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Landscape history analysis through the cartographic historical heritage: case study for Kozjansko and Pomurje regions, Slovenia Tomaž Podobnikar 1,2,3,

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Presentation on theme: "Landscape history analysis through the cartographic historical heritage: case study for Kozjansko and Pomurje regions, Slovenia Tomaž Podobnikar 1,2,3,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Landscape history analysis through the cartographic historical heritage: case study for Kozjansko and Pomurje regions, Slovenia Tomaž Podobnikar 1,2,3, Blaž Barborič 4 1 School of Environmental Sciences, University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 13, SI-5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenia 2 Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy for Sciences and Arts, Novi trg 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia 3 Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Jamova 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia 4 Geodetski inštitut Slovenije, Jamova cesta 2, 1000 Ljubljana Workshop on Landscape History Sopron, 22 April 2010

2 Objectives Description of investigation areaDescription of investigation area Methodology, outputsMethodology, outputs Preliminary results of the projectPreliminary results of the project

3 TransEcoNet project regions

4 3-country Nature Park: Goričko – Raab – Őrség 1996 – Raab 2002 – Őrség 2003 – Goričko Associated initiatives (local, cross border, transboundary) Slovenia:Slovenia: –Biomura Hungary:Hungary: –National Park Őrség Austria:Austria: –Nature Park Raab Europe:Europe: –Natura 2000 –Greenbelt Southern region

5 Slovenian part: Pomurje the activities are carried out in the Pomurje region, Slovenia –the spread of the invasive species Robinia pseudacacia –the underlying causes and assess landscape scale ecological dynamics (e.g. Mura River floodplains, land use analysis in time series of last 200 years) in ecological networks –the concept of place attachment and identification of the people with their landscape partners for the Pomurje –PP14: University of Nova Gorica (UNG) –PP15: Regional Development Agency Mura (RRA) –AP20: Nature Park Goričko –AP21: Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU)

6 Pomurje, Slovenia Pomurje, Slovenia

7 Forests and natural heritage of Mura River

8 Methodology, outputs

9 WP4 –multi-scale mapping of the history –comparison with the current status of ecological networks in Central Europe –[Historical datasets of Mura River: (1) maps, plans, orthophotos, satellite images, (2) other material: photographs, topographic reports, tales/myths… (3) Methods: GIS, RS and statistic analysis, empirical approaches, multi- scale and multi-quality data analysis]

10 Preliminary results of the project

11 identification and mapping of the Robinia pseudacacia historical maps (spatial data sets) of Pomurje region for various applications land use changes analysis (time series: landscape reconstruction for the last 200 years) cooperation, harmonisation, other PPs

12 Riparian forest of River Mura On the bank of the river grow floodplain forests, as Salicetum albae Fraxino-Ulmetum Genisto-Quercetum neophytic tree species Robinia pseudacacia Fraxino-Ulmetum Salicetum albae Genisto elatae-Quercetum roboris

13 Robinia pseudacacia (= tree) –native from Pennsylvania to northern Georgia and westward as far as Arkansas and Oklahoma –introduced to Europe at the beginning of the 17th cent. –flowers: early May, after the leaves it occurs on meadows and agricultural surfaces that are being overgrown –it is invasive in mild climate as in the Pomurje region is (= natural expanding + plantation) –most expanded in the region in 1980s –affect of socioeconomic situation in the region (?) the vegetation in these regions has changed to such an extent that it cannot be classified into any forest community Robinia pseudacacia

14 Some criteria for recognition of the species: white flowers in spring (after leaves) lighter green colour comparing with floodplain forest… Data sources: sat. images: IRS-P6 (Indian Remote Sensing ~5 to 20 m), Landsat ETM and TM (30 m) –from 1990s to today; lower spatial, higher spectral resol. contemporary orthophotos and aerial photographs starting from 1959 IR-orthophotos contemporary (and historical) maps, plans DEM/DTM (+ LiDAR) field work mapping, various land use data, Corine Land Cover, soil map… interviews with local farmers Methodology (RS, GIS and statistic techniques): reconstruction of R. pseudacacia-dynamics in the recent decade modelling the distribution of R. pseudacacia in relation to abiotic environmental factors and land use modelling (prediction) the expected distribution of R. pseudacacia in case of climate and land use change Identification and mapping of the Robinia pseudacacia

