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National Education Accounts Technical Workshop -- January 25, 2013 Sandy Oleksy-Ojikutu, USAID, Phyllis Forbes, Creative Associates.

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Presentation on theme: "National Education Accounts Technical Workshop -- January 25, 2013 Sandy Oleksy-Ojikutu, USAID, Phyllis Forbes, Creative Associates."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Education Accounts Technical Workshop -- January 25, 2013 Sandy Oleksy-Ojikutu, USAID, Phyllis Forbes, Creative Associates

2 What Are National Education Accounts? Adapted from National Health Accounts Compare education expenditures to policy directions All sources of funding: public, private, donor Financing flow through education system 2

3 NEA Answers Four Key Questions: 1.Who is financing education? 2.How much do they spend? 3.How are funds distributed to education providers? 4.How are funds used? 3

4 4 Nigeria SEA

5 Four States in Northern states –Kano, Zamfara, Bauchi and Sokoto Bauchi & Sokoto: two rounds of SEA Similar cultures Different priorities Different expertise Nigeria + Sub Account conducted on non-formal, Almajiri schools 5

6 Major Findings SEA Kano and Sokoto spent 29 and 26% of state budget on education Zamfara and Bauchi 17-18%. Average per student expenditure was higher in Sokoto than the other three states 50% expenditures on primary school About 20% private and 80% public sources , Bauchi was 43% private and 56% public in

7 Significance of SEA Automated data base helps Xray for transparency and accountability Ability to compare – within State or between States Develop capacity of Ministry staff using evidence for decision making Speaks truth to power 7

8 Financing Sources - Percent Public, Private, Donor 8

9 State Contribution to Education Funding Kano 05/06 Zamfara 06/07 Bauchi 08/09 Sokoto 09/10 in Billions of Naira Total Expenditure on Education In State Total Expenditure on Education By State Total State Expenditures Percent Total State Expenditures Allocated to Education29%18%17%26% 9

10 Average Expenditures: All Students, Public School & Private School 10

11 Comparison: Financing Sources Bauchi 11 Changes in financing sources from first SEA in SY 08/09 to second SEA in SY 0-10/11

12 Financing Sources 12

13 Distribution By Sectors 13

14 Distribution to Providers: Education Level 14

15 Distribution to Providers: Public School & Private Schools 15

16 Household Expenditures Compared Kano, Zamfara, Bauchi and Sokoto 16

17 SEA: Sub Account Almajiri Quranic schools for young students, 1/3 are resident and 2/3 are fixed 1.6m students in Almajiri school in Kano vs. 2.m students in formal sector schools 50% non resident students were girls Parent contribution for Almajiri (N 2,800 per Almajiri student) slightly more than contribution to public schools (N 2,600) Salaries for teachers almost same as gifts to Almajiri (N114,143 for Imam vs. N151,145 mean primary teacher) 17

18 NEA completed by State Supported by Nigerian TA team Struggle through local data Working groups work Adapted from NHA Data Base useful for planning Nigeria SEA – Significant Elements

19 Bauchi increased State input from 17% to 26% State budget Zamfara reassigned teachers to rural areas and improved schools for girls Kano transferred funds from construction to maintenance to improve more schools Sokoto Governor initiated school inspections Impact of SEA in Nigeria

20 USAID Experience with NEA USAID has funded 8 Accounts –Morocco –Kano –Zamfara –El Salvador –Bauchi I –Sokoto I –Bauchi II –Sokoto II 20 4 Sub accounts –Kano Almajiri –Zamfara Almajiri\ –Bauchi Almajiri –Sokoto Almajiri Creative Associates has supported 11 of these studies, RTI supported the El Salvador NEA

21 21 Morocco NEA – first pilot

22 Parent contribution (33%) – very important for future policy changes Lowest quintile spent 70% non food funds on education Poor spent on access (transport etc.) vs. rich spent on quality (schools and books) Private schools: 5% students uses 20% funds Decentralization of budget but not implementation Rural spent on sending children to school – transportation, uniforms, food Urban spent on quality of education – private school, books, tutors Major Findings Morocco NEA

23 USAID NEA Approach Built on National Health Accounts model Builds local capacity Works closely with government and stakeholders Institutionalization critical Forward Planning capacity supports institutionalization Many features developed to promote more capacity and skill transfers 23

24 Just in time training State to state support Relational Data Base, Automated matrices and graphics Framework Document defines blue print and reinforces team work Data collectors and analysts from line offices Stakeholders and program directors involved Analytical workshop where data meets reality Report workshop to complete NEA Significant NEA Features

25 Steering Committee Working Group Core Data Group Boundaries Policy Working Group Data Map Analysis Final Report Data collection Validation Analysis NEA Organization

26 NEA Just-in-Time Training PhaseTraining Phase 1 - Local Buy in and organization Orientation Framework (boundaries) Data mapping Phase 2- Data Collection Data collection (private, public & donor) Data entry Validation Phase 3 - Analysis & Final Report Data analysis Report Preparation

27 NEA Time Frame 27 Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 8 Orientation Final Report Findings Data Analysis Data Validation Data Collection Framework

28 Overview of Education System Key Education Concerns/Issues NEA Explained Boundaries & Classifications NEA Organization Work Plan Data Collection Plan Evaluation Plan Technical Assistance Plan NEA Framework Document

29 ID Serial_no LGA__idTframe_IdSc_IDOwnership_IdnewOwnership_IDINS_idFS_id1FS_id2FS_id3 647 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of Zamfara2006 (Jan - Dec)1UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtParastatal Revenue 648 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of Zamfara2007 (Jan - Dec)1UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtParastatal Revenue 649 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of Zamfara2006 (Jan - Dec)1UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtParastatal Revenue 650 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of Zamfara2006 (Jan - Dec)1UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds1Federal GovtETF 651 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of Zamfara2006 (Jan - Dec)1UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds1Federal GovtETF 652 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of Zamfara2007 (Jan - Dec)1UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds1Federal GovtETF 653 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraSep.2006 to Dec UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds1Federal GovtETF 654 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraSep.2006 to Dec UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtSMOF 655 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraJan to Aug UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtSMOF 656 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraJan to Aug UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtSMOF 657 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraSep.2006 to Dec UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtSMOF 658 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraSep.2006 to Dec UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtSMOF 659 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraJan to Aug UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtParastatal Revenue 660 Abdu Gusau Polytechnic T/Mafara State of ZamfaraJan to Aug UrbanPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtParastatal Revenue 415 Anka LGC State of Zamfara2006 (Jan - Dec)2RuralPublic Secular1Public Funds2State GovtSMOF NEA Data Base

30 Matrix 1: Sources of Education Financing Financing Sources Total Public Funds 27,963,967,474 Private Funds 7,288,754,499 Rest of World 1,338,173,550 Other 111,422,847 Grand Total 36,702,318,370 Matrix 1.1: Sources of Education Financing detailed by Source Financing Sources Total Public Funds Federal Govt 8,522,639,610 State Govt 18,317,000,748 Local Govt 1,124,327,116 Public Funds Total 27,963,967,474 Private Funds Household 5,922,844,104 NGO 166,266,837 Private Org 1,199,618,558 Faith Based 25,000 Private Funds Total 7,288,754,499 Rest of World International NGO 6,899,800 International Multilateral and Bilateral 1,331,273,750 International Religious and Charitable - Rest of World Total 1,338,173,550 Other 111,422,847 Grand Total 36,702,318,370 NEA Matrix


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