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Quality in Education Shelley OGrady, M.S. Assistant Professor Biotechnology Department, Austin Community College

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Presentation on theme: "Quality in Education Shelley OGrady, M.S. Assistant Professor Biotechnology Department, Austin Community College"— Presentation transcript:

1 Quality in Education Shelley OGrady, M.S. Assistant Professor Biotechnology Department, Austin Community College

2 Acknowledgements This work was sponsored by South-Central Region of Bio-link Developing a quality system is a *team* effort Contributors: Bio-link Linnea Fletcher Trish Phelps Evelyn Goss Steven Spurlock Coe Vander Zee Students of BITC1402 Spring 2010

3 Teaching Quality It is the mission of the Biotechnology Department to disseminate quality processes throughout the department in a systematic and conscientious program of Leading by Example

4 Teaching Quality: Austin Community College, Biotechnology Department Quality Course: Quality Assurance for the Biosciences The Biotechnology Department offers a distance- learning course covering quality assurance principles and applications which is required of all Biotechnology degree plans This class can also be taken as a Continuing Education course

5 Quality Assurance Course The learning objectives in this course include: Defining quality Regulations, Rules and Agencies as They Pertain to Biotechnology Quality documentation and Quality Systems in the Laboratory International Organization for Standardization (ISO9000) system of quality FDA regulations to the biotechnology, biopharmaceutical, & biomedical device industries

6 Teaching Quality: Quality in the classroom Quality procedures built into the program: Quality manual Student & Faculty Handbooks: departmental- specific policies & procedures SOPs booklet – laboratory procedures QA/QC lab exercises in every course: Maintaining Notebook, logbook Properly follow written protocols, & SOPs Filling out forms Creating SOPs, procedures, forms Equipment validation

7 Quality: Lead by Example Why bother with developing a quality system? Were already doing everything right! If it aint broke… Costs resources! employee time, computers, money to pay for auditors, standards and guidances

8 Quality: Benefits the student! Teach students about quality systems by immersing them in a quality system Learn by example Learn by doing Added value for the student Increased student satisfaction

9 Quality: Benefits educator! Build a better program Organize, standardize program Improve responsiveness to technology change Demonstrate effective teaching Assure greater consistency in curricula Produce higher quality graduates Improve cooperation between teachers and administrators Help with educational audits: Texas Skills Standards Board, Southern Association of Colleges & Schools

10 Quality Management Systems

11 Quality does not happen by accident A quality management system requires: Resources Planning Commitment Seidman & Moore, 2009

12 Quality systems are customer-oriented - Who is the educators customer? Customer: Student (the learner) Product: Education service Interested party: Governing bodies (TSSB, SACS) Local biotech community Tax payers – local and federal Parents College staff IWA 2:2007

13 Quality Management Systems Many different types of systems Depends on type of product Depends on workplace Different consequences for a poor product! For example, pharmaceutical products follow cGMP regulations Bad product can result in death Government enforced Voluntary systems, such as ISO9000 series Seidman & Moore, 2009

14 International Organization for Standardization Why did we choose ISO to model our QMS? Tried and tested method, effective results Local biotech community is ISO 9001 certified We teach ISO standards in the classroom Want to immerse the student in an ISO environment We currently use process systems Flexibility in system

15 ISO: International Organization for Standardization ISO9000 family of quality standards represents an international consensus on good quality management practices. ISO standards are general and therefore applicable to any company that makes a product or service Voluntary Certification is not a compulsory requirement

16 ISO: Quality Management Principles 1. Customer focus 2. Visionary Leadership 3. Involvement of people 4. Process approach 5. Systems approach to management 6. Continual improvement 7. Factual approach to decision making 8. Collaboration with partners IWA 2:2007

17 Additional Principles to sustain success 1. Creating learner value Satisfaction measures 2. Focusing on social value How learners feel about ethics, safety, environmental conservation 3. Agility Address ever-changing education environment 4. Autonomy Self-analysis

18 ISO 9001 There are five sections in the standard that specify activities that need to be considered when implementing the system: 1. Overall requirements for the quality management system 2. Management responsibility, focus, policy, planning and objectives 3. Resource management 4. Product realization & process management 5. Monitoring, analysis and improvement

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20 ISO 9001:2008 Provides a set of standardized requirements for a quality management system Provides a tried & tested framework for taking a systematic approach to managing the organizations processes so that they consistently turn out product that satisfies the customers needs Lays down what requirements your quality system must meet, but does not dictate how they should be met

21 ISO in Education IWA 2:2007 provides guidelines for a quality management system in educational organizations based on ISO 9001:2000

22 International Workshop Agreement In order to respond to urgent market requirements, ISO prepares documents through a workshop mechanism, external to its normal committee processes Documents are published by ISO as International Workshop Agreements

23 Process Approach for Management Systems

24 The purpose of this approach is to enhance an organizations effectiveness and efficiency in achieving its defined objectives Enhancing customer satisfaction by meeting customer requirements!

