Presentation on theme: "What can you recall about Marxism?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What can you recall about Marxism? Try and write down at least three things.If you get stuck, share ideas with a partner
2 What can Marxists tell us about education and differences in attainment? Writers in the Marxist tradition of sociology claim that the education system is a conspiracy which exists to deny the children of the working class access to an understanding of their true class position. Your current task is to assess that claim and to support your arguments with evidence
3 Sociological Targets To understand Marxist views of education. To evaluate those views.To use sociological evidence and research to support your judgements.
4 Personal targets To write an essay length answer To contribute to whole class discussion in an orderly fashionTo think critically about sociology explanations of inequality in education
5 What is Marxism?Marxists see capitalist society as being ruled by the economy.The minority, the ruling class or bourgeoisie rule the majority, namely the workers or proletariat.The bourgeoisie have the wealth and the power to rule.The proletariat are exploited because they are not treated fairly. This is the basis of class inequality.
6 Marxism summarisedEducation reproduces the inequalities and social relations of production of Capitalist Society.Education serves to legitimate these inequalities under the guise of Meritocracy.
7 Louis AlthusserAlthusser believed that education socialises working class children into accepting their subordinate status to the middle class.Education conveys the ideology of the ruling class.Education prepares individuals for the world of work, in order to accept their position in a capitalist society.
8 What do you think of these ideas? Have a minute of discussion with your study partners
9 Bowles and GintisBowles and Gintis (1976), say the main function of education in capitalist countries is to create workers.Correspondence theory suggests that educational inequality mirrors the inequality of wider society.If capitalism is to succeed it must have an industrious and obedient workforce that is too divided to challenge the authority of the rulers.The education system succeeds in fulfilling this aim by means of the hidden curriculum
10 What do you think of these ideas? Have a minute of discussion with your study partners
11 Ivan Illich (173)Schools kill creativity, insist on conformity, and offer indoctrination into capitalistic society.Children learn to accept authority in an unthinking fashion and this leads them to accept government dictats in the same way.
12 What do you think of these ideas? Have a minute of discussion with your study partners
13 Paul Willis (1977)Resistance is futileDid an ethnography of twelve anti-school boys ‘the lads’These boys rejected school and other children within it, presenting themselves as superiorWillis claims that working class children choose to fail in school as a rejection of capitalismTheir rejection of school is an act of resistance
14 What do you think of these ideas? Have a minute of discussion with your study partners
15 Two Marxist viewpoints Traditional MarxistLouis AlthusserSchools pass on messages that people accept without question. They are socialised into accepting capitalismNeo- MarxismPaul WillisChildren can see through the ideology, but it doesn’t matter. The reality is low pay work, poverty and oppression regardless.
16 What is evaluation?Evaluation is the process of judging the value of a research project, an idea or a concept, using further concepts, studies and theories to support the judgement that is made.Strengths and weaknesses are identified in an evaluation
17 What are the strengths of Marxism? It points out how ideology is transmitted within schools via the hidden curriculum.It recognises conflict of interest in schools; not everyone shares values.It points out the inequalities of both opportunity and outcome in the system
18 And the weaknesses?It assumes teachers are unaware of class dynamics and are all middle class agentsMany working class children do succeed in the education systemIt overemphasises class and ignores other structural inequalities: ethnicity and gender
19 Outline and assess Marxist views of education. Criteria for successOutline MarxismOutline what the theorists sayAssess the strengths of Marxist thinkingAssess the weakness of Marxist thinking.Refer to AO1 knowledge about the educational system of the UKUse the concepts of sociologyRefer to studies, writers or theory in your answer.Use evaluative language in your answer
20 Design a poster comparing and contrasting functionalist and Marxist views of education Criteria for success:There will be a simple explanation of each theoryTwo broad similarities between the theories will be identifiedTwo major differences between the two theories will be identified.Images and colour will be used effectively to highlight key points.
21 Popular theories Critical theories thinkingFunctionalism and the New RightMarxism and liberation theoryworkTo select people for the right jobs in societyTo ensure that the children of the wealthy and powerful get the best jobsideasEducation offers people morals and valuesEducation trains people to accept a view of the world that is conformist and passive so that poorer people can be exploitedsocialisationPeople are trained in skills for future lifePeople learn not to question authority and are offered an education which limits them to specific workplace rolescurriculumPeople are given the curriculum that they will need to do well in society.The curriculum is tailored to the needs of those in power and reflects ideological beliefsSocial mobilityEducation exists to provide a route up through society for the most ableEducation serves to keep most people in their place.
22 Independent studyDevelop your notes on this topic by looking at the e-book on the NGfL-Cymru website.Add notes from books and downloads on Marxism to your folders.