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Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design. Explain the types of wire used in floral designs. Discuss the wire sizes used for types of flowers.

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Presentation on theme: "Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design. Explain the types of wire used in floral designs. Discuss the wire sizes used for types of flowers."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design. Explain the types of wire used in floral designs. Discuss the wire sizes used for types of flowers.

3 Explain how and when to use methods of wiring flowers. Explain how and when to use methods of wiring foliage. Discuss the uses of floral tape.

4 essential to the floral designer only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it

5 used for a number of reasons straighten slightly crooked stems support weakened stems

6 keep flowers upright and help prevent wilting hold flowers and foliage in a desired position

7 prevent flower heads from breaking off the stem replace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulky

8 add accessories to corsages and arrangements

9 commonly sold in twelve pound boxes containing straight wires 18 inches long number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire

10 wires are coated with green enamel which helps prevent rusting green color makes them less noticeable in the design

11 wire may also be purchased on spools for special needs such as making garlands or wreaths

12 florist wire comes in various weights and diameters called gauges size ranges from 18 - thickest, to 32 - thinnest

13 wire gauge numbers decrease as the wire gets larger 20-26 gauge is the most common

14 proper size of wire is important too large a wire will damage the flower if wire is too thin the flower will not be properly supported

15 select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in place

16 should only be done when necessary too much wire can detract from an arrangement

17 the size wire you choose is dependent upon the weight of the flower and the intended use

18 straight wire method used when the stem remains attached to the flower most often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangements

19 hold a piece of 20 gauge wire about one half inch from the end insert into the calyx - fleshy part of the flower below petals

20 push wire up toward your finger wrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves wire should show as little as possible

21 used on daisies, asters, chrysanthemums and other flowers used for corsages and funeral work method is recommended for any flower that breaks easily at the stem

22 hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stem may be removed or left intact depends on use of flower

23 for corsage work, stem is cut 1/2 inch below the calyx all remaining foliage is removed from stem

24 wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower wire may also be pushed along the center of the stem

25 bend end of wire that sticks out top of flower into a hook pull the wire and the hook downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head

26 if using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be taped if using in an arrangement, wire is bent around stem to support it

27 used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx such as carnations and roses stem is removed about one inch below calyx if for corsage

28 insert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals

29 if for a vase arrangement, push wire till it sticks two inches beyond the calyx bend both ends of wire down wrap longest end around stem

30 for corsage, push the wire through to the midpoint bend both sides down and tape

31 used on foliage made of many small leaflets leatherleaf flowers composed of many small florets

32 cut the stem so that a small portion of the stem remains on the leaf make a hairpin from 26-28 gauge wire

33 hang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem

34 wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leaflet wrap the stem and wire with tape

35 used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole

36 from the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf under the midrib stitch is made about halfway up the leaf

37 bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several times

38 tape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf

39 it is important to select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended use keep all wire hidden as much as possible

40 non sticky tape that will stick to itself when stretched used primarily in corsage work to cover wires bind wires to flower stems

41 bind wired or taped flowers together half inch width is the most common one inch is also made but is not readily available

42 primary brand names are Floratape and Parafilm various colors available moss green and foliage green are the most common

43 white tape is used in wedding work while brown may be used for dried flowers taping requires skill that is developed with practice

44 taping is achieved by stretching the tape as you wrap it around the stem or wire or twist the wire or stem into the floral tape

45 the tape becomes sticky as you stretch it and will stick to itself properly taped wires will be smooth and lightly taped

46 if the tape does not adhere to the wire and is loose, increase the tension on the tape.

47 Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design. Explain the types of wire used in floral designs. Discuss the wire sizes used for six types of flowers.

48 Explain how and when to use methods of wiring flowers. Explain how and when to use methods of wiring foliage. Discuss the uses of floral tape.


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