Presentation on theme: "How Are Plants Grouped Scientists group plants by the ways in which they are similar or different. All plants are alike in one way. They need three things."— Presentation transcript:
1How Are Plants GroupedScientists group plants by the ways in which they are similar or different.All plants are alike in one way.They need three things in order to surviveWatercarbon dioxideenergy from sunlightWhat do you suppose the plants use these things for?Classify – to sort into groups based on similarities and differences
2They turn it into sugar! Only plants can do this! photosynthesis – a process by which plants change light energy from the sun and use it to make sugarOnly plants can do this!
3Photosynthesis A movie of photosynthesis As a plant makes sugar, oxygen is releasedWhen the plant uses the sugar, water and carbon dioxide are released.chlorophyll – the green substance found in plants that traps energy from the sun and gives plants their green colorcarbon dioxide – a gas found in air
4How Do Plants Get Energy Plant leaves change lightenergy into energythe plant can use.Stomata are tiny holes on the bottom of the leaf that let air in and out.Roots get water and minerals directly from the soil.Getting Sunlight, Water, and AirThe veins of a leaf bring water and minerals to the leaf from the stems and roots.
5Because of this process Scientists are able to classify living things by the way they get their food.Plants are producersproducer – a living thing that uses sunlight to make sugar.
6Plants reproduce differently Reproduce – to make more of the same kindPlants reproduce differentlyPlant classificationPlants that make seedsPlants that do not make seedsFlowering PlantsConifersFernsMosses
7a protective covering that surrounds the seed makes seeds.makes the plant's food.carries water and food to the rest of the plant.anchor the plant in place and absorb water and other minerals from the soil.
8What Are the Parts of a Flower Sepal – one of the leaf-like parts that protects a flower bud and that is usually greenPistil – part of a flower that makes the eggs that grow into seedsStamen – part of a flower that makes pollenPollen – tiny grains that make seeds when combined with a flower’s eggWhat Are the Parts of a FlowerMost flowers have four partsFlower parts
9How Do Flowers Make Seeds and Fruits? Great Plant Escape- Plant parts Ovary – the bottom part of the pistil in which seeds formOvule - the inner part of an ovary that contains an eggembryo – tiny part of a seed that can grow into a new plantHow Do Flowers Make Seeds and Fruits? Great Plant Escape- Plant parts
10How Seeds FormAfter fertilization the flower dries up and petals fall off, leaving just the pistil and its ovary.The top of the pistil falls off and the ovary gets larger as one or more seeds form inside it.When the seeds are formed, the ovary dries up and the seeds fall out.Corn, Beans, and Peas are seeds that we eat
11How fertilization Occurs When a pollen grain reaches a pistil, it grows a thin tube to the ovary. Sperm from the pollen grain combines with an egg, and a seed forms.Fertilization – the combination of sperm from a pollen grain with an egg to form a seed
12How Pollination Occurs The butterfly may carry pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of the the same flower. Sometimes the butterfly may carry pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of another flower of the same kind.Pollen: Nothing to Sneeze AtPollination- the movement of pollen from a stamen to a pistil
13Some flowering plants are monocot seed – a seed that has one seed leaf and stored food outside the seed leafdicot seed – a seed that has two seed leaves that contain stored food
14What is the Life Cycle of a Flowering Plant dormant – the resting stage of a seedDormant SeedTakes in water and the seed coat gets soft. If the seed has enough oxygen and the right temperature, it will begin to germinate.
15Geminating SeedFirst a root pushes through the seed coat and grows downward.The top part of the root grows upward and becomes the stem. The stem carries the seed coat and the seed leaves with it. The seed coat falls off. The seed leaves provide food for the plant. Two small leaves begin to grow from between the seed leaves.
16SeedlingWhen the stored food within the original seed leaves is used up, they dry up and drop off. More leaves grow from buds on the stem as the plant grows taller. The new leaves can trap energy from sunlight and make sugar. Plants use the energy in the sugar to grow.
17How Do Other Living Things Get Energy? All living things need energy to surviveConsumer – a living thing that gets energy by eating plants and other animals
18Animals cannot use light energy to make sugar Animals cannot use light energy to make sugar. Animals depend on plants for food.Decomposer – a consumer that puts materials from dead plants and animals back into the soil, air, and water
19Consider this…. What is one way to classify all plants into two groups How do plants that do not make seeds reproduce?In what part of a flower are seeds made?How are flowers pollinated?How is a monocot seed different from a dicot seed?
20What do seedlings need to grow into mature plants? How does a bean plant grow from a bean seed?What is the main source of energy for plantsWhat do plants need to make sugar?How do animals – herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores – get the energy they need to survive?How are decomposers important?