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Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife www.lsuagcenter.com/lyn.

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Presentation on theme: "Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife www.lsuagcenter.com/lyn."— Presentation transcript:

1 Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife

2 Attracting Wildlife Food –Fruit-bearing –Nectar plants –Larval Plants Cover Water –Puddling station –Birdbaths Food –Fruit-bearing –Nectar plants –Larval Plants Cover Water –Puddling station –Birdbaths Managing for Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information

3 All Animals Need: Food Cover Water Space Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities. Food Cover Water Space Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities. Habitat

4 Food Fruit Seeds Insects Nectar Larval Meat Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter. Fruit Seeds Insects Nectar Larval Meat Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter. Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats, butterflies and other insects

5 Fruit-bearing Plants for Louisiana Beautyberry Calicarpa americana Muscadine Vitis sp

6 Fruit-bearing plants available at many nurseries or retailers

7 Firethorn Pyracantha spp. Large evergreen shrub Bears flowers and fruit Good wildlife food and cover Full sun to partial shade Does best in well-drained soil Large evergreen shrub Bears flowers and fruit Good wildlife food and cover Full sun to partial shade Does best in well-drained soil

8 Parsley Hawthorn Crataegus marshallii Parsley Hawthorn Crataegus marshallii Large shrub Flowers in spring Fruits in fall Very good for attracting birds that eat its fruit and nest in shrub Large shrub Flowers in spring Fruits in fall Very good for attracting birds that eat its fruit and nest in shrub

9 Pecan Carya spp. Many varieties. Prefers deep, fertile, well- drained soil. Nuts are excellent human and wildlife food. Many varieties. Prefers deep, fertile, well- drained soil. Nuts are excellent human and wildlife food.

10 Hickory In the genus Carya Includes species native to N.A. Nuts used as food by many species of wildlife and leaves used by some larvae of butterflies and moths In the genus Carya Includes species native to N.A. Nuts used as food by many species of wildlife and leaves used by some larvae of butterflies and moths

11 Mayhaws Crataegus poaca and Crataegus aestivalis Usually reach feet tall at maturity. Native to habitats that have low, wet and slightly acid soils. Full sun to partial shade. Berries ripen from mid-April to mid-May. Fruit for human consumption and wildlife. Usually reach feet tall at maturity. Native to habitats that have low, wet and slightly acid soils. Full sun to partial shade. Berries ripen from mid-April to mid-May. Fruit for human consumption and wildlife.

12 Mulberry Morus rubra Large, native tree ~ 40 ft Full sun Throughout Louisiana Edible fruit in spring Brittle bark, messy Large, native tree ~ 40 ft Full sun Throughout Louisiana Edible fruit in spring Brittle bark, messy

13 Holly Ilex spp. Native and introduced trees Sun to partial shade Range varies Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds Salt-, drought- and shade- tolerant Suckers Native and introduced trees Sun to partial shade Range varies Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds Salt-, drought- and shade- tolerant Suckers Gallberry Ilex glabra Dahoon Holly Ilex cassine Dahoon Holly Ilex cassine

14 Paw Paw Asimina triloba Humid growing zones. Germinating seedlings need partial shade for 1 st or 2 nd year. Fruiting mature plants need full sun. Slightly acidic (ph 5.5-7) well- drained soil. Mature – small tree seldom taller than 25 feet. Humid growing zones. Germinating seedlings need partial shade for 1 st or 2 nd year. Fruiting mature plants need full sun. Slightly acidic (ph 5.5-7) well- drained soil. Mature – small tree seldom taller than 25 feet.

15 Good fruit-bearing plants for wildlife not readily available at retail stores. Good fruit-bearing plants for wildlife not readily available at retail stores.

16 Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia Native tree ~10 ft Full to partial sun Blooms early spring Edible fruit Suckers tend to form thickets Native tree ~10 ft Full to partial sun Blooms early spring Edible fruit Suckers tend to form thickets

17 Elderberry Sambucus canadensis Native shrub ~ 15 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Fragrant flowers year-round Edible fruit Native shrub ~ 15 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Fragrant flowers year-round Edible fruit

18 Nectar Plants for Louisiana Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis Coneflower Echinacea purpurea

19 Lantana spp. Woody perennial Sun or partial shade Great for butterflies Woody perennial Sun or partial shade Great for butterflies Pentas spp. Variety of flower colors Moderately fertile soil that retains moisture well Full sun to shade Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds Variety of flower colors Moderately fertile soil that retains moisture well Full sun to shade Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds

20 Golden Dew Drop Duranta erecta Shrub ~ 14 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana High drought tolerance Attracts butterflies Shrub ~ 14 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana High drought tolerance Attracts butterflies

21 Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Medium salt- and drought-tolerant Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Medium salt- and drought-tolerant Red variety is non-native

22 Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens Native vine Full to partial sun Blooms spring-fall Throughout Louisiana Attract butterflies and hummingbirds Native vine Full to partial sun Blooms spring-fall Throughout Louisiana Attract butterflies and hummingbirds

23 Virginia Willow Itea virginica Native shrub ~ 7 ft Full to partial sun Blooms spring Drought- and flood- tolerant Suckers tend to form thickets Native shrub ~ 7 ft Full to partial sun Blooms spring Drought- and flood- tolerant Suckers tend to form thickets

24 Larval Plants for Louisiana Willow, Salix caroliniana is a larval host of the Viceroy Butterfly Matchweed Phyla nodiflora Adult and larvae of Phaon Crescent Phyciodes phaon Adult and larvae of Phaon Crescent Phyciodes phaon

