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Year 5 Revision booklet1 One sheet per topic Mind map, note or questionnaire type form Some links to the internet For a general revision site go to:

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Presentation on theme: "Year 5 Revision booklet1 One sheet per topic Mind map, note or questionnaire type form Some links to the internet For a general revision site go to:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Year 5 Revision booklet1 One sheet per topic Mind map, note or questionnaire type form Some links to the internet For a general revision site go to:

2 Year 5 Revision booklet2 5A KEEPING HEALTHY – Part 1 Remember to stay healthy we need a varied and balanced diet Fats provide insulation and energy. Only eat in small amounts. Proteins help muscles to grow, and repair damaged cells and tissue. Found in meat, fish, beans Vitamins and minerals found in fruit and veg are essential for healthy bodily functions Dairy Products such as milk, cheese, yoghurt, are a good source of protein and calcium, but also contain fat Carbohydrates are essential for energy. Sugars in fruit and starch in bread, pasta, rice, potatoes

3 Year 5 Revision booklet 3 Heart Rate for England Players during a football match Time (minutes) Heart rate (BPM) David Beckham Lungs Oxygen rich blood flows from the lungs to the heart Oxygen rich blood is pumped from the heart to the body Oxygen poor blood is pumped to the lungs from the heart Body Oxygen poor blood flows back from the body to the heart Beckhams heart rate at the start of the match is 60 BPM. His heart rate rises because he is active and his heart is pumping blood to his muscles Beckhams heart rate drops after 45 minutes because he rests at half time When we exercise our heart rate rises but then drops back down to its resting rate, when we stop. KEEPING HEALTHY - Part 2 5A Circulation of blood around the body

4 Year 5 Revision booklet 4 5B LIFECYCLES PARTS OF A FLOWER 1.Germination- the seed starts to sprout 3. Pollination- occurs when pollen is carried from one flower another flower 5. Seed Dispersal- Seeds are released from the plant and scattered in different ways such as explosion, animals, wind and water 2. Growth- plants need sunlight, water, nutrients to grow. INSECT POLLINATED FLOWERS WIND POLLINATED FLOWERS large, brightly coloured petals, often sweetly scented, usually contain nectar - to attract insects small petals, often brown or dull green no need to attract insects pollen produced in great quantities pollen is very light and smooth - so it can be blown in the wind STAMEN The male part of a plant consisting of Anthers which store pollen Filaments which are the stalks holding up the anthers CARPEL The female part of the plant made up of the Stigma where the pollen arrives Style which is a tube that joins the stigma to the ovary Ovary where the eggs (ovules) are stored. PETAL: a brightly coloured part of the flower, which attracts insects and helps a plant pollinate. SEPAL: The protective leaves around the flower when it is a bud EXPLOSION- seedpods split suddenly along their seams to scatter their seeds WATER- Coconuts have hollow centers and can float WIND- Seeds covered in feathery materials, act like parachutes when caught in the wind. Carpel

5 Year 5 Revision booklet 5 Gases Around us 5C SolidsLiquidsGases Rigid, do not flow Heavy, but flows Light & flows Cannot be compressed Compressible Particles tightly packed together. Only vibrate Particles slightly further apart Roll over each other Particles spread out Bounce off each other Properties of Solids, Liquids and Gases Item What gas does it use? Gas Cooker Fizzy Drinks Balloons Oxygen tank Natural Gas Carbon Dioxide Helium Oxygen When gases escape from containers they flow in every direction What happens when we pour water into beakers where there are gaps or spaces between the solid objects? Bubbles of air marblesspongesoil We smell things when gases enter our nose We smell liquids when some of the liquid evaporates Perfume

6 Year 5 Revision booklet 6 5D Melting Evaporation Solid Liquid Gas Freezing Condensing The water cycle in nature, is an excellent example of the processes of evaporation and condensation. Lava is molten rock, but it has to be very hot to melt rock! Chocolate goes soft and gooey if you heat it. Cool it down and it goes hard again Evaporation When a liquid warms up and starts to turn into a gas. Condensation When water vapour cools and turns to liquid. Melting When a solid warms up and turns into a liquid. Freezing When a liquid gets cold enough to turn into a solid. Changing State Water turns into snow or ice when it gets very cold. When it warms up it turns back to water Washing drying on the line is a good example of evaporation

7 Earth Sun and Moon Year 5 Revision booklet7 5E

8 Year 5 Revision booklet8 Earth Sun and Moon 5E Summer – June 21st Winter – Dec 21st Autumn Equinox – Sept 21st Spring equinox – March 21st The Earth is tilted at 23 ̊. Because of this, in our Summer the Northern Hemisphere is pointing towards the sun. This gives us long days and short nights, with warm temperatures as the Suns rays shine direct on us. In winter the Northern Hemisphere is pointing away from the sun. We have shorter days and longer nights as the suns rays bend to reach us

9 Year 5 Revision booklet9 Earth Sun and Moon 5E The earth spins or rotates on its own axis. It takes 24 hours for the Earth to spin once on its axis. As the Earth spins, some parts are facing towards the sun and some parts face away from the sun. This causes day and night. The earth spins from west to east. This means the sun always rises in the east and sets in the west. The sun moves across the sky in an arc and is at its highest point at midday. During the winter, the sun is much lower in the sky and the number of daylight hours is much less. DAY & NIGHT

10 Changing Sounds Sounds are made by vibrations, Sounds travel through any substance which has particles and which can vibrate eg air, walls, water etc Musical instruments vibrate strings, skins, wooden blocks, columns of air etc. Sounds are muffled by thick materials. 5F Sound travels at different speeds through different materials Pitch is how high or how low a note is Amplitude is how loud or soft a note is. An Oscilloscope showing the shape and size of two sound waves High pitchLow pitch

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