Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Character Unit 1: Fiction. Fiction is like a spiders web, attached ever so lightly perhaps, but still attached to life at all four corners. Virginia Woolf.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Character Unit 1: Fiction. Fiction is like a spiders web, attached ever so lightly perhaps, but still attached to life at all four corners. Virginia Woolf."— Presentation transcript:

1 Character Unit 1: Fiction

2 Fiction is like a spiders web, attached ever so lightly perhaps, but still attached to life at all four corners. Virginia Woolf

3 What is fiction? Fiction is a category of literature that includes any work of prose that tells an invented or imaginary story.

4 What are the two main forms of fiction? The two main forms of fiction are the short story and the novel.

5 What are your favorite types of fiction? Realistic fiction Science fiction Fantasy Horror Historical fiction Sports fiction Mystery Westerns

6 What are the purposes of fiction? To entertain readers To show readers new and different ideas To provide readers with an escape from reality To teach readers to be understanding and sympathetic To help readers explore unknown worlds

7 What are the five elements of fiction? Plot Point of view Characters Setting Theme

8 Characters Characters are imaginary people or animals who take part in the action of a literary work.

9 What do you think makes fictional characters seem like real people? What makes a character memorable? I have tried every device I know to breathe life into my characters, for there is little in fiction more rewarding than to see real people interact on a page. James A. Michener I have tried every device I know to breathe life into my characters, for there is little in fiction more rewarding than to see real people interact on a page. James A. Michener

10 Characterization The act of creating or describing a character is called characterization. Writers use three major techniques to form a character: –Showing what characters say, do, or think –Showing what other characters (and the narrator) say or think about them –Describing what physical features, dress, and personality the characters display

11 In this excerpt, readers get to know Gary by what he says and does. I leaned forward and said, Well, I think we have lots of talent. Oh? like who, for example? she said. I said, Well, I could do something. You? she said. Or I could get together with some other kids and we could do a skit. Like what? she said. I said, Oh, I dont know. Something about the school burning down. It all depends. That doesnt sound funny to me, she said. Marcy didnt think it was funny either. What burned my toast was her saying You? when I volunteered to be in her talent show. I was only being helpful… from Gary Keillor, by Garrison Keillor I leaned forward and said, Well, I think we have lots of talent. Oh? like who, for example? she said. I said, Well, I could do something. You? she said. Or I could get together with some other kids and we could do a skit. Like what? she said. I said, Oh, I dont know. Something about the school burning down. It all depends. That doesnt sound funny to me, she said. Marcy didnt think it was funny either. What burned my toast was her saying You? when I volunteered to be in her talent show. I was only being helpful… from Gary Keillor, by Garrison Keillor Characterization

12 In this excerpt, readers learn about Joby by what the narrator says about him. …At midnight a peach stone…struck once, like panic, which jerked the boy upright. In silence he listened to his own heart ruffle away, away, at last gone from his ears and back in his chest again. …he turned the drum on its side, where its great lunar face peered at him whenever he opened his eyes. His face, alert or at rest, was solemn. It was indeed a solemn time and a solemn night for a boy just turned fourteen in the peach field near the Owl Creek not far from the church at Shiloh. from The Drummer Boy of Shiloh, by Ray Bradbury …At midnight a peach stone…struck once, like panic, which jerked the boy upright. In silence he listened to his own heart ruffle away, away, at last gone from his ears and back in his chest again. …he turned the drum on its side, where its great lunar face peered at him whenever he opened his eyes. His face, alert or at rest, was solemn. It was indeed a solemn time and a solemn night for a boy just turned fourteen in the peach field near the Owl Creek not far from the church at Shiloh. from The Drummer Boy of Shiloh, by Ray Bradbury Characterization

13 In this excerpt, readers get to know Lemon Brown based on the description of his physical appearance. The person who called himself Lemon Brown peered forward, and Greg could see him clearly. He was an old man. His black, heavily wrinkled face was surrounded by a halo of crinkly white hair and whiskers that seemed to separate his head from the layers of dirty coats piled on his smallish frame. His pants were bagged to the knee, where they were met with rags that went down to the old shoes. The rags were held on with strings, and there was a rope around his middle. from The Treasure of Lemon Brown, by Walter Dean Myers The person who called himself Lemon Brown peered forward, and Greg could see him clearly. He was an old man. His black, heavily wrinkled face was surrounded by a halo of crinkly white hair and whiskers that seemed to separate his head from the layers of dirty coats piled on his smallish frame. His pants were bagged to the knee, where they were met with rags that went down to the old shoes. The rags were held on with strings, and there was a rope around his middle. from The Treasure of Lemon Brown, by Walter Dean Myers Characterization

14 Motivation Characterization is the presentation of the nature of the people in a story. Characterization is really the presentation of motives. We understand a person if we understand what makes him act the way he does. Ayn Rand Characterization is the presentation of the nature of the people in a story. Characterization is really the presentation of motives. We understand a person if we understand what makes him act the way he does. Ayn Rand

