3 CompetitionIndividuals of different species vie for the same resource in an ecosystem (e.g. food or living space).Gause’s principle – no two species with exactly identical niches can co-exist for long in the same placecompetitive exclusion (one species outcompetes the other) ORadaptive radiation (one species adapts to a different niche)
4 Predator-prey relationships Evolution physiological & behavioural adaptationsPredator becomes a more successful predatorPrey becomes better at escaping predationBirds of prey have developed extremely good eyesight to spot prey from a distancePREDATORS 1 – PREY 0
5 Foxes are fast and quick-witted PREDATORS 2 – PREY 0
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