Presentation on theme: "How Are Plants Grouped Scientists group plants by the ways in which they are similar or different. All plants are alike in one way. They need three things."— Presentation transcript:
How Are Plants Grouped Scientists group plants by the ways in which they are similar or different. All plants are alike in one way. They need three things in order to survive Water carbon dioxide energy from sunlight What do you suppose the plants use these things for? Classify – to sort into groups based on similarities and differences
They turn it into sugar! photosynthesis – a process by which plants change light energy from the sun and use it to make sugar Only plants can do this!
Photosynthesis A movie of photosynthesis A movie of photosynthesis chlorophyll – the green substance found in plants that traps energy from the sun and gives plants their green color carbon dioxide – a gas found in air As a plant makes sugar, oxygen is released When the plant uses the sugar, water and carbon dioxide are released.
How Do Plants Get Energy Plant leaves change light energy into energy the plant can use. Stomata are tiny holes on the bottom of the leaf that let air in and out. Getting Sunlight, Water, and Air The veins of a leaf bring water and minerals to the leaf from the stems and roots. Roots get water and minerals directly from the soil.
Because of this process Scientists are able to classify living things by the way they get their food. Plants are producers producer – a living thing that uses sunlight to make sugar.
Plant classification Plants that make seedsPlants that do not make seeds Flowering Plants ConifersFernsMosses Plants reproduce differently Reproduce – to make more of the same kind
a protective covering that surrounds the seed anchor the plant in place and absorb water and other minerals from the soil. carries water and food to the rest of the plant. makes the plant's food. makes seeds.
What Are the Parts of a Flower Most flowers have four parts Flower parts Sepal – one of the leaf- like parts that protects a flower bud and that is usually green Pistil – part of a flower that makes the eggs that grow into seeds Stamen – part of a flower that makes pollen Pollen – tiny grains that make seeds when combined with a flowers egg
How Do Flowers Make Seeds and Fruits? Great Plant Escape- Plant parts Great Plant Escape- Plant parts Ovary – the bottom part of the pistil in which seeds form Ovule - the inner part of an ovary that contains an egg embryo – tiny part of a seed that can grow into a new plant
How Seeds Form After fertilization the flower dries up and petals fall off, leaving just the pistil and its ovary. The top of the pistil falls off and the ovary gets larger as one or more seeds form inside it. When the seeds are formed, the ovary dries up and the seeds fall out. Corn, Beans, and Peas are seeds that we eat
How fertilization Occurs When a pollen grain reaches a pistil, it grows a thin tube to the ovary. Sperm from the pollen grain combines with an egg, and a seed forms. Fertilization – the combination of sperm from a pollen grain with an egg to form a seed
How Pollination Occurs The butterfly may carry pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of the the same flower. Sometimes the butterfly may carry pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of another flower of the same kind. Pollen: Nothing to Sneeze At Pollination- the movement of pollen from a stamen to a pistil
Some flowering plants are dicot seed – a seed that has two seed leaves that contain stored food monocot seed – a seed that has one seed leaf and stored food outside the seed leaf
What is the Life Cycle of a Flowering Plant Dormant Seed Takes in water and the seed coat gets soft. If the seed has enough oxygen and the right temperature, it will begin to germinate. dormant – the resting stage of a seed
Geminating Seed First a root pushes through the seed coat and grows downward. The top part of the root grows upward and becomes the stem. The stem carries the seed coat and the seed leaves with it. The seed coat falls off. The seed leaves provide food for the plant. Two small leaves begin to grow from between the seed leaves.
Seedling When the stored food within the original seed leaves is used up, they dry up and drop off. More leaves grow from buds on the stem as the plant grows taller. The new leaves can trap energy from sunlight and make sugar. Plants use the energy in the sugar to grow.
How Do Other Living Things Get Energy? All living things need energy to survive Consumer – a living thing that gets energy by eating plants and other animals
Animals cannot use light energy to make sugar. Animals depend on plants for food. Decomposer – a consumer that puts materials from dead plants and animals back into the soil, air, and water
Consider this…. What is one way to classify all plants into two groups How do plants that do not make seeds reproduce? In what part of a flower are seeds made? How are flowers pollinated? How is a monocot seed different from a dicot seed?
What do seedlings need to grow into mature plants? How does a bean plant grow from a bean seed? What is the main source of energy for plants What do plants need to make sugar? How do animals – herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores – get the energy they need to survive? How are decomposers important?