15 Motivation To understand characterization, readers need to recognize motivation. A motivation is a force that drives a character to think, feel, or behave in a certain way. Characters can be motivated by –the desire to succeed –the need for revenge –the burden of guilt or shame –the hope of redemption

16 progris report 3martch 7 [Dr. Strauss and Dr. Nemur] said Miss Kinnian told that I was her bestist pupil in the adult nite scool becaus I tryed the hardist and I reely wantid to lern. They said how come you went to the adult nite scool all by yourself Charlie. How did you find it. I said I askd pepul and sumbody told me where I shud go to lern to read and spell good. They said why did you want to. I told them becaus all my life I wantid to be smart and not dumb. from Flowers for Algernon, by Daniel Keyes progris report 3martch 7 [Dr. Strauss and Dr. Nemur] said Miss Kinnian told that I was her bestist pupil in the adult nite scool becaus I tryed the hardist and I reely wantid to lern. They said how come you went to the adult nite scool all by yourself Charlie. How did you find it. I said I askd pepul and sumbody told me where I shud go to lern to read and spell good. They said why did you want to. I told them becaus all my life I wantid to be smart and not dumb. from Flowers for Algernon, by Daniel Keyes Motivation Read the following excerpt from Flowers for Algernon. Then answer the questions on the next slide.

17 Motivation What is Charlies motivation in Flowers for Algernon? Why do you think he is motivated by this? Does his motivation change as the story progresses?

18 Major Characters The characters around whom a story is centered are the major characters. Major characters –play important roles in the plot of a story –are complicated characters –undergo some type of change during a story

19 Major Characters Major characters can be protagonists or antagonists. –The protagonist is the main character in a story. –The antagonist struggles against the protagonist. This struggle creates a storys conflict. –The protagonist and antagonist are complicated characters. –Like real people, each has his or her own strengths and weaknesses.

20 The Protagonist The protagonist –is motivated by a goal, aspiration, or desire –uses his or her strengths to overcome conflicts or obstacles that stand in the way of this goal

21 The Antagonist The antagonist –is motivated by a goal, aspiration, or desire Often this goal is to frustrate, challenge, hurt, or destroy the protagonist. –uses his or her strengths to stop the actions of the protagonist

22 Minor Characters Minor characters play less important roles in a story. Minor characters –are uncomplicated –remain unchanged throughout a story –interact with the major characters –provide clues about the major characters by highlighting or contrasting the qualities of the major characters

23 Round and Flat Characters In addition to being classified as major or minor, characters can also be classified as round or flat.

24 Round Characters Round characters –tend to be the major characters in a story –show a wide range of emotions and can be unpredictable –have their own desires and motivations

25 Flat Characters Flat characters –tend to be the minor characters in a story –are often stock characters or stereotypes whose emotions and behavior are predictable –are valuable to understanding the desires and motivations of the major or round characters

26 Static and Dynamic Characters Finally, characters can be classified as static or dynamic. A static character does not change over the course of a literary work. A dynamic character changes as a result of the storys events.

27 In the story Flowers for Algernon, Charlie is a dynamic character. Fill out the chart below to examine how he changes throughout the story. Describe what Charlie thinks about other people. Describe how others act towards Charlie. Describe Charlies level of intelligence. Describe Charlies personality and attitude. EndMiddleBeginning

28 The Methods of Characterization Chart on the next slide was completed for Greg Ridley. –Greg Ridley is a major character in The Treasure of Lemon Brown. After you view this chart, –choose a character from this unit –complete your own Methods of Characterization Chart using the blank template on the subsequent slide Methods of Characterization

29 The Character (Draw a picture of your character.) What the Character Says What the Character Thinks What the Writer Says About the Physical Features, Dress, and Personality of the Character What the Character Does What Other Characters Say or Think About the Character He is upset that he cant play basketball. He is stubbornhe wont take his fathers advice. Greg Ridley You really think that treasure of yours was worth fighting for? Against a pipe? He helps Lemon Brown fend off the men that try to steal his treasure. Lemon Brown says, You OK for a youngster.

30 Complete the chart for a character from this unit. The Character (Draw a picture of your character.) What the Character Says What the Character Thinks What the Writer Says About the Physical Features, Dress, and Personality of the Character What the Character Does What Other Characters Say or Think About the Character

31 SUMMARY: Character Authors create characters by –showing what the characters say, do, and think –showing what others say or think about the characters –describing the characters physical features There are several different types of characters: –protagonists and antagonists –major and minor characters –round and flat characters –dynamic and static characters


Download ppt "Character Unit 1: Fiction. Fiction is like a spiders web, attached ever so lightly perhaps, but still attached to life at all four corners. Virginia Woolf."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google