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Benefits of Preschool Education

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Presentation on theme: "Benefits of Preschool Education"— Presentation transcript:

1 Benefits of Preschool Education
W. Steven Barnett, Director National Institute for Early Education Research Rutgers—The State University of New Jersey For further information go to our website:

2 Preschool’s Benefits Increased Achievement Test Scores
Improved Behavior and Attitudes Decreased Grade Retention Decreased Special Education Decreased Crime & Delinquency Increased High School Graduation

3 Three Exemplary Studies
High/Scope Perry Preschool– a half-day program on a small scale in the Ypsilanti, MI public schools True Experiment, n=123, follow-up to age 27 Abecedarian educational child care– a full-day year-round program in Chapel Hill, NC True Experiment, n=111, follow-up to age 21 Chicago-Child Parent Centers (CPC)– a half-day program on a large scale in the Chicago public schools Quasi-Experimental, n=1286, follow-up to age 18-21

4 Perry Preschool IQ Over Time

5 Perry Preschool: Educational Effects

6 Perry: Arrests Per Person by Age 27

7 Perry: Economic Benefits at Age 27

8 Abecedarian IQ Scores Over Time

9 Abecedarian Reading Ach. Over Time

10 Abecedarian Math Achievement Over Time

11 Abecedarian : Academic Benefits

12 Abecedarian: Benefits to Mothers and Children

13 CPC Academic Benefits

14 CPC Social Benefits

15 Perry: Economic Return to the Public (excludes $20,000 in economic benefits to participants)

16 Abecedarian: Economic Return

17 CPC: Economic Return

18 Cost – Benefit Analysis of Preschool for Disadvantaged Children
Cost Benefit to Society Perry Preschool: $12,000 $108,000 Abecedarian: $35,864 $136,000 CPC: $7,000 $ 48,000 All three studies find that economic benefits from intensive, high-quality programs to taxpayers and participants combined far exceed the cost of high-quality programs (comparable to the cost of public education generally).

19 Education Challenges Many Children Start School with Significant Academic Disadvantages Many Social and Emotional Problems Are Evident Prior to School Entry High School Graduation Declined 40 Years College Graduation Rate Flat for 25 Years

20 Middle Class Children At Risk Too
Middle class children have fairly high rates of academic problems preschool reduces for low-income children. Reducing these problems could generate large benefits. Income Retention Dropout Lowest 20% 17% % 20-80% % % Highest 20% 8% % Source:US Department of Education, NCES (1997). Dropout rates in the United States: Figures are multi-year averages.

21 Most Children Attend Preschool

22 Preschool Attendance by Mother’s Education

23 Preschool Classroom Quality is Too Low
Excellent Good Minimal

24 Child Care Teacher Literacy is Low

25 Conclusions Preschool produces cognitive and social emotional gains for children (at least disadvantaged) Quality preschool education can be a good economic investment Most 3-4 year old children already attend some type of classroom Access and quality must be improved if society is to obtain the returns

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