Summary The Education System in Romania Priorities of the Education Policy Cluj County School Inspectorate Expertise in Project Implementation
Structure of the Education System AgeGradeEducational Levels >19 Post-graduate education Higher education and post- graduate education Higher Education Post-high school (post lyceum) Post-secondary non-tertiary education 18XIII Lyceum Upper Cycle Upper secondary education 17XII Lyceum Upper Cycle 16XI Completion Year 15X Lyceum Lower Cycle Arts and Trades School Lower secondary education 14IX 13VIII First cycle of lower secondary (gimnaziu) 12VII 11VI 10V 9IV Primary Education Primary education 8III 7II 6I 5Preparatory Pre-primary Education Pre-school education 4Middle 3Beginner
Curriculum Framework National Curriculum - Seven Curricular Areas: - Core Curriculum (75%) - School-based Curriculum School Educational Offer - Extracurricular activities - Special Needs for students with deficiencies or high performance capacity LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION MATHEMATICS AND NATURAL SCIENCE PEOPLE AND SOCIETY ARTS PHYSICAL EDUCATION TECHNOLOGIES COUNSELLING AND GUIDANCE
Class size, school year & timetable Class size - depends on the educational level: 15 20 25 … 30 School year: 34 to 36 weeks starting date: September 15 th ending date: June 15 th Timetable: 50-minute classes / 10-minute breaks Morning or afternoon classes
Priorities of the Education Policy Equal and improved access to education High educational standards and training for a knowledge- based society Decentralizing of the education system Turning education into a basic tool in the modernisation process of Romania Envisaging the investment in human resources as the most profitable long-term investment Reconstruction of rural education Combining excellence and general education in an efficient way IT contribution to education Enhancing the European dimension of education Institutional development of permanent education
Governance of the Education System Ministry of Education County School Inspectorates NCCNSAE PEEAC NCPTST NCTVETD NCTEAD Schools TTHTTHLDC LCSS NCE Other units NCC – National Council for Curriculum NSAE – National Service for Assessment and Evaluation PEEAC – Pre-university Education Evaluation and Accreditation Commission NCPTST – National Centre for Pre- university Teaching Staff Training NCTVETD – National Centre for TVET Development NCTEAD – National Council for Textbooks Evaluation, Approval and Distribution NCE – National Centre for Excellence CSI – County School Inspectorates TTH – Teacher Training Houses LDC – Local Development Committee for Social Partnership in VET LCSS – Local Council School Service
Cluj County School Inspectorate General Inspector Deputy General Inspector Accounting Legal counselor Secretariat Curriculum & inspection Evaluation & prognosis Inspectors: pre-school education primary education education for minorities rroma education special education extra-school activities curriculum subjects Inspectors: management & evaluation private education educational alternatives teaching staff mobility professional development European programs gifted students Administrative staff ICT development Services: school network & enrolment teaching norms & retribution Control & audit Administration council Advisory board Deputy General Inspector Development & community
The main objectives of the Cluj County School Inspectorate To ensure coherence between the national strategy and local education process; To develop the implementation of local and regional programs; To set up public education units – kindergartens, primary schools, gymnasiums and art and trades schools; Together with the local public administration, to ensure high educational standards, as well as the development of the material resources in all schools, according to the present national standards; To supervise, monitor, support and evaluate the activity of teachers of all subjects at pre-university level To organize in-service teacher training courses for school teachers and managers in collaboration with the Teacher Training House To develop curricular and extracurricular projects and activities at the local, regional, national and international level
Summary The Education System in Romania Priorities of the Education Reform County School Inspectorates School Management Resources
Teachers Initial training: Higher education for secondary education Pedagogical Lyceum for pre-school & primary Professional development: On the job confirmation (definitivat) Didactic grade II Didactic grade I
Class size, school year & timetable Class sizes - depend on the educational level: 15 20 25 … 30 School year: 34 to 36 weeks 15 th of September starting date Ending date in June Timetable: 50 min. classes / 10 min. breaks Morning or afternoon classes
Priorities of the Education Reform Ensuring access to and improving quality of education for everyone Rural area Disadvantaged groups (Rroma minority and SEN) Developing human resources for the knowledge society The eLearning initiative Reform of compulsory education Development of the TVET
County School Inspectorates Deputy General Inspector Development & community
County School Inspectorates To monitor the organization and operation of the pre- university education network and to inspect schools; To ensure compliance with the law in the organization, management and provision of education; To set up public education units – kindergartens, primary schools, gymnasiums and art and trades schools; To propose to the Ministry of Education the local school network under their jurisdiction and the students enrolment plan;
To ensure, jointly with the local public administration, school attendance for the duration of compulsory education; To ensure that schools are adequately staffed with teachers in accordance with the provisions of the Teaching Staff Statute; To organize and guide the teaching staff's continuous training and professional development, research work and other complementary activities in pre-university education; To ensure, jointly with the local public administration, the educational conditions as well as the development of the material resources in all schools, according to the national standards;
To coordinate admission competitions and graduation examinations in education units, as well as other school competitions; To monitor all pre-university education activities and services provided by economic agents, foundations, associations, religious denominations and other natural persons or legal entities in the area under their jurisdiction; To identify any infringements of the law and take such measures as the law provides; To coordinate and guide the activity of libraries in the education units under their subordination; To coordinate and monitor the activity of the Teaching Staff House.
School Inspection Why? Why? 1. To support schools and teaching staff to improve education & training activities 2. To support evaluation of the quality of the educational offer and the school performances of the students – at local, county and national level – by providing accurate information to the decision makers through the inspections reports
School Inspection What? What? 1. The school performances of the students in comparison to the national educational standards; 2. The schools methods to encourage and support students personal development; 3. The quality of the teaching staff activities; 4. The quality of the management and the efficiency in using the resources;
5. The quality of the curriculum, the quality of the extra-curricular activities and the ability of the school to implement the national curriculum; 6. School-parents relationship; 7. School-local community relationship; 8. Compliance with the in-force legislation, procedures, rules and regulations; 9. Students attitudes towards the education offered by the school.
School Inspection Phases of the school inspection Selection of the school, establishment of the objectives of the inspection and nomination of the inspection team Pre-inspection activities: in school: meetings of the inspection team coordinator with the director and the teachers council to inform on and to plan the inspection in CSI: meetings of the inspection team to establish roles and to plan the activities Inspection activities: schools documents analyze lessons observation (55% - 65% of the total time spent in school by the inspection team) group discussions (personnel, parents, students) regular meetings of the inspectors Post-inspection activities: verbal report of the inspection team coordinator to the director, heads of departments and inspected teachers on the preliminary results of the inspection written report of the inspection team on the results of the inspection verbal report of the director to the administration council and the parents, based on the inspections written report improvement plan elaborated by the director and approved by the inspection team coordinator implementation of the improvement plan How? How?
School Inspection School Inspection Quality Ensuring System: Quality of school inspections Compliance with the established PR&R Well trained inspectors Local monitoring & evaluation National monitoring & evaluation
Directors responsibilities: To plan, organize, coordinate, monitor and evaluate the entire educational process in the school and the institutional development of the school To manage the human resources of the school To manage the financial resources of the school To administrate the school
School management Main papers to be elaborated by the director: The medium term (4-year) institutional development project of the school The semester and annual evaluation reports The annual management plan and the semester implementation programmes Financial & material resources development projects Annual schools budget project