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The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study to Age 40 Larry Schweinhart High/Scope Educational Research Foundation www.highscope.org.

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Presentation on theme: "The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study to Age 40 Larry Schweinhart High/Scope Educational Research Foundation www.highscope.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study to Age 40 Larry Schweinhart High/Scope Educational Research Foundation

2 Experimental design 123 young African-American children, living in poverty and at risk of school failure. 123 young African-American children, living in poverty and at risk of school failure. Randomly assigned to initially similar program and no-program groups. Randomly assigned to initially similar program and no-program groups. 4 teachers with bachelors degrees held a daily class of three- and four-year-olds and made weekly home visits. 4 teachers with bachelors degrees held a daily class of three- and four-year-olds and made weekly home visits. Children participated in their own education by planning, doing, and reviewing their own activities. Children participated in their own education by planning, doing, and reviewing their own activities.

3 Major findings over time

4 More high school graduates

5 More employed, higher earnings

6 Fewer arrested for various types of crimes

7 Better health and family relations

8 Different effects on males and females

9 Large return on investment (Per participant in 2000 constant dollars discounted 3% annually)

10 Study applications: Program « Teachers help children participate in their own education by having them plan, do, and review their own activities. « Teachers hold daily classes for 3- and 4- year-olds, including those at risk of school failure, with an adult for every 8 children. « Teachers visit with families frequently to discuss their childrens development.

11 Study applications: Teachers è A teacher with a bachelors degree and certification in education in every classroom. è All teachers receive training, supervision, and assessment that support their participatory educational approach.

12 Participatory preschool education prevents crime. In the High/Scope participatory education model: The classroom is arranged into activity areas. The classroom is arranged into activity areas. In the daily routine, children plan, do, and review their learning activities and engage in small- and whole-group activities. In the daily routine, children plan, do, and review their learning activities and engage in small- and whole-group activities. Teachers help children grow by treating them with respect, engaging them in conversation, and supporting their key child development experiences. Teachers help children grow by treating them with respect, engaging them in conversation, and supporting their key child development experiences.

13 Advantages of participatory education High/Scope Preschool Curriculum Study

14 Participatory education helps teachers and children develop. Training for Quality Study Certified High/Scope trainers have trained over 16,000 early childhood teaching teams, including one-third of Head Start. Certified High/Scope trainers have trained over 16,000 early childhood teaching teams, including one-third of Head Start. Classrooms with High/Scope-trained teachers have better learning environments, daily routines, adult- child-interaction, and overall implementation. Classrooms with High/Scope-trained teachers have better learning environments, daily routines, adult- child-interaction, and overall implementation. Children in these classrooms have better initiative, social relations, creative representation, music and movement skills, and overall development. Children in these classrooms have better initiative, social relations, creative representation, music and movement skills, and overall development.

15 Other studies find long-term return on investment. North Carolina Abecedarian high-quality child care study conducted by Craig Ramey and Frances Campbell North Carolina Abecedarian high-quality child care study conducted by Craig Ramey and Frances Campbell Chicago Child-Parent Centers study Conducted by Arthur Reynolds Chicago Child-Parent Centers study Conducted by Arthur Reynolds Elmira, New York, nurse home visiting program study conducted by David Olds Elmira, New York, nurse home visiting program study conducted by David Olds

16 High/Scopes new emphasis on childrens literacy skills The Growing Readers Early The Growing Readers Early Literacy Curriculum is a set of detailed plans for small-group activities. The Early Literacy Skills Assessment, for any curriculum, is based on interactive reading of a storybook. The Early Literacy Skills Assessment, for any curriculum, is based on interactive reading of a storybook. -- Some components of Growing Readers and ELSA are available in Spanish. --

17 Growing literacy and social skills Head Start FACES Study èAlso, children in High/Scope Head Start classes improve become more cooperative and less hyperactive than children in other Head Start classes.

18 Four preschool characteristics predict childrens later ability around the world. IEA Preprimary Study Having free-choice, participatory learning activities. Having free-choice, participatory learning activities. Having few whole-group activities. Having few whole-group activities. Amount and variety of materials. Amount and variety of materials. Teachers schooling. Teachers schooling.

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