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Classification of Plants
Plant Kingdom Non-flowering Plants Flowering Plants
Non - flowering Plants Do NOT produce flowers. 3 groups Non - flowering Plants Mosses Ferns Gymnosperms Do NOT produce flowers
A plant can be divided into 3 parts
Examples of Mosses
Spore-producing capsuleMoss spores
Characteristics of Mosses.Simplest plants .No true roots, No vascular tissues (no transport) .Simple stems & leaves .Have rhizoids for anchorage .Spores from capsules (wind-dispersal) .Damp terrestrial land
A leaf (finely divided into small parts)Fern A leaf (finely divided into small parts) underground stem root
spore-producing organs (circinate) young leaf
Characteristics of Ferns.roots, feathery leaves & underground stems .have vascular tissues (transport & support) .Spore-producing organ on the underside of leaves (reproduction) .Damp & shady places
Gymnosperms Pine tree
Male cones (in clusters) Female cones (scattered)
Characteristics of Gymnosperms.tall evergreen trees .roots, woody stems .needle-shaped leaves .vascular tissues (transport) .cones with reproductive structures .naked seeds in female cones .dry places
Flowering Plants . 2 groups Monocotyledons Dicotyledons. roots, stems, leaves . vascular tissues (transport) . flowers, fruits (contain seeds)
Monocotyledons Parallel veins
Characteristics of Monocotyledons. one seed-leaf leaves have parallel veins . herbaceous plants . e.g. grass, maize
Dicotyledons Veins in network
Characteristics of Dicotyledons. two seed-leaves . leaves have veins in network . e.g. trees, sunflower, rose
Plant Classification Plants Non-flowering Flowering 1 seed-leaf2 seed-leaves Spore-bearing Naked seeds Monocots Dicots Gymnosperms No roots with roots Mosses Ferns
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