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Instructional Models: Blueprints for Teaching Physical Education Mike Metzler Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia

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Presentation on theme: "Instructional Models: Blueprints for Teaching Physical Education Mike Metzler Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia"— Presentation transcript:

1 Instructional Models: Blueprints for Teaching Physical Education Mike Metzler Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia

2 What is an Instructional Model? An instructional model is a comprehensive and coherent plan for teaching that includes: An instructional model is a comprehensive and coherent plan for teaching that includes: a theoretical foundation a theoretical foundation intended learning outcomes intended learning outcomes teachers content knowledge expertise teachers content knowledge expertise developmentally appropriate and sequenced learning activities developmentally appropriate and sequenced learning activities expectations for teacher and student behaviors expectations for teacher and student behaviors unique task structures unique task structures assessments of learning outcomes assessments of learning outcomes benchmarks for assessing the implementation of the model benchmarks for assessing the implementation of the model

3 What are Instructional Models (really)? Or, think of them as Blueprints for learning Or, think of them as Blueprints for learning Why a blueprint? Why a blueprint?

4 Visualizing the Outcome…

5 Visualizing the Outcome

6 What can you do with a blueprint? See the plan on paper See the plan on paper Fit plan to setting Fit plan to setting Adjust before you start Adjust before you start Determine materials Determine materials Check progress Check progress Get others views Get others views Preview for user/owner Preview for user/owner Match final w/plan Match final w/plan

7 So that this…

8 Doesnt turn out to be this…

9 Curriculum Models and Instructional Models Curriculum Models: --Overall program content and goals --Yearly outcomes --Examples: Fitness Fitness Outdoor Education Outdoor Education Movement Education Movement Education Lifetime Sports Lifetime Sports Sport Education Sport Education Instructional Models: --Unit learning goals --Unit content --Examples: Peer Teaching Peer Teaching Direct Instruction Direct Instruction Sport Education Sport Education Collaborative Learning Collaborative Learning

10 Differences b/t a Model and a Style Model Style Based on long term outcomes Based on long term outcomes Based on teacher and student actions/roles Based on teacher and student actions/roles One used for the entire unit One used for the entire unit Comprehensive by design Comprehensive by design Uses many strategies Uses many strategies (Most often) based on short term outcomes (Most often) based on short term outcomes Based on who decides Based on who decides Can use many in a single lesson or unit Can use many in a single lesson or unit Very focused Very focused Each style is a strategy Each style is a strategy

11 Parts of Instructional Models Foundations: Foundations: Theory and rationale Theory and rationale Assumptions about teaching and learning Assumptions about teaching and learning A theme A theme Learning domain priorities and interactions Learning domain priorities and interactions Student developmental requirements Student developmental requirements Validation Validation

12 Parts of Instructional Models Teaching and Learning Features: Teaching and Learning Features: Directness and inclusiveness Directness and inclusiveness Task presentation and learning tasks Task presentation and learning tasks Engagement patterns Engagement patterns Content progression plan Content progression plan Teacher and student roles and responsibilities Teacher and student roles and responsibilities Verification of instructional processes (benchmarking) Verification of instructional processes (benchmarking) Assessment of learning Assessment of learning

13 Parts of Instructional Models Implementation Needs and Modifications: Implementation Needs and Modifications: Teacher expertise Teacher expertise Key teaching skills Key teaching skills Contextual requirements Contextual requirements Planning Planning Contextual modifications Contextual modifications Modifications for diverse groups of learners Modifications for diverse groups of learners

14 Parts of Instructional Models Learning Domain Priorities: Learning Domain Priorities: Psychomotor Psychomotor Cognitive Cognitive Affective/Social Affective/Social Combination Combination

15 8 Instructional Models for PE Direct Instruction Direct Instruction Personalized System for Instruction (PSI) Personalized System for Instruction (PSI) Cooperative Learning Cooperative Learning Sport Education Sport Education Peer Teaching Peer Teaching Inquiry Teaching Inquiry Teaching Tactical Games Tactical Games Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility

16 Themes for Instructional Models for PE Direct Instruction: Direct Instruction: Teacher as instructional leader Teacher as instructional leader Personalized System for Instruction (PSI): Personalized System for Instruction (PSI): Progress as fast as you can or as slowly as you Progress as fast as you can or as slowly as you need need Cooperative Learning: Cooperative Learning: Students learning with, by, and for each other Students learning with, by, and for each other Sport Education: Sport Education: Becoming competent, literate and enthusiastic Becoming competent, literate and enthusiastic sportspersons sportspersons

17 Themes for Instructional Models for PE Peer Teaching: Peer Teaching: I teach you, then you teach me I teach you, then you teach me Inquiry Teaching: Inquiry Teaching: Learner as problem solver Learner as problem solver Tactical Games Tactical Games Teaching games for understanding Teaching games for understanding Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility: Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility: Integration, transfer, empowerment, and Integration, transfer, empowerment, and teacher-student relationships teacher-student relationships

18 Using Instructional Models for Aligning… National/State/Provincial Standards for PE Curriculum Plan or Curriculum Model, with General Learning Outcomes (QEP Competencies) Instructional Units with Specific Learning Outcomes (Key Features) Instructional Model for Each Unit Student Engagement for Learning

19 Selecting an Instructional Model 1. Deductive process (do not start with a model in mind) 2. The decision starts with stating the desired learning outcomes, and then giving close attention to context, teacher, learners, standards, etc.

20 Selecting an Instructional Model 1. What is the most important learning outcome/s for this unit? 2. What is the content? 3. Who are the students? 4. What is the teachers expertise, re:content? 5. Are there any contextual/resource limitations? 6. What is the best model/s for this unit?

21 Quebec Education Plan General Outcomes for Elementary PE & H

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24 Competency 2: To Cooperate in Developing a Plan Competency 3: Carry Out a Plan to Change Some Personal Lifestyle Habits Possible Models to Use: Cooperative Learning Cooperative Learning Peer Teaching Peer Teaching

25 Benchmarks for Instructional Models Used to verify if the teacher is following the models design: Used to verify if the teacher is following the models design: -- Some are for planning and management -- Some are for the teacher -- Some are for the students -- Some are for assessment

26 Preview of Terrys Workshop

27 Some Resources for Model-Based Instruction in Physical Education Instructional Models: Instructional Models: Metzler, M. (2005). Instructional models for physical education (2nd Ed.). Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway. Personalized System for Instruction (PSI): Personalized System for Instruction (PSI): Metzler, M. (Ed.)(2000). The Personalized Sport Instruction Series. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. (6 PSI courses developed for college basic instruction programs) Sport Education: Sport Education: Siedentop, D. (1994). Sport education: Quality PE through positive sport experiences. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Siedentop, D. (2004). Complete guide to sport education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

28 Some Resources for Model-Based Instruction in Physical Education Tactical Games: Tactical Games: Thorpe, R., Bunker, D. & Almond, L. (1982). Rethinking games teaching. Loughborough, England: Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Technology. Griffin, L., Mitchell, S. & Oslin, J. (1997). Teaching sports concepts and skills: A tactical games approach. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Mitchell, S., Oslin, J. & Griffin, L. (2003). Sport foundations for elementary physical education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility: Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility: Hellison, D. (2003). Teaching responsibility through physical activity (2nd Ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Cooperative Learning: Cooperative Learning: Grineski, S. (1996). Cooperative learning in physical education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.


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