25 Red Bay Persia borbonia Native tree ~ 40 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Drought- and salt-tolerant Blooms in spring; attracts butterflies Purple fruit attracts birds Native tree ~ 40 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Drought- and salt-tolerant Blooms in spring; attracts butterflies Purple fruit attracts birds Bays are larval food for the spicebush swallowtail

26 Mexican Milkweed Asclepias spp. Shrub ~ 4 ft Natives available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Drought-tolerant Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies Shrub ~ 4 ft Natives available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Drought-tolerant Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies Larval host of Monarch and Queen

27 Passion Flower Passiflora spp. Vine Native varieties available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Vine Native varieties available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Larval host of Gulf Fritillary Does not sting Larval host of Gulf Fritillary Does not sting

28 Dill Anethum graveolens Plant in cool weather Full sun Can grow up to 3 ft tall Sow seeds close together Good plant to attract caterpillars Plant in cool weather Full sun Can grow up to 3 ft tall Sow seeds close together Good plant to attract caterpillars Parsley Full sun or light shade Transplant plants to 9 inches apart Must protect in cold weather with coverings such as straw Good to attract caterpillars to your garden Parsley Full sun or light shade Transplant plants to 9 inches apart Must protect in cold weather with coverings such as straw Good to attract caterpillars to your garden

29 Cover Vertical layers Evergreen species for winter cover Standing dead trees or snags if practical Brush piles if practical Vertical layers Evergreen species for winter cover Standing dead trees or snags if practical Brush piles if practical

30 Water Permanent water feature Sound of running water attracts many animals Permanent water feature Sound of running water attracts many animals Puddling: Butterflies obtain water and minerals from liquid in pore spaces. Puddling station

31 Design a Puddling Station 1.Layer sand in saucer. 2.Add layer of compost. 3.Place pebbles on top. 4.Add water slowly (to pebble layer). 5.Place saucer on upside down pot. 1.Layer sand in saucer. 2.Add layer of compost. 3.Place pebbles on top. 4.Add water slowly (to pebble layer). 5.Place saucer on upside down pot.

32 Birdbath Shallow with mildly sloping sides Rough surface Keep clean Rinse off any soap residue Shallow with mildly sloping sides Rough surface Keep clean Rinse off any soap residue Audubon Society recommends changing the water and cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading avian diseases.

33 Managing for Wildlife Vertical layers of vegetation. Plant natives if possible. Introduced plants also useful. No pesticides! Plant wild flowers or reduce mowing in certain areas of your property if possible. Manage pets. Vertical layers of vegetation. Plant natives if possible. Introduced plants also useful. No pesticides! Plant wild flowers or reduce mowing in certain areas of your property if possible. Manage pets. Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle.

34 Plant Wildflowers for Wildlife Pokeweed Phytolacca americana Horsemint Monarda punctata Blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Coreopsis Coreopsis spp.

35 Tolerance of Nuisance Animals Diggers (moles, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises) Bring nutrient to surface Loosen & aerate soil Feed on turf and landscape pests Trapping and deterrents Diggers (moles, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises) Bring nutrient to surface Loosen & aerate soil Feed on turf and landscape pests Trapping and deterrents Herbivores (deer, rabbits, ducks, squirrels) Contribute to food web, circle of life Nets and fencing may protect fruits Harassment or nest removal for non-natives Herbivores (deer, rabbits, ducks, squirrels) Contribute to food web, circle of life Nets and fencing may protect fruits Harassment or nest removal for non-natives Garden moles Armadillo Gray squirrel

36 Venomous Spiders and Disease-carrying Insects to Avoid Venomous Spiders and Disease-carrying Insects to Avoid Southern Black widow (male and female) Brown Recluse Mosquito Ticks

37 Poisonous Snakes Copperhead Canebreak Rattlesnake Coral Snake Water Moccasin Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake

38 IF YOU ARE BITTEN BY A SNAKE, SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION! A snake controls how much venom is injected. 50% of all snake bites are dry. 25% are warning bites with enough venom to cause pain, swelling, tissue loss and possible limb loss. 25% are potentially lethal. A snake controls how much venom is injected. 50% of all snake bites are dry. 25% are warning bites with enough venom to cause pain, swelling, tissue loss and possible limb loss. 25% are potentially lethal.

39 More Information LSU AgCenter Louisiana Dept of Ag. and Forestry Louisiana Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries United States Fish and Wildlife Service Local Audubon Society LSU AgCenter Louisiana Dept of Ag. and Forestry Louisiana Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries United States Fish and Wildlife Service Local Audubon Society

40 Further Reading Trees for Louisiana Landscapes-A Handbook. LSU AgCenter #1622 (online only). Gardening for Butterflies in Louisiana. Gary Ross. LDWF. Louisiana Backyard Wildlife Management. Bill Vermillion. LDWF. Economy Bat House Plans. Batcon.org. Backyard Bird Feeding. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Homes for Birds. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Trees for Louisiana Landscapes-A Handbook. LSU AgCenter #1622 (online only). Gardening for Butterflies in Louisiana. Gary Ross. LDWF. Louisiana Backyard Wildlife Management. Bill Vermillion. LDWF. Economy Bat House Plans. Batcon.org. Backyard Bird Feeding. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Homes for Birds. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

41 Acknowledgements The LSU AgCenter thanks the Florida State Extension Service for many materials and several photos used in this presentation. The LSU AgCenter thanks the Florida State Extension Service for many materials and several photos used in this presentation.

42 Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes for Wildlife


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