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MPS 11: The Unique You Donald R. Woods Chemical Engineering Department McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario Canada 1.

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Presentation on theme: "MPS 11: The Unique You Donald R. Woods Chemical Engineering Department McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario Canada 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 MPS 11: The Unique You Donald R. Woods Chemical Engineering Department McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario Canada 1

2 MPS 11: The Unique You 2 Def: You are unique. Inventories can help you discover that uniqueness

3 MPS 11: The Unique You WHY IMPORTANT? 1. Know how best to problem solve. 2. Know best how to learn 3. Self confidence 4. Self and awareness of others styles 5. Improves interpersonal problem solving, team skills and self-directed, interdependent learning. 6. To help us to set goals & seek guidance. 3

4 MPS 11: The Unique You Where Im coming from -Presented this workshop over 50 times in different cultures & countries; high school, community, industry, university -Use Validated inventories for which I have received copyright permission to use. 4

5 MPS 11: The Unique You 5

6 Steps in developing self confidence, self esteem 1.Self awareness 2.Aware of what others do 3.Acceptance of self & others 4.Stress Mgt & Skill at self assessment 5.Know target behaviours for skill being developed 6.Complete small goals set by others with +ve feedback 7.Set own achievable goals with criteria, self assess 8.Self confidence 6

7 MPS 11: The Unique You Pretest: Use an x to rate your Awareness & Skill Time 10 s Finish by _________ Objectives... Read over... Time _____ Finish by _________ Pretest: Use an x to rate your Awareness & Skill Time 10 s Finish by _________ Objectives... Read over... Time _____ Finish by _________ 7

8 MPS 11: The Unique You 8

9 General 1. Jungian typology 2. Rotter locus of control 3. Kirton KAI or Risk Learning 4. LASQ Deep, surface strategic learn 5. Perry role of instructor 6. SDLRS self directed learning readiness scale 7. Alper-Haber AAT student anxiety about exams 8a. Kolb learning cycle interesting but havent found use 8b. LASSI overview of learning attitude & approaches, excellent but $ 9

10 MPS 11: The Unique You Stress, Distress, Self image, happiness 9. Holmes-Rahe or Gmelch, annual stress 10. Kellner-Sheffield long & short term stress, self image 11. Beck happiness Problem Solving 12. Heppner PSI confidence 13. Billings-Moos skill, avoid 14. Basadur PS interesting but havent found it helpful Creativity 15. Basadur ideation Team work 16. Shutzs FIRO-B Form, storm, norm, perform 17. Johnsons conflict & extend to difficult behaviours l 10

11 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian typology Activity 1: as an individual complete and score Jungian Typology Subtract 20 from each number. Record the 4 characteristics with POSITIVE values. The larger the positive value, the greater your style. TIME 5 min Share information: complete summary Values change very little over your lifetime. 11

12 MPS 11: The Unique You 12

13 MPS 11: The Unique You 13

14 MPS 11: The Unique You 14

15 MPS 11: The Unique You 15 #1 Jungian Activity 2: Do you belong here? Cluster IPIIJ PIEPJJ EPEEJ

16 MPS 11: The Unique You 16 #1 Jungian Activity 2: ClusterNTTST NNSTFS NFFSF

17 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian, So What? 1.Fairly robust; little change over lifetime 2.Be sensitive to preferences; explicitly consider preference of opposite dimension. Example, Dominant S, likes examples and concrete details; caution: may not see big picture, may not look for theory that characterizes preferences of dominant N 17

18 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian So What? I-E For the I-E dimension: at the I pole, people tend to validate ideas and decisions within themselves ("OK I'll just think about this quietly by myself and see if I agree with this proposal."). At the E pole, the preference is on getting validation and input from others ("What do others think of this proposal?"). The population is 25% with the I preferences and 75% with the E. 18

