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U.S. Higher Education Policy Forum: Increasing Access, Quality and Completion by 2020 Martha Kanter Under Secretary of Education New York University November.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Higher Education Policy Forum: Increasing Access, Quality and Completion by 2020 Martha Kanter Under Secretary of Education New York University November."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Higher Education Policy Forum: Increasing Access, Quality and Completion by 2020 Martha Kanter Under Secretary of Education New York University November 7, 2011

2 By 2020, America will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world... So tonight I ask every American to commit to at least one year or more of higher education or career training... every American will need to get more than a high school diploma. President Barack Obama Address to Joint Session of Congress February 24, 2009 America cannot lead in the 21st century unless we have the best educated, most competitive workforce in the world. President Barack Obama Remarks on Higher Education April 24, 2009 2

3 3 Education Requirements for Jobs, 2018 Georgetown University, Center on Education and the Workforce, 2010 p. 14


5 Projected Labor Supply and Demand, 2020 Source: McKinsey Global Institute, An Economy that Works: Job Creation and Americas Future, 2011

6 Current Educational Attainment % if Adults Age 25-34 with an Associates Degree or Higher The Achievement Gap Persists

7 Low Income Students have a Lower Graduation Rate

8 Pell Grant Graduation Rates are Inconsistent

9 9 Percentage of Adults Age 25-34 with Postsecondary Education (Associate Degree of Higher in U.S. per 2008 Current Population Survey, U.S. Census Bureau) Source: OECD Education at a Glance 2011 Table A1.3a Population with tertiary education (2009)

10 Reductions in State Funding

11 11 President Obamas 2020 Strategic Vision and Goals Goal 10 million more graduates from community colleges, four-year colleges and universities by 2020 (beyond 2+ million expected due to growth) Goal Every American completes one year or more of higher education or advanced training in his/her lifetime Result Best educated, most competitive workforce in the world

12 Achieving the 2020 College Completion Goal Increase the U.S. College Degree Attainment Rate from 41 to 60% 10 million more Americans ages 25-34 with an associate or baccalaureate degree (8 million beyond 2+ million projected growth) A third will come from high schools - 3.7 million more high school graduates will become college graduates Two thirds will be adult learners - 6.3 million adults will become college graduates Note: The attainment rate reflects the number of individuals in the population who have attained the degree or diploma. This differs from the graduation/completion rate, which measures the number of individuals within a cohort who graduate or complete their program within a certain amount of time.

13 13 Access Close the opportunity gap by improving affordability and increasing access to college and workforce training, especially for adult learners, low-income students, and underrepresented 21 st century students. Quality Foster institutional quality with accountability and transparency. Completion Increase degree and certificate completion and job placement, with special attention to fast growing first generation, under-represented and economically disadvantaged populations. Postsecondary Strategic Objectives

14 The State of Our States: A Snapshot in Time States with the Lowest Attainment Rates as well as Graduation Rates Attainment Rate 6yr Grad Rate Alabama30.247.2 Alaska30.430.0 Arizona31.627.6 Arkansas27.042.1 Idaho33.540.3 Louisiana28.641.5 Nevada27.439.6 New Mexico29.039.4 Oklahoma30.346.8 West Virginia28.845.5 States with the Highest Attainment Rates as well as Graduation Rates Attainment Rate 6-Yr Grad Rate Connecticut46.065.8 Iowa45.064.9 Maryland44.962.9 Massachusetts52.768.5 Minnesota48.160.6 New Hampshire43.963.3 New Jersey45.262.0 New York47.363.6 Pennsylvania42.466.7 Vermont63.142.3 IPEDS 2008-09: Bachelors Degree Seeking Students American Community Survey 2007-2009

15 Noteworthy State Efforts PERFORMANCE- BASED FUNDING COLLEGE AND CAREER ALIGNMENT TRANSFER AND ARTICULATION EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY ACCELERATED LEARNING AFFORDABILIIT Y LEARNING OUTCOMES OUTREACH TO ADULTS Aligned Standards -- Early Assessment Transfer to 4-Year Innovative Cost Reductions -- Productivity - - Equity Dual or Concurrent Enrollment -- Revamped Remedial Ed - - Course Redesign Tuition Stabilization - - Financial Aid Re-Engaging College Dropouts -- Adult Ed -- Career Pathways Illinois Indiana Michigan New York Ohio Wisconsin

16 Mapping of MSIs and the 2020 Goal

17 Initiatives Launched / Ongoing College Completion Tool Kit for States Data Dashboard for ED Website Request for Information (RFI)

18 Open Educational Resources (OER)

19 FIPSE/First in the World $120 million FIPSE program in Presidents 2012 budget proposal Modeled on EDs I 3 program Will focus on innovation to raise capacity and efficiency in teaching and learning Aimed at catalyzing a cultural transformation in higher education to create a new dynamic of rising productivity and quality Grants Reform TRIO – GEAR UP Minority Serving Institutions (MSIs) International Education Programs

20 Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement Educations role in a healthy democracy AASCU leadership in American Democracy Project AACCs Democracy Commitment Initiative Report from National Task Force: Call to action for government, K-12, higher education, community organizations, employers, foundations Opportunity for creating a tipping point for growing efforts in civic learning and engagement

21 Rulemaking Teacher Preparation TEACH Grants Institutional Reporting & State Accountability Nominations due November 25 th Student Loans Income-based repayment Naturally readable Direct Loan regulations Total and permanent disability Nominations due by November 28 th Experimental Sites Pell Grants Student Eligibility Direct Loan Program

22 STEM Education STEM degrees are in high demand 4 of the 10 fastest growing occupations are in STEM fields 100,000 STEM teachers in the next decade Effective Teaching and Learning – Mathematics and Science Partnerships Teacher and Leader Pathways Presidential Teaching Fellows STEM teacher loan forgiveness 35% of STEM majors complete their degrees Unacceptable rates for women and students of color

23 Federal Student Aid Improve loan servicing to provide increased college completion and avoid defaults In-school counseling and financial literacy Implement gainful employment regulations Increase college affordability by executing the loan consolidation initiative Enable IHEs to experiment with Pell grants and loans to increase college completion

24 5 Million More Community College Graduates by 2020 October 5, 2010 First White House Summit for Community Colleges February-April 201 Four Regional Summits held May 2011 Virtual Community College Summit held September 2011 $500 Million Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College & Career Training Grants Awarded Spring 2012 $500 million to be awarded in FY12 (Round 2) $5 billion investment from the American Jobs Act Strengthening Community Colleges

25 College Affordability Reinventing Developmental Education Improving Transfer and Articulation Improving Business and Industry Engagement Serving Veterans, Service Members, and Their Families Scaling Effective Practices

26 White House Initiative Completion Agenda Community Action Summits and Tribal Consultations Blue Ocean College Completion Strategy Data systems and indicators improvements Completion philanthropy Presidents Interfaith and Community Service Campus Challenge

27 Todays Opportunities 2012 Budget Proposals for Expanding Capacity $5,550 Pell Grants First In The World State College Completion Challenge Grants Convening Higher Education ACE Presidential Commission SHEEOs, NASH Identifying, Promoting and Scaling Best Practices Increasing College-Ready High School Graduates Improving Retention and Graduation Rates Shorter time to degree Streamlined business operations Greater economies of scale for business functions Program consolidation

28 A vibrant and prosperous America depends on its educational system – in fact, the future of our democracy depends on the positive contributions of critical thinkers and engaged citizens.

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