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HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA PRESENTATION BY PROF. SUDHIR GAVHANE.

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Presentation on theme: "HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA PRESENTATION BY PROF. SUDHIR GAVHANE."— Presentation transcript:

1 HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA PRESENTATION BY PROF. SUDHIR GAVHANE

2 Higher education System in India : Then and Now THEN 1947 : No. of Universities : 20, No. of colleges : 500 NOW 2010No of universities : 504, colleges : 25, NO OF UNIVERSITIES : 603 COLLEGES : 31, One of the biggest higher education systems in the world. HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA MYTHS AND REALITIES

3 HE IN INDIA : REALITY CHECK 1 PRESENT STATUS : state universities, 94 state private universities 43 central universities 130 deemed universities 42 institutes of national importance[Govt. Of India] 5 NATIONAL INSTITUTES by state Govts. PPP By: Prof. Sudhir Gavhane

4 HE IN INDIA 3 Out of total 25,951 colleges in India ( 2010) only 7632 means 28% colleges are possessing UGC Approval under 2F. Ground Reality is that 72% means 18,319 colleges in India are not eligible for UGC Grants colleges are women colleges. 130 state universities/ state private universities are not having UGC`s 2f/12B status, not entitled for UGC grants. PPP BY: Sudhir Gavhane

5 HE IN INDIA 5 Strength of college and university teachers is 5,89000 Strength of students is 1cr., 36 lakh, Out of them only 12.24% students are university students [ lakh] 87.76% are college students, 41.40% are female students Figures are impressive indeed, but let us check its undercurrents. Ppp by : Prof. Sudhir Gavhane

6 HE IN INDIA : 6 GER COMPARISON : INDIA AND WORLD Gross Enrollment Ratio [ GER] of India is only % [ percentage of Youth of age group 18 to 23 ] Where we stand ? USA : 83%, SWEDEN : 82%, NORWAY : 80%, UK : 60%, FRANCE: 56% WORLD AVERAGE : 23%, DEVELOPED COUNTRIES : 55% MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES : 32% We are far behind of the developed world. How can we become a knowledge society ? Out of 12 cr. 40 lakh youth only 1cr. 36 lakh students can get higher education in INDIA Meaning that more than 11 cr. And 4 lakh students are OUT OF COLLEGE / UNIVERSITIES

7 HE IN INDIA : WHERE IS INCLUSIVENESS ? KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY : A DISTANCE DREAM ? HE GER has to be more than 50% within next 10 years Inclusive higher education : disparities,regional,rural,urban, caste and religion Rural youth : 7%, SC & ST : 6%, OBC : 8.5%, MUSLIM 7% YOUTH FROM POOR FAMILIES :2.21% RURAL POOR FAMILY YOUTH :1.40% STATE –WISE DISPARITIES ARE MORE PPT : PROF. SUDHIR GAVHANE

8 HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA : GENDER DISPARITIES ANDHRA PRADESH : boys : 21.3 %, girls : 12.3% Goa : boys : 26.1%, girls : 30.9% Maharahstra : boys : 25.3%, girls : 16.9% Uttarakhand : boys : 27.5%, girls : 45.9 % Meghalaya : boys : 14.7 %, girls : 16. 1% Mizoram : boys : 28.3%, girls : 24.7% Delhi : boys : 50.7%, girls : 44.9%

9 HE : POOR STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES FOR POOR STUDENTS THE STATE UNIVERSITIES ARE 289 They are with poor infrastructure, inadequate faculty, financial crunch.lacking academic and research culture, outdated labs, over politicization, ICT backwardness, unable to maintain themselves UGC gives around 12 to 15 cr. In five years, it gives 30 to 50 cr. every year to central universities State Govts are not supporting state universities with sufficient fund due to their financial difficulties Majority affiliated colleges are with most poor infrastructure, inadequate and unqualified faculty,unaided colleges without proper labs,libraries and buildings, corruption in appointments,teachers are exploited by nominal salary

10 SHARE OF WORLD R AND D EXPENDITURE USA : 32.4% JAPAN : 13% CHINA : 9.2% GERMANY : 7.2% INDIA : 2.2%

11 NUMBER OF NOBEL LAURATES USA : 270, UK : 101 GERMANY : 76 FRANCE : 49 SWEDEN : 30 Switzerland : 22 Netherlands : 15 Italy : 14 INDIA : 4

12 SHARE OF WORLD RESEARCHERS REALITY CHEAK USA : %, CHINA : 14 %, JAPAN : 11.2 % Russian federation : 8.5%, INDIA : 2.2 % ASIA : 41.4% RESEARCHERS PER MILLION POPULATION JAPAN : 6548, USA : 4654 FRANCE : 3443, GERMANY : 3442 INDIA : 136, CHINA : 1071 EGYPT : 654 Ppt by : PROF. SUDHIR GAVHANE

13 HE IN INDIA : UTTER NEGLIGENCE OF RESEARCH Indian higher education system has neglected research during last 60 years. Where are Nobel laureates in India? We lack research culture, support from universities, govts –state and central, private sectors India`s population in the world is 16% and international research papers share is just 1.6%, USA more than 30% IPR IGNARANCE, Patents lacking, lacking applied and basic research Very sorry state of research affairs,plagiarism, contract guides,poor quality content Where is quality knowledge creation, retrievation and dissemination ? PPT BY : PROF. SUDHIR GAVHANE

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15 HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA : GER COMPAROSON


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