Good Morning S5! Today we are going to... Consider how education is used in the novel. Think about structure. Continue work on chapter questions.
Education Key Point Two very different views of education...Educated versus uneducated animals. Knowledge is power! Find quotes in chapters 2 and 3 that show the pigs intelligence.
Intelligent The work of teaching and organising the others fell naturally upon the pigs, who were generally recognised as being the cleverest of animals. (page 9) The pigs use their superior intelligence to manipulate society to their own benefit. They teach themselves to read and write. The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others. With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume leadership. (page 17)
Intelligent At first, they support the revolution by spreading it to the other animals. As most of the animals cannot remember Old Majors speech, the pigs simplify it for them into the 7 commandments. However, increasingly the pigs take advantage of them. With the knowledge that the pigs acquire, they are able to achieve and hold power over the other animals.
Work in pairs. Are the other animals unable or unwilling to learn what the pigs try to teach them? Read pages 20-23 to help you.
Unintelligent The animals are hard-working, loyal and gullible. They are naive – and not in a position to be better educated or informed. Animal Farm demonstrates how the inability or unwillingness to question authority condemns the working class to suffer the full extent of the ruling classs oppression.
Boxer and Clover Their most faithful disciples were the two cart-houses, Boxer and Clover. These two had great difficulty in thinking anything out for themselves. The horses are not natural thinkers – they represent the average working couple, without whom society would collapse. Also shown by their later difficulties with literacy which makes them easy targets for Squealers propaganda. absorbed shows their complete indoctrination. This is shown later by Boxers total devotion to the farm and windmill despite the laziness of the pigs. Without realising it, Boxer and Clover become as guilty as the pigs because they fail to realise that Animalism is at risk of corruption. They are essential to Napoleons power because they recruited other animals to the positive nature of Animalism.
Snowball He seeks to educate all the animals. His attempts are commendable, but doomed. Mollie uses her knowledge of the alphabet to pursue her own vanity, Benjamin refuses to read and the more intelligent animals (such as the dogs) will not extend their knowledge. Few of them are willing to broaden their horizons and this makes them vulnerable.
The Education of the Puppies Napoleon doesnt have time for Snowballs teaching. He concentrates on the puppies. They are not educated, but INDOCTRINED (brainwashed). The education of the young is more important than anything that could be done for those who are already grown up. (Napoleon, page 22) It was noticed that they wagged their tails to him in the same way as the other dogs had been used to do to Mr Jones.