Presentation on theme: "3rd Annual Conference of Educational Research Center on Teacher Education and Educational Measurement Broumana March 26 and 27, 2011."— Presentation transcript:
13rd Annual Conference of Educational Research Center on Teacher Education and Educational MeasurementBroumanaMarch 26 and 27, 2011
2Revamping Teacher Education at the Lebanese University The New LMD Curricula at the Faculty of EducationZalpha AyoubiMarch 27, 2011
3Outline Teacher Education in Lebanese University The New LMD System LMD at the Lebanese UniversityLMD at the Faculty of EducationProblems in ImplementationChallenges
4Teacher Education in Lebanese University The Lebanese University was established in 1951 to serve the diverse social groups that make up Lebanese society.The first department was The High Teachers Institution which was then replaced by the Faculty of Education.
5Secondary School Teacher Preparation Five-year program following High School.In 1980: 2 years following License (Equivalent to a Masters degree)In 2003: 1 year following Bachelor degreeIn 2011: The new LMD professional Master: 2 years after License
6Elementary School Teacher Preparation Started in 1988 as general education preparation1997 curricula: replaced the general elementary teacher preparation with specialized preparation on the basis of the cycle and the teaching subjects. There was balance between the general common courses and the specialized course. (total 120 credits, 1560 hours)In 2008 : The new LMD system curricula
7LMD SystemThe LMD system is an organizational framework for university courses which is currently being implemented in European countries.The term LMD (License - Master - Doctorate) corresponds to the application of the principles for implementation of the European Higher Education Area as defined by the Bologna process.
8Aims of the LMD systemTo allow for the comparison and harmonization of European qualifications.To promote student mobility.To improve the transparency of qualifications on the job market.
9Main aspects of LMD Courses are organized by semesters, Courses are designed along study paths, with a logical progression,The study paths are made up of a combination of Courses which are either compulsory, optional or free.The successful completion of a Course is rewarded with credits known as ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) which can be transferred and are accumulated.The ECTS reflect the overall workload of the student (courses, experiments, class work, personal work, etc.)
10LMD at the Lebanese University (1) LMD system was adopted by the Lebanese University in 2005 (decree 14840).Reasons:To unify the educational system at the LUTo be in alignment with the European new systemTo have a more flexible system (departments and faculties)To be open to the job market (qualifications of the graduate)
11LMD at the Lebanese University (2) University Degrees:Licence (Bachelor)Master: Professional and ResearchDoctorat (PhD)Credit System:One credit is equivalent to 20 hours (total student workload)Each semester is composed of 30 credits
12LMD at the Lebanese University (3) Courses:One course represents the teaching unit dealing with one subject area during one semester. Each course is composed of 2-6 credits.Courses are either obligatory, elective or freeObligatory courses: more than 120 creditsFree courses less: than 20 creditsDistribution of course hours according to lectures (focus on theory) and classwork (Travaux Dirigés or TD and Travaux Pratiques or TP)
13LMD at the Lebanese University (4) Updating the specialties and content of coursesAdopting new teaching and assessment methods:student-centered approaches to teaching and learningcontinuous assessmentTeachers are required to review their teaching and assessment methods individually and collectively
14LMD at the Faculty of Education (1) The LMD courses are organized into three levels. :Licence: 6 semesters (3-5 years of study)Master: 4 semesters (2-4 years of study)Doctorate : 6 semesters of research (3-5 years of study)In Licence, students are expected to attend 300 hours in a 13 week period (i.e. 23 hours/week).In Master, students are expected to attend 210 hours in 14 week period (i.e. 15 hours/week)Master: professional and research
15LMD at the Faculty of Education (2) License Specialties:Teaching of Arabic Language at the Elementary LevelTeaching of French Language at the Elementary LevelTeaching of English Language at the Elementary LevelTeaching of Mathematics at the Elementary Level (French and English)Teaching of Science at the Elementary Level (French and English)Teaching of Social Studies at the Elementary LevelEarly Childhood Education (French and English)Physical and Sports EducationMusic EducationArt Education
19Course Syllabus (1) Course Name: Strategies for Teaching Science 1 Code:No. of Credits: 4Language of Instruction: English/FrenchTeaching Hours: 40Teaching Hours Distribution: TH (28) ; TD (12)
20Course Syllabus (2) 1. General Objectives 2. Intended Learning Outcomes3. Course Outline4. Methods of Teaching5. Evaluation6. References
21Problems in Implementation Students are overwhelmed with the heavy load they have.Many instructors did not change the lectures’ contents in the subjects they teach and their assessment practicesThe evaluation system is not homogeneous as instructors use different evaluation techniques.Practicum coursesNo collaboration with members of the professional communityAdministration of the program
22Challenges International Standards of Teacher Education Teaching for the 21st century skills
23NCATE StandardsStandard 1: Candidate Knowledge, Skills, and Professional DispositionsStandard 2: Assessment System and Unit EvaluationStandard 3: Field Experiences and Clinical PracticeStandard 4: DiversityStandard 5: Faculty Qualifications, Performance, and DevelopmentStandard 6: Unit Governance and Resources
24QAA Standards Academic standards Quality of learning opportunities ILOs (Intended Learning Outcomes)CurriculumAssessmentStudent AchievementQuality of learning opportunitiesTeaching and LearningStudent progressionLearning ResourcesQuality assurance and enhancement
2621st Century SkillsLearning and Innovation Skills (creativity and innovation, critical thinking, problem solving, communication and collaborationInformation, Media and Technology SkillsCore Subjects and 21st Century Themes (global awareness, financial literacy, etc.). Through the study of a series of global issues, students increase their global awareness and explore content related to business & economics, science & technology, and society & politics.Life and Career Skills (initiative, self-direction, etc.)
27Teacher Education for 21st Century (1) Content Area preparation should not simply be a sampling of undergraduate courses with no unifying threads.the courses in the major should require experiences that synthesize not only the content but also the methodological and epistemological framework that guides inquiry in that domain.In teacher education programs, all teachers should participate in subject-specific methods courses that include regular opportunities to engage in the kinds of intellectual work characterized by the 21st Century skills.
28Teacher Education for 21st Century (2) During practice teaching, pre-service teachers should be placed in schools with cooperating teachers and trainers who:are competent with meaningful inquiry work and fostering 21st Century skillsunderstand how to use all forms of assessment to give feedback to students and modify instructionunderstand how to scaffold novices as they try out these practices themselves
29Keeping in Mind Teacher Education is: a continuum of programs and professional experiences that enables individuals to move from college preparation for teaching to careers in teaching subject areas.a career-long process that allows teachers to acquire and regularly update the content knowledge and pedagogy needed to teach in ways that enhance student learning and achievement.