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Pakistan Education Sector Reforms Efforts Government of Pakistan Ministry of Education.

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1 Pakistan Education Sector Reforms Efforts Government of Pakistan Ministry of Education

2 2 Scheme of Presentation 1.Present Environment of Education: a.Literacy Rates in Pakistan by Gender b.Number of Institutions, Enrolment and Teaching Staff c.Public Institutions: Missing Facilities d.Educational Institutions by Medium of Instruction. e.Comparative Summary of Enrolment f.Enrollment & Drop-outs up to Intermediate Level 2000 & 2005 g.Enrolment by Gender and location h.Vocational and Technical Institutions (Diploma and Certificate Programs) i.Number of Deeni Madaris by Enrolment and Teaching Staff 2.Budgetary Allocation for Education 3.Reforms Undertaken

3 3 Present Environment of Education a. Literacy Rate in Pakistan by Gender Census 1998 (in %) PSLM 2004-05 (in %) TotalMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemale Pakistan445532536540 Punjab46.657.235.1556545 Sindh Urban63.769.856.7728062 Rural25.737.912.2385618 Total45.354.534.8566841 NWFP35.451.418.8456426 Balochistan24.834.014.1375219 Sources: Population Census, 1998 and Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement (PSLM) Survey 2004-05

4 4 b. Number of Institutions, Enrolment and Teaching Staff Area Educational Institutions Non- Functional Enrolment Teaching Staff Pakistan227,79112,73733,379,5781,356,802 Punjab110,4592,74218,298,608716,768 Sindh51,0067,4426,552,795290,749 NWFP37,7611,7815,206,932198,893 Balochistan10,9863061,110,16250,893 ICT1,18923390,88819,387 FATA5,145123605,43722,079 Northern Area 3,977128354,96215,196 AJK7,268192859,79442,837 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

5 5 Province Without Boundary Wall Without Boundary Wall Without Drinking Water Without Drinking Water Without Electricity Without Electricity without Latrine without Latrine Without Building Without Building 2000200520002005200020052000200520002005 Pakistan7286553,48156,09446,76699,59781,63378,65557,21621,1269,776 Punjab29,85018,33912,91813,69043,11032,18936,65222,2066,9463,433 Sindh18,68914,83817,91011,58625,00522,14918,81512,8429,8344,001 NWFP12,0939,01412,7409,77417,35913,71611,13810,3922,2011,214 Baloch- istan 7,6565,4479,0105,6212,1526,9508,7386,1371,481585 ICT635154324120563906- FATA1,8391,2751,8522,0131,7972,0451,8392,079110292 FANA9107484921,0859031,0331,12673810436 AJK1,7653,7691,1182,9651,6143,5311,7742,783444215 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006 c. Public Institutions: Missing Facilities

6 6 d. Educational Institutions by Medium of Instruction Type # of Institutions Medium of Instruction (in %) UrduEnglishSindhiOthers* Total22779164.610.415.59.5 Boys5786877.32.96.713.2 Girls4847578.32.69.39.8 Mixed12144853.117.122.27.6 Public151,74468.31.422.47.9 Boys50,26582.21.27.59.1 Girls4187880.61.46.711.3 Mixed59,60148.01.643.47.0 Private76,04757.228.41.812.7 Boys6,59763.710.72.623.0 Girls7,60244.41.41.352.9 Mixed61,84758.032.11.77.7 * It includes Pushto, Balochi, Arabic Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

7 7 e. Comparative Summary of Enrollment Area Enrolment at all levels (Primary to Tertiary) 20002003 Increase in % over 2000 2005 Pakistan22,584,64023,871,5515.733,379,57847.8 Punjab12,574,34913,193,5564.918,298,60845.5 Sindh4,391,5944,765,0618.56,552,79549.2 NWFP3,473,4813,619,8944.25,206,93249.9 Balochistan841,033881,2794.81,110,16232.0 ICT190,520206,5798.4390,888105.2 FATA436,107499,92114.6605,43738.0 FANA125,017140,48412.4354,962184.0 AJK552,539564,7242.2859,79455.6 *Increase based on base year 2000 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

8 8 f. Enrollment & Drop-outs up to Intermediate Level 2000 & 2005 Up to Class 12 Up to Class 10 Up to Class 8 Up to Class 5 0.076 1.311 3.074 12.480 Inter & HSSC * Secondary Middle Primary Student Enrolment in Public Institutions 1999-2000 2004-05 Dropout Stage Dropouts 1999-2000 Dropouts 2004-05 0.708 1.479 3.323 14.829 30.14% 22.41% 24.5% 53.0% 0.023 0.294 0.753 6.614 15.7% 15.68% 15.9% 31.3% 0.111 0.232 0.528 4.641 0.539 1.316 6.865 46.30% 39.60% 36.44% During Inter/HSSC During Secondary (SSC) During Middle During Primary After Middle After Primary After Secondary Total: 16.941 Million Total: 7.684 Million Total: 5.512 Million Total: 20.339 Million Note: (i) Total eligible for enrolment (3 to 16 age group):50.270 million52.256 million (ii) Enrolment in Public and Private Institutions:25.072 million33.379 million (iii) Enrolment in Public Sector:16.941 million21.258 million (iv) Children do not enroll.25.198 million18.877 million * Data for Inter/HSSC relate to Academic Year 2000-01. 1999-2000 2004-2005