15 Historical maps (spatial data sets) of Pomurje region for various applications Outputs: - land use spatial data sets - study of Mura River changes (natural and anthropogenic) Data sets: - historical maps + LiDAR DTM + other documentation

16 Mura: Habsburg 1st military survey (Josephine) 1763–1787; 1 : commissioned by the empress Maria Theresa cause: Seven Years War against Prussia (1756–1763) no projection (maybe Cassini-Soldner), no coordinates that time exceptionality achievement graphical mapping – considerable deformations

17 Habsburg Franciscan cadastre (1 : 1440)

18 Habsburg 2nd military survey (Franciscan) survey: 1817–1825, mapping: 1830– : applying trigonometric points for survey quality influence of producing of Franciscian cadastre 1823– coordinate systems in Slovenia (+ 3 canters of geodetic surveys - datums): Krim (near o Ljubljana) Schöckl (near to Graz) Gellért (near to Budapest) coordinates, projection Cassini (transverse cylindrical projection) relief represented with hatching, after 1860 with contour lines

19 military map (1 : ) from 1869

20 Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) 3rd military survey 1869–1887; special 1 : ; optional: 1 : (survey was in this scale) and degree maps (general) 1 : horizontal and vertical network according to Mittel-Europäische Gradmessung Bessel ellipsoid 1841, every map sheet in own (stereographic) projection

21 Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) 3rd military survey, 1 :

22

23 Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) 3rd military survey, 1 : from 1881

24 regulation of Mure River! (first map where is this recognisable) Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) 3rd military survey, 1 : from 1894

25

26 (1 : ) from 1925

27 from 1937

28

29 from ~1950 meanders finally disappeared

30 just some lethargies left

31 Kozjanski Park covers an area of 206 sq km The biggest regional park in Slovenia 100% of area is protected, Natura 2000 areas represents 69% of total park, Special Protection Areas 2,3% Presentation of area included in historical assessment (PP10)

32 Bistrica gorge Dry extensive grasslands High-trunk orchards

33 Map sources Historical assessment of Kozjanski park 1st Austrian military survey (1763–1787) – 1: rd Austrian military survey ( ) – 1: Franciscan cadastre maps (1823–1826) - 1 : 5760 Rohitsch und Drachenburg (1943) – 1: Topographic maps (1951) – 1: Topographic maps (1971) – 1: Topographic maps (2006) – 1:50 000

34 Historical maps, orthophotos, land use:

35 Georeferencing method Josephine military maps and Franciscan cadastre maps were first combined and later georeferenced

36 Josephine military topography Franciscan cadastre Italian 1:25,000 Yugoslav 1:25,000 transitional woodland shrub forest bare rocks urban fabric pastures inland waters Different legend keys

37 Quality and time series

38 Backward editing method (reverse engineering)

39 Land use changes

40 Focus and investigation areas that are included in historical assessment Kozjanski Park covers an area of 206 sq km Investigation areas: Bistrica gorge Dry extensive grasslands High-trunk orchards

41 Results - vectorized layers

42 Results - analysis

43

44 Land use/land cover legend for assessing landscape dynamics 1TravnikiGrassland Polygon 2VinogradiVineyards Polygon 3GozdForest Polygon 4 Urbana območja Urban areas Polygon 5SadovnjakiFruit trees Polygon According to comparison of the legends obtained from different map sources 5 polygons were established

45 Dynamics of change of land cover – changed/unchanged areas Similar changes of landcover periods from 1780 to 2006

46 Stably used areas from Forest and grassland are main unchanged landuse classes

47 Dynamics of change of land cover

48 Landscape dynamics Vectorized layers were overlaid Sliver poligons were produced and eliminated using ArcGIS tools Trajectories of change were calculated

49 Tomaž Podobnikar, Blaž Barborič, Thank You for Your attention.


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