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A test of your observation skills… Contributions by D. Padilla, D. Johnson, & E. Marconi For more optical illusions go to:

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Presentation on theme: "A test of your observation skills… Contributions by D. Padilla, D. Johnson, & E. Marconi For more optical illusions go to:"— Presentation transcript:

1 A test of your observation skills… Contributions by D. Padilla, D. Johnson, & E. Marconi For more optical illusions go to:

2 Observations Use one or more of the 5 senses to gather information Use one or more of the 5 senses to gather information A noting and recording of…. FACTS!!! A noting and recording of…. FACTS!!! Example: There is one TV in the room. Example: There is one TV in the room.

3 Inferences Logical interpretation based upon prior knowledge and experience Logical interpretation based upon prior knowledge and experience Based upon observations Based upon observations Example: When you entered the room, you most likely inferred that the individual in the front of the room is the teacher. Example: When you entered the room, you most likely inferred that the individual in the front of the room is the teacher.

4 Note the Differences In laboratory exercises, record observations NOT inferences Inferences may be used when writing the conclusion in your lab report. Lets test your observation skills…

5 Take a good look at this picture

6 Question 1 Are there cars parked on the sides of the road?

7 Question 2 What color is the pickup truck driving in the road?

8 Question 3 Any minivans around?

9 Question 4 What does the blue sign say?

10 Question 5 What's the speed limit?

11 Question 6 Are there any pedestrians on the road?

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13 Answers 1.Yes 2.Blue 3.Yes 4.Yard Sale 5.35 mph 6.No

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15 Observation vs Inference On the next slide, state whether the statement is an observation or an inference.

16 1. There is a representation of a face on one side of the coin. 2. The Latin word "Dei" means "God." 3. The coin was made by deeply religious people. 4. The date 1722 is printed on one side of the coin. 5. The coin was made in The face on the coin is a representation of the nation's president.

17 Who is in this picture? Do you see former President Bill Clinton and Al Gore? Actually, its Clintons face twice with 2 different hair cuts!

18 This image contains a picture and a word. Do you see both of them?

19 Observations Any information collected with the senses. Quantitative – measureable or countable »3 meters long »4 marbles »50 kilograms »35 degrees Celsius Qualitative – describable, not measureable »red flowers »smells like fresh baked cookies »Tastes bitter »Heard a loud pop The skill of describing scientific events

20 Inference Conclusions or deductions based on observations. The process of drawing a conclusion from given evidence. Practice: Observations: I hear people screaming I smell cotton candy, popcorn, and hamburgers I see a lot of people Inference = ?

21 Look at these two sets of animal tracks. List 3 OBSERVATIONS Make an INFERENCE

22 Now what do you think? Make 3 OBSERVATIONS Make an INFERENCE

23 Now what do you think? Make 3 OBSERVATIONS Make an INFERENCE

24 Source of footprint graphic:


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