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GENDER SENSITIVE INDICATORS IN EDUCATION Rezart Xhelo Policy Specialist – GRB & Statistics, UN Women Albania.

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Presentation on theme: "GENDER SENSITIVE INDICATORS IN EDUCATION Rezart Xhelo Policy Specialist – GRB & Statistics, UN Women Albania."— Presentation transcript:

1 GENDER SENSITIVE INDICATORS IN EDUCATION Rezart Xhelo Policy Specialist – GRB & Statistics, UN Women Albania

2 2 UN Women mandate to mainstream gender in all field; Sex-disaggregated data are important for evidence based policy making; Statistics needed to monitor gender equality commitments of the GoA; CEDAW Article 10 – women & men have equal opportunities to education and training.

3 3

4 Source: LSMS 2002, 2005 & Ensure universal enrollment by 2015 (100%) - Progress from 2002 to 2005; - Drastic decrease in 2008, perhaps due to: various dimensions of pre-school quality, cost of private institutions, innigration, etc.

5 Source: INSTAT, target 100% - The decreasing trend, especially for girls requires further investigation! - Are boys more likely than girls to be repeaters at the primary level???

6 Source: WB data-base, target 100% - Net enrolment decreased by 19% for boys and 16.3% for girls; - Theres a reverse trend slightly lower for boys since Are schools gender-sensitive environments?

7 Source: WB data-base, target 100% - theres a gender gap increase; - - twice as many illiterates among the poor as the non-poor; - - twice as many illiterate women as illiterate men; - - 4% illiterate people in urban vs. 6% illiterate in rural areas;

8 Women find employment predominantly in jobs requiring either very low or very high levels of education. 8

9 Source: INSTAT, target 100% Gender differences are evident at pre-school, mandatory & high school level.

10 10 - Theres a tendency of boys to leaving education after the mandatory one. Theres no differences between rural and urban.

11 Source: INSTAT, Vocational education not really attractive for girls; - The majority of courses offered are so-called male professions - Few girls attend vocational courses in rural settings.

12 In all types of education: marked sex segregation of courses and disciplines along traditional gender roles and stereotypes. Women make up roughly 70% of academic staff But, less than 30% of women are directors at edu institutions. University programs have become more and more gender sensitive. Gender and education 12

13 After mandatory education, boys are 10% more likely to proceed with high-school education; However, at the end of high school, a significantly higher number of girls than boys obtain a secondary school diploma; Roughly 2/3 of all full-time university students in Albania are female; Access to education is not yet fully ensured for minority groups; Supporting studies, are required in the areas of net enrolment, literacy, and school drop-out. The gender stereotyped character of vocational education needs to be addressed. (VET Strategy) Gender and education 13

14 Harmonized indicators on GE & the status of women in Albania; National Rep on the Status of Women & GE Gender Wage Gap report Gender sensitive revision of textbooks; Raising gender awareness of teachers; 5-year official statistical programme. Harmonized indicators on GE & the status of women in Albania; National Rep on the Status of Women & GE Gender Wage Gap report Gender sensitive revision of textbooks; Raising gender awareness of teachers; 5-year official statistical programme. Joint program on Statistics; Monitoring and reporting; Specific analysis and interpretation of Annual Statistical Yearbook; Refine data according to ethnicity, disability & spatial residence; Run special support programmes for the establishment of non- traditional occupational profiles for both girls and boys. Joint program on Statistics; Monitoring and reporting; Specific analysis and interpretation of Annual Statistical Yearbook; Refine data according to ethnicity, disability & spatial residence; Run special support programmes for the establishment of non- traditional occupational profiles for both girls and boys. 14 So far…Forward …

15 Thank you 15


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