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EDUCATION […] everyone agrees that primary education is the salvation of struggling societies, that every additional year of schooling brings with it the.

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Presentation on theme: "EDUCATION […] everyone agrees that primary education is the salvation of struggling societies, that every additional year of schooling brings with it the."— Presentation transcript:

1 EDUCATION […] everyone agrees that primary education is the salvation of struggling societies, that every additional year of schooling brings with it the best chance to defeat poverty, the best chance for better parenting, better health, better nutrition, greater opportunity, and a direct line to economic growth. […] everyone agrees that primary education is the salvation of struggling societies, that every additional year of schooling brings with it the best chance to defeat poverty, the best chance for better parenting, better health, better nutrition, greater opportunity, and a direct line to economic growth. Race against Time S. Lewis

2 Education Enhancing the QUALITY of Schooling (MDGs-EFA goals) Sending more children to school (abolition of fees and other costs) Teacher Quality Transport and Facilities Gender parity and equality Nutrition and health School resources Decreasing class sizes

3 Teacher Quality Better schooling institutions a)Choice and competition b)Autonomy of schools c)Accountability

4 Gender Issues Statistic Overview Statistic Overview Why should we be concerned about Why should we be concerned about gender inequalities in education? gender inequalities in education? Equality, not just parity. Equality, not just parity. Some gender imbalances favour girls. Some gender imbalances favour girls. 1. Girls account for 55% of the out- of-school population; girls attend primary school for every 1000 boys; 3. When girls have equal access to boys, they performe better on average. 1.Human rights perspective 2.Overall cost to society

5 Health and Nutrition a state of complete physical, mental, social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity Health and Nutrition a state of complete physical, mental, social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity Direct effects Direct effects Less direct effects Less direct effects 1.Dietary Improvements 2.Immunization programs 3.School-based clinics 1.Health seeking behaviour in adulthood 2.Higher incomes in adulthood 3.Economic growth in the long-run

6 What can be done to improve schools in developing countries? Financial resources to make productive investments in education. Financial resources to make productive investments in education. Good institutions in the labor and product markets; effective systems of laws and property rights; openess to international trade. Good institutions in the labor and product markets; effective systems of laws and property rights; openess to international trade. Better incentives to have higher students performance and high-quality teachers. Better incentives to have higher students performance and high-quality teachers.

7 References (1/2) EFA Report Education Quality and Economic Growth, A.Hanushek and L.Wossmann, The World bank Race Against Time (ch.3), S. Lewis Education, Health and Development, D.E.Bloom (it deals with the issue of health in relation to education: how they influence each other) Education For All, Literacy For Life, The EFA Global Monitoring Report Team (it provides an overview at the EFA initiative and progress towards meeting key education goals, in particular those agreed upon at Dakar 2000) Development As Freedom (ch.8), A.Sen (it is useful for womens agency and social change) Educating children in Poor Countries, A.Hillman and E.Jenkner, Economic Issue No.33, (it examines the critical issue that in developing countries Governments lack either the financial resources or the political will to meet their citizens educational needs)www.imf.org

8 References (2/2) Enhancing Accountability in Schools, H.Patrinos and N.LaRoche, (it shows the challenges of Governments around the world of getting and keeping more children in developing countries enrolled in schools and ensuring that learning outcomes improve) Gender-responsive budgeting in education, Oxfam, (it explains how Governments and donors can promote gender equality in education through their financing decisions: special scholarship for girls; spending on training for female teachers career development; spending on compulsory education and the early childhood education)www.eldis.org Towards a New Consensus for Addressing the Global Challenge of the lack of Education, Working Paper No.43, Center for Global Development Poverty Reduction begins with Children, Beyond the ABCs: Higher Education and Developing Countries, Kapur and Crowley, Working Paper No.139, Center for Global Development Strategies for Girls Education,

9 Working on the ground… UNESCO EFA - Education for All: UNESCO leads the global Education for All movement, aiming to meet the learning needs of all children, youth and adults by (http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/) UNESCO EFA - Education for All: UNESCO leads the global Education for All movement, aiming to meet the learning needs of all children, youth and adults by (http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/)http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/ UNICEF - Education is a fundamental human right: every child is entitled to it (http://www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index.php) UNICEF - Education is a fundamental human right: every child is entitled to it (http://www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index.php)http://www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index.php DFID – Department for International development: The Department for International Development (DFID) is the part of the UK Government that manages Britain's aid to poor countries and works to get rid of extreme poverty. (http://www.dfid.gov.uk/mdg/education.asp) DFID – Department for International development: The Department for International Development (DFID) is the part of the UK Government that manages Britain's aid to poor countries and works to get rid of extreme poverty. (http://www.dfid.gov.uk/mdg/education.asp)http://www.dfid.gov.uk/mdg/education.asp ACTION AID - it targets vulnerable and marginalized individuals, providing scholarships, establishing libraries, conducting literary classes and other activities. (www.actionaid.org) ACTION AID - it targets vulnerable and marginalized individuals, providing scholarships, establishing libraries, conducting literary classes and other activities. (www.actionaid.org) UCW – Understanding Childrens Work: it works with EFA Initiatives to move children away from child labor and into education. (http://www.ucw-project.org/) UCW – Understanding Childrens Work: it works with EFA Initiatives to move children away from child labor and into education. (http://www.ucw-project.org/)http://www.ucw-project.org/ GEM – Global Education Motivators: non-profit organization to help schools meet the complex challenges of living in a global society GEM – Global Education Motivators: non-profit organization to help schools meet the complex challenges of living in a global society (http://www.gem-ngo.org/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid) (http://www.gem-ngo.org/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid)http://www.gem-ngo.org/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid SAVE THE CHILDREN – it focuses on health and education for disadvantaged children SAVE THE CHILDREN – it focuses on health and education for disadvantaged children (www.savethechildren.org) (www.savethechildren.org)www.savethechildren.org There are a variety of other organizations working in the field of education (VSO, USAID, AUSAID, WORLD EDUCATION, etc…)

10 THANK YOU Annalisa Gentili, Barbara DAmelia, David Suttie, Stefano Magazzini


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