomatura With first and second cycle (long cycle): Licenciatura Just of Second cycle: Licenciatura Third cycle: Doctorado.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle BAC and 2 nd cycles With 1 st Just with 1 st cycle Just with 2 nd cycle General entrance examination Specific entrance examination
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Examples of grades PEDAGOGICAL STUDIES PSICOPEDAGOGICAL STUDIES PRIMARY TEACHERS 3º 2º 1º 3º 2º 1º 5º 4º 2º 1º Just with 1 st cycle Just with 2 nd cycleWith 1 st and 2 nd cycles DOCTORATE (3th cycle)
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Types of subjects Troncales (for all universities in each grade) Compulsories (by the university) Optionals Free election half year or annual With different credits
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle What is a credit in the Spanish System? 10 hours of presential classes Theoretical or practical.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle 3.- Some Data
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Table 6.2: University enrolled students by autonomous community. Academic year 2003/04. 1,482,042 Andalusia241,931 Aragon35,471 Asturias33,419 Balearic Isles12,138 Canary Islands46,665 Cantabria12,237 Castile-La Mancha29,035 Castile and Leon90,157 Catalonia221,376 Extremadura25,652 Galicia85,096 La Rioja6,825 Madrid244,884 Murcia39,399 Navarre17,528 Basque Country65,289 Valencian Community141,349 U.N.E.D.133,591 Number of students enrolled in university education distributed by autonomous communities
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle University enrolled students (first and second cycle) by age group. Academic year 2003/2004. UniversitiesAge group TOTAL 18 to 24 yrs. of age 25 to 30 yrs. of age 31 to 40 yrs. of age Over 40 yrs. of age TOTAL UNIVERSITIES1,482,042980,542332,557122,97545,967 Percentage100663437 University enrolled students (first and second cycle) by age group. Academic year 2003/2004.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle TOTAL PERCENTAGES ALL BRANCHES1,482,042 Humanities135,3569.13% Social and Law Sciences718,95048.51% Experimental Sciences110,4677.45% Health Sciences117,1497.90% Technical400,12026.99% University enrolled students (first and second cycle) by branch of studies. Academic year 2003/04.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle Men Women TOTALTotal Percentage Total Percentage ALL UNIVERSITIES 226,273 93,53041.34132,74358.66 Public universities 203,77883,40140.93120,37759.07 Private universities and of the Catholic Church 22,49510,12945.0312,36654.97 Graduate university students (first and second cycle) classified by type of university and sex. Academic year 2002/03.
Kiel, 12th of May, 2006© Javier M. Valle BRANCH CYCLE SHORTLONGTOTAL Humanities 31% Experimental Sciences26%40%33% Health Sciences10%29%19% Social and Law Sciences22%25%24% Technical35%33%34% Total23%31%28% University studies withdrawal rate.
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