Presentation on theme: "Instructional Models: Blueprints for Teaching Physical Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 Instructional Models: Blueprints for Teaching Physical Education Mike MetzlerGeorgia State UniversityAtlanta, Georgia
2 What is an Instructional Model? An instructional model is a comprehensive and coherent plan for teaching that includes:a theoretical foundationintended learning outcomesteacher’s content knowledge expertisedevelopmentally appropriate and sequenced learning activitiesexpectations for teacher and student behaviorsunique task structuresassessments of learning outcomesbenchmarks for assessing the implementation of the model
3 What are Instructional Models (really)? Or, think of them as “Blueprints for learning”Why a blueprint?
9 Curriculum Models and Instructional Models --Overall program content and goals--Yearly outcomes--Examples:FitnessOutdoor EducationMovement EducationLifetime SportsSport EducationInstructional Models:--Unit learning goals--Unit content--Examples:Peer TeachingDirect InstructionSport EducationCollaborative Learning
10 Differences b/t a Model and a Style Model Style Based on long term outcomesBased on teacher and student actions/rolesOne used for the entire unitComprehensive by designUses many strategies(Most often) based on short term outcomesBased on “who decides”Can use many in a single lesson or unitVery focusedEach style is a strategy
11 Parts of Instructional Models Foundations:Theory and rationaleAssumptions about teaching and learningA themeLearning domain priorities and interactionsStudent developmental requirementsValidation
12 Parts of Instructional Models Teaching and Learning Features:Directness and inclusivenessTask presentation and learning tasksEngagement patternsContent progression planTeacher and student roles and responsibilitiesVerification of instructional processes (benchmarking)Assessment of learning
13 Parts of Instructional Models Implementation Needs and Modifications:Teacher expertiseKey teaching skillsContextual requirementsPlanningContextual modificationsModifications for diverse groups of learners
14 Parts of Instructional Models Learning Domain Priorities:PsychomotorCognitiveAffective/SocialCombination
15 8 Instructional Models for PE Direct InstructionPersonalized System for Instruction (PSI)Cooperative LearningSport EducationPeer TeachingInquiry TeachingTactical GamesTeaching for Personal and Social Responsibility
16 Themes for Instructional Models for PE Direct Instruction:“Teacher as instructional leader”Personalized System for Instruction (PSI):“Progress as fast as you can or as slowly as youneed”Cooperative Learning:“Students learning with, by, and for each other”Sport Education:“Becoming competent, literate and enthusiasticsportspersons”
17 Themes for Instructional Models for PE Peer Teaching:“I teach you, then you teach me”Inquiry Teaching:“Learner as problem solver”Tactical Games“Teaching games for understanding”Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility:“Integration, transfer, empowerment, andteacher-student relationships”
18 Using Instructional Models for Aligning… National/State/Provincial Standards for PE Curriculum Plan or Curriculum Model, with General Learning Outcomes (QEP Competencies) Instructional Units with Specific Learning Outcomes (“Key Features”) Instructional Model for Each Unit Student Engagement for Learning
19 Selecting an Instructional Model Deductive process (do not start with a model in mind)The decision starts with stating the desired learning outcomes, and then giving close attention to context, teacher, learners, standards, etc.
20 Selecting an Instructional Model What is the most important learning outcome/s for this unit?What is the content?Who are the students?What is the teacher’s expertise, re:content?Are there any contextual/resource limitations?What is the best model/s for this unit?
21 General Outcomes for Elementary PE & H Quebec Education PlanGeneral Outcomes for Elementary PE & H
24 Possible Models to Use: Cooperative Learning Peer Teaching Competency 2: To Cooperate in Developing a Plan Competency 3: Carry Out a Plan to Change Some Personal Lifestyle HabitsPossible Models to Use:Cooperative Learning Peer Teaching
25 Benchmarks for Instructional Models Used to verify if the teacher is following the model’s design:-- Some are for planning and management-- Some are for the teacher-- Some are for the students-- Some are for assessment
27 Some Resources for Model-Based Instruction in Physical Education Instructional Models:Metzler, M. (2005). Instructional models for physical education (2nd Ed.). Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway.Personalized System for Instruction (PSI):Metzler, M. (Ed.)(2000). The Personalized Sport Instruction Series. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. (6 PSI courses developed for college basic instruction programs)Sport Education:Siedentop, D. (1994). Sport education: Quality PE through positive sport experiences. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.Siedentop, D. (2004). Complete guide to sport education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
28 Some Resources for Model-Based Instruction in Physical Education Tactical Games:Thorpe, R., Bunker, D. & Almond, L. (1982). Rethinking games teaching. Loughborough, England: Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Technology.Griffin, L., Mitchell, S. & Oslin, J. (1997). Teaching sports concepts and skills: A tactical games approach. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.Mitchell, S., Oslin, J. & Griffin, L. (2003). Sport foundations for elementary physical education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility:Hellison, D. (2003). Teaching responsibility through physical activity (2nd Ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.Cooperative Learning:Grineski, S. (1996). Cooperative learning in physical education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.