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Financing for Education in Africa How can CSO affect National Budget amongst other sources of financing Theophane Nikyema Executive Director 9 th CSO Forum.

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Presentation on theme: "Financing for Education in Africa How can CSO affect National Budget amongst other sources of financing Theophane Nikyema Executive Director 9 th CSO Forum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Financing for Education in Africa How can CSO affect National Budget amongst other sources of financing Theophane Nikyema Executive Director 9 th CSO Forum Meeting Dakar 3 rd April 2014

2 2 The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF) Established in September 2003 Independent Pan-African Institution of Policy Research and Advocacy on African Child Rights and Wellbeing based in Addis Ababa Governed by an International Board of Trustees Chaired by H.E. President Joachim Chissano, former President of Mozambique (1986 to 2005) Institutional members: Chairpersons of the ACERWC and the UNCRC Individual members Distinguished Fellows

3 3 Mission= Put children issues on public & political agenda through: Provision of platforms and forums for dialogue International Policy Conferences, The Larissa Award, Online platform: Infohub – Resource Center Research/polls on issues of children in Africa and provision of information and guidelines on legal and policy reforms Production of reports, publications The African Report on Child Wellbeing, Child Justice, Violence against Children, The Child Law Resources (CLR) Production of media oriented documentaries Once mum was gone, Beating Violence, Born to high risk The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF)

4 Africas Commitment to Education 4 African Governments recognize: Education = a fundamental right children entitled Education = a necessary investment in human capital Investing in education = important strategy for nation building Education = Development Education for All in Africa Adoption of Dakar Framework for Action: a global education framework adopted by 164 countries First Decade of Education in Africa (1997 – 2006) Second Decade of Education in Africa (2006 – 2015)

5 5 Africas Commitment to Education 1 st Decade (1997 – 2006)2 nd Decade (2006 – 2015) Equity & Access to Basic EducationGender and Culture Quality, Relevance & EffectivenessEd Management Info Systems Complementary Learning ModalitiesTeacher Development Capacity BuildingHigher Education Technical & Vocational Ed & Training, including Ed in Difficult Situations Curriculum, Teaching & Learning Materials Quality Management Early Childhood Development

6 6 African Governments - Dakar Commitment: Allocate at least 7% of GDP to education by 2005 and Increase to 9%by 2010 Mobilize new financial resources in forms of grants and concessional assistance from bilateral, multilaterals (World Bank, Regional development banks) and Private sector International agencies to double their financial support (capacity building & management development) No countries seriously committed to education for all will be thwarted in their achievement of this goal by a lack of resources Commitment to Education: Financing

7 Source: UNESCO 2013 Public Expenditure on Education Country% Lesotho13.0 Djibouti8.4 Namibia8.4 Ghana8.2 Botswana7.8 Swaziland7.8 Comoros7.6 Kenya6.7 Congo6.2 Tanzania6.2 Tunisia6.2 Burundi6.1 Country% South Africa6.0 Cape Verde5.6 Senegal5.6 Malawi5.4 Morocco5.4 Benin5.3 Mozambique5.0 Rwanda4.8 Seychelles4.8 Ethiopia4.7 Mali4.7 Cote dIvoire4.6

8 Source: UNESCO 2013 Public Expenditure on Education Country% Togo4.6 Niger4.5 Algeria4.3 The Gambia3.9 Gabon3.8 Egypt3.8 Mauritania3.7 Mauritius3.7 Angola3.5 Burkina Faso3.4 Cameroon3.2 Uganda3.2 Country% Guinea3.1 Madagascar2.8 Sierra Leone2.7 Chad2.6 Dem. Rep. of Congo2.5 Zimbabwe2.5 Eritrea2.1 Liberia1.9 Zambia1.3 Central African Republic1.2 Equatorial Guinea0.6

9 Only Lesotho met the Abuja target The average expenditure is just half of what is expected Source: UNESCO 2013 Budget expenditure on education much lower than the Dakar commitment Public Expenditure on Education

10 10 Governments increased investments Significant donors contributions Increasing part of education assumed by Private sector Innovations in financing Donor aid not adequately spent Absorption capacity Financing: Results & Challenges

11 11 Primary education boom, secondary education deficit and declining quality Many countries unlikely to reach UPE by 2015 due to lack of teachers Efforts still required for development of ECD and its inclusion in other multi-sectoral and sectoral policies and strategic plans Technical and Vocational Education and Training remain a poorly recognized and underfunded sector by mainstream education players Commitment to Education: Results

12 12 Higher education: development of continental quality rating mechanisms and establishment of the Pan African University to support research collaboration and enhance science and technology Higher Inequality in higher education still a challenge: fewer women students from rural areas and vulnerable groups Curriculum development and teaching and learning materials are limited at the regional and continental levels, despite numerous countries having undertaken major curriculum reviews Despite progress in developing Management Information System many countries Lack critical data on key education issues Commitment to Education: Results

13 13 Post-2015: Opportunities & Challenges OpportunitiesChallenges Economic growth and poverty reductionIncreasing inequalities Social development outcomesMalnutrition and child mortality Political interest/commitment to childrenInadequate budgetary allocation for children Increasing young populationDemands for increased social development outcomes Strong family and social cohesionPoor quality of primary education and significant gaps in secondary and ECD New development partners & frameworksLimited employment opportunities A more peaceful continentCapacity gaps in transforming policies into practice Inadequate attention to supporting family Urbanization/breakdown social networks Inadequate protection systems Instability, governance, pop displacement

14 14 Priority Countries BeninEthiopiaNigeria Burkina FasoGuinea-BissauRwanda BurundiKenyaSierra Leone CARLiberiaSomalia ChadMadagascarTanzania ComorosMalawiTogo Cote dIvoireMaliThe Gambia DRCMozambiqueUganda EritreaNigerZimbabwe Source: Report for UN Special Envoy 2013

15 15 Strengthening CSOs networking and engagement Basis = Dakar Framework for Action: Ensure the engagement and participation of CSO in the formulation, implementation, and monitoring of strategies for educational development Strengthen engagement with government Reinforce network/alliance amongst CSOs Reinforce coordination between National and International CSOs Strengthen alternative reports to ACERWC / UNCRC Strengthening CSOs skills in Advocacy/Lobbying Drawing from evidence to inform policies Budget Advocacy Analysis/Monitoring National Budget Advocacy with partners (bilateral and multilateral) Way Forward for CSOs

16 16 Strengthening Social Accountability Promote or facilitate actions and mechanisms for greater accountability Strengthen CSOs accountability vis-à-vis communities they serve Strengthening/Setting Up Child Observatory Innovating on mechanisms for listening to voices of children and engaging them Facilitating role of media in monitoring/reporting Way Forward for CSOs

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