25 What is a process? Set of interrelated or interacting activities which transforms inputs into outputs Inputs and outputs may be tangible or intangible Each process has customers and other interested parties who define the required outputs of the process A system should be used to gather data, provide information about process performance then analyzed to determine corrective action or improvement

26 Typical Processes Processes for management of organization Strategic planning, establishing policies, setting objectives, ensuring resources Processes for managing resources Provide resources for quality objectives and desired outcomes Realization Processes All processes that provide desired outcome Measurement, analysis & improvement Measuring, monitoring, auditing, improvement

27 Examples of process in education Accrediting and certifying programs Acquiring materials and other resources Assessing performance Allocating teaching load Evaluating current curriculum Developing course material Ensuring ISO 9001 requirements are known, implemented & maintained

28 Process Approach for Management Systems Benefits to the process approach: 1. Integration & alignment of processes 2. Focus effort on effectiveness & efficiency 3. Transparency of operations 4. Lower costs through effective use of resources 5. Improved, consistent and predictable results 6. Focused and prioritized improvement initiatives 7. Encouragement of the involvement of people 8. The clarification of responsibilities

29 Process Guidelines All processes should be aligned with the objectives & scope of the organization and should be designed to add value Process effectiveness & efficiency is assessed through internal and external review processes

30 ISO 9001:2008 Standard on processes The organization shall establish, document, implement and maintain a quality management system and continually improve its effectiveness a. Determine processes needed b. Determine sequence & interaction of processes c. Determine criteria needed to keep operation & control of process effective d. Ensure the availability of resources & information needed to support operation & monitoring of processes e. Monitor, measure & analyze processes f. Implement action to achieve planned results & continual improvement of processes

31 Documentation ISO 9001:2008 allows an organization flexibility in the way it chooses to document its quality management system

32 Documentation Documents Commitment Quality Manual Directive HandbooksSOPs Data collection NotebooksForms Seidman & Moore, 2009

33 Objective of Documentation Cornerstone of a quality system Written records that guide activities, substantiate and prove what occurred If it isnt written down, it wasnt done Say what you do, do what you say, be able to prove it, and improve it Seidman & Moore, 2009

34 "Prove it" "Say what you do" "Do what you say" Improve it Continuous Improvement Innovation "Unable to prove" Why? "Corrective and Preventive Actions" If it is not documented, it was not done! Objective of Documentation

35 Documentation: ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management System shall include: 1.Documented statements of a quality policy & objectives 2.A Quality Manual 3.Documented procedures required by standard 4.Documents needed to ensure effective planning, operation & control of processes 5.Records required by the standard

36 Quality Policy & Objectives Quality Policy communicates the commitment to quality both internally & externally Understood, maintained & implemented at all levels Quality Objectives communicates how you will meet the commitment in the quality policy Should be measurable & relevant

37 Quality Manual Describes the scope of the organizations quality management system and interaction of its educational and support processes It should contain or reference all applicable documented procedures and other criteria upon which the quality management system is based: Quality policy & objectives description of the processes Interaction of processes Procedures Instructions Other documents (drafts, forms, records) ISO: IWA 2

38 Other related QMS documents A few Biotechnology Education Related examples: Department-specific Faculty Handbook Department-specific Student Handbook Standard Operating Procedures Forms

39 Faculty & Student Handbook The most important reason to provide a handbook is to alleviate confusion on policies and procedures K.L. Summerville, 2007

40 Important applications of a handbook A reference to departmental-specific policies and procedures A guideline to be used during orientation Create a positive learning climate Policies and procedures that are clearly explained may prevent contentious issues from arising Encourage consistency of procedures and prevent confusion over important department policies Provide a document of the department expectations Allow eager faculty & students to grow professionally and to become successful K.L. Summerville, 2007

41 Faculty & Student Handbooks Be clear, concise, and consistent Set a positive tone in the introduction and follow through with positivity throughout the manual Let it serve as a *positive* tool for encouraging growth, improving morale, and aligning behavior with goals K.L. Summerville, 2007

42 Standard Operating Procedures Instruct personnel how to perform a task Importance: Provide consistency in the process Ensure task was performed correctly Help training in performing task Reduce possibility of error Seidman & Moore, 2009

43 Sample SOP: Cleaning Glassware

44 Data Collection: Forms Sometimes associated with SOPs Provide evidence a process was performed and performed correctly Can monitor the process as it is being performed Reminds personnel to record important required information Seidman & Moore, 2009

45 Sample Form: Media Preparation Form

46 Developing your QMS Where to start? This is a long-term process that should be realized in stages

47 Quality Management at your College 1. Decide to implement a QMS 2. Secure resources 3. Establish a Quality representative or team 4. Preliminary audit 5. Define quality plan - processes 6. Realize processes 7. Internal audit 8. External audit (optional) 9. Certification (optional) 10. Improvement activities

48 Quality Systems in Education Example ISO 9001:2008 certified:

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53 References 1. i.Guidance on the concept and use of the process approach for management systems ii.Guidance on the documentation requirements of ISO 9001: ISO IWA 2. Quality management systems – Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2000 in education Seidman & Moore, Basic Laboratory Methods for Biotechnology: Textbook & Laboratory Reference, 2 nd edition Prentice Hall. ISBN: Kerry L. Summerville. Hospitality Employee Management and Supervision: Concepts and Practical Applications Wiley. ISBN- 10: Biotechnology Department, ACC. SOP Booklet. 6 th edition. 2010

54 Thank you! If any of these documents Ive discussed are interesting or useful to you Im happy to share them with you. If you have ideas, suggestions, comments, Id love to hear them. me!


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