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MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS AGENCY PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS : PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS : NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD Nur Rashidah Abdul.

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Presentation on theme: "MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS AGENCY PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS : PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS : NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD Nur Rashidah Abdul."— Presentation transcript:

1 MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS AGENCY PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS : PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS : NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD Nur Rashidah Abdul Rahman Quality Assurance Coordination Division 25 Februari 2009

2 TOPICS 1.STUDENT ENROLMENTS AND RESEARCH IN HIGHER EDUCATION 2.HEP - ORGANIZED AND REGULATED 3.MQA ACT: FEATURES AND VALUES 4.CORE QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCESS (MQA) 5.QUALITY ASSURANCE MODELQA STANDARDS & MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK (MQF) 6.ISSUES AND POLICY IFE 2020 Leadership Institute

3 STUDENT ENROLMENTS IN HE IFE 2020 Leadership Institute Year Category Matriculation/A- Level /Foundation 158,459235,740296,900351,700388,300428,700 Public College140,999200,100234,200250,500304,800370,800 Public University280,037310,500336,900371,700458,300552,600 Private Provider337,949336,900371,100465,700567,88685,800 Oversea Student62,30156,80050,000 TOTAL979,7451,140,0401,289,1001,485,6001,759,2002,087,900 Population Age ,277,3383,399,2003,510,2003,628,3003,840,9004,147,000 Percentage29%33%36%40%45%50% Source: Economic Planning Unit & Ministry of Higher Education

4 LEVEL OF STUDENT ENROLMENTS IN HE IFE 2020 Leadership Institute LEVEL AMOUNT OF STUDENT 2005*2010*2020** PublicPrivate Total PublicPrivate Total PublicPrivate Total Cert.37,93194,949132,880141,290143,480284,770230,100233,700463,800 Diploma98,953131,428230,381285,690188,680474,370488,000322,300810,300 First Degree 212,326110,591322,917293,650134,550428,200434,700199,200633,900 Master34,4364,20238,638111,5505,770117,320289,30015,000304,300 PhD6, ,88221, ,68054, ,500 TOTAL390,388341,310731,698853,320472,7501,326,3401,496,900770,1002,267,800 Source : * Forecast by 9 th Malaysian Planning ** Forecast by Ministry of Higher Education

5 RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IFE 2020 Leadership Institute No. COEClusterPublic UniversityResult 1. UM Centre of Research Power Electronics, Drives, Automation & Control (UMPEDAC) Engineering Universiti Malaya Approved 2. Photonics Research CentreEngineeringUniversiti MalayaApproved 3. Nano CentreEngineeringUniversiti MalayaApproved 4. Institut Perubatan Molekul (UMBI)Life ScienceUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia(UKM) Approved 5. Institut BiosainsLife ScienceUniversiti Putra Malaysia (USM) Approved 6. Institut Penyelidikan Perubatan Molekul (INFORMM) Life ScienceUniversiti Sains Malaysia(USM) Approved 7. Centre for Drug ResearchLife ScienceUniversiti Sains Malaysia(USM) Assessment Process 8. Institut Penyelidikan Perakaunan (ARI) Social ScienceUniversiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Assessment Process Rating by the Ministry on COE of Public Universities

6 PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR IN HIGHER EDUCATION (until June 2007) IFE 2020 Leadership Institute TYPES OF INSTITUTIONAMOUNT Public University20 Polytechnic21 Community College37 Private University/College University36* Private College485 TOTAL599 -PUBLIC PROVIDER REGULATED BY UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE UNIVERSITY ACT -PRIVATE PROVIDER REGULATED BY PRIVATE HIGER EDUCATION INSTITUTE ACT *Including 4 External Universities Branch Campus which are : 1. University of Nottingham, Malaysia 2. Monash University Malaysia 3. Curtin University of Technology Sarawak 4. Swinburne University of Technology, Sarawak ** Source : Ministry of Higher Education

