Presentation on theme: "Benefits of Preschool Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 Benefits of Preschool Education W. Steven Barnett, DirectorNational Institute for Early Education ResearchRutgers—The State University of New JerseyFor further information go to our website:
2 Preschool’s Benefits Increased Achievement Test Scores Improved Behavior and AttitudesDecreased Grade RetentionDecreased Special EducationDecreased Crime & DelinquencyIncreased High School Graduation
3 Three Exemplary Studies High/Scope Perry Preschool– a half-day program on a small scale in the Ypsilanti, MI public schoolsTrue Experiment, n=123, follow-up to age 27Abecedarian educational child care– a full-day year-round program in Chapel Hill, NCTrue Experiment, n=111, follow-up to age 21Chicago-Child Parent Centers (CPC)– a half-day program on a large scale in the Chicago public schoolsQuasi-Experimental, n=1286, follow-up to age 18-21
18 Cost – Benefit Analysis of Preschool for Disadvantaged Children Cost Benefit to SocietyPerry Preschool: $12,000 $108,000Abecedarian: $35,864 $136,000CPC: $7,000 $ 48,000All three studies find that economic benefits from intensive, high-quality programs to taxpayers and participants combined far exceed the cost of high-quality programs (comparable to the cost of public education generally).
19 Education ChallengesMany Children Start School with Significant Academic DisadvantagesMany Social and Emotional Problems Are Evident Prior to School EntryHigh School Graduation Declined 40 YearsCollege Graduation Rate Flat for 25 Years
20 Middle Class Children At Risk Too Middle class children have fairly high rates of academic problems preschool reduces for low-income children.Reducing these problems could generate large benefits.Income Retention DropoutLowest 20% 17% %20-80% % %Highest 20% 8% %Source:US Department of Education, NCES (1997). Dropout rates in the United States: Figures are multi-year averages.
25 ConclusionsPreschool produces cognitive and social emotional gains for children (at least disadvantaged)Quality preschool education can be a good economic investmentMost 3-4 year old children already attend some type of classroomAccess and quality must be improved if society is to obtain the returns