Pollination Flowering plants use the wind, insects, bats, birds and mammals to transfer pollen from the male (stamen) part of the flower to the female (stigma) part of the flower.
Pollination A flower is pollinated when a pollen grain lands on its stigma. Each carpel grows into a fruit which contains the seeds.
Fertilisation Pollen grains germinate on the stigma, growing down the style to reach an ovule. Fertilised ovules develop into seeds. The carpel enlarges to form the flesh of the fruit and to protect the ovary.
Wind pollination Some flowers, such as grasses, do not have brightly coloured petals and nectar to attract insects. They do have stamens and carpels. These flowers are pollinated by the wind.
Seed dispersal Seeds are dispersed in many different ways: Wind Explosion Water Animals Birds Scatter
How birds and animals help seed dispersal Some seeds are hidden in the ground as a winter store. Some fruits have hooks on them and cling to fur or clothes.
How birds and animals help seed dispersal Birds and animals eat the fruits and excrete the seeds away from the parent plant.