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Pakistan Education Sector Reforms Efforts Government of Pakistan Ministry of Education.

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Presentation on theme: "Pakistan Education Sector Reforms Efforts Government of Pakistan Ministry of Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pakistan Education Sector Reforms Efforts Government of Pakistan Ministry of Education

2 2 Scheme of Presentation 1.Present Environment of Education: a.Literacy Rates in Pakistan by Gender b.Number of Institutions, Enrolment and Teaching Staff c.Public Institutions: Missing Facilities d.Educational Institutions by Medium of Instruction. e.Comparative Summary of Enrolment f.Enrollment & Drop-outs up to Intermediate Level 2000 & 2005 g.Enrolment by Gender and location h.Vocational and Technical Institutions (Diploma and Certificate Programs) i.Number of Deeni Madaris by Enrolment and Teaching Staff 2.Budgetary Allocation for Education 3.Reforms Undertaken

3 3 Present Environment of Education a. Literacy Rate in Pakistan by Gender Census 1998 (in %) PSLM (in %) TotalMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemale Pakistan Punjab Sindh Urban Rural Total NWFP Balochistan Sources: Population Census, 1998 and Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement (PSLM) Survey

4 4 b. Number of Institutions, Enrolment and Teaching Staff Area Educational Institutions Non- Functional Enrolment Teaching Staff Pakistan227,79112,73733,379,5781,356,802 Punjab110,4592,74218,298,608716,768 Sindh51,0067,4426,552,795290,749 NWFP37,7611,7815,206,932198,893 Balochistan10, ,110,16250,893 ICT1, ,88819,387 FATA5, ,43722,079 Northern Area 3, ,96215,196 AJK7, ,79442,837 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

5 5 Province Without Boundary Wall Without Boundary Wall Without Drinking Water Without Drinking Water Without Electricity Without Electricity without Latrine without Latrine Without Building Without Building Pakistan ,48156,09446,76699,59781,63378,65557,21621,1269,776 Punjab29,85018,33912,91813,69043,11032,18936,65222,2066,9463,433 Sindh18,68914,83817,91011,58625,00522,14918,81512,8429,8344,001 NWFP12,0939,01412,7409,77417,35913,71611,13810,3922,2011,214 Baloch- istan 7,6565,4479,0105,6212,1526,9508,7386,1371, ICT FATA1,8391,2751,8522,0131,7972,0451,8392, FANA , ,0331, AJK1,7653,7691,1182,9651,6143,5311,7742, Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006 c. Public Institutions: Missing Facilities

6 6 d. Educational Institutions by Medium of Instruction Type # of Institutions Medium of Instruction (in %) UrduEnglishSindhiOthers* Total Boys Girls Mixed Public151, Boys50, Girls Mixed59, Private76, Boys6, Girls7, Mixed61, * It includes Pushto, Balochi, Arabic Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

7 7 e. Comparative Summary of Enrollment Area Enrolment at all levels (Primary to Tertiary) Increase in % over Pakistan22,584,64023,871, ,379, Punjab12,574,34913,193, ,298, Sindh4,391,5944,765, ,552, NWFP3,473,4813,619, ,206, Balochistan841,033881, ,110, ICT190,520206, , FATA436,107499, , FANA125,017140, , AJK552,539564, , *Increase based on base year 2000 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

8 8 f. Enrollment & Drop-outs up to Intermediate Level 2000 & 2005 Up to Class 12 Up to Class 10 Up to Class 8 Up to Class Inter & HSSC * Secondary Middle Primary Student Enrolment in Public Institutions Dropout Stage Dropouts Dropouts % 22.41% 24.5% 53.0% % 15.68% 15.9% 31.3% % 39.60% 36.44% During Inter/HSSC During Secondary (SSC) During Middle During Primary After Middle After Primary After Secondary Total: Million Total: Million Total: Million Total: Million Note: (i) Total eligible for enrolment (3 to 16 age group): million million (ii) Enrolment in Public and Private Institutions: million million (iii) Enrolment in Public Sector: million million (iv) Children do not enroll million million * Data for Inter/HSSC relate to Academic Year

