Presentation on theme: "Medieval Romance. The term romance comes from Romance languages, meaning those languages derived from Latin (French, Italian, Spanish) Many of the first."— Presentation transcript:
The term romance comes from Romance languages, meaning those languages derived from Latin (French, Italian, Spanish) Many of the first romances were written in those languages Examples: –Le Morte dArthur (The Death of King Arthur) –Le Roman du Rose (The Romance of the Rose) –Tristan and Isolde –Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
CHARACTERISTICS A highly artificial and stylized genre Characters are lords and ladies Love and chivalry– somewhat contradictory themes Magic and enchantment, religious mysticism Lots of fighting, gore, pageantry Quests The Knight as a central character
The Knight A WARRIOR, CHRISTIAN and LOVER Possesses good manners, delicacy, protocol Has deference and passion (both!) for ladies Has skills as a poet, musician, writer, speaker and dancer
The beginning of "The Knight's Tale" illuminated manuscript, Huntington Library, California
13 th century illuminated manuscript: Lancelot du lac fait porter un échiquier magique à la Reine Guenièvre
"The Rescue of Guinevere" by William Hatherell (1855-1920)
The Romance and Love The Romance tells of ideal, not realistic love Love is so passionate as to cause fever and illness Love is usually outside of marriage Adultery is almost always inevitable, but has tragic consequences
The Knight and Lady The Knight dedicates himself to the glorification of his Lady, either in secret or openly He wears her colors to tournaments, devotes his trophies to her All of his acts of heroism and valor are in her honor The Lady is generally demanding, sometimes cruel, but always beautiful, intelligent and spirited.
Lancelot and Guineveres First Kiss, Manuscript illustration, c 1400. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris
Works Cited and Consulted Hatherell, William. The Rescue of Guinevere. Oil on canvas, 1910. Rpt. Arthurian Legends Illustrated. Kathleen Nichols. Pittsburg State U., 2003. 21 Sept. 2008.. The Knights Tale. Ellesmere Manuscript, ca. 1400. Illuminated manuscript. San Marino, CA.: The Huntington Library. Rpt. The Knights Tale in Images. Luminarium.1997-2006. 21 Sept. 2008.. Lancelot and Guineveres First Kiss. Unknown artist. Manuscript illustration, c. 1400. Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale. Rpt. Lancelot du Lac. Timeless Myths. 1999. 21 Sept. 2008.. Lancelot du lac fait porter un échiquier magique à la Reine Guenièvre. Unknown artist. Late 13 th C. Rpt. Tableaux ayant pour sujet les échecs. 21 Sept. 2008.. Leighton, Edmund Blair. The Accolade. 1901. Rpt. CGFA. 21 Sept. 2008.. Love, D. Al this Peynted Process': Chaucer and the Psychology of Courtly Love. English Studies. 83.5 (Nov. 2002), 391-398.