7 EVOLUTION OF QA SYSTEM IN HIGHER EDUCATION NOV …… 1996 : QA Internal Matter of Institutions 1997 : Legal Reforms LAN for Private Providers 2002 : QAD for Public Providers 2002 : Draft MQF 2005 : Cabinet Decisions - MQA & MQF not fully unified HE segmented QA system 2006 : Consultation & Drafting MQA Bill MQA BILL 13 June : Cabinet Approval MQA Bill 2 &16Jul: Parliament Approve MQA Bill Unified Higher Education system Public confidence Strengthening Malaysia as a global player in Higher Education Transition to full implementation of a unified Quality assurance system and Qualifications Framework MQF to be uphold by QA processes MQA a major player in Higher Education contributing towards human capital and National Competitiveness A SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR QUALITY PHASE 1 >>>>> PHASE 2 PHASE 1 >>>>> PHASE 2

8 MQA ACT- FEATURES AND VALUES Overarching role, guardian of Quality and Framework & protects national sovereignty, Reliable information centre-covers all higher education providers National consensus, internationally benchmarked with national & incorporates best practices on QA Objective, fair, transparent, professional, developmental and accountable, quality enhancement & efficient service delivery IFE 2020 Leadership Institute MQAS ROLE STANDARDS, CRITERIA AND PROCESSES & BEST PRACTICES OPERATING VALUES

9 Integrated into MQF & Supports increasing autonomy of institutionsprogramme accreditation & institutional audit Interlinked sectors, articulation bridges educational pathway, internationally benchmarked, credits reflect international currency, promotes recognition, portability and mobility Committed and provided in the Act for collaboration, cooperation with internal and external stakeholders IFE 2020 Leadership Institute QUALITY ASSURANCE MODEL FRAMEWORK- CONNECTIVITY STAKEHOLDERS INCLUSIVITY

10 To establish the Malaysian Qualifications Agency as the national body to implement the Malaysian Qualifications Framework, to accredit higher educational programmes and qualifications, to supervise and regulate the quality and standard of higher education providers and to establish and maintain the Malaysian Qualifications Register and to provide for related matters. IFE 2020 Leadership Institute MQA ACT 2007: PREAMBLE

11 Accreditation means a recognition granted by the Agency after examining and assessing (a) a higher education programme or qualification; or (b) a higher education provider under Chapter 4 or 7 of part VIII, which is in accordance with the Framework IFE 2020 Leadership Institute MQA ACT 2007: ACCREDITATION

12 MQA CORE ACTIVITIES QUALITY ASSURES HIGHER EDUCATION BY ACCREDITATION-PROGRAMMES, QUALIFICATIONS, INSTITUTIONS (institutional audit approach-programme, thematic, monitoring, faculty, institutional) STANDARDS SETTING & REVIEWS IMPLEMENTS FRAMEWORK ESTABLISHES CLEAR ARTICULATION POINTS REGISTERS QUALIFICATIONS (National Reference Centre) EQUIVALENCY EVALUATION IFE 2020 Leadership Institute

13 PROVISIONAL ACCREDITATION Approval/ commencement of programme PROVISIONAL ACCREDITATION Approval/ commencement of programme PROGRAMME ACCREDITATION PROGRAMME ACCREDITATION APPLY TO REGISTER IN THE MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS REGISTER APPLY TO REGISTER IN THE MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS REGISTER Programme accreditation will cease when institutions breach standards in Institutional audit MQA ACT 2007: CORE QA PROCESS INSTITUTIONAL AUDIT Programme accreditation Thematic,faculty /discipline base or institutional wide audit; Meets Framework requirements and QA standards and Criteria, institutional mission (Various types of IA) INSTITUTIONAL AUDIT Programme accreditation Thematic,faculty /discipline base or institutional wide audit; Meets Framework requirements and QA standards and Criteria, institutional mission (Various types of IA) PROFESSIONAL BODIES FULL ACCREDITATION FULL ACCREDITATION SKILLS AUTHORITIES ACCREDITATION VISIT BY ASSESSORS TO INSTITUTION MONITORING/NO REACCREDITATION

14 Total Continuous Quality Improvement Total Continuous Quality Improvement Leadership, Governance and Administration Programme Monitoring & Review Programme Monitoring & Review Educational resources Academic staff Student Assessment System Student selection & support Student selection & support Programme design & delivery Vision, Mission, & institutional goals, learning outcomes Vision, Mission, & institutional goals, learning outcomes QA CODE OF PRACTICE: 9 ASPECTS - STANDARDS

