Presentation on theme: "Burkina Faso: Education"— Presentation transcript:
1Burkina Faso: Education By: Crystal Tseng and Choyeon Yoo
2Overview/Statistics 14.75 million population (2010) Completion of the sixth primary grade is the minimum required to make literacy irreversibleOnly 3 out of 10 children complete the 6th gradeOnly 25% of girls finish the last year of primary school41% gross primary school enrollment, 12% secondary school enrollment, and 1% university enrollmentOverall 22% adult literacy ratePlaced last in UNESCO’s EFA Development IndexEFA Development Index provides an assessment of a country’s education system
3Challenges High cost of schooling Distance of schools Low school access rate (Only 66% for primary and 17% for secondary)High opportunity costs for poor families – where they rather have their children work to contribute to family incomeLanguage Barrier – Education is mainly conducted in French but only 15% of Burkinabe speak French.The low completion rate is due to a high level of repeaters in primary public schoolsmany schools do not offer six grades of schooling
4Burkina Faso compared to the rest of Africa The primary school completion rate rose from 19 percent to 31 percent between 1991 and 2003 but it also remains one of the lowest in African countries.Before adopting the 10 Year Basic Education Development program, Burkina Faso had one of the weakest education systems in the world.
5Current education reform policies adopted by the government Relies heavily on program-based approaches10-year Basic Education Development Plan, Education for All – Fast Track Initiative, non formal basic education program10-year Basic Education Development PlanAims to improve enrollment rate nationwideEducation for All – Fast Track InitiativeAims to close financial gaps that prevent the success of education goalsNon formal basic education programAims to give vocational education to children who dropped out of school or never went to school
610-Year Basic Education Development Plan Adopted by Burkina Faso’s government in to develop/strengthen Burkina Faso’s educational system3 principal componentsGreater access to basic educationIncreasing the supply of basic education, including alternative education, and reducing socio-economic, regional and gender disparitiesGreater quality and effectiveness of basic educationImproving the quality, relevance and effectiveness of basic education and developing coherence and integration between the various levels and styles of educationBuild capacity of institutional and system managementBuild capacity to lead, manage, and access education structures, as well as coordinate external assistance
7Performance of program relies on: Number of new contract teachers recruited within the last yearConstruction of new schoolsPupil-teacher ratio in public schoolsGender equalitygovernment/political supportIncluding education expenditure as a percentage of the GDP and government budgetPrimary education expenditure as a percentage of total education budgetResultsGross enrollment rate increased from 52.9%-78.3% from , the number of classes have been increased by 70% from
8Non Formal Basic Education Provides basic education and vocational apprenticeship trainingDesigned to ensure a better social/economic integration into society of young people who did not have a chance to complete school in a formal systemTargets out of school children aged It is one of the strategies in Burkina Faso designed to increase the school enrollment rate to 70%, and literacy rate to 40%
9Fast Track InitiativeGlobal partnership of developing and donor countries, agencies, NGOs, and private/public foundations to support the education system in developing countriesSupport country’s education plan with increased financial support and funding, closing financial gaps that prevent the goals.Mobilize resources, and align with country’s development priorities
10Historical Education Trends Primary school enrollment (% gross)Data from World Bank
11Historical Education Trends Secondary school enrollment (% gross)Data from World Bank
12Historical Education Trends Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Total is the total enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.Tertiary school enrollment (% gross)Data from World Bank
13Historical Education Trends Ratio of female to male primary enrollment (%)Data from World Bank
14Historical Education Trends Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%)Data from World Bank
15Historical Education Trends Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%)Data from World Bank
16Historical Education Trends FemaleMaleTotalAdult literacy rate(% of people ages 15 and above)Data from World Bank
17World Bank’s role in BF’s education development The 1st Education Project ( )support rural youth training programspromote science education in secondary schoolsThe 2nd Education Project ( )train agricultural project managers and public works personnelThe Primary Education Development Project ( )expanse of primary educationenable reduction of per pupil costsThe 4th Education Project( )increase school enrollment ratesThe fifth project (since 1997)assist the government in promoting secondary educationThe World Bank's support to education in Burkina Faso began in the 1970s and includes to date five major projects funded through the International Development Agency (IDA).The First Education Project, approved in 1973 and completed in 1980, targeted training in the non-formal sector through provision of basic education to rural youth, and promoted science education in