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Higher Education Funding and State Government Presented to PADM 6800 State Government (Dr. Paul Harris) Spring 2007 By Braden J. Hosch, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "Higher Education Funding and State Government Presented to PADM 6800 State Government (Dr. Paul Harris) Spring 2007 By Braden J. Hosch, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Higher Education Funding and State Government Presented to PADM 6800 State Government (Dr. Paul Harris) Spring 2007 By Braden J. Hosch, Ph.D.

2 Overview Population Change and Pressures on State Funding State Spending on Higher Education: The National Picture State Spending on Higher Education: A Case Study of South Carolina

3 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 1900 Male Female Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

4 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 1950 Male Female Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

5 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 2000 MaleFemale Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

6 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 2010 MaleFemale Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

7 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 2020 MaleFemale Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

8 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 2030 MaleFemale Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

9 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 2040 MaleFemale Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

10 Population Change US Population By Age and Sex, 2050 MaleFemale Source: U.S. Census Bureau - Animated Link

11 Implications of Population Change Shift in budget priorities from education to health care Change in Number of Individuals from 2007* Age Group Δ 20-24Δ ,1391,006, ,4679,948, ,174,96424,407, ,936,26034,746, ,335,96039,196,494 Shift in mission of higher education to provide continuing education throughout the lifespan *Source: U.S. Census Bureau -

12 Enrollment Growth and Appropriations Source: State Higher Education Finance FY 2006 (SHEEO, 2007) In constant 2006 dollars, adjusted by Higher Education Cost Adjustment (HECA)

13 Total Educational Revenue Per FTE Source: State Higher Education Finance FY 2006 (SHEEO, 2007) In constant 2006 dollars, adjusted by Higher Education Cost Adjustment (HECA)

14 Net Tuition as a % of Public Higher Education Total Educational Revenue Source: State Higher Education Finance FY 2006 (SHEEO, 2007)

15 Higher Education Appropriations in Southern States Fiscal 2006Fiscal 2005Fiscal 2004 State Higher Education Support 1 Per Capita 2 National Index Higher Education Support 1 Per $1000 of Personal Income National Index Tax Revenues and Lottery Profits (thousands) Higher Education Support 1 (thousands) Allocation to Higher Education Alabama$ $ $10,535,366$1,167, % Florida$ $ $54,839,454$2,710,9614.9% Georgia$ $ $26,437,450$2,343,4478.9% Kentucky$ $ $11,653,974$1,108,6889.5% Louisiana$ $ $13,186,630$1,245,3089.4% Maryland$ $ $22,789,497$1,355,3565.9% North Carolina$ $ $25,012,464$2,607, % South Carolina$ $ $11,466,706$781,7296.8% Tennessee$ $ $15,070,338$1,088,6817.2% Virginia$ $ $25,410,405$1,358,4455.3% West Virginia$ $ $5,479,645$406,5747.4% U.S.$ $ $1,020,012,078$69,686,4116.8% Source Notes: 1. Higher Education Support = State and local tax and nontax support for public and independent higher education. Includes special purpose appropriations for research-agricultural-medical. Source: SHEEO SHEF 2. Population and personal income data from U.S. Census Bureau and Bureau of Economic Analysis. 3. State and local tax revenues data from U.S. Census Bureau; lottery profits data from North American Association of State and Provincial Lotteries. Source: State Higher Education Finance FY 2006 (SHEEO, 2007)

16 South Carolina Higher Education Appropriations to Source: South Carolina Budget and Control Board, Historical Analysis,

17 South Carolina Tuition & State Appropriations, Source: SC CHE. Chart excludes MUSC. State Appropriations Per FTE calculated using Fall FTE; dollars are not adjusted for inflation.

18 Undergraduate Tuition in Southern States Source: Southern Regional Education Board

19 State Funding Per FTE Student in Southern States Source: Southern Regional Education Board

20 Tuition Revenue Per FTE Student in Southern States Source: Southern Regional Education Board

21 Operating Expenditures Per FTE Operating expenditures per FTE student have increased for comprehensive universities on average by just 0.5% annually between 1999 and 2003 in unadjusted dollars. Source: IPEDS Peer Analysis System. National Center for Education Statistics. Fall FTE from CHEMIS is used for the per FTE calculation.

