Presentation on theme: "APA Style The Basics NEC FACET Center. Why use APA? Allows others to access your sources Helps you stay organized Establishes credibility Prevents plagiarism."— Presentation transcript:
Why use APA? Allows others to access your sources Helps you stay organized Establishes credibility Prevents plagiarism
Setting up your paper: One-inch margins Double-spaced Title page – centered text placed in top half of page Page number in header (right justified) Title of essay in header (left justified, all capital letters)
Breakdown of APA Title page Parenthetical citations Reference page
Title Page Example Running Head: ALCOHOL USE AMONG TEENS1 Alcohol Use Among Teens Jane B. Smith Tulsa Community College
First Page of Paper ALCOHOL USE AMONG TEENS2 Alcohol Use Among Teens Begin typing your essay here. Remember to left justify, indent the first line of each paragraph, and double-space all text.
Use in-text citations when... Quoting Paraphrasing Summarizing
Source within a source Dont quote a source that your source has also quoted. –Instead, find the original source and quote it directly. –This eliminates confusion within your paper and the reference list.
How do citations work? They direct your reader to your reference page. Include only the necessary elements, so I dont become confused.
Necessary Info Page number Authors last name Year of publication
Example: In fact, one technician suggests, General wisdom of every new technology progresses through four phases: Disbelief, Hype, Backlash, and finally Acceptance or Rejection (Feeley, 2006, p. 53). (Authors last name, year, and page number)
Another Approach: In fact, Feeley (2006) suggests, General wisdom of every new technology progresses through four phases: Disbelief, Hype, Backlash, and finally Acceptance or Rejection (p. 53). When introducing a quote by an author, info in parenthesis changes.
What info would you provide in the parenthesis? A recent report indicates, The Anycast Station features a six-input 4:2:2 video switcher, and audio mixer... and server (_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ). Mill, 2006, p. 42
What info would you provide in the parenthesis? Lester (2004) argues, few realize the price they pay for such extremities (_ _ _ _ _ _ ). p. 32
A source with no author? However, some speculate, 35% will adopt these new systems by next year (_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _). Americas, 2006, p. 93 If the source doesnt list an author or editor, provide the first one or two words of the title. Use quotation marks for titles of articles or chapters and italics for titles of books.
A source with multiple authors? 3 to 6 authors first reference: (Kelly, Richer, & Switz, 2006, p.32) 7 or more authors: (Kelly et al., 2006, p. 32) 3 to 6 authors subsequent references: (Kelly et al., 2006, p.32)
Misc. APA Rules Quotes longer than 40 words should be indented 5 spaces. When summarizing, do not give a page number (only use last name and publication year).
Reference Page Author Title of the Work Publication Information Other Necessary Information
Book with one author: Simmons, L. (2004). Six steps to combating ignorance. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Last name, First initial. (pub. Year). Title of book. Publication city: Publisher.
Book with two or more authors: Cleve, K., & Russell, M. (2005). A nation at a glance: America in the twentieth century. New York: Glenhaven. Cleve, K., Palmer N., & Russell, M. (2005). A nation at a glance: America in the twentieth century. New York: Glenhaven. Source with 7 or more authors: in-text citation - list only the first author; reference page - list all authors names
Article in an edited book or anthology: Smith, A. (2002). Editing for clarity. In R.M. Miller (Ed.), Writing with precision (pp. 120-132). Detroit: St. Martins Press. Last name, First initial. (pub. Year). Title of article or chapter. In Editors name (Ed.),Title of book (pp. ). Publication city: Publisher.
Article from a database: Moser, P., & Mun, T. (2004). Supply and demand. Business First, 32 (2), 34-37. Retrieved March 10, 2010, from General BusinessFile ASAP database. Last name, First initial. (pub. Year). Title of Article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), pp. Retrieved date, from database name.
Document in a website: U.S. Department of State. (1997). Germany: Economic policy and trade practices, 1996. Retrieved March 10, 2010, from http://tradeport.org/ts/countries/germany.html http://tradeport.org/ts/countries/germany.html Name of organization or author. (pub. Year). Title of document. Retrieved date, from website url
Source with unknown author or editor... Book with unknown author: Taking control. (1999). New York: Norton. Start with the titleeverything else is the same.
Source with Organization as Author... Hawaii Department of Education. (2005). Kauai district schools, profile 2004-05. Honolulu, HI: U.S. Government Printing Office. List the name of the organization as the author.
For each reference page entry... Invert each authors name Put publication year in parenthesis after author info In titles of books and articles, capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and any proper nouns. In titles of journals, capitalize first word and all other important words. Italicize all book and journal titles. Do not italicize or use quotation marks around article titles. Give the state only if the city is not well-known. Use a hanging indent. When in doubt, look it up!
Example of a Reference Page ALCOHOL USE AMONG TEENS11 References Amanae, O. (2006). The basics of troubleshooting. Technology in a Modern Age Journal, 41, 72-79. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database. Brazil, K., & Mayes, S. (2005). Keys to aesthetics: The look of HDV technology. Denver: Green Publishers. Luther, L. (2005). Incorporating technology into the workplace. Business Forum, 35, 322-326.
Again... Consult a writing handbook when questions arise. I dont biteat least not very hard.
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