9 9 g. Enrolment by Gender and Location Province/AreaTotalMaleFemaleRuralUrban Pakistan33,379,578 18,981,213 57% 14,398,365 43% 19,159,897 57% 14,219,681 43% Punjab18,298,608 9,795,492 54% 8,503,116 46% 10,374,093 57% 7,924,515 43% Sindh6,552,795 3,844,929 59% 2,707,866 41% 2,551,368 39% 4,001,427 61% NWFP5,206,932 3,322,543 64% 1,884,389 36% 3,936,925 76% 1,270,007 24% Balochistan1,110, ,683 64% 396,479 36% 662,447 60% 447,715 40% ICT390, ,998 53% 181,890 47% 90,722 23% 300,166 77% FATA605, ,285 73% 165,152 27% 605, % - Northern Area 354, ,621 54% 164,341 46% 288,641 81% 66,321 19% AJK859, ,662 54% 395,132 46% 650,264 76% 209,530 24% Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

10 10 h. Vocational and Technical Institutions (Diploma and Certificate Programs) AreaInstitutionsEnrolmentTeachers Pakistan3,059238,68715,339 Punjab1,455116,4127,883 Sindh45457,8552,780 NWFP72748, Balochistan484, ICT543, FATA351, FANA1867, AJK1005, Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

11 11 i. Number of Deeni Madaris by Enrolment and Teaching staff Area No. of Deeni Madaris Covered No. of Deeni Madaris Refusal No. of Deeni Madaris for which Data is Collected Enrolment Teaching Staff Pakistan Punjab Sindh NWFP Balochistan ICT FATA FANA AJK Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

12 12 Budgetary Allocation for Education Ministry of Education Higher Education Commission Other Federal Ministries Punjab Sindh NWFP Balochistan AJK FATA FANA Total (Public Sector) Total (Private Sector) * Grand Total GDP(mp) (Economic survey ) on current factor cost. 3,8637,713- Education Budget as % of GDP 2.27%2.53%- (Rs. In Billion) Source: Details of demands for grants and appropriations , GoP, Finance Div. Budget books of the Govt. of Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, Balochistan and AJ&K for Official communications from various Federal Ministries/Divisions addressed to the MoE. Official Communications from the District Governments to the MoE. *Estimated

13 13 1.Uniform academic session from 1 st of September throughout the country. 2.Free education upto Matriculation. 3.Provision of free textbooks. 4.Grant of scholarships and incentives to girl students. 5.English language compulsory from Class-1 onwards. 6.Composite examination at Matric level throughout the country from 2007, province of Sindh will adopt it in Provision of missing facilities in schools through PESR (Rs billion for ). Reforms Undertaken Continue…

14 14 8. Introduction of English as medium of instruction for Science, Mathematics and Computer Science. Islamiyat and Pakistan Studies in Urdu in all schools. 9. Social Studies for Classes VI-VIII bifurcated into History and Geography as compulsory subjects. 10. New Scheme of Studies approved and notified with effect from Budgetary allocations for education increased. Continue…

15 New curriculum: Information Technology / Computer Education from Class-VI. Information Technology / Computer Education from Class-VI. All duplication in subjects eliminated. All duplication in subjects eliminated. Contents do not reflect thinking of any particular sect / school of thought. Contents do not reflect thinking of any particular sect / school of thought. Ethics, moral education and Haqooq-ul-ibad included. Ethics, moral education and Haqooq-ul-ibad included. Curriculum upgraded to ensure latest developments / ideas in science and technology. Progressive with vertical and horizontal linkages. Curriculum upgraded to ensure latest developments / ideas in science and technology. Progressive with vertical and horizontal linkages. New Groups i.e. Medical Technology Group and Computer Science Group introduced in Class XI-XII. New Groups i.e. Medical Technology Group and Computer Science Group introduced in Class XI-XII. Continue…

16 Ordinance issued for regulatory authority for registration of private sector educational institutions. 14. Format of the question papers for the Board examinations revised. The papers will have three parts: i.20% objective questions. The questions will have multiple choices. ii.50% questions for short answers. iii.30% questions for descriptive answers. -During 2006 teachers being trained to prepare children to answer questions on this pattern from Continue…

17 NAVTEC established to ensure: i. Vocational Schools: at each Tehsil and at industrial clusters. All dropout from schools be encouraged to enroll. ii. Polytechnic Institutes: at District level for matriculates to produce technicians /supervisors. iii. Technical Colleges: 4/5 in each province for F.Sc. qualified students to produce technical graduates. 16. Teachers status improved, recruitment of female teachers given priority. 17. National textbook policy formulated. 18. Curriculum for the following eleven core compulsory subjects have been revised: IslamiatIII-XII Physics IX-XII Urdu I-XII ChemistryIX-XII EnglishI-XII BiologyIX-XII Pakistan StudiesIX-X MathematicsI-XII History VI– VIII General Science IV-VIII GeographyVI-VIII

18 Thank You


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