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Higher Education System in China

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Presentation on theme: "Higher Education System in China"— Presentation transcript:

1 Higher Education System in China
Yuxiang Chen Tong Lin

2 Outline Introduction to China China Education System
Overview National Higher Education Entrance Examination Higher Education in China Tongji University and personal experience HUST and personal experience

3 Introduction to China Population: 1.38 billion Area: 9.60 million km2
History: 5000 years Language: Mandarin Religion: Taoism, Buddhism GDP / P (2008): $ 3383 (106th)

4 China Education System (Overview)
National education budget: 3.48% of GDP (2008) Literacy rate: 92% Men: 96% Women: 88% Compulsory education: 9 years program Mostly examination-oriented education

5 Comparison http://www.issues.org/23.3/dahlman.html
calculated by expressing the number of students enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for the three levels

6 China Education System
Higher Education Vocational Education Kindergarten (optional) Primary education (6 y) Junior secondary (3 y) First 9-year education is compulsory and in principle for free Senior / Vocational secondary (3 y) Promotion rate (2008) 72.7% Senior Secondary Vocational Secondary 83.4% Junior Secondary 99.7% Primary Education Kindergarten

7 National Higher Education Entrance Examination
Very important to Chinese students Standardized exams inside the province Usually consists of 4 subjects: (2 days) Mathematics Chinese English Optional subject: (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, Geography …)

8 National Higher Education Entrance Examination
The enrolment of a university is based on total mark, which varies in different province Gross enrolment ratio: 59.3% (2008) 5.99 Million out of Million candidates Very competitive to get in a good university

9 Higher Education in China
23 million undergraduates and postgraduates in ca institutions The quality of different universities are quite different (Project 211, Project 985) Investments from government (2006) Overall: 101 billion RMB Project 211: 3.7 billion RMB Project 985: another 2.8 billion RMB Mostly controlled by government

10 Higher Education in China
Tremendously enlarging the scale of higher education since 1999 Problems: Quality of education Pressure to find a job (5.99 million graduates in 2008) 1993 2007 Gross ratio enrollment 5% 23% Total registered students 5 million 23 million

11 Shanghai the largest city in China with over 20 million people
Location : central eastern coast at the mouth of the Yangtze River Climate: Summer (Av. 27.8 °C) Winter (Av. 3.5 °C) traffic Quit crowed, bad traffic Vehicle license Climate Orienta3l pearl tv tower ,symbol of shanghai

12 Overview of Tongji University
Established at 1907 82 Bachelors Degrees, 218 Masters, 94 PhD programs and 16 post doctoral mobile stations over 710 professors and 1500 associate professors. 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering over 50,000 students

13 Close connection with Germany
Tongji German Medical School (1907) By Erich Paulun ( ) the predecessor of the today‘s Tongji Mostly every president has the background of study in Germany Leading position in German teaching Chinesisch-Deutsches Hochschulkolleg(CDHK) Wanggang Minister of Science and Technology of PRC.

14 Studies Mostly lecture courses (sometimes with homework), lab
Choose courses according to study plan 15-20 credits Each semester ca. 16 hours in a semester = 1 credits Second bachelor degree, possibly in other university (5 year instead of 4 year)

15 Campus five campuses Siping Campus (main Campus) the West Campus
the North Campus the East Campus the Jiading Campus (under construction)

16 Campus

17 Life in Tongji 4 students share a room 120 euro per year
Special room for foreign students 120 euro per year Each student can immediately get a place in dormitory With toilet/shower room, no kitchen Up to 2M ADSL in a month

18 Degree programs BA, MA, Doctor or language courses available
Requirement (Master) college educational background or equivalent college graduation certificate and academic transcript Two recommendation letters HSK certificate copy (Chinese Toefl) First year as a trial year Interview (optional)

19 Degree program Application procedure
Application form and required documents An Admission Notice and Visa Application for Study in China will be sent to successful applicants Apply for a student entry visa (X-visa) medical insurance and casualty insurance Accommodation reservation Notice: Applicant needs a supervisor in China

20 Exchange program Software engineering
No tuition fees; however no scholarship Free Chinese language courses Uni guarantees a room for each student Required documents (in English) Application form CV and cover letter transcript

21 Wuhan Capital city of province Hubei (Largest city in the middle of China) Area: sq.km. Inhabitants: 9.79 million

22 Overview of HUST Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Established at 1953 (after the founding of PRC) Project 211, Project 985 (top 10 university in China) 1036 professors, 47 departments 35584 undergraduate, graduate students 450 sq.km.

23 Pics: Main Gate

24 Pics: Small Lake

25 Pics: Building

26 Pics: Classroom

27 Application and Exchange
Application form Copy of passport, photo Certificate of degree (Bachelor, Master …) HSK Exchange programs: Uni Wuppertal (2+2)

28 Study in CS (General) Bachelor: 4 years, Master: 2 years
Undergraduate programs (200 credits) Computer Science & Technology Information Security Tuition: 5000 RMB / year (scholarship) Marks are important! Not enough practicing High workload Respect greatly professors and teachers, not like to question

29 Study in CS (Courses) Credits based (16 class hours per credit)
Not much freedom to choose until junior Content similar, but almost in Chinese Usually associated with a lot of assignments Assignments will be marked and returned

30 Study in CS (Exams) No oral exam
90 minutes or so, more questions than here Marks usually in 100-point scale Marks published in student ID

31 Life in HUST University as a “city”
Dining halls supply food from breakfast to supper Fee for dormitory: 1200 RMB / year Four people share a room Spare time: plenty of activities Sports Clubs Movies Parties

32 Pics: Dormitory

33 Pics: Einstein Statue

34 Pics: Dining hall

35 Pics: Celebrity Garden

36 Pics: Sport Ground

37 Studying abroad Why TUM? Problems encountered:
Took the German course coincidently Attracted by the Germany’s personality, products and football Spitze Uni Problems encountered: Mostly language Different ways to study, to communicate, as well as to live

38 Thank you for listening! Questions?


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