Presentation on theme: "HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS AND PRINCIPLES Standards: legal principles established in binding treaties and covenants Principles: > Equality and non-discrimination."— Presentation transcript:
HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS AND PRINCIPLES Standards: legal principles established in binding treaties and covenants Principles: > Equality and non-discrimination > Participation and inclusion > Accountability and rule of law
Human rights education was emphasized in the UDHR …a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge. -Preamble of the UDHR
We need to understand our human rights. We need education in and for human rights. Education shall strengthen the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms… education shall enable all persons to participate effectively in a free society. -Article 13, ICESCR
THE STRATEGIC CONNECTION BETWEEN EDUCATION AND HUMAN RIGHTS: Increased human rights awareness and practices among non-state actors (including members of the public, activists, political and cultural elites) increases pressure on state actors to respect human rights and promotes the realization of human rights in everyday relationships among people
HRE Goals for Wider Society To contribute to the building and defense of a universal culture of human rights, with a view to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms
Human Rights Education Goals To equip learners with knowledge, skills and understanding; to mold their attitudes and behaviors; and to empower them to contribute to the building and defense of a universal culture of human rights. (WPHRE, CoE Framework Charter) In this culture, human rights are understood, defended and respected. (Council of Europe)
HRE Goals at the Personal Level HRE Competencies…. to be addressed later today.
Development of HRE The HRE movement and related networks have expanded exponentially since the early 1990s
Newly established regional HRE networks/ networks that have a strong HRE mandate Arab Human Rights Education Network [established in 2004] Asia-Pacific Human Rights Education Listserv  Balkan Human Rights Network  Democracy and Human Rights Education in Europe Network (DARE)  Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (Euromed)  Human Security Network  Red Interamericana de Educación en Derechos Humanos (educa-dh)  Réseau Francophone sur l'Education en Droits Humains 
Membership of the Global HRE List (1999-2009) YearMembership 1999290 20001,300 20012,037 20023,013 20033,245 20043,479 (from 150 countries) 20053,571 20063,627 20074,809 20085,384 20096,023 (from 189 countries)
Human Rights and School Curricula An International Bureau of Education (IBE) study (1996) that examined the number of times the term human rights was mentioned in their documents, found a mean of.70,.82 and.64 for countries within the regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and the former USSR and Latin American and the Caribbean, respectively.
World Programme for Human Rights Education Phase 1: Formal Schooling Sector Laws, policies, and guidelines Learning environments (including inclusive schooling systems) Learning tools (formal and nonformal) Evaluation and assessment Professional development
A conceptual framework for programming: normatively based on international HR standards and principles operationally directed to promoting and protecting HR Recognizes human beings as rights-holders and establishes obligations for duty-bearers. Focuses on discriminated and marginalized groups Aims for the progressive achievement of all human rights Gives equal importance to the outcome and process of programming What is a human rights- based approach?
Human Rights Principles Equality and non-discrimination Participation and inclusion Accountability and rule of law Equality and non-discrimination Participation and inclusion Accountability and rule of law
Duty Bearers Duty-bearers are State actors with obligations under international human rights law to respect, protect and to fulfill peoples human rights. Examples: elected and appointed officials civil servants representatives of the government and individuals/organizations (such as CSOs) retained by the government to deliver services Duty-bearers can be found from the community level to the national level. In some situations, some non-State actors such as corporations and families are viewed as duty- bearers, although not necessarily from a legal perspective.
Rights Holders Rights-holders are individuals and groups with valid claims or entitlements for having their human rights met by duty-bearers. Rights-holders are individual citizens as well as non-citizens living within a State. The interests of rights-holders are sometimes represented by organizations, such as NGOs, INGOs, unions and other civil society groups.
Systems of Rights Right holder Duty bearer AccountabilityAccountability ParticipationParticipation Fulfils responsibility towards Claims right from