19 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian typology S-N For the N-S dimension: at the N pole, people prefer to see the "big picture", the abstract, imagination, ideas, concepts, the theory. They might lose patience with continually focussing on the nitty gritty detail.("And so our plans for the next five years are...") At the S pole, people prefer the nitty gritty, concrete practical details. ("But what are we going to do tomorrow?") They may have trouble seeing the big picture. For general populations about 25% of the population have a preference for the N pole, to some degree; about 75% have a preference for the S pole. 19

20 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian typology T-F For the T-F dimension: at the T pole, people prefer facts, logic, reasons, things; they may tend to omit the feelings of people. ("To improve the flow of paper, we need to reorganize this office"). At the F pole, the focus is on the feelings of people, at the expense of objectively considering the facts of the situation. ("But how will Marcie feel, she likes a desk by a window so her flowers can grow"). The adult population is split in terms of preference for this dimension. 20

21 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian typology P-J For the P-J dimension: at the P pole, people tend to postpone making decisions and taking action until they feel they have all the data. They like to gather data and really understand what it is they are working on. They may be unconcerned about deadlines. ("For the broken TV, there is probably one little transistor that is wrong. Let me find it.") At the J pole, the focus is quick decisions, meeting deadlines, and action; they need to beware of making decisions with insufficient information. (For this broken TV, I'll just change the circuit board and you can get on with watching your program. There, that's done") The population is split in terms of preference for this dimension. 21

22 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian, So what? SN for note-taking in MPS 12 and 35 and for conflict in MPS 45. SN and TF for studying for exams in MPS 5, 12 and 34. Use PJ for decision making MPS 24 and trouble shooting, MPS 34. Use IE for interpersonal skills MPS 52 and group skills MPS

23 MPS 11: The Unique You 23

24 MPS 11: The Unique You 24 Jungian & Study for test

25 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian, So what? SN tends to suggest learning style: S prefers examples, focus on sensory input, practical, concrete facts and data. Start with examples. Tend to run out of time on tests. N prefers the big picture, theory, variety, look for meaning, focus on the subconscious. Tend to make careless mistakes on tests. 25

26 MPS 11: The Unique You #1 Jungian, so what? SN & TF suggests preferred style of coping with conflict, MPS 45 ST force NT avoid NF accommodate SF problem solve, negotiate. 26

27 MPS 11: The Unique You #2 Rotter locus of control (or element 1 of Heppner PSI) Prefer Low numbers 27

28 MPS 11: The Unique You 28 #2 Rotter locus of control So What? Prefer low numbers Problem solving: have sense of control over strategies, attitudes and actions you take Use for stress management & suggestion: Only worry about things over which you have control

29 MPS 11: The Unique You #3 Kirton/Risk Activity 2: as an individual complete and score Kirton or Risk inventory. TIME 5 min Share information: complete summary Robust: your style does not change over the years. 29

30 MPS 11: The Unique You #3 Kirton inventory#3 Risk inventory 30

31 MPS 11: The Unique You 31

32 MPS 11: The Unique You #3 Kirton/Risk So What? There is no best way; score robust; unchanging over years. 32 – 86 Adaptive. Problems seen as defined & focus on doing things better. New data into existing structures. Prefer structured environment; change causes greater stress work either as Adaptive or Innovative. Good as intrapreneurs Innovative. Problems: focus on doing things differently, minimize/forget the constraints. New data give new structures. Prefer unstructure. Enjoy change; sometimes difficult adjusting to ongoing organizational demands >135 Have difficulty working for organizations. Prefer to be a consultant and being own boss. All are valued and needed. 32

33 MPS 11: The Unique You #4 LASQ Activity 3: as an individual complete and score LASQ. TIME 5 min Share information: complete summary your style changes over the years. Part depends on teacher 33

34 MPS 11: The Unique You Strategic: see qualifications as main reason for learning find out details of assessment & try to impress teachers competitive. Self confident & driven by hope for success 34

35 MPS 11: The Unique You Surface/ Memorize: rely on rote learning focus on what is defined in the calendar & just what teacher expects may lack self-confidence & have test anxiety not willing to seek relationships between ideas; focus on facts 35

