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Facing the technology revolution: New Education Model for Africa (NEMA) Corbin Michel Guedegbe, Chief Education Analyst AfDB Partnership Forum April 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Facing the technology revolution: New Education Model for Africa (NEMA) Corbin Michel Guedegbe, Chief Education Analyst AfDB Partnership Forum April 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Facing the technology revolution: New Education Model for Africa (NEMA) Corbin Michel Guedegbe, Chief Education Analyst AfDB Partnership Forum April 2012 (speaker / department)

2 Access to Education improving... but skills do not match labor market needs Quality issue? Or Mismatch between demand and supply? Education level or LYA % change Preschool Gross Enrolment rate (GER, %) % Primary Completion rate (%) % Lower secondary (GER, %) % Upper secondary (GER, %) % Technical and Vocational Education N.b. of Students per 100,000 inhabitants % Parity Index (general secondary = 100) % Higher education N.b. of Students per 100,000 inhabitants % The parity index (in %) represents the number of enrolled students in TVET per 100 students in general secondary education. Source AfDB data 2011

3 Evolving context: oportunities… Demographic dividend Immense natural resources ICT revolution But Africa is lagging behing in the broadband race … New skills profiles required

4 Evolving skills context: Challenges facing youth Rates of youth and adult unemployment in selected African countries. Source: ILO, Key Indicators of the Labor Market, Seventh edition (forthcoming)

5 Education not relevant to the needs of the job market… In Tunisia, almost 30% of higher education graduates in 2004 were still unemployed 3 years after graduation(twice the national average); Although increasing, the employment rate of vocational training schools leavers was only 61% in Morocco in 2008, nine months after graduation; In Gabon in 2010, almost 90% of unemployed youths (16-24 years old) would have preferred to obtain a job in the modern sector; less than 2% were ready to engage in self-employment; In Tanzania, Vocational Education capacity is far from meeting current needs. The current annual flow of students into vocational education is less than five percent of the potential demand for VET skills.

6 The most educated are more likely to be unemployed or underemployed Between 1999 and 2009, the number of university graduates in Sub-Saharan Africa more than tripled, rising from 1.6 mio. to 4.9 mio. Unemployment rate among individuals aged Source: Mingat (2006) African Development Bank, 2011

7 2008: A shift towards higher education science and technology (HEST) HEST strategy adopted marking a shift away from the earlier focus on pre-tertiary education. HEST strategy to transform African systems of higher education to develop human capital Three (3) pillars: Establish national and regional centers of excellence; Strengthen infrastructure for HEST Link HEST to training for the productive sectors of the economy. Strong response to HEST strategy by RMCs and RECs; demand outpaced limited resources

8 New Model for Higher Education in Africa (NEMA) ICT-based Linkages with the labor market PPPs Develop critical thinking Participatory Evidence-based The African Virtual University has established the largest network of Open Distance and eLearning institutions in over 30 Sub Saharan African countries and won the 2011 Education- Portal.com prize. The regional center of excellence Carnegie Mellon in Rwanda will be the first highly ranked American university to operate a fully-fledged campus in Africa

9 Implementing NEMA: - in progress Several projects in the pipeline targeting human capital development Ghana: Development of Skills for Industry Project (building human capital for MIC economy) Pan African University (PAU) Support project – Network of Centers of excellence Building human capital for 5 priority areas: Basic sciences & Engineering; Life & Earth Sciences; Governance & Social Sciences; Water & Environment; Space Sciences PAU-NET (PAU Network) Partnerships: Role of the Lead Thematic Partner Other Projects in the pipeline (HEST/TVET): PPP Technical equipment IT platform Teacher & student exchange

10 For further enquiries: Agnès SOUCAT, Director, Human Development Department, AfDB Boukary SAVADOGO, Manager, Education, Science and Technology Division Corbin Michel GUEDEGBE, Chief Education Specialist, Education, Science and Technology Division


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