secondary schools.The Second Education Project, approved in 1979 and completed in 1986, continued supporting rural youth training programs, especially through in-service training to agricultural project managers and public works personnel.The Primary Education Development Project, approved in 1985 and completed in 1994, contributed to the expansion of primary education and enabled reduction of per pupil costs through provision of low-cost textbooks and teaching materials, implementing cost-effective methods for school construction, and improving overall sector management by providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Basic Education and Literacy [MEBA], the Ministry of Secondary and Higher Education and Research [MESSRS], and the Ministry of Rural Cooperatives.The Fourth Education Project, launched in 1991 and completed in 1998, built on the achievements of the third project. It focused on increasing school enrollment rates and strengthening the education sector by improving teaching training, increasing the number of classrooms, distributing micro-nutrients to pupils and expanding school canteens, supporting girls' education programs, and providing education managers with training to improve their administrative and managerial competence.The fifth project, effective since 1997 and ongoing, is known as the Post-Primary Education Project. It is designed to assist the government in promoting secondary education by constructing and providing resources for "Colleges d'enseignement general" (CEGs), i.e., lower secondary schools, reforming and improving teacher training, promoting cost-effective and equitable use of public education resources, and developing secondary school education curricula. The project's main goal is to improve the quality of secondary education and increase access to it. The project also aims to improve the capacity of relevant government agencies to plan and manage secondary education and scientific research within such schools.More recently, the World Bank and other partners of MEBA have been actively supporting the government's efforts to design the country's first Ten-Year Basic Education Development Plan, and are poised to provide funding and technical assistance for its implementation due to begin in less than a year. The major goal of this plan is to equitably increase gross enrollment rates to 70% while still improving quality. Young adult and adult literacy is another area the plan is designed to target.
18World Bank’s role in BF’s education development International Development Association (IDA)Part of the World Bank, program that reduces poverty by providing loans to for programs boost economic and social growth, and reduce inequalitiesSupports/funds the 10-year basic education reform programFunded $32.6 mil out of the $110 mil program costThis program enabled Burkina Faso to be eligible for the Fast Track Initiative (FTI)Relies heavily on political supportIDA’s Approach3 phase program to support government’s 10-Year Basic Education Program1) Establish a basket of coordinated funding for education reform from various donors. (Belgium, Canada, Denmark, the European Commision, France, the Netherlands, Sweden, and other NGOs)2) Improve access to primary education in rural areas – particularly in the 20 provinces with the lowest enrollment rate, by additional construction and rehabilitation of schools, and financing of equipment, teachers and facilities.3) Support curriculum development and teacher training, and focusing particularly to financial management, budgeting, and donor coordination.
19Results of IDAGross enrollment rate ( ) nationwide increased from 42% (36% for girls) to 62% (55% for girls)Within the the 20 provinces with the lowest enrollment rate, gross enrollment rose from 30% (24% for girls) to 47% (41% for girls)Additional 550,000 kids have been enrolled in primary schoolAdditional 7000 classrooms were built (mostly in rural areas)More than 5 mil textbooks were purchased and distributed to students and schoolsAdditional teacher recruitment and their assignment to rural areas, the number of public teachers have increased 8% since 2000Better allocation of resources within the education sector
20UNICEF’s role in Burkina Faso’s education reform Support the Non Formal Basic Education (CEBNF) programAim to establish at least 5 of these centers in each the 45 provinces in the countryResults: Having completed the 4 year CEBNF course, students are able to read and write in FrenchProvides professional trainings, assists with construction of buildings for these centers, and provides equipment.Local resource people are recruited as teachers and trained to use “learning by doing” techniques so the students can gain practical skills
21UNICEF’s role in Burkina Faso’s education reform Support the Non Formal Basic Education (CEBNF) programTargets out-of-school youths for a second chance for educationAim to establish at least 5 of these centers in each the 45 provinces in the countryResults: Having completed the 4 year CEBNF course, students are able to read and write in FrenchProvides professional trainings, assists with construction of buildings for these centers, and provides equipment.Local resource people are recruited as teachers and trained to use “learning by doing” techniques so the students can gain practical skillsSupport the development of the cycle literacy/basic educationStudents’ parents associationMothers Educators AssociationsManagement Committees from schools and education centers.Given through the stateAverage of 200 members are trained every year in literacy.