36 MPS 11: The Unique You Deep/Meaning: actively seek to link what they study to real life examine evidence critically & use it cautiously actively relate new knowledge to previous want to learn for its own sake Effective = Strategic + Meaning - Memorize 36

37 MPS 11: The Unique You LASQ 37

38 MPS 11: The Unique You #4 LASQ, So what? Values change. Learn solely from lectures, then gradually shift to surface learn. Learn via cooperative learning, PBL, values shift to deep learning. Prefer deep and/or strategic learn. 38

39 MPS 11: The Unique You #5 Perry, 2 to 5 Your attitude about your role in learning 39

40 MPS 11: The Unique You #5 Perry: data for university students 40

41 MPS 11: The Unique You #5 Perry, So what? Values can change; Want 4 to 5 when participate in PBL or for lifelong learning 41

42 MPS 11: The Unique You #6 SDLRS gives feedback about your confidence in working as a self-directed learner. Activity: complete and score the SDLRS inventory This is a snapshot image of where you are now. Your numbers will increase; you will delight in seeing progress. 42

43 MPS 11: The Unique You #6 SDLRS, TotalSelf Management 43

44 MPS 11: The Unique You #6 SDLRS, So what? Values can be increased; Want to shift to high values on all scales. Related to development of learning skills MPS 12, 36 44

45 MPS 11: The Unique You #7 Alpert-Haber exam anxiety scale AAT Activity: As individual complete the Alpert- Haber inventory. ScoreTIME 10 min 45

46 MPS 11: The Unique You #7 AAT Debilitating & Facilitating performance on exams. Want low on Debil; high on Facil 46

47 MPS 11: The Unique You #7 AAT. Its frustrating when your marks on a test or exam are 5 to 30 marks lower than you know you know Exam anxiety: related to study skills?NO Relate to stress? YES So what? If number > 60, visit MPS 5 and implement stress management activities that work for you. I want to and I can! Debilitation values can be decreased. 47

48 MPS 11: The Unique You #7, Exam anxiety, what to do about it: use inventories to identify what might be cause of high exam anxiety #10, Kellner-Sheffield K-S short term>18 K-S long term> 14 K-S self image> 15 #12, Heppner avoidance of difficult problems > 55 48

49 MPS 11: The Unique You Self awareness Stress Tests #9, Annual change: Holmes Rahe or Holmes Gmelch #10, Kellner-Sheffield Daily stress: Shealy #13, Billings-Moos: how you handled stress #7,Exam anxiety 49

50 MPS 11: The Unique You #9 Activity: As individual complete #9, Holmes- Rahe; or Holmes-Gmelch index: Multiply each individual stress load by the number of times that event happened this past Year ______ to ________ You want the total number. 0 to

51 MPS 11: The Unique You #9 Holmes Rahe: Example data of annual stress experienced by students 51

52 MPS 11: The Unique You #9, Example data of annual stress experienced by engineers 52

53 MPS 11: The Unique You #9, Holmes-Rahe Holmes-Gmelch, So what? Feedback: Guidelines only. Dont read too much into them Depends on what you have experienced this past year. High values: - be patient with yourself. Youve been through a lot. The simple things arent easy to do. - Be tolerant with self. Try some coping techniques Low values: – others have been through a lot, be patient with them.. Could happen to you. – Try coping techniques in preparation. Revisit MPS 5 Stress Management and MPS 17 Time management 53

54 MPS 11: The Unique You #10 Kellner Sheffield want low values 54

55 MPS 11: The Unique You #10, Kellner Sheffield inventory Results:Want low numbers RangeTypicalThis year Short term stress: Long term stress: 8 – Self image: 7 –

56 MPS 11: The Unique You #10 Kellner Sheffield, So what? All values can be decreased. Revisit MPS 5 Stress Management and MPS 17 Time Management 56

57 MPS 11: The Unique You #11 Beck Happiness Feedback about attitude about life So what? Values change, want values < 20 Total score of minimal depression mild depression moderate depression 36-42severe depression 57

