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CASA RPAS REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT Jim Coyne CASA - Manager of Future Technology and Regulatory Trends ICAO - Unmanned Aircraft Systems Study Group Chair.

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Presentation on theme: "CASA RPAS REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT Jim Coyne CASA - Manager of Future Technology and Regulatory Trends ICAO - Unmanned Aircraft Systems Study Group Chair."— Presentation transcript:

1 CASA RPAS REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT Jim Coyne CASA - Manager of Future Technology and Regulatory Trends ICAO - Unmanned Aircraft Systems Study Group Chair

2 DE HAVILLAND DH60 GYPSY MOTH 1929

3 OVERVIEW Terminology Regulations Airworthiness and Certification Detect and Avoid Technology Airspace Integration Spectrum Issues Issues and Challenges CASA Regulatory Developments

4 UAS IN CONTEXT UAV – Common lexicon – General populous refers to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Unmanned Aircraft (UA) is an aircraft, therefore the majority of the ICAO/CASA requirements will apply/be affected Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) consists of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) + Remote Pilot Station + Command, Control, Communications (C3) Link ICAO and CASA addressing entire system

5 TERMINOLOGY Unmanned aircraft system Remotely-piloted aircraft Remote pilot station Remotely-piloted aircraft system Remote pilot Remote Pilot License Remote crew member RPA observer UAS operator certificate Detect and avoid UAS(umbrella term) RPA RPS RPAS (RPA+RPS+C2) RPL UOC (AOC comp.) D&A

6 REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM (RPAS) A RPAS consists of: The Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) Remote Pilot Station(s) (RPS) The Command and Control (C2) data link Communication Link Other system elements as required, eg., software, health monitoring, D&A, ATC communications equipment, a flight termination system, and launch and recovery elements.

7 Current Regulation - CASR Part 101 CASR Part 101 – Unmanned Aircraft, Rockets and Model Aircraft –Subpart 101.F - Regulations for the operations of UAV systems To operate a RPA under 150 kg: –No airworthiness requirements –Operational requirements To operate a RPA above 150 kg must have: –Personnel approval and UAS Operating Certificate –Certificate of Registration –Maintenance Program –Certificate of Airworthiness Experimental or Restricted category

8 Airworthiness Requirements Certificate of Airworthiness –Experimental Certificate Requires no Type Certification –Restricted Category Requires Type Certification

9 TYPE CERTIFICATION RPA will have to demonstrate compliance similar to that of manned aircraft. Brings new complexities to the subject of certification. Likely that components will be located in different States. Unique RPAS equipment not addressed in the current regulations which will be more critical because of the potential magnitude of their impact. (eg FPV)

10 CASA Certification Requirements Manned Aircraft Structures/Fatigue Cabin Safety Crashworthiness Mechanical Systems Propulsion Systems Avionics Flight test Unmanned Aircraft System Structures/Fatigue Frangibility Mechanical Systems Propulsion Systems Avionics Remote Pilot Station Data link Flight test

11 RPAS PRODUCTS/APPROVAL Design of RPA, RPS and RPAS – 3 aviation products / type approvals Production – Certificate of airworthiness for RPA – Certificate of conformity for RPS – Certificate of suitability for use for RPAS –1 RPAS includes 1 RPA and one or more RPS Continuing airworthiness Relationship between TC holder and Comms Service Providers

12 DETECT AND AVOID Technology still to be developed Current technology inadequate for requirements Working with ICAO and other NAAs Working with Australian Research Organisations

13 INTEGRATION INTO NON-SEGREGATED AIRSPACE Technologies to be developed –ACAS is not good enough –ADS-B equivalent –Radar equivalent –Sight equivalent Flight over Populous Areas

14 Spectrum Requirements RPAS take up a huge amount of bandwidth. ICAO is supporting the development of a common position on bandwidth and frequency spectrum requirements for command and control of UAS CASA is working with ACMA and Airservices to standardise on a common goal for Australia

15 Issues and Challenges Training and Licensing Airspace integration Autonomous emergency capability Detect and Avoid Certification Bandwidth and frequency spectrum requirements Regulatory framework Public perception How are we doing this?

16 CASA REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS Project OS 11/20 : - CASR Part 101 review - AC101-1 rewrite Current Research: - Small UAS Potential Harm Analysis

17 Project OS 11/20 – Review of Regulations and Guidance Material relating to UAS Objectives To provide more comprehensive guidance to industry Consider the long term integration into all classes of airspace

18 Project Objective cont… The Project will be undertaken in two phases: Phase 1 CASR Part 101 review and amendment – NPRM planned within next month: »Brings the terminology in line with ICAO, »Reviewing the weight classification as part of the Small UAS Potential Harm Analysis research project Develop a suite of Advisory Circulars: –AC General –AC Training and Licensing –AC – Operations –AC – Operator Certification

19 Project Objective cont…. Phase 2 Development of new CASR Part 102 Separate from model aircraft, rockets, balloons Further development of the weight classes

20 CONCLUSION New terminology that goes with this new technology Level of Regulations needed to address the safe, secure and efficient integration of RPA into non-segregated airspace and aerodromes. Airworthiness Issues and Type Certification Technology needs to be developed for Detect and Avoid Airspace Integration Issues Spectrum Challenges Issues and Challenges facing the UAS community CASA RPAS Regulatory Developments

21 TARANIS

22 X-47B

23 X 51 WAVERIDER

24 QUESTIONS?


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