4All levels of education in India, from primary to higher education, are overseen by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of Higher Education (India) and Department of School Education and Literacy), and heavily subsidized by the Indian government, though there is a move to make higher education partially self-financing.
5In India, the main types of schools are those controlled by: The state government boards, in which the vast majority of Indian school-children are enrolled,The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board,The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) board,National Open School and"International schools."Overall, according to the latest Government Survey undertaken by NUEPA (DISE, ), there are 1,124,033 schools.
6Educational oversight HRD MinisterMinistry of HRD Arjun SinghNational education budget • Discretionary • MandatoryRs.24,115 crore ( )Primary language(s) of educationEnglish, Other regional languagesLiteracy (2001) • Men • Women64.8 % 75.3 % 53.7 %Enrollment1 ( ) • Primary (I-V) • Mid/Upper Prim. (VI-VIII) • Higher Secondary (IX-X)189.2 million million 44.8 million 30.5 million1. doesn't include kindergarten enrollment
7Higher Education in India 227 government recognized universities in India.Out of them 20 are central universities.109 are deemed universities.11 are open universities and rest are state universities.Affiliating colleges- St Joseph’s Bangalore.16,885 colleges lakh students- 8%University grants commission(UGC).
8Indian Institutes of Technology(IITs) 13 autonomous engineering and technology-oriented institutes of higher education.Institutes of National importance.Created to train scientists and engineers.About 15,500 undergraduates and 12,000 graduates and research scholars.
9Indian Institute of Science(IISc) Premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bangalore.2000 students,400 faculty members,48 departments ranging from aerospace engineering to molecular biophysics to management.
10Indian Institutes of Management(IIMs) Premier management institutes.Conduct research and provide consultancy services.Top business schools of India.6 IIMs in 6 different places.
11National Institutes of Technology(NIITs) Premier colleges of engineering and technology education.Originally called regional engineering colleges.17 NIITs at present and many more to come.
12All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS Autonomous medical college and hospital funded by India’s Union government.Best medical college and public hospital in the country.
13Compulsory and free elemetary education to all between the age group 6-14 The strategies adopted by the Government to check drop-out rate are:Creating parental awarenessCommunity mobilizationEconomic incentives
14Initiatives Non-formal education (NFE) age group of 6-14. Bal Bhavans – creative and sports skills of children age group of 5-16.Distance education – Open universities.
15Education for special sections of Society Women – NFEs exclusively for girls.SC/STs and OBCs – 60% of them- Scholarships, subsidy and fees waiver.Post graduate classes at correctional homes.
16Contemporary education issues Rote learning – emphasis on passing examinations with high percentage.Caste, language and religion based reservations- forged certificates- corruption.Expenditure on education has to be 6% of the GDP- in 2004 only 3.5% was spent.Sarva Shikshana abhiyan
17Non-graduation market of India as per Census 2001. Educational levelHoldersTotal502,994,684Unclassified97,756Non-technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree386,146Technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree3,666,680Higher Secondary, Intermediate, Pre-university or Senior Secondary37,816,215Matriculation or Secondary79,229,21
18Graduation market of India as per Census 2001. DegreeHoldersTotal37,670,147Post-graduate degree other than technical degree6,949,707Graduate degree other than technical degree25,666,044Engineering and technology2,588,405Teaching1,547,671Medicine768,964Agriculture and dairying100,126Veterinary99,999Other22,588