58 58 MPS 11: The Unique You Problem Solving #12. Heppner: PSI confidence

59 MPS 11: The Unique You Heppner, Problem Solving confidence adults, college students, n = 148 Effectiveness of training 59

60 MPS 11: The Unique You #11 Heppner, So what? Confidence in your ability to solve problems. Values change to lower values via workshops. Avoidance: focus on positively working on difficult problems Confidence in PS skill; check the list of target behaviours from MPS 1, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 60

61 MPS 11: The Unique You #13. Billings-Moos: Problem solving skill problem avoidance 61

62 MPS 11: The Unique You #13 Billings Moos, skill, So what? Want high values for problem solving Want low values for problem avoidance Values change with training, MPS program 62

63 MPS 11: The Unique You #13 Billings Moos Problem Avoidance is an element of both Heppner and Billings Moos. Are they measuring the same thing? No, they do not correlate. Heppner is about attitude and confidence. Billings Moos is about performance & actual skill 63

64 MPS 11: The Unique You #13 Billings Moos, So what? Moos is about skill; Heppner is about attitude 64

65 MPS 11: The Unique You 65 #15. Basadur, enjoys ideation, want high values Before & after 8 h training, N = 32, 28, 196

66 MPS 11: The Unique You #15 Basadur, prefer to judge, want low values, Before & after 8 hour workshop 66

67 MPS 11: The Unique You Team work #16. Shutzs FIRO-B, Form, storm, norm, perform This inventory gives feedback about your attitudes related to the Form, Storm and Perform stages of group/team work 67

68 MPS 11: The Unique You 68 #16 FIRO-B

69 MPS 11: The Unique You 69 #16, FIRO B high numbers show preference; norms given

70 MPS 11: The Unique You #16, FIRO B, So what? Values range from 0 to 9 in each; 4-5 handle either; 6-7 or 2-3 = noticeable ; 8-9 or 0-1 suggests very strong tendency. Affection tendency is more important than control &, in turn, is more important than inclusion. Social Interaction index =Total is from 0 – 54 ; higher values suggest more likely to be outgoing, friendly and gregarious; low suggests reserved and shy. 70

71 MPS 11: The Unique You #16, FIRO-B, So what? Ratio of expressed/ wanted should = 1 If ratio is very high or very low, suggests frustration and conflict. Example, control = 0/9 suggests want to be involved socially but unskilled & uncomfortable expressing this. May be very sensitive to being left out. 71

72 MPS 11: The Unique You #17 Johnson, preferred approach in dealing with conflict. Higher numbers show preference and ease Nurses N = 88 Engineers, managers N = 43 72

73 MPS 11: The Unique You #17 Johnson conflict. So what? All 5 approaches are needed: example Accosted by a drunk… withdraw House on fire… force kids out of house. Ease with which you can use the approach is suggested by ratings. Use MPS 45 to train when to use each style. 73

74 MPS 11: The Unique You #17. Johnsons conflict extend to difficult behaviours 74

75 MPS 11: The Unique You So what? For problem solving: Heppner PS for confidence; Moos PS, for skill Work tough problems: Heppner Avoid for confidence; Moos, for skill Breadth of issues in defining problems: TF & SN Making decisions & trouble shooting: PJ Group problem solving: FIRO-B and IE ; KAI, conflict Manage emotions: FIRO-B, KS, Beck, Holmes Rahe, Rotter & Heppner control 75

76 MPS 11: The Unique You So what? For learning: SN & TF, Perry, LASQ, AAT, SDLRS For creativity: skill, Basadur; how apply, KAI For conflict: Johnson, SN, TF 76

77 MPS 11: The Unique You Summary Return to pretest: Use a circle to summarize your rating of your Awareness Skill Time 10 s _________________________________________ The Objectives are:... Summary Return to pretest: Use a circle to summarize your rating of your Awareness Skill Time 10 s _________________________________________ The Objectives are:... 77

78 MPS 11: The Unique You DISCOVERY 78


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