9 9 g. Enrolment by Gender and Location Province/AreaTotalMaleFemaleRuralUrban Pakistan33,379,578 18,981,213 57% 14,398,365 43% 19,159,897 57% 14,219,681 43% Punjab18,298,608 9,795,492 54% 8,503,116 46% 10,374,093 57% 7,924,515 43% Sindh6,552,795 3,844,929 59% 2,707,866 41% 2,551,368 39% 4,001,427 61% NWFP5,206,932 3,322,543 64% 1,884,389 36% 3,936,925 76% 1,270,007 24% Balochistan1,110,162 713,683 64% 396,479 36% 662,447 60% 447,715 40% ICT390,888 208,998 53% 181,890 47% 90,722 23% 300,166 77% FATA605,437 440,285 73% 165,152 27% 605,437 100% - Northern Area 354,962 190,621 54% 164,341 46% 288,641 81% 66,321 19% AJK859,794 464,662 54% 395,132 46% 650,264 76% 209,530 24% Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

10 10 h. Vocational and Technical Institutions (Diploma and Certificate Programs) AreaInstitutionsEnrolmentTeachers Pakistan3,059238,68715,339 Punjab1,455116,4127,883 Sindh45457,8552,780 NWFP72748,3423114 Balochistan484,538451 ICT543,612265 FATA351,520134 FANA1867,633272 AJK1005,045440 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

11 11 i. Number of Deeni Madaris by Enrolment and Teaching staff Area No. of Deeni Madaris Covered No. of Deeni Madaris Refusal No. of Deeni Madaris for which Data is Collected Enrolment Teaching Staff Pakistan1297982612153154924258391 Punjab5459159530067428124977 Sindh1935119181631269311951 NWFP2843275256833698312058 Balochistan76999670655972891 ICT77156210557657 FATA135439214162481 FANA1193391154885403160 AJK56877491464292216 Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006

12 12 Budgetary Allocation for Education 2000-012005-062006-07 Ministry of Education 5.086.89.55 Higher Education Commission -22.2027.58 Other Federal Ministries 2.907.407.59 Punjab31.3960.7583.97 Sindh16.1628.9039.92 NWFP11.3518.2323.68 Balochistan4.738.869.63 AJK2.253.754.63 FATA1.492.103.78 FANA0.490.981.39 Total (Public Sector) 75.88160.00211.77 Total (Private Sector) 12.0035.9140.69* Grand Total 87.88195.91252.46 GDP(mp) (Economic survey 2005-06) on current factor cost. 3,8637,713- Education Budget as % of GDP 2.27%2.53%- (Rs. In Billion) Source: Details of demands for grants and appropriations 2006-07, GoP, Finance Div. Budget books of the Govt. of Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, Balochistan and AJ&K for 2006-07. Official communications from various Federal Ministries/Divisions addressed to the MoE. Official Communications from the District Governments to the MoE. *Estimated

13 13 1.Uniform academic session from 1 st of September throughout the country. 2.Free education upto Matriculation. 3.Provision of free textbooks. 4.Grant of scholarships and incentives to girl students. 5.English language compulsory from Class-1 onwards. 6.Composite examination at Matric level throughout the country from 2007, province of Sindh will adopt it in 2008. 7.Provision of missing facilities in schools through PESR (Rs. 1.05 billion for 2006-07). Reforms Undertaken Continue…

14 14 8. Introduction of English as medium of instruction for Science, Mathematics and Computer Science. Islamiyat and Pakistan Studies in Urdu in all schools. 9. Social Studies for Classes VI-VIII bifurcated into History and Geography as compulsory subjects. 10. New Scheme of Studies approved and notified with effect from 2007. 11. Budgetary allocations for education increased. Continue…

15 15 12. New curriculum: Information Technology / Computer Education from Class-VI. Information Technology / Computer Education from Class-VI. All duplication in subjects eliminated. All duplication in subjects eliminated. Contents do not reflect thinking of any particular sect / school of thought. Contents do not reflect thinking of any particular sect / school of thought. Ethics, moral education and Haqooq-ul-ibad included. Ethics, moral education and Haqooq-ul-ibad included. Curriculum upgraded to ensure latest developments / ideas in science and technology. Progressive with vertical and horizontal linkages. Curriculum upgraded to ensure latest developments / ideas in science and technology. Progressive with vertical and horizontal linkages. New Groups i.e. Medical Technology Group and Computer Science Group introduced in Class XI-XII. New Groups i.e. Medical Technology Group and Computer Science Group introduced in Class XI-XII. Continue…

16 16 13. Ordinance issued for regulatory authority for registration of private sector educational institutions. 14. Format of the question papers for the Board examinations revised. The papers will have three parts: i.20% objective questions. The questions will have multiple choices. ii.50% questions for short answers. iii.30% questions for descriptive answers. -During 2006 teachers being trained to prepare children to answer questions on this pattern from 2007. Continue…

17 17 15. NAVTEC established to ensure: i. Vocational Schools: at each Tehsil and at industrial clusters. All dropout from schools be encouraged to enroll. ii. Polytechnic Institutes: at District level for matriculates to produce technicians /supervisors. iii. Technical Colleges: 4/5 in each province for F.Sc. qualified students to produce technical graduates. 16. Teachers status improved, recruitment of female teachers given priority. 17. National textbook policy formulated. 18. Curriculum for the following eleven core compulsory subjects have been revised: IslamiatIII-XII Physics IX-XII Urdu I-XII ChemistryIX-XII EnglishI-XII BiologyIX-XII Pakistan StudiesIX-X MathematicsI-XII History VI– VIII General Science IV-VIII GeographyVI-VIII

18 Thank You


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