22 Instruction & Academic Support Expenditures for Instruction and Academic Support per FTE have increased at an annual rate of less than 2.75% for universities in the comprehensive teaching sector. Teaching Sector Institution Instr & Ac Supp. Four Year % Change The Citadel$7,25415% Coastal Carolina Univ.$5,2260% College of Charleston$5,90017% Francis Marion Univ.$5,7982% Lander University$5,3304% South Carolina State Univ.$7,97210% U.S.C. - Aiken$5,82110% U.S.C. - Beaufort$6,80445% U.S.C. - Upstate$5,2452% Winthrop University$5,8305% Teaching Sector Total$6,11811% Source: IPEDS Peer Analysis System. National Center for Education Statistics. Fall FTE from CHEMIS is used for the per FTE calculation.

23 Graduation Rates in South Carolina Six-year graduation rates from SC comprehensive universities are among the highest in the region compared to similar institutions. Teaching Sector Institution Year Grad Rate The Citadel66% Coastal Carolina Univ.40% College of Charleston57% Francis Marion Univ.41% Lander University42% SC State Univ.53% U.S.C. - Aiken41% U.S.C. - Upstate41% Winthrop University57% Sector Total (SC)49% Research Sector (SC)68% Source: IPEDS Peer Analysis System. National Center for Education Statistics. Statistics are unweighted.

24 Degrees Conferred in Southern States Source: Southern Regional Education Board

25 Degrees Conferred Nationally Per State Resident (#1-25) RankState Proportion of Enrolled Students Who Received Degrees in Degrees Awarded Per 1,000 State Residents RankState Proportion of Enrolled Students Who Received Degrees in Degrees Awarded Per 1,000 State Residents #1Dist. of Columbia21.1%36.6#14Kansas20.1%8.5 #2Massachusetts22.9%12.4#15Minnesota17.8%8.2 #3Rhode Island18.9%11.2#16Arizona16.6%8.1 #4Utah15.9%10.6#17Indiana17.9%8.1 #5Vermont19.8%10.4#18South Dakota14.4%8.1 #6North Dakota16.4%10.1#19Michigan19.6%7.9 #7New York21.8%9.5#20Colorado17.3%7.9 #8Missouri19.9%9.5#21Illinois23.0%7.8 #9Nebraska20.4%9.4#22Wisconsin19.8%7.8 #10Delaware20.9%9.2#23Connecticut21.4%7.7 #11Iowa19.5%8.9#24Montana17.5%7.3 #12Pennsylvania20.7%8.8--US19.5%7.2 #13New Hampshire20.1%8.6#25Maryland20.6%7.1 Source: The Chronicle of Higher Education Almanac Issue , August 25, Population Data are from the U.S. Census Bureau

26 Degrees Conferred Nationally Per State Resident (#26-51) RankState Proportion of Enrolled Students Who Received Degrees in Degrees Awarded Per 1,000 State Residents RankState Proportion of Enrolled Students Who Received Degrees in Degrees Awarded Per 1,000 State Residents #26Alabama18.1%7.1#39Maine15.1%6.0 #27Ohio19.5%7.0#40California22.2%5.9 #28Oklahoma17.7%7.0#41SouthCarolina18.7%5.8 #29Virginia19.2%7.0#42New Mexico16.0%5.7 #30West Virginia15.7%6.9#43Mississippi19.8%5.6 #31Oregon21.0%6.8#44Texas19.3%5.6 #32Louisiana15.7%6.7#45Florida16.6%5.5 #33North Carolina19.7%6.3#46Idaho11.7%5.4 #34Hawaii19.1%6.2#47New Jersey20.0%5.3 #35Georgia18.5%6.2#48Arkansas15.3%5.2 #36Washington24.3%6.1#49Wyoming17.1%4.5 #37Tennessee18.5%6.1#50Nevada8.3%3.2 #38Kentucky16.5%6.1#51Alaska6.8%3.1 Source: The Chronicle of Higher Education Almanac Issue , August 25, Population Data are from the U.S. Census Bureau


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