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Casa RPAS regulatory Development

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Presentation on theme: "Casa RPAS regulatory Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Casa RPAS regulatory Development
Jim Coyne CASA - Manager of Future Technology and Regulatory Trends ICAO - Unmanned Aircraft Systems Study Group Chair

2 De Havilland DH60 Gypsy Moth 1929

3 Overview Terminology Regulations Airworthiness and Certification
Detect and Avoid Technology Airspace Integration Spectrum Issues Issues and Challenges CASA Regulatory Developments

4 UAS in Context UAV – Common lexicon – General populous refers to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Unmanned Aircraft (UA) is an aircraft, therefore the majority of the ICAO/CASA requirements will apply/be affected Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) consists of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) + Remote Pilot Station + Command, Control, Communications (C3) Link ICAO and CASA addressing entire system

5 Terminology Unmanned aircraft system Remotely-piloted aircraft Remote pilot station Remotely-piloted aircraft system Remote pilot Remote Pilot License Remote crew member RPA observer UAS operator certificate Detect and avoid UAS (umbrella term) RPA RPS RPAS (RPA+RPS+C2) RPL UOC (AOC comp.) D&A Any new technology brings with it new terms, definitions and acronyms. I have already used several of the new terms and acronyms that have been included in the Circular. Here is a list of significant ones for you to be aware of. 5

A RPAS consists of: The Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) Remote Pilot Station(s) (RPS) The Command and Control (C2) data link Communication Link Other system elements as required, eg., software, health monitoring, D&A, ATC communications equipment, a flight termination system, and launch and recovery elements.

7 Current Regulation - CASR Part 101
CASR Part 101 – Unmanned Aircraft, Rockets and Model Aircraft Subpart 101.F - Regulations for the operations of UAV systems To operate a RPA under 150 kg: No airworthiness requirements Operational requirements To operate a RPA above 150 kg must have: Personnel approval and UAS Operating Certificate Certificate of Registration Maintenance Program Certificate of Airworthiness Experimental or Restricted category

8 Airworthiness Requirements
Certificate of Airworthiness Experimental Certificate Requires no Type Certification Restricted Category Requires Type Certification

9 Brings new complexities to the subject of certification.
TYPE CERTIFICATION RPA will have to demonstrate compliance similar to that of manned aircraft. Brings new complexities to the subject of certification. Likely that components will be located in different States. Unique RPAS equipment not addressed in the current regulations which will be more critical because of the potential magnitude of their impact. (eg FPV)

10 CASA Certification Requirements
Manned Aircraft Structures/Fatigue Cabin Safety Crashworthiness Mechanical Systems Propulsion Systems Avionics Flight test Unmanned Aircraft System Structures/Fatigue Frangibility Mechanical Systems Propulsion Systems Avionics Remote Pilot Station Data link Flight test

11 RPAS Products/Approval
Design of RPA, RPS and RPAS – 3 aviation products / type approvals Production – Certificate of airworthiness for RPA – Certificate of conformity for RPS – Certificate of suitability for use for RPAS –1 RPAS includes 1 RPA and one or more RPS Continuing airworthiness Relationship between TC holder and Comms Service Providers

12 Detect and avoid Technology still to be developed
Current technology inadequate for requirements Working with ICAO and other NAAs Working with Australian Research Organisations

13 Integration into Non-segregated Airspace
Technologies to be developed ACAS is not good enough ADS-B equivalent Radar equivalent Sight equivalent Flight over Populous Areas

14 Spectrum Requirements
RPAS take up a huge amount of bandwidth. ICAO is supporting the development of a common position on bandwidth and frequency spectrum requirements for command and control of UAS CASA is working with ACMA and Airservices to standardise on a common goal for Australia

15 Issues and Challenges Training and Licensing Airspace integration
Autonomous emergency capability Detect and Avoid Certification Bandwidth and frequency spectrum requirements Regulatory framework Public perception How are we doing this? UAS can provide increased mission effectiveness – Already seen this in the Military arena and becoming more and more prevalent in Civilian arena. Human factors are NOT more trivial than manned – Can be more onerous Detect and Avoid – Holding back the enhanced use of UAS

16 CASA Regulatory Developments
Project OS 11/20: - CASR Part 101 review - AC101-1 rewrite Current Research: - Small UAS Potential Harm Analysis

17 Project OS 11/20 – Review of Regulations and Guidance Material relating to UAS
Objectives To provide more comprehensive guidance to industry Consider the long term integration into all classes of airspace

18 Project Objective cont…
The Project will be undertaken in two phases: Phase 1 CASR Part 101 review and amendment – NPRM planned within next month: Brings the terminology in line with ICAO, Reviewing the weight classification as part of the Small UAS Potential Harm Analysis research project Develop a suite of Advisory Circulars: AC General AC Training and Licensing AC – Operations AC – Operator Certification

19 Project Objective cont….
Phase 2 Development of new CASR Part 102 Separate from model aircraft, rockets, balloons Further development of the weight classes

20 Conclusion New terminology that goes with this new technology
Level of Regulations needed to address the safe, secure and efficient integration of RPA into non-segregated airspace and aerodromes. Airworthiness Issues and Type Certification Technology needs to be developed for Detect and Avoid Airspace Integration Issues Spectrum Challenges Issues and Challenges facing the UAS community CASA RPAS Regulatory Developments

21 taranis

22 X-47b


24 Questions?

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