15 Malaysian Qualifications Framework An instrument that develops and classifies qualifications based on a set of criteria – Agreed nationally and benchmarked with international practices – Clarifies the academic levels, learning outcomes and credit system based on student academic load. Also provides education pathways MQF unites and links all national qualifications Parity of esteem of qualifications IFE 2020 Leadership Institute

16 QUALIFICATION LEVELS & PATHWAYS SCHOOL CERT HIGHER SCHOOL CERT; FOUNDATION MATRICULATION UNIVERSITY DOCTORAL MASTERS BACHELORS (120 Cr) POSTGRAD CERT & DIPLOMA GRADUATE CERT & DIPLOMA APELAPEL MIN HUMAN RESOURCE ADV DIPLOMA SKILLS DIPLOMA SKILLS CERT POLYTECH & NON DEGREE GRANTING COLLEGES ADV DIPLOMA (40 Cr) TECH & VOC (90 Cr) DIPLOMA TECH & VOC CERTIFICATE (60 Cr) LIFELONG LEARNING LIFELONG LEARNING LEVELS CREDITS

17 TERMS APPLIED TO FRAMEWORK higher education qualification means post-secondary qualification including certificate, diploma, advanced diploma or degree or their equivalent and includes any other qualification stipulated in the framework; learning outcome means the standard to be achieved from an educational programme or qualification as determined by the Framework (level descriptors); credit means a representative measure to reflect the academic load; academic load means the quantitative measure of learning activities which includes lectures, tutorials, seminars, practical work, field work, self study, and examinations to achieve a set of learning outcomes Supplemented by documents on MQF, 8 learning domains, Credit System and Programme disciplines standards and Code of Practice for QA. IFE 2020 Leadership Institute

18 A shift from teacher-centered to learner-centered Each learning activities are taken into consideration in calculating student learning time and contact hours (Guided Learning & Independent Learning) : e.g. lectures, tutorial, practicals, lab work, research, updating notes, discussions, projects, tests, course work presentations, industry training, exams and so forth 1 credit 40 hours of notional student learning time IFE 2020 Leadership Institute MQF: CREDIT SYSTEM

19 MQF: Proposed minimum credit MQF Levels Qualification Minimum Credit 8DoctoralNo given credit value 7Research MastersNo given credit value Fully or Partly Taught Masters40 Postgraduate Diploma30 Postgraduate Certificate20 6Bachelors120 Graduate Diploma60 Graduate Certificate30 5Advanced Diploma40 4Diploma90 1-3Certificate60 Skills CertificateAccording to skills & levels

20 8 domains KNOWLEDGESOCIAL SKILLS & RESPONSIBILITY PROFESSIONALISM, VALUES, ATTITUDES, ETHICS Communi -cation & team skills Life Long Learning & Information Management Managerial & Entrepreneu -rial Skills Critical Thinking & Scientific Approach PSYCHOMOTOR/ PRACTICAL/ TECHNICAL SKILLS Learning Outcomes Credits Competency level

21 How does it all link up? IFE 2020 Leadership Institute 21 What students will be able to do? Learning Outcomes The yardstick to measure student learning. Credit Hours The frame within which students learning is pegged. MQF The Agency that holds all together. MQA

22 National reference for standards and articulation point for all accredited programmes, qualifications and institutions Ensure authenticity, clear and up-to-date information for internal and external clients (National Reference Centre) IFE 2020 Leadership Institute MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS REGISTER

23 ISSUES 1.HE Undergo Major Transformations – These changes do to some extent question the ability of higher education providers in sustaining quality in the development of academic programs 2.Emphasising Research and Development Activities 3.Employability of Local Graduates 4.Corporatisation of Public Universities 5.Improving quality of teachers, curriculum and instruction in primary and secondary school system IFE 2020 Leadership Institute

24 Policies / Initiatives 1.MQF, Code of Practice (COPPA & COPIA), Program Standard and Guidelines of Good Practice 2.HEP have entered into agreements with corporations to produce specific research product or provide access to university facilities. 3.The reinvention of study programs that provide opportunities for skill training and development. 4.Universities can set up companies, enter into business venture, allowed to borrow money, acquire and hold investment share etc 5.Allowing teachers to study part time for degree courses, teaching graduate teachers in PKPG program, primary school to take half-pay leave to follow undergraduate courses on a full time basis. IFE 2020 Leadership Institute

25 THANK YOU IFE 2020 Leadership Institute


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