Presentation on theme: "Education System in India. Nalanda University (450 -1150 AD)"— Presentation transcript:
Education System in India
Nalanda University ( AD)
All levels of education in India, from primary to higher education, are overseen by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of Higher Education (India) and Department of School Education and Literacy), and heavily subsidized by the Indian government, though there is a move to make higher education partially self- financing.Department of Higher Education (India)Department of School Education and Literacy
In India, the main types of schools are those controlled by: The state government boards, in which the vast majority of Indian school-children are enrolled, The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board,Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) board,Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) National Open School and "International schools." Overall, according to the latest Government Survey undertaken by NUEPA (DISE, ), there are 1,124,033 schools.
Educational oversight HRD Minister Ministry of HRD Arjun SinghHRD Arjun Singh National education budget National education budget Discretionary Mandatory Rs.24,115 crore ( )crore Primary language(s) of educationEnglishEnglish, Other regional languagesOther regional languages LiteracyLiteracy (2001) Men Women 64.8 % 75.3 % 53.7 % Enrollment 1 ( ) Primary (I-V) Mid/Upper Prim. (VI-VIII) Higher Secondary (IX-X)Primary (I-V)Mid/Upper Prim. (VI-VIII)Higher Secondary (IX-X) million million 44.8 million 30.5 million 1. doesn't include kindergarten enrollmentkindergarten
Higher Education in India 227 government recognized universities in India. Out of them 20 are central universities. 109 are deemed universities. 11 are open universities and rest are state universities. Affiliating colleges- St Josephs Bangalore. 16,885 colleges lakh students- 8% University grants commission(UGC).
Indian Institutes of Technology(IITs) 13 autonomous engineering and technology-oriented institutes of higher education. Institutes of National importance. Created to train scientists and engineers. About 15,500 undergraduates and 12,000 graduates and research scholars.
Indian Institute of Science(IISc) Premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bangalore students,400 faculty members,48 departments ranging from aerospace engineering to molecular biophysics to management.
Indian Institutes of Management(IIMs) Premier management institutes. Conduct research and provide consultancy services. Top business schools of India. 6 IIMs in 6 different places.
National Institutes of Technology(NIITs) Premier colleges of engineering and technology education. Originally called regional engineering colleges. 17 NIITs at present and many more to come.
All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS Autonomous medical college and hospital funded by Indias Union government. Best medical college and public hospital in the country.
Compulsory and free elemetary education to all between the age group 6-14 The strategies adopted by the Government to check drop-out rate are: Creating parental awareness Community mobilization Economic incentives
Initiatives Non-formal education (NFE) age group of Bal Bhavans – creative and sports skills of children age group of Distance education – Open universities.
Education for special sections of Society Women – NFEs exclusively for girls. SC/STs and OBCs – 60% of them- Scholarships, subsidy and fees waiver. Post graduate classes at correctional homes.
Contemporary education issues Rote learning – emphasis on passing examinations with high percentage. Caste, language and religion based reservations- forged certificates- corruption. Expenditure on education has to be 6% of the GDP- in 2004 only 3.5% was spent. Sarva Shikshana abhiyan
Non-graduation market of India as per Census Educational level Holders Total502,994,684 Unclassified97,756 Non-technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree386,146 Technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree3,666,680 Higher Secondary, Intermediate, Pre-university or Senior Secondary37,816,215 Matriculation or Secondary79,229,21
Graduation market of India as per Census Degree Holders Total37,670,147 Post-graduate degree other than technical degree6,949,707 Graduate degree other than technical degree25,666,044 Engineering and technology2,588,405 Teaching1,547,671 Medicine768,964 Agriculture and dairying100,126 Veterinary99,999 Other22,588
CountryAdult Literacy RateYouth Literacy Rate China India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Bangladesh